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        Impact of interleukin-21 in the pathogenesis of primary Sjogren's syndrome: increased serum levels of interleukin-21 and its expression in the labial salivary glands

        Kang, Kwi Young,Kim, Hyun-Ok,Kwok, Seung-Ki,Ju, Ji Hyeon,Park, Kyung-Su,Sun, Dong-Il,Jhun, Joo Yeon,Oh, Hye Jwa,Park, Sung-Hwan,Kim, Ho-Youn BioMed Central 2011 ARTHRITIS RESEARCH AND THERAPY Vol.13 No.5

        <P><B>Introduction</B></P><P>Interleukin (IL)-21 is a cytokine that controls the functional activity of effector T helper cells and the differentiation of Th17 cells, and promotes B-cell differentiation. To test whether IL-21 participates in the pathogenesis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), serum IL-21 level was measured and IL-21 expression in the labial salivary glands (LSG) was examined.</P><P><B>Methods</B></P><P>Serum IL-21 levels in 40 primary SS, 40 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and 38 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and 20 healthy controls were measured. Serum IL-21 levels of SS patients were assessed for correlations with laboratory data, including anti-nuclear antibody, anti-Ro/La antibodies, globulin, immunoglobulin (Ig) class, and IgG subclass. LSGs from 16 primary SS and 4 controls with sicca symptoms were evaluated for IL-21 and IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) expression by immunohistochemistry. Confocal microscopy was performed to further characterize the IL-21 positive cells.</P><P><B>Results</B></P><P>Primary SS patients had significantly higher serum IL-21 levels than controls, and these increments correlated positively with levels of IgG, IgG1. Serum IgG1 levels correlated with anti-Ro antibody titers. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that lymphocytic foci and the periductal area of the LSGs from SS patients expressed high levels of IL-21 and lower levels of IL-21R, whereas the control LSGs showed minimal expression of both antigens. The more the lymphocyte infiltrated, IL-21expression in LSGs showed a tendency to increase. Confocal microscopic analyses revealed that IL-21 expressing infiltrating lymphocytes in the LSGs of SS patients also expressed CXCR5.</P><P><B>Conclusions</B></P><P>Primary SS is associated with high serum IL-21 levels that correlate positively with serum IgG, especially IgG1, levels. The expression of IL-21 is increased as more lymphocytes infiltrated in LSGs. These observations suggest that IL-21 may play an important role in primary SS pathogenesis.</P>

      • Interleukin 17 (IL-17) Increases the Expression of Toll-like Receptor-2, 4, and 9 by Increasing IL-1β and IL-6 Production in Autoimmune Arthritis

        LEE, JUN-HEE,CHO, MI-LA,KIM, JU-IN,MOON, YOUNG-MEE,OH, HYE-JWA,KIM, GEUN-TAE,RYU, SUN,BAEK, SEUNG-HOON,LEE, SUN-HEE,KIM, HO-YOUN,KIM, SUNG-IL The Journal of Rheumatology 2009 The Journal of rheumatology Vol.36 No.4

        <B>Objective.</B><P>To examine the effect of interleukin 17 (IL-17) on the expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2, 4, and 9 in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice.</P><B>Methods.</B><P>On Days 28 and 32 after induction of CIA in mice, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS group) or IL-17 (IL-17 group) was injected into both knee joints. On Day 35, mice were sacrificed. The severity of knee joint arthritis, synovial inflammation, and bone destruction was measured by a scoring system using macrography and histological analysis. Synovial expression of TLR-2, 4, 9, IL-17, IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and IL-6 was determined by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Synoviocytes of CIA mice were cultured with IL-17 and with neutralizing antibodies to cytokine, and the expression of TLR-2, 4, 9, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IL-6 was determined by real-time RT-PCR.</P><B>Results.</B><P>In CIA mice, knee arthritis scores, synovial inflammation, bone destruction scores, and expression of synovial TLR-2, 4, and 9, IL-17, IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in the IL-17 and PBS groups than in normal DBA1 mice. These variables were also significantly higher in the IL-17 group than in the PBS group. In CIA synoviocytes, IL-17 increased the expression of TLR-2, 4, and 9, and this effect was significantly alleviated by neutralizing antibodies to IL-17, IL-1ß, and IL-6.</P><B>Conclusion.</B><P>IL-17 aggravates joint inflammation and destruction, and increases the synovial expression of TLR-2, 4, and 9 by increasing IL-1ß and IL-6. These results imply that the IL-17-induced increase in expression of TLR-2, 4, and 9, and IL-1ß and IL-6 production are involved in the IL-17-induced aggravation of arthritis.</P>

      • 금은화, 연교, 포공영 혼합물의 항염증 작용에 관한 연구

        최강민 ( Kang Min Choi ),전주현 ( Ju Hyun Jeon ),김은석 ( Eun Seok Kim ),성기정 ( Ki Jung Sung ),김영일 ( Young Il Kim ) 대전대학교 한의학연구소 2021 한의학연구소 논문집 Vol.30 No.1

        Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate the inflammatory-control effects of Cheonghyeol-antidote complex(Lonicera japonica Thunberg, Forsythia viridissima Lindley, and Taraxacum platycarpum H. Dahlstedt complex, CHA) in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cell and mouse inflammation models. Method : For in vitro and in vivo experiment, Indicators such as cell viability, mRNA expression level(iNOS, IL-6, IL-1β, COX-2, TNF-a), Inflammatory factor production(NO, IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-a), and protein phosphorylation level(ERK, JNK, p38) were analyzed. For in vivo experiment, Indicators such as mRNA expression level(iNOS, IL-6, IL-1β, COX-2, TNF-a), Inflammatory factor production(IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-a), protein phosphorylation level(ERK, JNK, p38) and immune cell(white blood cell, lymphocyte) were analyzed. Results : 1. In vitro experiment In cell viability of CHA, CHA showed cell viability below 90% at concentrations of 400 μg / ml or more. In mRNA expression level, IL-6 and IL-1β showed a significant decrease at all concentrations except 25 μg / ml concentration, and iNOS, COX-2, and TNF-a showed a significant decrease at all concentrations of CHA compared to the control group. In inflammatory factor production, NO and TNF-a showed a significant decrease at all concentrations except 25 μg / ml concentration of CHA, and IL-1β showed a significant decrease at 100, 200 μg / ml concentration of CHA compared to the control group. IL-6 showed a significant decrease at all concentration of CHA compared to the control group. In protein phosphorylation level, ERK and p38 showed a significant decrease at all concentrations except 25 μg / ml concentration of CHA and JNK showed a significant decrease at all concentrations of CHA compared to control group. 2. In vivo experiment In mRNA expression level, iNOS, COX-2 and TNF-a showed a significant decrease in all administration groups of CHA compared to the control group. In Inflammatory factor production, IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-a showed a significant decrease in all the administration groups of CHA. In protein phosphorylation level, ERK, JNK, and p38 showed a significant decrease in all the administration groups of CHA. In the immune cells, leukocytes and lymphocytes showed a significant decrease in all the administration groups of CHA. Conclusions : This study shows that CHA has antioxidant and inflammatory-control effects on LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. It is hoped that further research will be conducted on the individual mechanisms of Lonicera japonica Thunberg, Forsythia viridissima Lindley, and Taraxacum platycarpum H. Dahlstedt.

      • KCI등재

        류마티스 관절염 동물 모델에서 활막의 RANKL/OPG mRNA 발현 비율 및 IL-17의 효과

        이준희 ( Jun Hee Lee ),김근태 ( Geun Tae Kim ),류선 ( Sun Ryu ),김주인 ( Ju In Kim ),백승훈 ( Seung Hoon Baek ),김성일 ( Sung Il Kim ) 대한류마티스학회 2006 대한류마티스학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        Objective: To investigate the synovial mRNA expression of receptor activator of NFκB (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANKL/OPG mRNA expression ratio, and to evaluate the effects of IL-17 in experimental rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. Methods: After induction of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) by type II collagen in DBA1 mice, mice were anesthetized at day 28 and a small aperture in the skin of the knee was performed. Mice, in which arthritis of knee was present, were selected and divided into 3 groups, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS group), IL-17 (IL-17 group) or anti-IL-17 monoclonal antibody (anti-IL-17 group) was injected to both knee joint at day 28 and 32. At day 35, mice were sacrificed and synovium of knee joints were isolated. Synovial mRNA expression of RANKL, RANK and OPG was assessed by real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemical stain. Results: Synovial RANKL and RANK mRNA expressions were significantly different among IL-17, PBS, anti-IL-17 and normal group (IL-17>PBS>anti-IL-17>normal group), and synovial OPG mRNA expressions in PBS, IL-17 and anti-IL-17 group were significantly high than those in normal group, however, there was no significant difference among IL-17, PBS and anti-IL-17 group. RANKL/OPG mRNA ratio was significantly different among these groups (IL-17>PBS>anti-IL-17>normal group). In immunohistochemical stain, RANKL, RANK and OPG-positive cells were expressed at synovium. Conclusion: Synovial RANKL/OPG mRNA ratio was enhanced in CIA, and IL-17 induced higher RANKL/OPG ratio in the synovium of CIA, which was blocked by anti-IL-17 antibody. These results suggest that RANKL/OPG mRNA ratio play an important roles on bone destruction, and IL-17 may be actively involved in bone destruction by enhancing RANKL/OPG ratio in CIA model.

      • KCI등재

        한국인 전반적 급진성 치주염 환자에서 IL-6 유전자 다변성에 관한 연구

        방선정,김일신,김옥수,김영준,정현주,Bang, Sun-Jung,Kim, Il-Shin,Kim, Ok-Su,Kim, Young-Jun,Chung, Hyun-Ju 대한치주과학회 2008 Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science Vol.38 No.4

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of generalized aggressive periodontitis with IL-6 promoter gene single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNP). Material and Methods: The study population consisted of 52 generalized aggressive periodontitis patients(GAP) and 30 periodontally healthy control subjects, who were systemically healthy non-smokers. Genomic DNA was obtained from buccal swab. The IL-6 promotor SNP at the positions of -597, -572, and -174 were genotyped by amplifying the polymorphic region using polymerase chain reaction(PCR), restriction enzyme digestion and gel electrophoresis. Result: The genotype distributions for G/G, G/A and A/A genotypes of IL-6 -597 were 30.8%, 40.4%, and 28.8% in the GAP group and 53.3%, 40%, and 6.7% in the control group and were statistically different between 2 groups(p<0.05). Allele 2 frequency of IL-6 -597 were significantly higher in the GAP group than the control group(p<0.01). At the position of IL-6 -572, the distribution for C/C, C/G and G/G genotypes were 23.1%, 55.8% and 21.2% in the GAP group and 20%, 33.3%, and 46.7% in the control group. In female subjects, the genotype distribution were significantly different between 2 groups(p<0.01). In male subjects, allele 2 frequency of IL-6-572 was significantly lower in the GAP group than the control group(p<0.05). The genotype distribution of IL-6 -174 in the GAP group were 96.2%, 3.8% for G/G, G/C genotypes whereas only the G/G genotype was detected in the control group. Conclusion: In conclusion, significant associations were found in IL-6 gene promoter(-597, -572) polymorphisms and generalized aggressive periodontitis. Further cohort study will be necessary in larger population.

      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        A Novel Function of Interleukin-10 Promoting Self-Renewal of Hematopoietic Stem Cells

        Kang, Young-Ju,Yang, Seung-Jip,Park, Gyeongsin,Cho, Bin,Min, Chang-Ki,Kim, Tae-Yoon,Lee, Joon-Sung,Oh, Il-Hoan Wiley (John WileySons) 2007 Stem Cells Vol.25 No.7

        <P>Self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is key to their reconstituting ability, but the factors regulating the process remain poorly understood. Here, we show that Interleukin-10 (IL-10), a pleiotropic immune modulating cytokine, can also play a role in regulating HSC self-renewal. First, a quantitative decrease of primitive hematopoietic cell populations, but not more matured cells, was observed in the bone marrows of IL-10 disrupted mice as determined by long-term in vitro cultures or in vivo competitive repopulation assays. In contrast, normal HSCs from 5-fluorouracil treated marrows cultured on the IL-10 secreting stroma displayed an enhanced repopulating activity compared with cells grown on control stroma, with ninefold higher numbers of donor-derived HSCs in the reconstituted recipient marrows. Moreover, limiting dilution transplantation assay demonstrated that exogenous addition of IL-10 in the stroma-free cultures of purified Lin- Sca-1+ c-kit+ cells caused three- to fourfold higher frequencies of HSCs in the 5-day short-term culture without indirect inhibitory effect of IL-10 on tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interferon-gamma secretion. Interestingly, primitive hematopoietic cells, including Lin- Sca-1+ c-kit+ or side population cells, expressed the surface receptor for IL-10, and microenvironmental production of IL-10 was sharply increased in the osteoblasts lining the trabecular regions of the radiation-stressed marrow but not in the steady-state marrows. These results show that IL-10 may be a ligand that can stimulate self-renewal of HSCs to promote their regeneration in addition to being a ligand for immune regulation. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest is found at the end of this article.</P>

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Classification, bacteriological findings, and analysis of sex hormone receptors and cytokine expression in mammary lesions of abattoir sows

        Jung-Hyung Ju,Jong-Il Shin,Ha-Young Lim,Hyun-Woo Kim,Byung-Joon Seung,Seung-Hee Cho,Soo-Hyeon Kim,Jung-Hyang Sur 대한수의학회 2019 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE Vol.20 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Mammary lesions in sows can prevent suckling piglets from consuming colostrum that provides fundamental nutrients and protective immunity. Although mammary gross lesions are frequently found in sows at farms or slaughterhouses, with the exception of mastitis, they have received little research attention. In this study, we investigated mammary lesions observed in South Korean sows between 2015 and 2016. Mammary tissue samples of 82 sows showing gross lesions during meat inspection were histologically classified and immunohistochemical analysis was conducted to assess the expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-α, ER-β, and progesterone receptor (PR) for mammary hyperplastic lesions as wellas that of cluster of differentiation (CD) 3, CD79a, interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 for mastitis. Furthermore, 20 swab samples were cultured, and the isolated bacteria were identified using polymerase chain reactions for 16S ribosomal RNA genes. The lesions were classified as hyperplasia, mastitis, or hyperplasia with mastitis. Immunohistochemistry results revealed that there was neither expression of ER-α nor of ER-β, but all examined hyperplastic samples expressed PR. In addition, there was a significant correlation between CD3 and IL-1β expressions, as well as between IL-1β and IL-6 expressions. Regarding the identity of the isolated bacteria, Pseudomonas spp. were most frequently detected. The results of this study have revealed the incidence and characteristics of porcine mammary lesions.

      • KCI등재

        특발성 염증성 근육병증 환자에서 IL-17 발현의 증가

        백승훈 ( Seung Hoon Baek ),이준희 ( Jun Hee Lee ),김근태 ( Geun Tae Kim ),이정욱 ( Joung Wook Lee ),조미라 ( Mi Ra Cho ),김주인 ( Ju In Kim ),이선희 ( Sun Hee Lee ),김대성 ( Dae Seong Kim ),김성일 ( Sung Il Kim ) 대한류마티스학회 2008 대한류마티스학회지 Vol.15 No.2

        Objective: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are systemic autoimmune diseases characterized by infiltration of T lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages in muscle tissues. Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a Th17 cytokine, has potent pro-inflammatory actions and plays a role in autoimmune diseases. We investigated the expression of IL-17 in muscle tissues of patients with IIMs. Methods: We measured the IL-17 mRNA level of muscle tissues from 14 patients with IIMs (9 patients with dermatomyositis and 5 patients with polymyositis) by real-time RT-PCR and compared with controls. We also performed an immunohistochemical stain to detect IL-17 expression. Results: The expressions of IL-17 were significantly enhanced in IIMs than controls. In immunohistochemistry, IL-17 was expressed in perimysial, endomysial and perivascular infiltrating inflammatory cells. Conclusion: These results suggest that IL-17 plays a role in the immunopathogenesis of IIMs.

      • KCI등재

        류마티스 관절염 동물 모델에서 Toll-Like Receptors의 발현

        이준희 ( Jun Hee Lee ),이수봉 ( Soo Bong Lee ),김근태 ( Geun Tae Kim ),류선 ( Sun Ryu ),김주인 ( Ju In Kim ),이선희 ( Sun Hee Lee ),김성일 ( Sung Il Kim ) 대한류마티스학회 2006 대한류마티스학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        Objective: To evaluate the expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, 4 and 9 and investigate the effects of IL-17 on the expression of TLRs in experimental rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. Methods: After induction of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) by type II collagen in DBA1 mice, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, PBS group) or IL-17 (IL-17 group) was injected to both knee joint at day 28 and 32. At day 35, mice were sacrificed and knee joints were isolated. Synovial mRNA expressions of TLR-2, 4 and 9 determined by real-time RT-PCR were compared among normal DBA1 mice (normal group), PBS and IL-17 group. Results: Synovial TLR-2, 4, and 9 mRNA expressions of IL-17 and PBS group were significantly higher than normal group, and those of IL-17 group were higher than PBS group. Conclusion: Synovial TLR-2, 4 and 9 expression was enhanced in CIA and up-regulated by local overexpression of IL-17. These results suggest that TLRs play a roles on CIA and IL-17 induced aggravation of arthritis in CIA.

      • KCI등재후보

        류마티스 활막염에 있어 염증매개물질에 의한 Transforming Growth Factor-β-inducible Gene-h3 (βig-h3) 생산 조절 기전

        강영모 ( Young Mo Kang ),김성일 ( Sung Il Kim ),김정섭 ( Jeong Seup Kim ),유동완 ( Dong Wan You ),사금희 ( Kheum Hee Sa ),박은주 ( Eun Ju Park ),김성욱 ( Sung Uk Kim ),서재석 ( Jae Seok Seo ),한승우 ( Seung Woo Han ),남언정 ( Eon 대한류마티스학회 2005 대한류마티스학회지 Vol.12 No.2

        Objective: To investigate the expression pattern of transforming growth factor-β-inducible gene-h3 (βig-h3) within rheumatoid synovial tissue and the regulation of βig-h3 synthesis in fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS). Methods: Synovial tissues obtained from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis were obtained during joint replacement surgery. βig-h3 expression was evaluated with immunohistochemical stain. FLS was isolated from synovial tissues and stimulated with cytokines including TGF-β, TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-4, and IL-10. βig-h3 synthesis was measured using semiquantitative RT-PCR, ELISA, immunofluorescence stain, and flow cytometry. Results: Expression of βig-h3 was diffuse and abundant in both lining and sublining layers of rheumatoid synovium, which was more prominent than those of osteoarthritis. Production of βig-h3 in FLS was regulated by TGF-β1 in a dose-dependent manner and was highest at 5 ng/mL of TGF-β1. TNF-α and IL-1β upregulated the production of βig-h3 from FLS synergistically with TGF-β1 but other cytokines such as IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 did not affect. βig-h3 synthesis was efficiently inhibited by dexamethasone at higher dose (100 nM) but not by cyclosporine-A. Conclusion: Production of βig-h3, which is highly upregulated in rheumatoid synovitis, is differentially regulated by inflammatory cytokines.

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