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목적: 본 연구는 손 기능이 손상된 급성기 편마비환자에게신경인지재활치료를 적용하여 손 기능과 과제를 수행하는능력에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 한다. 방법: 대상자는 고양시 Y재활병원에 입원하여 치료받고있는 환자로 뇌졸중 진단을 받았으며, 실험의 내용을 이해하고 참여 의사를 밝힌 자로 선정하였다. 대상자는 49세 여성으로 2019년 2월 24일 발병되어 우측 뇌기저핵 부위의 뇌내출혈로 인한 좌측 편마비를 진단받았다. 연구 기간은 2019년3월 18일부터 5월 10일까지 진행되었으며, 8주 동안 주 5회30분씩 총 40회기의 신경인지재활치료를 실시하였다. 결과: 연구 결과 뇌졸중 상지 기능 검사에서 치료 전 오른쪽32점, 왼쪽 23점, 치료 후 오른쪽 32점, 왼쪽 29점으로 왼쪽상지의 기능변화가 나타났다. 그루브드 막대 검사 결과 치료전 오른손 57초(수행 개수 25개, 떨어진 개수 0개)에서 치료후 62초(수행 개수 25개, 떨어진 개수 0개)였으며, 왼손은323초(수행 개수 25개, 떨어진 개수 2개)에서 126초(수행 개수 25개, 떨어진 개수 0개)로 왼손의 시간 단축과 수행도의증가가 나타났다. 상자와 나무토막 검사에서는 오른손 80개에서 81개, 왼손 25개에서 48개로 오른손 1개, 왼손 23개로향상되었다. 결론: 신경인지재활치료가 급성기 뇌졸중 환자의 손 기능및 과제수행의 질에 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. The purpose of this study is to reveal the effect of neurocognitive rehabilitation therapy on hand function for hemiplegic patients. The subject of the study was a female patient aged 49 with left hemiplegia caused by intracranial hemorrhage, and the cognitive-therapeutic exercise was applied to her for 30minutes once a day from March 18, 2018 to May 10, 2019. In this study, after neurocognitive treatment, the results of the MFT found no change found in the right hand. The left hand improved from 23 to 29 scores. The results of the grooved pegboard test, which evaluated the hand function, were as follows. The right hand performed from 57 seconds (25 performed, 0 dropped) to 62 seconds (25 performed, 0 dropped) after treatment, and the left hand improved from 323 seconds (25 performed, dropped 2) to 126 seconds (25 performed, dropped 0) after the treatment. The results BBT, the right hand performed from 81 to 80, The left hand improved from 25 to 48. Neurocognitive rehabilitation therapy was found to be effective on hand function and task performance in acute stroke patients.
The multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2, ABCC2) gene may determine individual susceptibility to adverse drug reactions(ADRs) in the central nervous system (CNS) by limiting brain access of antiepileptic drugs, especially valproic acid (VPA). Ourobjective was to investigate the effect of ABCC2 polymorphisms on ADRs caused by VPA in Korean epileptic patients. Weexamined the association of ABCC2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotype frequencies with VPA related to adversereactions. In addition, the association of the polymorphisms with the risk of VPA related to adverse reactions was estimatedby logistic regression analysis. A total of 41 (24.4%) patients had shown VPA-related adverse reactions in CNS, and the mostfrequent symptom was tremor (78.0%). The patients with CNS ADRs were more likely to have the G allele (79.3% vs. 62.7%,p = 0.0057) and the GG genotype (61.0% vs. 39.7%, p = 0.019) at the g.‒1774delG locus. The frequency of the haplotypecontaining g.‒1774Gdel was significantly lower in the patients with CNS ADRs than without CNS ADRs (15.8% vs. 32.3%, p= 0.0039). Lastly, in the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the presence of the GG genotype at the g.‒1774delG locuswas identified as a stronger risk factor for VPA related to ADRs (odds ratio, 8.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.04 to 70.17). Wedemonstrated that ABCC2 polymorphisms may influence VPA-related ADRs. The results above suggest the possible usefulnessof ABCC2 gene polymorphisms as a marker for predicting response to VPA-related ADRs.
Classifiers functions as the unit of quantity expression and semantic classification. Classifiers are selected according to the semantic category of a countable thing, quantity can not be naturally expressed without Classifiers. In both Japanese and Korean languages, there are many numbers in all, this study aims at making a systematic consideration on the use patterns of Classifiers by expecting the difference of both languages, investigating, reviewing the use survey of Classifiers, extensively analyzing the use division of Classifiers and suggesting the similarities and differences of Japanese language and Korean language. Classifiers are not only loose in constraints of selection according to individuals but also subtle in use division according to circumstances and contexts. This study confirmed that there are Classifiers which are widely used and individual Classifiers which are used for specific objects and there is a use division according to occupation and style. Also similar points and different points were observed in the type of combination of numerals and Classifiers, so difference on the use patterns of both Japanese and Korean languages were clearly clarified. The findings through this contrast and consideration are thought to be a matter to pay attention and recognition of effort to broaden the width of use and significance of Classifiers should be emphasized.
King oyster mushrooms(Pleurotus eryngii) are the second biggest mushroom for exporting in Korea but their browning and soft rot is the main factors of claim during long distance transportation. Fresh king oyster mushrooms were treated with CO2 at 30, 50% for 3 hours at 5oC prior to storage at 20oC and 5oC. There was no difference on respiration rate after CO2 treatment. However exposure to CO2 for 3h prior to MA packing maintained the firmness and delayed color(hunter L and b value) change of mushrooms during storage. Especially an incubation in high CO2 at 30% significantly reduced soft rot and browning symptoms resulting in one week extension of shelf-life during storage at 5oC compared to control and 50% CO2 treatment.