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본고는 雪橋 安錫儆의 『識聞·詩傳』에 대한 검토를 통해 雪橋 詩經論의 주요 내용과 『시경』 해설 방법의 특징을 고찰해 보는 것을 목표로 하였다. 이러한 목표 아래, 먼저 雪橋의 經典과 文章에 대한 인식 및 『識聞·詩傳』의 구성과 내용 등에 대해 살펴보았으며, 이어서 朱子註존숭과 朱子淫詩說 긍정 등의 詩經論을 확인하였고, 또한 經文해설 방법에 대한 고찰을 통해『識聞·詩傳』은 수사학적인 방법을 적극 활용한 『시경』 주해서라고 그 성격을 정리하였다. 雪橋는『識聞·詩傳』에서 朱子註외의 다른 주석은 언급하지 않았고 오직주자의 주석 특히 『詩集傳』을 인용하거나 이에 대한 보충 설명을 진행하였다. 이처럼 삽교는 주자의 주석에 대해서 매우 긍정적인 입장이었으며, 朱子의 註를 ‘聖譯’이라고 칭하는 등 그것을 매우 존숭하는 입장이었다. 雪橋는 朱子의 淫詩說에 대해 기본적으로 긍정의 입장이었다. 하지만 주자가 음시라고 판정한 상당 수 시편에 대해 자신의 의견을 제시하지 않거나, 음시에 관련된 언급을 하지 않은 점 등을 고려해 보면, 삽교는 음시 판정의 문제보다는 시편의 문장 수사의 측면에 더 많은 관심을 기울였다고 볼 수 있다. 『識聞·詩傳』에서 볼 수 있는 經文해설의 가장 큰 특징은 수사학적 방법론을 적극 활용하였다는 점이다. 즉 『藝學錄』에서 찾아볼 수 있는 ‘篇章의 수사학’과 ‘字句의 수사학’을『識聞·詩傳』에서도 적극적으로 활용하였던 것이다. 이처럼『識聞·詩傳』은 일반적인 경학 저술과 그 성격을 달리하고 있지만, 오히려 새로운 경서 연구 방법을 사용하였다는 점에서 경학사에서 더 큰의의를 부여할 수 있을 것이다. The purpose of this paper aims to look into major contents of Ahn Seok-kyung’s study on The Book of Odes and characteristics in Ahn Seok-kyung’s explanation methods of The Book of Odes through Ahn Seok-kyung’s examination of Ji-moon(識聞).Shi-zhuan(詩傳). In the main subject, following study progressed. First of all, Ahn Seok-kyung’s recognition of Confucian classic and sentences & composition and contents of Ji-moon(識聞).Shi-zhuan(詩傳) were summarized. Then, a view, etc. of reverence of Zhu-xi(朱熹)’s notes, affirmation of Yinshishuo(淫詩說) etc. were confirmed. Also, through consideration of explanation methods of The Book of Odes, this paper described that Ji-moon(識聞).Shi-zhuan(詩傳) are manuals written by positively utilizing rhetorical methods. The largest characteristics that can be found from Ji-moon(識聞). Shi-zhuan(詩傳) are that those scriptures positively utilized rhetorical methodologies. There can be great significance in the history of Confucian classic in that new study methods on Confucian classic were used.
Background: Various types of miniplates have been developed and used for the reduction of facial bone fractures. We introduced Yang's Keyhole (YK) plate, and reported on its short-term stability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term stability of the YK plate, as a follow-up study, by examining the patients who had used the YK plate among the patients with the reduction of mandible fractures and who visited for plate removal. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 16 patients who underwent mandibular fracture fixation using a YK plate (group I) and 17 patients who underwent mandibular fracture fixation using a conventional plate (group II). Assessment was then made on malunion, occlusal stability, discomfort during the application, and clinical symptoms. Results: From January 2015 to December 2017, a total of 36 patients underwent mandibular fracture surgery using a YK plate. A total of 16 patients received plate removal. Among them, 15 were male and 1 female. The average age was 26 years. The applied surgical sites were the 12 on mandibular angle, 4 on mandibular symphysis, and 2 on subcondyle. The application period of YK plate was an average of 335 days. During the same period, 45 people underwent surgery on the conventional plate. A total of 17 patients received plate removal. Among them, 15 were male and 2 females. The average age was 36 years. The applied surgical sites were the 8 on mandibular angle, 4 on mandibular symphysis, and 2 on subcondyle. The application period of the conventional plate was an average of 349 days. No malocclusion occurred at the time of removal, and occlusion was stable. No patient complained of joint disease or discomfort. Conclusion: The YK plate system, in which the screw was first inserted and the plate was applied, for clinical convenience did not cause any particular problem and no significant difference from the conventional plate.
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raPurpose: To elucidate risk potentiality of frontline radiotherapy associated cataracts in primary ocular adnexal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (OAML). Methods: Data from eight consecutive patients of 41 total OAML patients who had undergone cataract surgery after frontline radiotherapy were analyzed. Results: The median patient age was 46 years (range, 36 to 69 years). The median total radiation dose was 3,780 cGy (range, 3,060 to 4,500 cGy), and the mean duration from radiation irradiation to cataract surgery was 36.60 ± 8.93 months. Preoperative lens opacification was primarily at the posterior lens subcapsule, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.43 ± 0.21. Patients underwent the phacoemulsification surgical procedure with posterior chamber intraocular lens insertion. The average BCVA improved to 0.90 ± 0.14 after cataract surgery. Two patients underwent posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, and one had posterior capsule rupture. For posterior capsule opacification (PCO), three patients received Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy after the initial surgery, and one patient is currently under consideration for laser posterior capsulotomy. Conclusions: Radiotherapy increased posterior subcapsule opacification at a relatively young age in primary OAML. Phacoemulsification was a manageable procedure without severe complications, and final visual outcomes were good. However, because after-cataracts progressed earlier than did senile cataracts, close follow-up should be considered for PCO management.
Yang, Dong Hyun,Kim, Young-Hak,Roh, Jae Hyung,Kang, Joon-Won,Ahn, Jung-Min,Kweon, Jihoon,Lee, Jung Bok,Choi, Seong Hoon,Shin, Eun-Seok,Park, Duk-Woo,Kang, Soo-Jin,Lee, Seung-Whan,Lee, Cheol Whan,Park, Oxford University Press 2017 European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging Vol.18 No.4
Background/Aims: Sustained virologic response (SVR) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) may differ with ethnicity due to differences in genetic traits. This study evaluated the efficacy of peginterferon and ribavirin, and the association between IL28B genotypes and the treatment efficacy in Korean CHC patients. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study using data from medical records. Eighty-five CHC patients were eligible for assessment of the efficacy of antiviral therapy, and 47 patients were available for an IL28B genetic study, which was performed using the Multiplex tetra-primer PCR method for rs12979860. Results: Overall, the early virologic response rate was 87.1%: 84.9% in HCV genotype 1 and 90.6% in genotype 2. The overall end-of-treatment virologic response rate was 81.2%: 75.5% in genotype 1 and 90.6% in genotype 2. The overall SVR rate was 81.2%: 75.5% in genotype 1 and 90.6% in genotype 2. For rs12979860, the frequencies of polymorphisms were 89% for the CC type, 11% for the CT type, and 0% for the TT type. Their overall SVR rate was 87% (39/47): 90.5% (38/42) for the CC type and 20% (1/5) for the CT type. For genotype 1, SVR rates were 88% (21/24) for the CC type and 0% (0/4) for the CT type. Multivariate analysis revealed that the IL28B-CC type was a good predictor for SVR. Conclusions: The SVR of the combination therapy in Koreans was higher than that observed in Western countries. This finding might be attributable to the high prevalence of IL28B-CC type among Koreans, which may be a good predictor of SVR. (Clin Mol Hepatol 2012;18:360-367)
<P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>Novel monodispersed spherical TiO<SUB>2</SUB> aggregate with a diameter of 100nm (SP100), which is the smallest TiO<SUB>2</SUB> spheres (or beads) reported thus far, has been prepared by a controlled hydrolysis and hydrothermal reaction. The obtained SP100 is a highly porous structure with an internal pore size of 12nm and a surface area of 112m<SUP>2</SUP>/g, and is shown to be an ideal building block of mesoporous TiO<SUB>2</SUB> layer for CH<SUB>3</SUB>NH<SUB>3</SUB>PbI<SUB>3</SUB>–based perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The optimized PSC employing SP100 exhibits photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 18.41% with <I>J</I> <SUB> <I>SC</I> </SUB> of 22.91mA/cm<SUP>2</SUP>, <I>V</I> <SUB> <I>OC</I> </SUB> of 1,049mV and <I>FF</I> of 0.759. Furthermore, fabricated PSCs exhibit reproducible PCE values with little hysteresis in their <I>J–V</I> curves. Time-resolved photoluminescence measurement indicates that the PSC with SP100 (PSC-SP100), compared to the devices with the nanoparticles of 30nm or 50nm size shows notably faster electron injection from CH<SUB>3</SUB>NH<SUB>3</SUB>PbI<SUB>3</SUB> to TiO<SUB>2</SUB> layer, resulting from the extended contact area between perovskite and mesoporous TiO<SUB>2</SUB> layer. Pulsed light-induced transient measurement of the photocurrent indicates that PSC-SP100 shows significantly longer electron lifetime, which is attributed to the suppression of electron recombination caused by the unique TiO<SUB>2</SUB> network.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> Novel 100nm-sized spherical TiO<SUB>2</SUB> aggregate (SP100) was successfully prepared. </LI> <LI> SP100 is an outstanding building block of mesoporous TiO<SUB>2</SUB> layer for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). </LI> <LI> SP100 exhibits remarkable advantages in charge injection and electron transport. </LI> <LI> PSC employing SP100 shows photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 18.41%. </LI> </UL> </P> <P><B>Graphical abstract</B></P> <P>[DISPLAY OMISSION]</P>