http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Recent trend in studying schizophrenia tends to be heavily oriented toward biochemistry and genetics, that psychopathological studies of what schizophrenic patients experience from the view-point of psychology tend to be neglected, and moreover, there are only few analytic studies have been reported. The purpose of this study is to re-confirm the fact that we must not exclude the significance of psychological aspect for the understanding f the various contents of the symptoms individual schizophrenic patient expresses, though we admit the assumption that the ultimate etiology of schizophrenia may be proved to be organic in origin. Among the schizophrenic patients admitted to the psychiatry dept of Seoul National University Hospital from May 1977 to march 1978, the author selected two cases of schizophrenics, one 23yr old female and 20yr old male, whom I myself examined and treated as the main subjects of this study. In what the patients experienced, I searched for the symbols and the meaning of them which represent the deep unconscious psychic elements, using myths, legends. Etc. It is not a statistical study but a author's subjective analysis and I tried to analyze the materials mainly at the viewpoint of analytical psychology thought the method of what Jung called amplification. The first case, a single female patient had a fantage of having married and been pregnant. I analyzed this fantage as the expression of 'totality' symbol of the self in collective unconscious which aimed at unification. Sometimes, she felt to have been redempted and to live in the heavenly world, and another times to be dead and in the hell. Thorough this symptom I reaffirmed the fact the unconscious complexes including archetypes have the characteristics of having two contrasting aspects. The second case, a male patient wore a mask on face and gloves on hand, his ears being pluged with cotton balls by himself. He hated all the people around him except doctor, nurse and his love. He drew two circles filled with the names of his and love. After drawing these, he felt much relieved from anxiety. These drawings are thought to be as the symbols of 'Mandala' which represents the purposeful meaning of self archetype, psychic totality. That that this patient sees people around him as two distinctive group, the good and the bad, seems to mean that the unconscious archetypal parental image or anima has the character of being two sided. I understood his behavior of covering his face and hands as the expression of the conflict between ego and unconscious.
By the early 1960s, there was a growing awareness among clinicians and researchers that the absence of objective and reliable systems for description of psychopathology and for psychiatric diagnosis was the major obstacle to valid identification of cases and effective communication. Psychiatrists relied heavily on categorical nosological approaches, in contrast to the dimensional methods employed in rating scales and personality inventory. The efforts to overcome these conflicts have led to the development of operational diagnostic criteria and the standardized diagnostic instruments. In this review, we explained the definition of reliability and validity, the sources of variance. The methods to evaluate reliability and to assess validity were also discussed.
국내 노인에서 치매의 유병률은 6.3%에서 13.0%에 이르는 것으로 보고되었으며 노인인구의 급격한 증가에 따라 치매 환자의 숫자도 빠르게 증가하고 있다. 이로 인한 막대한 사회경제적 부담에도 불구하고 치매가 진단된 이후 인지기능의 저하를 이전 수준으로 회복시킬 수 있는 치료법은 아직 없으며, 치매의 위험요인을 사전에 조절하여 발병률을 낮추고, 최대한 이른 시점에서의 진단과 그에 맞는 적절한 개입을 통해 치매의 경과속도를 저하시키는 방법만이 현실적으로 시행 가능한 대응책이다. 본고에서는 치매의 임상적, 역학적 특성과 함께 국내 연구에서 밝혀진 치매에 대한 인식도, 그리고 치매 조호 행태에 대해 살펴보았다.