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The aim of this study is to explore the correlations between fasciology and yin yang doctrine. Professor Yuan developed fasciology by three-dimensional reconstruction of connective tissue (fascia) in the trunk and limbs of the human body and tracing back to tissue origins in light of biological evolution and developmental biology. Fasciology states that the human body can be divided into two systems: the supporting-storing system and the functional system. This article elaborates on the roles of the two systems and their mutual relationship. The two systems are used to analyze the yin,the yang, and their relationship. The two systems are promoted but also restricted in different contexts. The supporting-storing system is formed by undifferentiated connective tissue and provides undifferentiated cells and nutrients for differentiated cells of the functional system. Thus, the supporting-storing system could be classified as quiet, similar to yin. The functional system continuously maintains the various functional activities of the human body. Thus, the functional system could be classified as active, similar to yang. In interpreting the yin yang doctrine from the point of view of fasciology, yin can be compared with the supporting-storing system and yang can be compared with the functional system.
Ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is a perennial herbaceous plant which grows very slowly. It takes about 3 to 4 years from seeding to collecting the ripe seeds and the ginseng propagation is very difficult. and so, it is very difficult to breed ginseng plant. Ginseng tissue culture was started from at 1960, and ginseng commercial product by in vitro callus culture was saled, however upto now, regenerants were not planted to soil normally. Recently, plant genetic engineering to produce transgenic plants by introducing useful genes has been advanced greatly. In a present paper, transformation of ginseng plants was achieved by co-cultivation with Agrobacterium harboring the binary vector coding Proteinase-II gene, which confer resistant or tolerant to insect pests, The binary vector for transformation was constructed with disarmed Ti-plasmid and with double 35S promoter. The NPT II gene and introduced genes of the transgenic ginseng plants were successfully identified by the PCR. Especially the transgenic ginseng plants were regenerated using new techniques such as repetitive single somatic embryogenesis.
Ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) is important medicinal plant but requires 4-year cultivation for root harvest because of slow growth. In contrast, ginseng hairy roots induced by introducing Ri-plasmid of Agrobacterium rhizogenes into genomic DNA of plant cells show vigorous growth, and the hairy roots produce the same or more saponins than natural ginseng roots. Therefore, hairy roots can be used for commercial purposes. The present study was carried out to induce hairy roots with both active growth and high saponin contents. Numerous hairy roots of Panax ginseng were obtained after root disks of three-year old roots were infected with Agrobacterium rhizogenes R1000 A4T in dark condition after one month of culture. About 3 hundred lines of hairy roots were selected according as morphological characters on medium with carbenicillin. After pre-selection of fifteen lines of hairy roots with active growth, KGHR-l and KGHR-8 lines were finally selected which had characters of high content of ginsenoside-Rd and ginsenoside-Re, respectively. The optimum growth of hairy roots was achieved in the culture of 1/2 MS liquid medium in dark (22℃) under 60 rpm gyratory shaking. Hairy roots grew well in 5L Erlenmeyer flasks, lL roller drums, 10L jar-fermenters, and especially in 20L air-lift culture vessels.
To develop a new ginseng variety with good quality and high yielding, a lot of individual ginseng plant were selected in the farmers' fields in 1968. Among them, a promising line, 680-83-4, has been developed through comparative cultivation of several lines selected with pure line separation from local races in KT&G Central Research Institute, preliminary and advanced yield trials were performed for 8 years. 680-83-4 was designated as KG103, which was then registered as a new variety “Gopoong” with the regional yield and adaptation trials for 10 years (1981-1990) on December<br/> 27, 2000 in Korea. Gopoong has different phenotype of a dark violet stem and dark red fruit and inverted triangle shape of berries cluster as compared with other varieties. Taproot of Gopoong was longer than local race Jakyungjong, and root yield was 4.5% higher than local race Jakyungjong. In red ginseng quality, the rates of Chun-Jeesam grade(Chun and Jee means 1st and 2nd grade, respectively) were 16.6% and 9.4% for Gopoong and Jakyungjong, respectively. In these results, it was that Gopoong was superior ginseng line with good quality for manufacture of red ginseng.
An aqueous solution of a commercial liquid synthetic detergent for kitchen use was photodecomposed in the presence of titanium dioxides powder under an atmosphere of air at room temperature. Titanium dioxides were prepared by sol-gel method from titanium iso-propoxide at different R ratio(H₂O/titanium iso-propoxide) and calcined at 500℃. All titanium dioxides were characterized by XRD, BET surface area analyzer and UV-VIS spectrometer. The surface area of titanium dioxides prepared at R ratio=6 appeared higher volume about 20% than commercial TiO₂ catalysts. XRD patterns of titania particles were observed mixing phase together with rutile and anatase type. Titanium dioxides prepared by sol-gel method show higher activity about 6% than commercial TiO₂ catalysts on the photocatalytic degradation of a commercial liquid synthetic detergent for kitchen. The concentration of the detergent decreased to about 90% of its initial value at illumination times of 2 hour. Illumination for 30 minutes decreased the concentration of oxygen to about one-fifth of the initial value.
Mo-Al₂O₃-Al thin film capacitors have been fabricated. Al₂O₃ thin films were deposited by r. f. sputtering method. Their dielectric constant and disipation factor have been measured as a function of percentage of O₂ and deposition rate. The annealing effect of deposited films were investigated. The structure and etched surface of thin films were investigated by I. R. absorption measurement and a microscope, respectively. The relations of dielectric constant and pin hole of deposited films were investigated.
TiO_2 and x TiO_2-y SiO_2 system photocatalysts were developed by sol-gel method based on the change of production parameters, and their structure of crystallization and the specific surface area was measured. Considering the efficiency of the phenol degradation using the catalyst, the conclusion were obtained as follows: By means of X-ray analysis of TiO_2 powder that is obtained from H_2O/Titanium alkoxide with various molar ratios, it is shown that crystal structure of anatase type is a dominating structure and, on the other hand, the structure of rutile also partly exists. The specific surface area is at its maximum value at R=6, which is the molar ratio of water vs. alkoxide, whereas its value goes down as the molar ratio increases. TiO_2-SiO_2 mixed compound photocatalysts were developed from Titanium and Silicon alkoxide by a hetero-condensation process. The increase of SiO_2 contents causes the decrease of the degree of crystallization of the gel, whereas the specific surface area preferentially increases. The maximum degradation rate of phenol is shown in 60 TiO_2-40SiO_2 catalyst.
Value means important or sense that an object has, so that a design value also must mean importance or sense that a design possesses. Therefore, the creation of a valuable design is the fundamental goal that a design should have, and also it is the basic guide line which suggests the direction that the design should follow. In the past, a design has been recognized as a concept that it is produced by applying pure arts to the industry. The more complicate the society is, the more difficult the creativity in a design is because it needs a very special technique. Thus the design methodology is attempted to solve the problem. The most important thing in advertising design is to extract a creative concept by U.S.P.(unique selling point). It is the creativity in a design value. The advertising creativity is different from the pure art creativity in that it has a commercial purpose as well as an esthetic creation. Therefore, a design should refer the various social elements with creativity to produce a real valuable advertising design. This is the design methodology which creates good design.
The purpose of this study was to analyze on the health care patterns, physical activity and meal habits with sociodemegraphic background in older adults, The subject of the study was selected by multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling among the older adult college and older adult center to participate whose age were 65 and over year old among inhabitant the Joeon Buk area, The data were collected the statistics employed the study were frequency and Chi-square test, enzymes have significant difference between treatment group The results that were derived form these processes were as follows: 1. Health care patterns have significant difference of according to sex(P<.05), age(p<.01), occupation(p<.001) and scholarship(p<.001). 2. Physical activity have significant difference of according to sex(p<.001), age(p<.001), occupation(p<.001) and scholarship(p<.001). 3. Meal habit have significant difference of according to age(p<.001), occupation(p<.05) and scholarship(p<.001) but according to the sex(P>.05) have no significant difference.
Correlation of catalytic activity for the oxidation of CO and sensor response to CO was investigated. The perovskite-type oxides prepared by partial substitution of LaFeO₃with other 3d transition metal M to give LaFe₁_хMхO₃. The catalytic activity of LaFe₁_хCOхO₃(x=0 to 0.2) increase in X, but the highest sensor response was achieved at x=0.1. It was found that the sensor response increased in proportion to the catalytic activity, provided that the apparent activation energy for electrical conduction was unaffected by the substitution.