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The purpose of this study was to analyze the stress distribution and the displacement happened to the abutment, the prosthesis, and the surrounding structure according to the location of the nonrigid connector, that is, the keyway in the distal of canine and the mesial of the implant in the three unit fixed partial denture. Two-dimensional finite element model ws constructed and analyzed for the stress distribution and the displacement using software ABAQUS(Ver 5.2 Hibbitt, Karisson & Sorenson, Inc., 1992). After finishing the finite element model, the distribution load of 15kg was applied simultaneously to the all cusp tips of the prosthesis and the concentration load of 10㎏ was applied respectively at the each cusp tip of the prosthesis. The following results were obtained : 1. The amount of displacement of the implant was greater in case of the non-rigid connection than the rigid connection, and the more favorable displacement was shown in case of the IKb than the IKa. 2. Without regard to the connection method, the stress represented at the surrounding bone was similar, and the more favorabel stress distribution was shown in case of IKb. 3. The maximum stress was concentrated at the fastening screw and the neck of implant in all experimental groups, and their stress magnitudes were in the order of IKb, IR, and IKa.
A human being has never stopped moving his or her body from birth till death, and dance was created to satisfy his or her need for motion. That has long developed in diverse ways with the lapse of time, and a change of mind-set is now required in today`s multicultural society. In modern society, the advance in modern science including the development of media and communication has turned the world into a global village where everybody can communicate with one another without any regional or cultural barrier. Such a change provides an opportunity to be exposed to other races and other cultures, and there is a growing ethnic diversity in our country as well. Lately, our society has evolved into a multicultural and multiracial society due to an increase in international marriage, the settlement of immigrant workers and ensuing greater exposure to people of various races. In fact, however, there have little lively discussions on how to look at the difference triggered by racial and cultural diversity. It`s already been a multicultural era that nobody can escape, and forcing immigrants to assimilate with our culture is likely to produce prolonged conflicts. But the efforts to pursue a coexistence of different cultures through trial and error will make it possible to tide over multiple difficulties that our multicultural society are confronted with. Specifically, looking into the theories of the West marked by diverse historical and cultural background is one of good ways to assess our multiculturalism and determine some of the right directions for Korean dance. The purpose of this study was to examine the definition, object and content of multiculturalism, which was the basis of multicultural dance education geared toward learners of different cultural background, and to explore multicultural dance education tailored to Korean circumstances. Specifically, multiculture has an important meaning in dance education in that it enables students to be exposed to the unique symbols of different cultures to learn about them and their coexistence in a systematic manner. Furthermore, dance education that is built on cultural diversity allows them to have a good understanding of people of different cultural background and to take pride in our culture. In conclusion, this study is expected to serve as a chance to raise re-awareness of the importance of multicultural dance education and to teach students to build their own cultural identity and care for others with respect.
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발목 병변을 관찰하는 단순 방사선촬영은 여러 가지가 있다. 그 중에서 Ankle Broden법은 발꿈치뼈(Calcaneus)및 발목뼈(Ankle Joint)의 결합상태와 발목뼈의 발꿈치뼈 골절(Calcaneus Fracture), Subtentaculum Tali Frature를 관찰하기 위하여 촬영을 한다. 이 촬영법은 전ㆍ후면과 측면뿐 아니라, 사면 상(oblique view)이나 축 상(axial view)의 촬영을 하며 잦은 부상이 발생하는 목말뼈ㆍ 발꿈치뼈간, 발꿈치뼈ㆍ발배뼈간 결합상을 보기 위해 주로 촬영을 한다. 본 연구는 석고처치 환자들은 발목관절이 영상에 잘 묘출되기가 어렵기 때문에 발목뼈 사이의 관계 및 연부조직의 구조적 변화와 Subtalar joint, Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum Tali Frature에 따른 목말뼈ㆍ발꿈치뼈의 골 결합 (talocalcaneal coalition)을 관찰하기 위한 Harris-Beath View(30°∼55°) 촬영 시 평가에 유용한 발목뼈의 결합상을 얻을 수 있는 각도를 알아보고자 하였다. 연구의 진행은 40명의 환자에게서 획득한 영상을 평가하였으며, 평가결과 25°의 촬영상은 목말밑 관절(subtalar joint)이 열려져 분리되지 않았고 또한, Subtentaculum Tali Frature에 중복되어 보였다. 30°의 촬영상은 발꿈치뼈 골절(Calcaneus Fracture), Subtentaculum Tali Frature, 목말밑관절(subtalar joint)과 후방 관절면의 앞부분이 가장 잘 나타나고 Calcaneo Navicularcoalition, Talocal Canealcoalition, Naviculo Cuneiform coalition의 결합상태가 명확하게 보였다. 35°의 촬영상은 목말밑관절(subtalar joimt), 목말뼈(talus), 발뒤꿈치뼈의 뒤쪽관절면이 명확하고 발목발꿈치관절(talocalcaneal joint)의 분리정도가 좋고 발목뼈굴(sinus tarsi)이 넓게 나타나며 좋은 평가가 되었다. 45°영역에서는 연부조직과 석고 분리를 판별할 수 있었고 가쪽복사와 뼈 밀도가 명확하게 보였다. 35°에 비해 발꿈치뼈(Calcaneus)이 분리되었지만 영상이 왜곡되어 보였다. Calcaneus, Subtentaculum Tali Frature는 25°에서 1.20±0.414, 30°에서는 2.47±0.516, 35°에서는 2.87±0.352, 45°에서는 2.27±0.458로 나타났고 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났다(p<0.05). 왜곡의 정도를 포함시키면 30°영역의 왜곡이 적게 나타났고, 40°영역은 심한 왜곡현상을 보였다. 따라서 Ankle(Broden)촬영에서 30∼35°상이 가장 좋은 영상이었으며, 30∼40°상에서는 Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum Tali Frature의 진단에 가장 좋은 영상을 묘출하였다. There is an Ankle Oblique(Broden’ low) as an examination for the patient whose ankle was encased in orthopedic plaster. Some types of Ankle Joint coalition - Calcaneonavicular coalition, Talocalcaneal coalition and Naviculocuneiform coalition. This study is focused on the relation between Ankle Joints and the structural change of soft tissues, also finding the most proper angle to obtain good images of Ankle Joint from the patient who wore a plaster on his ankle, when we x-ray with Harris-Beath View(30°∼55°) - for observing Subtalar joint, Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum, Tali Fracture and Talocalcaneal coalition. We intend to get the angle which makes us achieve the good image that shows Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum, and Tali Fracture by changing internal angles of the patient’s ankle. We evaluated the images obtained from 51 patients with PACS monitor. The result of the evaluation, subtalar joint was not seperated but opened, and Subtentaculum Tali Fracture was seen overlaid. at the angle 30, we could observe Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum Tali Frature and the front part of behind side of subtalar joint well. And Calcaneo Navicularcoalition, Talocal Canealcoalition, Naviculo Cuneiform coalition condition were clearly seen at that angle. At the angle 35, we could achieve the clear images of subtalar comminuted fracture, talus, the behind joint of heel bone and get the high definition image on the degree of talocalcaneal joint separation. In addition to, We could obtain the good wide image of Sinus Tarsi. At the area of 45, We can distinguish the soft tissues from gyps separation. The outer-talus and density of the bone were definitely seen and Calcaneus is more separated than that of at the angle of 35, but this image is distorted. Calcaneus, Subtentaculum Tali show 1.20±0.414 at the angle 25, 2.47±0.516 at the angle 30, 2.27±0.458 at the angle 45. This difference is statistically meaningful. (p<0.05). Including the degree of distortion, The distortion appears less at the area of 30° but at the area of 40, there is heavy distortion. So, We could get the best image for making a diagnosis. At the 30∼35° degree for X-raying ankle. and at the 30∼40° for Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum Tali Fracture.
As this is a basic study for suggesting normalization and developmental direction of the biased recognition on street dance and for establishing a systematic theory, it aims to survey difference in recognition between street-dance majors and dance majors on street dance. For this, it surveyed concept recognition level, interest & experience appearance, and value recognition level on street dance targeting 171 street-dance majors and 163 dance majors, and examined major-based difference. The following conclusions were elicited. First, as a result of examining recognition level of terminology for examining the concept recognition level of street dance, the street-dance majors were indicated(p<.001) to have the lower concept recognition level than the dance majors. In case of dance majors, even the term recognition on the detailed genre in street dance was indicated(p<.001) to be lower than the street-dance majors. Second, as a result of examining recognition level on characters of street dance for examining the concept recognition level of street dance, both groups were indicated to be the highest in a case of recognizing that ‘it is dance art.’ However, the recognition level on characters of street dance was indicated(p<.001) to have difference by major. Third, as a result of examining the appearance of having experience on street dance, in case of dance majors, only 79 people(48.5) were indicated to have experience. The appearance of having experience on street dance by major was indicated(p<.001) to have difference by major. Fourth, as a result of examining the appearance of having an interest in street dance, the street-dance majors’ interest was indicated to be higher. An interest in street dance was indicated(p<.001) to have significant difference by major. Fifth, as a result of examining the value recognition on necessity of street-dance education in the dance education, both groups were indicated to recognize as saying of being necessary. However, the street-dance majors’ value recognition was indicated to be higher(p<.001). Sixthly, as a result of examining the individual value, artistic value, social value, and cultural value on street dance, both groups were indicated to have high value recognition level. However, the street-dance majors’ recognition was indicated(p<.001) to be higher than the dance majors’ recognition. Synthesizing the above conclusions, the major-based difference was shown in concept recognition, interest & experience, and value recognition level on street dance. Thus, to straighten an bad effect that street dance is delivered and transformed by wrong terminology, the education of theory is considered to likely need to be further reinforced in the actual condition for the current education of centering on practical skill. An effort for normalizing recognition of terminology on street dance was analyzed to be imminent through mass communication and relevant books.
A door checker holds a car door at several opening angles and limits the maximum door opening, so that the door does not bump against to passengers. Recently, the performance of door checker becomes more important as the feeling of door opening and closing effects on the quality of a car. However, some of door checkers make squealing noise when they are used for ages, which causes consumer’s complaints as well as decreasing commercial value of the product. In this study, after various experiments for the noise, we concluded that the major reasons of the noise are acceleration of wearing and loss of lubricant due to impurities in working parts. Therefore, we developed a new mechanism of door checker which can resolve the major reasons of the noise. The developed mechanism is effective to prevent inflow of impurities and loss of lubricant by locating working parts in the case. We also proved that the developed mechanism does not make any noise after the test of 50,000 times of operations.
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This study’s aim is to evaluate the recognition level of elementary inclusive education and to present improvement measures through quality indicators of inclusive education. 152 teachers in elementary special schools were involved in the survey for three weeks, which was carried out from March 3, 2014 to April 4, 2014. To achieve this aim, the recognition level of elementary inclusive education and the differences according to variables (such as gender, age, teaching career, experience in special education, and the region of work) were analyzed. The results of this study are as follows: first, ‘Teaching Related Factors’ of inclusive class teachers, ‘School Administrators’, ‘Perception of Parents with Non-Disabled Children’ in the area of parents, and ‘Support of School Nurses’ in support staffs were given lower evaluations compared to other areas of study. Therefore, additional measures seem to be urgently needed. Second, when compared to their female counterparts, male teachers evaluated the qualitative level of inclusive education more highly in general. Third, the younger the teachers were, the more highly they rated the support of parents with non-disabled children. The teachers who had teaching careers in special schooling evaluated ‘School Administrators’ and ‘Parents with Non-Disabled Children’ more positively than teachers who didn’t.
An interactive dance learning system can help a user to learn a dance step by step. However, previous studies have not analyzed the factors to have effects on the behavioral intention to use the interactive dance learning system although it is important to analyze them for popularizing a dance. In this study, we analyse the factors to have an effect on the behavioral intention for the meaningful use of the interactive dance learning system in consideration of the characteristics of interactive dance learning system and the user behavior. For this purpose, we use a model which is based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) to incorporate an additional factor, trust. A survey data for 155 respondents is used for statistical analysis. Detailed research results are following; First, the perceived ease of use affects the perceived enjoyment and the trust. Second, the perceived enjoyment and the trust affect the perceived usefulness. Third, the perceived enjoyment, the trust, and the perceived usefulness affects the intention to use. Fourth, the perceived easy of use shall not affect the perceived usefulness and the intention to use. Through these results, we expect to provide the useful implications for popularizing the interactive dance learning system.
As dance/movement therapy (DMT) is one of the methods which can prevent and treat metal and physical illnesses, it is an important research topic in the dance studies. In this paper, we investigated DMT-related research trends to create a virtuous circle of sharing and diffusing knowledge and to provide researchers with insights by keyword network analysis. For the analysis, we retrieved the DMT-related research papers from Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, and SAGE Journals between 2006 and 2015, and then collected keywords from the papers. Through the network analysis, the results were as follows. First, most of the MOT-related research papers published in The Arts in Psychotherapy. Second, research has been diversified into various topics including emotional and psychological research through education and training for recent 5 years. So, for quantitative and qualitative growth of DMT-related research, researchers are need to retrieve keywords with high degree centralities and to be combined with emotional and psychological research through education and training.