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이 연구의 목적은 우리나라 여성의 직업특성별 건강관련 삶의 질과 그 영향요인을 규명하는 것이다. 방법: 2005년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하였는데, 이 자료는 일대일 면접을 통해 수집되었다. 자료는 SPSS 프로그램을 이용하여 ANOVA, t-test, 다중회귀분석에 의해 분석하였다. 일반적 특성, 주관적 건강상태, EQ-5D가 연구도구에 포함되었다. 결과: 대상자의 건강관련 삶의 질 평균은 0.792 ± 0.102 이었다. 직업특성별로 건강관련 삶의 질은 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 있었다. 비육체 노동자의 건강관련 삶의 질이 가장 높았다. 모든 대상자의 건강관련 삶의 질의 주요 영향요인은 주관적 건강상태, 지난 1년간 비교한 현재 건강상태, 교육, 연령, 결혼 상태, 소득이었다. 이 요인들이 건강관련 삶의 질을 22.1% 설명하였다. 직업 특성별 건강관련 삶의 질 영향요인은 다른 것으로 나타났다. 결론: 이 연구의 결과는 성인 여성의 건강관련 삶의 질을 향상시키는 간호 전략을 개발하는데 공헌을 할 것이다. 직업 특성별로 성인여성의 건강관련 삶의 질 관련 프로그램을 계획할 때 이 연구의 결과를 반영하여야 한다. This study was aimed to identify the health related quality of life(HRQoL) by job characteristics and its predictors in Korean adult women. Methods: This study used data from cross-sectional surveys conducted for the 2005 National Health and Nutrition Survey, which was performed by using a face-to-face interview method. The data were analyzed by ANOVA, t-test and multiple regression using the SPSS program. Demographic characteristics, subject health state, EQ-5D were included in the study instruments. Results: The mean HRQoL index in the subjects was 0.792 ± 0.102. There were significant statistical differences on HRQoL among job characteristics. The health related quality of life of non-physical workers was the highest. The significant predictors of the HRQoL of all subjects were the subjective health status, the present health status compared to the previous year, education, age, marital status and income. The factors accounted for 22.1% of variance in the health related quality of life and the predictors of the HRQoL among job characteristics were different. Conclusion: These results may contribute to development of nursing strategy to improve female health related quality of life. The health related quality of life program for adult women by job characteristics is advised based on results of the study.
본 연구는 의료기관 여성근로자에 대해 국제간호실무분류체계에 의한 가족간호현상 및 특성을 찾아내어 관련요인을 파악하고자 실시되었다. 본 연구 대상은 의료기관 여성근로자중 간호사로서 간호학과 재학중인 간호사 680명이 작성한 80편의 보고서로 하였다. 주요 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 가족문제에 대한 진단개수는 평균 3.5개였고, 3개가 70%로 가장 높았다. 2. 가족간호현상별 다빈도 순위는 가족의 의사소통장애, 부적절한 가족대처, 부적절한생활양식, 부적절한 질병관리, 부모역할장애의 순이었다. 3. 기혼여성인 경우 가족기능평가는 양호한 편이나 핵가족으로서 발달단계가 학령전기나 학령기에서 가족의사소통장애, 부적절한 질병관리와 부모역할장애를 경험하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로 본 연구결과 향후연구를 위하여 다음의 내용을 제언한다. 첫째, 의료기관 여성근로자의 다빈도 가족간호현상으로 파악된 문제에 대한 중재전략의 연계가 요구된다. 둘째, 특히 기혼여성으로서 직장생활등 다양한 역할을 수행하는 여성근로자의 가족문제를 완화시킬 수 있는 산업간호측면의 관심과 적극적 대안모색이 요구된다. This study was intended to understand relevant factors by observing phenomena and characteristics of family nursing based on ICNP. Methods: The subjects of this study were nurses and 80 reports were prepared by 680 students for the data. Results: The results are as follows: The average number of the family problems the subjects were faced with was 3.5, while the majority (70%) had 3 problems. The most frequently occurred family problem was 'lack of or improper communication,' followed by 'inappropriate family coping,' 'unhealthy life style,' 'inadequate care management of sick members,' and 'wrong parental role.' Married women showed high APGAR score in the family function. The problems they were experiencing were 'lack of or improper communication,' 'inadequate care management of sick members,' and 'wrong parental role.' Conclusion: As a conclusion, the following is advised. First, intervention strategies are required for the women workers at medical institutions as their family problems revealed to have occurred frequently. Second, in order to alleviate family problems of married working women with various tasks and roles they play, necessary measures and concern in the aspect of industrial nursing are needed.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the mental health and presenteeism of early childhood teachers and to explore the effects of working conditions and job satisfaction on these. Methods: Data from the 4thKorean Work Environment Survey were used. The sample consisted of 474 female early-childhood teachers from private facilities. Mental health was measured using the WHO-Wellbeing Index. Presenteeism was attributed to a participant upon indication that, during the past 12 months, she had ever attended work, despite being sick. The data by complex sample design were analyzed through the Rao-Scott x2 test and logistic regression analysis. Results: 37.9% of early childhood teachers reported poor mental health and 34.2% had experienced presenteeism. Early childhood teachers in permanent employment, who did not work evening shifts, and with sustainable jobs, were more likely to have better mental health. Moreover, those in permanent employment and remunerated appropriately were less likely to experience presenteeism. Conclusion: Type of employment, number of days working in the evening, and job sustainability affect mental health. Further, type of employment, number of workers, and being well paid have an effect on presenteeism. We suggest that improved working conditions should precede the improvement of early-childhood teachers’ mental health.
목적: 본 연구는 농업 종사자의 건강증진 생활양식과 농부증을 파악하고, 농부증에 영향을 미치는 요인을 규명하고자 시도되었다. 방법: 자료수집 기간은 2009년 7월 1일부터 동년 8월 10일까지였으며, 연구 대상자는 454명의 농업 종사자를 편의표집하였다. 자료분석은 SPSS/WIN 17.0 프로그램으로 t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, stepwise multiple regression을 이용하였다. 결과: 1. 농업 종사자의 건강증진 생활양식 정도는 평균 3.30점으로 나타났고, 농부증 양성율은 29.3%로 나타났다. 2. 농업 종사자의 건강 관련 특성에 따른 농부증은 성별, 연령, 수면시간, 지각된 건강상태, 아침식사, 운동에 따라 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 3. 농업 종사자의 농부증에 영향을 미치는 요인은 성별, 연령, 지각된 건강상태, 아침식사 및 운동으로 확인되었다. 결론: 이 연구는 이러한 결과들을 고려한 농업 종사자의 건강증진 프로그램 개발을 제언한다.
Purpose: This study aimed to review the status of Health Management for Small Business Workers in Korea. Methods: We reviewed empirical or theoretical literature. Results: 98.8% of all workplaces are small businesses with less than 50 employees, and 79.8% are businesses with less than 5 employees. 65.2% of all workers work at small businesses, and 26.4% work at workplaces with less than 5 employees. Although the disaster rate of small businesses is decreasing every year, it is 7.5‰ as of 2019, which is higher than the overall disaster rate of 5.8‰. In particular, the disaster rate of businesses with fewer than five employees is 11.5‰, which is very high. Small businesses have no obligation to appoint safety managers and health managers. Conclusion: Manufacturing businesses with more than 30 employees and less than 50 employees should have a safety and health agent, but businesses with less than 30 employees have not been managed. Health management strategies for workers at small businesses include strengthening the regulation system, strengthening educational public relations to strengthen the awareness of employers and workers, expanding workers' health centers and expanding financial support projects.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of nursing work environment and job stress on health problems of hospital nurses. Methods: The subjects were 200 nurses working in S general hospital in Gyeongnam, and the data were collected using organized questionnaire from Jan 10 to 25, 2015. The Korean version of the practice environment scale of nursing work index, the instrument for job stress, and the Korean version of Todie Health Index for health problem were used for measurement. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation, and multiple regression. Results: The nursing work environment was found to be slightly negative, and the job stress was found to be high. There were significant correlation among nursing work environment, job stress, and health problems. In addition, it showed that the nursing work environment and job stress of nurses were factors affecting their health problems. Conclusion: The nursing work environment and job stress are influencing factors on the health problems of hospital nurses. Multi-faceted efforts to create a positive nursing work environment are required. Further researches related to association between the nursing work environment and health problem of nurses are needed.
목적: 본 연구의 목적은 택시운전원의 고객응대 서비스와 정신건강 간의 관계를 구명하는 것이다. 방법: 본 연구는 2015 근로환경조사의 원시자료를 분석한 이차분석 연구이다. 연구대상은 직업이 택시운전원이라고 응답한 496명의 자료이다. 고객응대서비스가 정신건강에 미치는 영향은 로지스틱 회귀분석을 이용하여 분석하였다. 독립변수는 일반적 특성, 근로조건 요인, 고객응대 요인으로 구분하였다. 결과: 정신불건강 유병률은 56.3%이었다. 택시운전원은 감정연류(17.2%), 감정숨김(32.0%), 화난 고객 상대(18.3%)를 경험하고 있었다. 33.7%가 지난 1개월간 고객으로부터 언어폭력을 경험하였고, 12.3%가 위협이나 굴욕적 행동을 경험하였다. 이변량분석에서는 언어폭력, 위협/굴욕적 행위, 신체적 폭력이 택시운전원의 정신건강과 유의한 관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 복합로지스틱 회귀분석에서는 감정연루와 화난고객상대가 택시운전원의 정신건강을 설명하는 유의한 변수로 나타났다. 결론: 본 연구의 결과는 택시운전원의 정신건강을 증진하기 위한 중재프로그램을 개발하는데 있어 유용하게 활용될 것이다. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between customer contact service and mental health among Korean taxi drivers. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of data collected from the 2015 Korean Working Conditions Survey. The sample included 496 taxi drivers in South Korea. The effect of customer contact service on mental health was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The independent variables were general characteristics, working conditions, and hazardous factors in interactive service. Results: The prevalence of poor mental health was 56.3%. Taxi drivers experienced emotional involvement (17.2%), hiding feeling (32.0%), and contact with angry clients (18.3%) in their job. During the first month of their work, 33.7% experienced verbal abuse and 12.3% threats/humiliating behaviors. In bivariate analysis, verbal abuse, threats/humiliating behaviors, and physical violence were associated with mental health of taxi drivers. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed ‘emotional involvement’ and ‘contact with angry clients’ were significant predictors of mental health. Conclusion: The findings of this study may be useful in developing intervention programs to improve the mental health of taxi drivers in South Korea.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among perceived health status and social support to identify the influencing factors of health promotion behavior in government-funded research institute’s employee. Methods: The participants were 222 employees in three government-funded research institute. Questionnaires were used to measure the levels of the perceived health status, social support and health promotion behavior. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, and the IBM SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Results: The predicting factors for health promotion behavior were age, smoking, perceived health status and social support. The variables explained the health promotion behavior by 34.3%. Conclusion: A survey of the various influencing factors of health promotion behavior will be required and social support system for government-funded research institute’s employee is needed.
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the differences in organizational commitment, nursing organization culture, and job satisfaction of Korean nurses employed in Korea and the United States, and to determine how these variables were associated with selected study characteristics. Methods: An exploratory cross -sectional study was performed with a convenience sample of 357 nurses from Korea and the U.S. Data were collected by using a web site survey and self-reported questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used for data analysis. Results: In comparison to Korean American nurses (KAN), Korean nurses (KN) were younger, single, worked more time, took a charge role or higher, and had less turnover experience. After controlling for age and marital status, nursing organization culture and job satisfaction of KN were significantly lower than those of KAN, respectively (F= -26.02, p<.001; F= -4.87, p=.028). Significant relationships among selected socio-demo-health and work-related characteristics and the three variables were higher for KN. Conclusion: Higher organizational commitment and nursing organization culture from all Korean nurses were related their perceived high level of job satisfaction. Recommendations for further study include exploring a larger sample size of a variety of different types of nursing organizations and staff as well.