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        • KCI등재

          고추 탄저병균(Colletotrichum acutatum)의 분생포자 비산과 과실병반에 형성된 전염원 밀도

          지형진,신순선,이지현,김원일,홍성준,김용기 한국식물병리학회 2010 식물병연구 Vol.16 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          본 연구는 고추 탄저병균인 Colletotrichum acutatum의 강우에 따른 비산량과 비산거리 및 포장에서 감염 후 병증상의 발현시기 그리고 병반에 형성된 전염원의 밀도 등을 알아보기 위해 수행하였다. 고추탄저병균의 분생포자는 비가 오는 날에 99.2%가 비산되었고 맑은 날에는 단지 0.8%의 포자만이 비산하였다. 포자의 비산량은 전염원과의 거리와 정의 상관이 있었다. 고추 탄저병균 포자의 93.3%는 전염원과 30cm 수평거리에서 60cm 높이 이하로 전파되었으며 120cm 높이까지 비산하는 것으로 조사되었다. 노지에서 상대적으로 감수성이 높은 품종의 고추 과실과 낮은 품종의 과실은 각각 4일과 6일 후에 최초로 외부 병 증상을 나타내었다. 하지만 10일 후에 병증상을 나타내기도 하여 기상환경에 따라 병원균의 잠복기간이 10일 이상일 가능성도 있을 것으로 판단되었다. 고추 병반에 형성된 전염원인 분생포자의 수는 병방의 크기가 클수록 많았는데 병반의 길이가 1.5 cm 이상일 경우에는 병반 당 천만 개 이상의 포자가 형성되었으며 여러 개의 병반이 합쳐져 병반 길이가 4cm가 넘을 경우 1억개가 넘는 포자가 형성되기도 하였다. 이상의 결과로 고추 탄저병균인 C. acutatum이 빗물에 튀어서 전파되고 비바람의 강도에 따라 상당히 먼 거리로 전파될 수 있으며 기상환경에 따라 감염 후 10일 이상의 잠복기를 가질수 있으며 한 개의 큰 병반에는 수 천만개의 전염원이 형성되는 것을 확인되었다. 따라서 고추 탄저병의 가장 효과적인 방제수단은 빗물을 직접 맞지 않도록 하는 비가림 시설이며, 노지에서는 병든 과실을 조기에 제거하고 병 발생 초기에 적절한 약제를 살포하여 전염원의 밀도를 낮추는 것이 무엇보다 중요하다. This study was aimed to understand conidial disperse of the pepper anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum acutatum, elapse time for the disease development, and inoculum potentials on infected fruits. Most (99.2%)conidia of the fungus disseminated from inoculum source on the rainy day, while only 0.8% conidia dispersed on the sunny day. Among the conidia 93.3% were caught under 60 cm height at 30 cm distance; however,conidia were detected at 120 cm height at the distance. Relatively susceptible pepper fruits to anthracnose showed first visible symptoms at 4 days after infection under a mimic field condition. However, it seemed that over 10 days are required for the disease to develop on moderately resistant pepper fruits under unfavorable conditions. The number of conidia formed on a lesion was positively correlated with the lesion size (R2=0.88). Over 10 millions of conidia were formed at a normal lesion size 1.5 cm in length. In some large coalesced lesions ca. 4cm in length produced over 100 millions of the fungal conidia. Results further confirmed that the rainfall is the key factor for the inoculum disperse of the pepper anthracnose pathogen, Colletotrichum acutatum, and a long distance dissemination is plausible according to rain and wind intensity. Consequently,rain-proof structures are ideal to avoid the disease, and removal of infected fruits and timely chemical spray are indispensible to reduce the inoculum potential in the field.

        • KCI등재

          근권토양의 환경이 고추역병 억제 미생물 Serratia plymuthica A21-4의 고추뿌리와 근권 토양 정착에 미치는 영향

          조박,신순선,문재예,송상,박창석 한국식물병리학회 2009 식물병연구 Vol.15 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The biocontrol agent Serratia plymuthica A21-4 was selected and proved as an excellent inhibitor of Phytophthora blight of pepper through in vitro and in vivo experiments in previous studies. To enhance the colonizing density of S. plymuthica A21-4 on plant root and rhizosphere soil, some soil conditions might effect on the colonization of the bacteria were examined. The results obtained from the study indicated that the soils containing more sand were favorable to root colonization of S. plymuthica A21-4. Organic amendment such as 3% maize straw(w/w) was helpful to colonize the bacteria in root and soil. The soil temperature about 20oC, water content around 40%, and soil pH near to neutral or slightly acidic, were optimum condition for the colonization of S. plymuthica A21-4 in the rhizosphere soil and roots of pepper. In addition, existence of indigenous biotic entities was beneficial to the colonization of S. plymuthica A21-4. The biocontrol agent Serratia plymuthica A21-4 was selected and proved as an excellent inhibitor of Phytophthora blight of pepper through in vitro and in vivo experiments in previous studies. To enhance the colonizing density of S. plymuthica A21-4 on plant root and rhizosphere soil, some soil conditions might effect on the colonization of the bacteria were examined. The results obtained from the study indicated that the soils containing more sand were favorable to root colonization of S. plymuthica A21-4. Organic amendment such as 3% maize straw(w/w) was helpful to colonize the bacteria in root and soil. The soil temperature about 20oC, water content around 40%, and soil pH near to neutral or slightly acidic, were optimum condition for the colonization of S. plymuthica A21-4 in the rhizosphere soil and roots of pepper. In addition, existence of indigenous biotic entities was beneficial to the colonization of S. plymuthica A21-4.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재후보

          Sclerotinia sclerotiorum에 의한 미나리 균핵병

          권진혁,박창석,신순선 한국식물병리학회 2003 식물병연구 Vol.9 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          A sclerotinia rot of Water cress (Oenanthe javanica) occurred in the commerical farmers field at Garye-myon, Uiryeong-gun, Gyeongnam Province, Korea, 2002. The typical symptoms appeared on leaves and stems. At first, the infected leaves or stems turned dark green later become watery soft rotted; white fluffy mycelia grew from the lesion, later formed black sclerotia. Sclerotia on the infected plants and PDA medium were globose to cylindrical or irregular in shape and 1.0¥10.7 × 1.0~7.6 mm in size. Cup-shaped aphothecia with numerous asci were formed from sclerotinia and the size were 0.4~1.6 cm in diameter. Asci with 8 spores were cylindrical and 74~236 × 4.2~24.8 mm in size. Ascospores of one cell were hyaline, ellipsoid to ovoid in shape, and 8.3~12.4 × 3.6~7.2 mm in size. The optimum temperature for mycelial growth was 25oC, and sclerotinia formation was between 15~20oC. On the basis of mycological characteristics and pathogenecity test to host plants, the fungus was identified as Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. This is the first report of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum caused sclerotinia rot on Oenanthe javanica caused by in Korea.

        • KCI등재

          Stem Rot of Strawberry Caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in Korea

          권진혁,박창석,신순선 한국식물병리학회 2004 Plant Pathology Journal Vol.20 No.2

          A destructive stem rot of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa cv. Akihime) sporadically occurred in farmers' fields in Daegok-myon, Jinju city, Gyeongnam province in Korea. The infected plants showed stem and crown rot, with occasional blighting of the whole plant. White mycelia appeared on stems of infected clones and sclerotia formed on the old lesions near soil surface. The fungus formed white colony on PDA and showed maximum mycelial growth and sclerotial formation at 30oC. The fungus usually have many narrow hyphal strands, 2.6-10.0 μm in width, in the aerial mycelium. Typical clamp connections were formed on the mycelium. Sclerotia were spherical and 1.0-2.4 mm in size. The fungus was repeatedly isolated from infected tissues and identified as Sclerotium rolfsii. Its pathogenicity was confirmed when inoculated onto strawberry. This is the first report on the stem rot of strawberry caused by S. rolfsii in Korea.

        • KCI등재후보
        • KCI등재

          Phytophthora Rot on Sword Bean Caused by Phytophthora nicotianae

          권진혁,지형진,박창석,신순선 한국식물병리학회 2004 Plant Pathology Journal Vol.20 No.4

          Phytophthora rot on sword bean, Canavalia gladiata, which has not been reported yet in Korea, occurred in some fields of Jinju in 2003. The disease develops on the basal stem of the plant, but is also often observed on leaves and pods. Rot lesions begin with small dark brown spots and as these are water-soaked, they enlarge rapidly. The magnitude of at the field reached 40%. Abundant sporangia of Phytophthora were formed on the surface of diseased pods and were mummied later. The causal fungus was identified as P. nicotianae with the following mycological characteristics: Sporangiumreadily formed in water, papillate, noncaducous, ovoid to spherical, 24-58 (L) × 22-35 (W) in size; Oogoniumspherical, smooth walled, and 22-30; Oospore- aplerotic, spherical, and 18-24; Antheridium- amphigynous, unicellula, and spherical; Chlamydospore- abundant, spherical, and 25-35; Sexuality- heterothallic, and A1 or A2; Optimum growth temperature- about 28oC. The fungus showed strong pathogenicity to sword bean. Symptoms similar to those observed in the fields appeared 2 days and 4 days after inoculation with and without wound on pods. This is the first report of Phytophthora rot of sword bean in Korea.

        • KCI등재

          Sclerotium rolfsii에 의한 오이 흰비단병 발생

          권진혁,이상대,최옥연,신순선,심홍식 한국식물병리학회 2013 식물병연구 Vol.19 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Sclerotium rot of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) occurred at the experimental field of Gyeongsangnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services in July 2012. The typical symptoms included wilt, rot, and water-soaking on stems and fruits and severely infected plants eventually died. White mycelial mats spread over lesions, and then sclerotia were formed on fruit and near soil line. The sclerotia were globoid in shape,white to brown in color and 1−3 mm in size and the hyphal width was 4−8 μm. The optimum temperature for mycelial growth and sclerotia formation on PDA was 30oC. The typical clamp connections were observed in the hyphae of the fungus grown on PDA. For further identification, the complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA region was amplified and sequenced. On the basis of mycological characteristics, ITS rDNA region comparison, and pathogenicity to host plants, this fungus was identified as Sclerotium rolfsii Saccardo. This is the first report of sclerotium rot on cucumber caused by S. rolfsii in Korea. 경상남도농업기술원 시험포장에서 S. rolfsii에 의한 오이 흰비단병 증상이 발생하였다. 전형적인 병징으로 시들음, 썩음, 줄기와 과실 수침상을 보였고 감염된 식물체는결국 시들어 말라 죽었다. 병반부와 토양 표면에 흰색의곰팡이가 발생하며 갈색의 작고 둥근 균핵이 형성되었다. 감자한천배지에서 균총은 흰색이고 잘 자라며 배양기간이 경과됨에 따라 갈색의 작은 둥근 균핵을 많이 형성하였다. 균핵의 크기는 1−3 mm이며 균사의 폭은 4−8 μm였다. 균사생육과 균핵 형성 적온은 30oC이었다. 주사전자현미경 검경결과 균사 특유의 clamp connection이 관찰되었다. 코흐의 가설을 만족하기 위해, 50일간 키운 오이유묘를 이용하여 병원성 검정을 실시한 결과 흰비단병 특유의 병징을 유도하였다. 오이에서 발생한 병징과 병원균의 균학적 특징, 그리고 ITS rDNA 염기서열 비교분석 결과, 이 병을 Sclerotium rolfsii Saccardo에 의한 오이 흰비단병으로 명명하고자 제안한다.

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