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      • KCI등재

        백서의 두개골 결손부에서 탈단백우골 이식 시 흡수성악의 효과

        박영준,최근호,장정록,정승곤,김영준,유민기,국민석,오희균,유선열,박홍주,Park, Young-Jun,Choi, Guen-Ho,Jang, Jung-Rok,Jung, Seung-Gon,Kim, Young-Joon,Yu, Min-Gi,Kook, Min-Suk,Oh, Hee-Kyun,Ryu, Sun-Youl,Park, Hong-Ju 대한악안면성형재건외과학회 2009 Maxillofacial Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Vol.31 No.5

        Purpose : This research evaluates the effect of the use of absorbable membrane barrier with deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-$Oss^{(R)}$, Switzerland) on bone healing in surgically created critical-sized defects in rat calvaria. Materials and Methods : Two standardized transosseous circular calvarial defects (5 mm in diameter) are made in each calvarium of 30 rats. These rats are divided into negative control group(n=15), positive control group(n=15) and two experimental groups(n=15). In the negative control group, defects are only filled with blood clots. In the positive control group, defects are filled with autogenous bone obtained from calvarium; in the experimental group 1, defects are filled with deproteinized bovine bone; and in the experimental group 2, defects are filled with deproteinized bovine bone with absorbable membrane. At the postoperative 1 week, 3 weeks. and 6 weeks, clinical. histologic and histomorphometric evaluations of the defects are performed. Results : 1. The grafted bone without membrane in the calvarial bone defect was scattered but, the grafted bone with membrane was stable. 2. $BioMesh^{(R)}$ membrane was absorbed beginning at 3 weeks, and was absorbed considerably at 6 weeks while maintaining the structural form of the membrane. 3. The use of membrane blocked soft tissue invasion. 4. In histomorphometric analysis. it showed the greatest amount of new bone formation in the positive control group. The amount of new bone formation was greater in the experimental group 2 than experimental group 1. At 6 weeks. the amount of new bone formation was greater in the positive control group than experimental group l(p<0.005). Conclusion : These results suggest that membrane increase the stability of grafted bone and protects from soft tissue invasion, and the use of the membrane may promote new bone formation in deproteinized bovine bone graft area.

      • KCI등재

        일반논문 : 오영수 소설에 나타난 생태의식과 무의식적 자연 지향

        박영준 ( Young Jun Park ) 한민족문화학회 2013 한민족문화연구 Vol.44 No.-

        이 논문은 오영수 소설에 나타난 자연 지향적 성격을 작가의 내면에서 비롯되어 자연스럽게 표출된 무의식적 성향의 결과로 해석한다. 오영수의 소설에 대해 생태주의 입장에서 바라보고자 했던 여러 견해들은 사후적 재해석 작업에 의해 만들어진 것으로써 생태주의 운동에 대한 문학적참여의 일환으로 받아들여진다. 오영수 소설은 문학사에서 “순정한 인정주의”, “리리시즘”, “정감 있는 토속 세계”, “반문명” 등을 형상화했던 작품으로 의미가 확정되는 듯한 경향이 있었다. 생태주의 관점에 의하면 오영수 소설에 나타나는 자연 배경과 반문명에 대한 직설적 토로가 재평가의 대상으로 떠오른다. 오영수의 소설에는 생태의식 혹은 생태주의적 이념의 원형이 들어 있다. 그러나 오영수 소설이 생태주의 시각을 선구적으로 형상화하고 있다고 보는 것은 무리이다. 오영수 소설에서 자연은 자아를 위로하는 공간인데 소설에 나타나는 자연 지향적 성격은 연역적인 가치 지향의 결과가 아니라 창작 과정에서 무의식적, 무의지적으로 결합되었다는 특징을 보이기 때문이다. 이 논문에서는 후기작 「오지에서 온 편지」를 도시문명에 대한 혐오의 반영으로 파악하였다. 그리고 초기작 「머루」, 「화산댁이」, 「갯마을」 등에 형상화 되어 있는 자연이라는 공간이 단순한 배경에서 대긍정의 세계로 변화하는 것을 살핀 후 오영수가 자연을 형상화함에 있어서 반문명 담론을 대입하지 않았음에도 불구하고 훨씬더 크고 자연스럽게 자연 지향적 성격을 작품에 형상화했음을 밝혔다. In this paper I narrate about the nature-oriented trend of Oh, Youngsoo`s fictions. Oh wrote those fictions before ecology and ecological ideology have not spreaded widely yet. Many people said that Oh`s fictions were “purely compassionate”, “lyricism”, “friendly tribal world”, “anti-civilization”. According to an ecological perspective we can re-evaluate the worth of Oh`s fictions. Nature was main setting and important space in Oh`s fictions. And there were many nature oriented characters. We can find basic sauces of ecological ideology. But we can not argue that Oh did reach the first grade of ecological literature. Because those works were created by his unconsciousness. His late fiction “Letter from the wild” reflected the disgust about urban civilization. In his early fictions “Wild grapes”, “Hwasandaegi”, “The seashore village” nature is changed from simple space to great positive world. Nature gives a comfort to human.

      • KCI등재

        ≪난장이가 쏘아올린 작은 공≫의 인칭변화에 관한 연구

        박영준(Young Jun Park) 한국현대소설학회 2009 현대소설연구 Vol.- No.41

        이 글은 ≪난장이가 쏘아올린 작은 공≫에 나타난 인칭의 변화를 중점적으로 고찰하여 조세희의 세계관을 분석해본 것이다. ≪난장이가 쏘아올린 작은 공≫을 이루고 있는 12편의 개별 작품 중에서 3인칭 소설은 7편이고 1인칭 소설은 5편이다. ≪난장이가 쏘아올린 작은 공≫을 장편소설로 파악하여 순서적으로 고찰하면 3인칭 소설로 시작하여 1인칭 소설이 소개되고 다시 에필로그에서 3인칭 소설이 등장하는 인칭 변화의 흐름을 파악할 수 있다. 3인칭 소설들은 모두 조세희가 긍정하는, 영수 편에 있는 중간자의 삶을 그리고 있다. 그들을 3인칭 서술자로 내세우면서 조세희는 사태를 바라보는 주제적 시선을 창출하였고, 내면을 서술하기에 용이한 1인칭 소설을 통하여 영수와 경훈의 삶을 대조시켰다. 결말 격으로 등장한 3인칭 소설 <에필로그>는 적대적 관계에 놓여 있는 노동자와 자본가 사이의 대립을 리얼하게 만들어준다. 사형을 당하는 영수의 비극은 <에필로그>에서 한층 고조된다. 인칭 변화의 흐름에 맞춰 ≪난장이가 쏘아올린 작은 공≫을 한 편의 장편소설로 본다면 연작을 구성하던 각 작품에서 개량주의자의 특성으로 나타났던 조세희의 세계관이 전체적 맥락에 의해 전쟁을 예고하는 선동자의 그것으로 달라지는 과정을 목격할 수 있다. In this paper I told about Cho, Se-hee`s idea and characteristics of A Dwarf Launches A Small Ball. It has 12 short stories. 7 stories are composed by the 3rd person view. 5 stories are composed by the 1st person view. Cho made a contrast between the poor and the rich by selecting narrator. 7 stories` main narrators are friends of Young-su. Young-su is the most important person in A Dwarf Launches A Small Ball. He was a poor boy, finally he has become a labor fighter. Cho served a subject that the 3rd person view stories have his main idea about capitalism. In the 1st person view Cho said about character`s consciousness and unconsciousness freely. So the contrast becomes vivid more and more. One of the narrator`s name of The 1st person view stories is Kyoung-hoon. He is a son of a capitalist. Cho said the fight between capital and labor would be a indispensible accident in our modern society.

      • KCI등재

        우리나라 성인에서 수면 시간과 비만과의 관련성

        박영준,임현우,박용문,이원철,Park, Young-Jun,Yim, Hyeon-Woo,Park, Young-Moon,Lee, Won-Chul 대한예방의학회 2007 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.40 No.6

        Objectives : Obesity is currently an epidemic in Korea, and sleep duration is thought to be one of the risk factors for obesity. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that short sleep duration is associated with obesity in Korean adults. Methods : The data from the 2001 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey were used, and 6,174 subjects aged $18{\sim}80$ years were included in the analysis. Sleep duration was measured using information obtained from self-reported questionnaires. Obesity, the main outcome variable, was measured according to body mass index. Multiple regression modeling was used to adjust for potential confounding variables. Results : The study results revealed a negative association between sleep duration and body mass index among Korean adults. These associations persisted after controlling for the potential confounding variables. Conclusions : These findings support the hypothesis that sleep duration is associated with obesity in Korean adults. In addition, these observations support earlier experimental sleep studies and provide a basis for future studies on weight control intervention by increasing the amount of sleep.

      • KCI등재

        계룡산국립공원의 나비류 군집에 관한 연구

        전성재 ( Sung Jae Jeon ),조영호 ( Young Ho Cho ),한용구 ( Yong Gu Han ),김영진 ( Young Jin Kim ),최민주 ( Min Joo Choi ),박영준 ( Young Jun Park ),남상호 ( Sang Ho Nam ) 한국환경생태학회 2012 한국환경생태학회지 Vol.26 No.3

        고도의 변화는 종 다양성 및 풍부도 그리고 생물 종 구성에 있어 매우 중요한 역할을 하는 요인으로 최근에는 나비를 비롯하여 곤충의 고도에 따른 분포 형태에 관하여 많은 관심이 집중되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 계룡산국립공원의 고도에 따른 나비분포를 조사하여, 종 보전 및 효율적인 관리방안을 제시하고자 하였다. 본 연구에서는 고도가 증가함에 따라 종과 개체수가 감소하는 경향이 나타났으며, 이는 수관울폐로 인한 그늘의 증가가 원인일 것으로 사료된다. 고도의 영향 이외에도 종의 분포에 영향을 주는 요인을 분석한 결과, 경사도 및 식생군락 그리고 수계거리가 종의 분포 변화와 상관관계가 있는 것으로 조사되었다. 이러한 종들은 먹이식물과 밀접한 관련이 있으므로 추후에 숲 내부의 변화를 감지하는데 적합한 생물지표종을 선정한다면 시간과 비용을 감소시킬 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 효율적인 생물다양성 평가를 내릴 수 있을 것으로 판단된다. 또한 추후에 기후 및 미기후, 그리고 먹이식물과 같은 환경요인들의 자료를 축적하고 정량화 할 경우 나비 분포를 예측할 수 있어 종 보전에 있어 더 효율적이라고 사료된다. Altitude is a factor that plays an important role in the diversity, richness and composition of species. Recently, much attention has been paid to the distribution of butterflies and insects according to altitude. The purpose of this article is to propose a method to preserve and manage species efficiently by reviewing the distribution of butterflies according to different altitudes in Mt. Gyeryong National Park. This study found that the number of species and individuals decreased as the altitude increased, possibly due to the increased amount of shade caused by the crown density. When analyzing the factors influencing the distribution of species other than altitude, it was found that the slope, vegetative colonies and hydrosphere distance were correlated with the change in species distribution. As these species are closely related to food plants, it may save time and reduce the cost as well as allow an efficient evaluation of the bio-diversity if these species are selected as biological indicator species suitable for detecting the changes in the forest. It is judged to be a more efficient means of species preservation to accumulate and quantify the materials regarding environmental elements such as the climate, microclimate and food plants, as this would allow the butterfly distribution to be estimated.

      • KCI등재

        가토의 두개골에서 티타늄 반구를 이용한 다양한 onlay bone graft시 골형성 능력

        박영준,최근호,장정록,정승곤,한만승,유민기,국민석,박홍주,유선열,오희균,Park, Young-Jun,Choi, Guen-Ho,Jang, Jung-Rok,Jung, Seung-Gon,Han, Man-Seung,Yu, Min-Gi,Kook, Min-Suk,Park, Hong-Ju,Ryu, Sun-Youl,Oh, Hee-Kyun 대한악안면성형재건외과학회 2009 Maxillofacial Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Vol.31 No.6

        육안적 검사결과 실험군과 대조군 모두에서 특별한 염증 소견이나 창상 이개 없이 반원 모양의 골형성이 관찰되었다. 조직학적으로 3주째에 대조군, 실험 1군, 실험2군, 실험 3군 모두 이식골 주위 및 티타늄 반구 내면을 따라 신생 골형성이 관찰되었다. 조직학적으로 6주째에 모든 군에서 3주째에 비하여 신생골 면적의 증가 및 성숙 소견이 관찰되었고, 실험2군에서는 부분적으로 이식골이 흡수되면서 신생골이 형성되는 것이 관찰된 반면, 실험 3군에서는 이식골의 흡수 소견이 관찰되지 않았다. 조직형태계측학적으로 3주, 6주 모두 자가골에서 가장 많은 신생골 형성이 나타났고, 신생골 면적 비교시 자가골, 이종골, 합성골 순으로 크게 나타났고, 각 군간의 통계학적으로 유의한 차이는 없었다(p>0.05). 본 연구결과 골유도 재생술시 골형성 능력은 자가골이 가장 좋지만, 자가골 채취가 불가능할 경우, 적절한 차폐막을 사용한 합성골과 이종골 복합 이식방식도 좋은 대체제가 될 것으로 생각된다. Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of various graft materials used with a titanium cap on the ability of new bone formation in the rabbit calvarium. Materials and Methods: A total of 32 sites of artificial bony defects were prepared on the calvaria of sixteen rabbits by using a trephine bur 8 mm in diameter. Each rabbit had two defect sites. 0.2 mm deep grooves were formed on the calvaria of sixteen rabbits by using a trephine bur 8 mm in diameter for the fixation of a titanium cap. The treatments were performed respectively as follows: without any graft for the control group (n=8), autogenous iliac bone graft for experimental group 1 (n=8), alloplastic bone graft ($SynthoGraft^{(R)}$, USA) for experimental group 2 (n=8), and xenogenic bone graft ($NuOss^{(R)}$, USA) for experimental group 3 (n=8). After the treatments, a titanium cap (8 mm in diameter, 4 mm high, and 0.2 mm thick) was fixed into the groove. At the third and sixth postoperative weeks, rabbits in each group were sacrificed for histological analysis. Results: 1. In gross examination, the surgical sites showed no signs of inflammation or wound dehiscence, and semicircular-shaped bone remodeling was shown both in the experimental and control groups. 2. In histological analysis, the control group at the third week showed bone remodeling along the inner surface of the cap and at the contact region of the calvarium without any specific infiltration of inflammation tissue. Also, there was no soft tissue infiltration. Bone remodeling was observed around the grafted bone and along the inner surface of the titanium cap in experimental group 1, 2, and 3. 3. Histologically, all groups at the sixth week showed the increased area of bone remodeling and maturation compared to those at the third week. In experimental group 2, the grafted bone was partially absorbed by multi nucleated giant cells and new bone was formed by osteoblasts. In group 3, however, resorption of the grafted bone was not observed. 4. Autogenous bone at the third and sixth week showed the most powerful ability of new bone formation. The size of newly formed bone was in decreasing order by autogenous, alloplastic, and heterogenous bone graft. There was no statistically significant difference among autogenous, alloplastic, and heterogenous bones(p>0.05). Summary: This result suggests that autogenous bone is the best choice for new bone formation, but when autogenous bone graft is in limited availability, alloplastic and xenogenic bone graft also can be an alternative bone graft material to use with a suitably guided membrane.

      • KCI등재

        접적지역 RC형 방호시설 조사와 모델링을 통한 한국형 방호벽 설계안의 제시

        박영준,이민수,이희만,Park, Young Jun,Lee, Min Su,Lee, Hui Man 한국건축시공학회 2016 한국건축시공학회지 Vol.10 No.4

        The aim of this study is to suggest design requirements on the military barriers which are installed to reduce critical damage on protective facilities against sudden pin-point attacks caused by North Korean artilleries. For this purpose, site investigation and review of design drawings associated with barriers built in the contact areas are conducted. With identified data concerning barriers, the geometric modeling, which is used in the structural analysis, is performed. And then, the possible threat of North Korea is determined based on intelligence preparation of battlefields. Once the structural modeling and threat analysis are completed, structural damage on barriers and protective facilities are assessed in terms of impact, penetration, scabbing, and blast pressure effects. According to the analysis results, the thickness of barriers should be 450mm at least and current established barriers need to be structurally reinforced via sectional enlargement. 이 연구에서는 폭발원점으로부터 보호시설의 결정적 피해경감을 위해 설치되는 방호벽의 설계요구조건을 제안한다. 이를 위하여 일부지역에 구축된 방호벽과 관련한 현장조사 및 설계도서 검토를 수행한다. 규명된 방호벽 제원을 바탕으로 구조해석에 사용될 방호벽을 모델링하고, 방호벽에 대한 실질적인 위협을 판단한다. 구조 모델링 및 폭발위협 분석이 완료되면, 방호벽 및 보호시설의 손상정도를 충격, 관입, 파쇄 및 폭압효과 측면에서 수치해석을 통해 계산한다. 해석결과에 따르면, 방호벽의 두께는 최소 45cm 이상이어야 하며, 현재 설치된 방호벽은 단면증설을 통해 구조보강이 필요한 것으로 나타났다.

      • KCI등재

        접적지역 대피소 방호수준 설정에 관한 연구

        박영준,박상진,엄홍섭,손기영,Park, Young Jun,Park, Sangjin,Eom, Hong Seob,Son, Kiyoung 한국군사과학기술학회 2015 한국군사과학기술학회지 Vol.18 No.4

        Protection against direct projectiles has been adapted just to the main command posts in the existing protective facility standards. However, protective capacity for the shelters against direct projectiles is also required because the initial survivability as well as the operation sustainment of the shelters is critical during a couple of days from outbreak of war. In this study, the Russian artillery is used to determine the existing and future threat of the North Korean Armed Forces indirectly. And then, required protective capacity of military shelters in the contact areas is calculated along with UFC 3-340-02 and it is verified using modeling and simulation. Based on the assessed capacity, actual inspect of military facilities with contact areas on spot is performed whether military shelters have enough protection capacity against determined threats. According to the field study, it is verified that proper earth bermed shelter has enough protection capacity. The results in this study could be used how to retrofit the current shelters in the contact areas.

      • KCI등재후보

        용담사간탕(龍膽瀉肝湯)을 이용한 대상포진(帶狀疱疹)의 급성기(急性期) 통증(痛症)에 대한 치험(治驗) 1례(例)

        박영준,박주한,허금정,남창규,선중기,구창모,Park Young-Jun,Park Joo-Han,Heo Geum-Jeong,Nam Chang-Gyu,Sun Jung-Ki,Koo Chang-Mo 대한한방내과학회 2003 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.24 No.1

        Herpes zoster is a viral disease characterized by unilateral radicular pain and vesicular eruptions that are generally limited to the dermatome innervated by single spinal or cranial sensory ganglion. The disease causes severe pain and in particular, put elderly patients in great risks and further it develops postherpetic nenralgia. Nowadays western medicine use antiviral durg(ex: acyclovir), analgesics, nerve block and etc for treatment of herpes zoster and pain control, but the effect is not much satisfactory. A 73-year-old patient, admitted to our hospital because of severe migrain. Two days later, her illness was diagnosed as herpes zoster so we administrated Yongdamsagan-tang. After the six-day of treatment, all symptoms improved, especially headache was cleared since the four day long administration of Yongdamsagan-tang.

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