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This study examined carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with various outer diameters produced by the catalytic decomposition of acetylene over Co-loaded zeolite Y. The CNTs were grown at differed reaction temperatures, reaction times, and acetylene concentrations. In addition, the effect of the amount of Co dispersed over zeolite Y used as a support was determined. The shape and diameter of the synthesized CNT were identified by SEM and TEM analyzers. As a result, CNTs with various outer diameters were synthesized successfully. The average outer diameter of the synthesized CNTs increased with increasing amount of Co dispersed over zeolite Y regardless of the reaction temperature and reaction time. The outer diameter did not change with acetylene concentration, and the acetylene concentration was fixed to 10 cm3/min. Most of the CNT had large surface areas, >400m2/g. The surface area increased with increasing outer diameter of the CNT until the outer diameter reached 60 nm but decreased with further increases in outer diameter.
This article aims to read Anna Burn’s Milkman, winner of 2018 Man Booker Prize, as a story of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Even though the main event of the story occurs in Ulster in the late 1970s, it also covers “the Bloody Sunday” and many other tragic moments that happened during the period. To reflect on the meaning of the Troubles, the story employs experimental narrative techniques such as the odd naming practices; characters in this novel lack proper names; the protagonist is “middle sister”; feminists are “the women with issues.” Likewise, the political divisions and nationalities are not specified: the places are just indicated as “over the border,” “over the water,” and “over the road,” thereby making this story more universal. Milkman contains plenty of insights on sexuality and masculinity. The distorted view of sexuality and fixed gender ideals are inextricably connected with the brutal atmosphere of the community controlled by paramilitaries and their ideological causes. However, Milkman is also a Bildungsroman focusing on the way the protagonist resolves her difficulties and finally reunites with her family and the community. At this point, the women community, “traditional women” as well as “the issue women,” provides a crucial role to “middle sister,” helping her to start the next stage of her life. The narrative techniques are also worth special attention. The main plot, plus plenty of diverting episodes painstakingly analyze the internal social conditions and emotional states. It is the mordant humour, which can be associated with “women’s writing,” that makes it possible to resist and overcome the brutality and trauma during the Troubles.
The purpose of this study was to make a comparative analysis of medical bills between fee for service and diagnosis-related-groups(DRG) payment. For this purpose, medical bills, term of being hospitalized, and OPD medical care service were compared. The subjects in this study were 756 patients for whom Health Care Inspection and Assessment Institute were charged medical bills in July, August and September, 2000. Among them, 201 was the group that fee for service was applied to, and 555 patients were under the coverage of DRG. The collected data was conducted to see by t-test. The findings of this study as below. First, as a result of comparing the term of being hospitalized, the DRG patients who underwent anal, paerianal procedures stayed at hospital for significantly less days than the fee for service patients(t=3.15, p<.01) Second, the total meidcal bills, copayment by the insured and contribution shared by the employer increased all significantly in the DRG group than in the FFS group. Third, concerning OPD service, the DRG patients who went throug lens procedures with vitrectomy, anal or perianal procedures paid more for op and treatment(t=-2.94, p<.00) than the FFS patients, but the latter group paid more for examination for lens procedures with vitrectomy(t=3.67, p<.001) than the former.
Objective : This study was to report a clinical trial in which acupuncture treatmnt on 會陰 (Huiyin, CV1) was effectively applied to a patient who had suffered from teasing pruritus ani for 38 years. pruritus ani was thought to be initiated by dystonia. Methods : The acupoint, 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) was selected, because needling on perineal muscles was mainly used to alleviate pelvic pain or pruritus ani in the light of MPS(Myofascial Pain Syndrome) theory, on which 會音(Huiyin, CV1) was located and also had pelvic pain and pruritus ani in its indications. On the acupoint, the following maneuver was used. (1) Make a patient stand and bend forward (2) Insert a needle on 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) (3) Repeat lifting and pushing (4) Draw a needle immediately without retaining needle on the acupoint Results : The patient with Pruritus ani recovered after above treatment two times and had no recurrence up to Feb. 2001. Conclusion : In this study, Needling on 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) proved to be effective in the aspect of MPS and acupuncture treatment as well, but more clinical trials are expected to follow this study.
This study focused on improving the cell efficiency of Zinc-Nickel redox battery. The cycle life of zinc anodic material in KOH alkaline electrolyte was enhanced by small amount of Mg insertion into ZnO framework through a typical hydrothermal method. The as-prepared ZnO and MgxZn1-xO (x=0.001, 0.0025, and 0.005) anodic materials before and after charging/discharging test were characterized by XRD, SEM, and EDX to investigate the effect of inserted Mg ions on the zinc dendrite growth. CV and EIS were utilized to examine the electrochemical performances of Mg-inserted ZnO as anodic material. The Mg-inserted ZnO-Ni membrane free redox batteries possess higher discharge voltage, higher cycle stability, lower corrosion current, and smaller charge-transfer resistance in comparison with bare ZnO. In addition, the redox cell efficiency was 85% in the ZnO anodic material inserted Mg of 0.0025 mol. even after 100 cycles.
Objective : This study was to report a clinical trial in which acupuncture treatmnt on 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) was effectively applied to a patient who had suffered from teasing pruritus ani for 38 years. pruritus ani was thought to be initiated by dystonia. Methods : The acupoint, 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) was selected, because needling on perineal muscles was mainly used to alleviate pelvic pain or pruritus ani in the light of MPS(Myofascial Pain Syndrome) theory, on which 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) was located and also had pelvic pain and pruritus ani in its indications. On the acupoint, the following maneuver was used. (1) Make a patient stand and bend forward (2) Insert a needle on 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) (3) Repeat lifting and pushing (4) Draw a needle immediately without retaining needle on the acupoint Results : The patient with Pruritus ani recovered after above treatment two times and had no recurrence up to Feb. 2001. Conclusion : In this study, Needling on 會陰(Huiyin, CV1) proved to be effective in the aspect of MPS and acupuncture treatment as well, but more clinical trials are expected to follow this study.
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Saint-Cyr(La Maison royale de Saint-Louis à Saint-Cyr) is at the intersection of the Catholic Reformation in the late seventeenth century and Louis XIV’s policy of nobility. The education principle of Saint-Cyr, for example, “to foster pious and obedient women who fully internalize religion in their daily lives” is laid between the Catholic Reformation and Louis XIV’s policy of nobility, which focused on the traditional nobility and was meant to integrate and control over the nobilities for monarchism. One of the barometers of such Saint-Cyr’s creed is cahiers de géographie. Saint-Cyr’s girls understood politics and economic fundamentals and geography through cahiers de géographie. As the logic of the absolute monarchy of mercantilism, cahiers de géographie of Saint-Cyr served as a reason for instilling a kind of patriotic ideology into students. Therefore, Saint-Cyr shows the interplay and functional relationship between education and politics in the absolute monarchy. 생시르는 17세기 후반 가톨릭 종교개혁과 루이 14세의 귀족정책이 교차하는 지점에 위치한다. ‘일상생활에서의 신앙의 내면화에 입각한 경건하고 순종적인 여성의 주조’를 목표로 절대군주 루이 14세의 행정적, 경제적 지원 아래 설립된 생시르는, 경건하면서도 가부장제 질서에 순응적인 여성교육을 통해 국가권위에 복종하는 신민을 그 근본에서부터 양성하여 궁극적으로는 군주로 하여금 사회문화적 헤게모니를 장악하려는 정치적 의지의 표현이었다. 생시르의 이러한 교육목표를 가늠해볼 수 있는 바로미터 중 하나가 지리지(Cahiers de géographie)이다. 생시르의 여학생들은 지리지를 통해 당시 정치, 경제의 기초 및 지리를 이해하고 있었다. 또한 생시르의 지리지는 절대왕정기 중상주의의 논리로서 일종의 부국강병 이데올로기를 학생들에게 주입시키는 논거로 작용했다. 이러한 점에서 생시르는 절대왕정기 교육과 정치의 상호작용 및 함수관계를 보여주는 것이다.