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Purpose: The relationship between central serous chorioretinopathy associated with retinal macrovessel remains controversial due to its rareness. We report a case of central serous chorioretinopathy diagnosed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in a patient with a retinal macrovessel that improved spontaneously. Case summary: A 36-year-old healthy male patient visited our clinic complaining of blurred vision in his left eye. Fundus examination of the left eye revealed central serous chorioretinopathy with retinal macrovessel in the macular area. Fundus fluorescent angiography showed an ink blot-shaped leakage, which was not clearly distinguishable due to a retinal macrovessel. Serous retinal detachment under the neurosensory retina was identified on OCT. A small pigment epithelial detachment was observed and considered as a leaking point. However, no visible exudates appeared to be leaking around the retinal macrovessel. Conclusions: Central serous chorioretinopathy with a retinal macrovessel in a Korean patient was evaluated by SD-OCT. When compared with typical cases, no differences were observed in this case and no significant associations between central serous chorioretinopathy and retinal macrovessel were shown.
Objective: To assess the added value of coronal reformation for radiologists and for referring physicians or surgeons in the CT diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Materials and Methods: Contrast-enhanced CT was performed using 16- detector-row scanners in 110 patients, 46 of whom had appendicitis. Transverse (5-mm thickness, 4-mm increment), coronal (5-mm thickness, 4-mm increment), and combined transverse and coronal sections were interpreted by four radiologists, two surgeons and two emergency physicians. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (Az value), sensitivity, specificity (McNemar test), diagnostic confidence and appendiceal visualization (Wilcoxon signed rank test) were compared. Results: For radiologists, the additional coronal sections tended to increase the Az value (0.972 vs. 0.986, p = 0.076) and pooled sensitivity (92% [95% CI: 88, 96] vs. 96% [93, 99]), and enhanced appendiceal visualization in true-positive cases (p = 0.031). For non-radiologists, no such enhancement was observed, and the confidence for excluding acute appendicitis declined (p = 0.013). Coronal sections alone were inferior to transverse sections for diagnostic confidence as well as appendiceal visualization for each reader group studied (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The added value of coronal reformation is more apparent for radiologists compared to referring physicians or surgeons in the CT diagnosis of acute appendicitis.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of radiation on the formation of rat molar enamel at the developmental stage. The experimental animals were divided into five groups and were irradiated single dose of 396cGy ; 1 st group on 14th day of gestation, 2nd group on 19th day of gestation, 3rd group on 3 days after birth, 4th group on 8 days after birth, 5th group on 28 days after birth. The control and 1, 2, 3, and 4th experimental groups were sacrificed on 2, 4, and 6 weeks and the 5th groups were sacrificed on 1 day and 2 weeks after irradiation. Distal 1/2 and occlusal 1/3 enamel surface of lingual side of lingual cusp, and fractured surface of lingual side of lingual cusp in a longitudinal direction of the mandibular first molar were examined using scanning electron microscope. The following results were obtained. 1. The roughness of enamel surface and enamel hypoplasia were increased in a sequence of 4th, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd experimental group, and the enamel cracks were increased in the 1st and 2nd experimental group. 2. The pattern of enamel hypoplasia had a network form on the 1st and 2nd experimental group, and appeared a linear shape on the 3rd experimental group, and then the crator-like enamel defects were observed in all experimental groups (especially 1st and 2nd experimental group) except 5th. 3. Dentinoenamel junction showed the clear-cut and straight appearance except 5th experimental group. 4. There was no significant difference between 5th experimental and control group.
The purpose of this study is (1) to design and test a database which can be automatically classified, and (2) to generate automatic classification number by processing the keywords in titles using the code combination method of Colon Classification(CC) as well as an automatic recognition of subjects in order to develop an automatic classification system (Auto BC System) based on CC which can be applied to any research library. To conduct this study, 1,510 words in the fields of agricultrue and medicine were selected, analized in terms of [P], [M], [E], [S], [T] employed in CC, and included in a database for classification. For the above-mentioned subject fields, the principle of an automatic classification was specified in order to generate automatic classification codes as well as to perform an automatic subject recognition of the titles included. Whenever necessary, editing, deleting, appending and reindexing of a database can be made in this automatic classification system. Appendix 1 shows the result of the automatic classification of books in the fields of agriculture and medicine. The results of the study are summarized below. 1. The classification number for the title of a book can be automatically generated by using the facet principles of Colon Classification. 2. The automatic subject recognition of a book is achieved by designing a database making use of a globe-principle, and by specifying the subject field for each word. 3. The automatic subject-recognition of input data is achieved by measuring the number of searched words by each subject field. 4. The combination of classification numbers is achieved by flowcharting of classification formular of each subject field. 5. The efficient control of classification numbers is achieved by designing control codes on the database for classification. 6. The automatic classification by means of Auto BC has been proved to be successful in the research library concentrating on a Single field. The general library may have some problem in employing this system. The automatic classification through Auto BC has the following advantages: 1. Speed of the classification process can be improve. 2. The revision or updating of classification schemes can be facilitated. 3. Multiple concepts can be expressed in a single classification code. 4. The consistency of classification can be achieved with the classification formular rather than the classifier's subjective judgement. 5. A user's retrieving process can be made after combining the classification numbers through keywords relating to the material to be searched. 6. The materials can be classified by a librarian without subject backgrounds. 7. The large body of materials can be quickly classified by means of a machine processing. 8. This automatic classification is expected to make a good contribution to design of the total system for library operations. 9. The information flow among libraries can be promoted owing to the use of the same program for the automatic classification.
The purpose of this study was to aid in diagnosis of salivary gland disease by comparing the sialogram with the scintigram. In this study, 47 patients (52 glands) who had taken the sialography and the scintigraphy were examined. The result of two methods was compared with the clinical and operative diagnosis. The following results are obtained. 1. In inflammatory diseases of the salivary gland, the scintigraphy can be a valuable substitution for a sialography. 2. In inflammatory diseases of the salivary gland, we can get more informations in case of the combined use of the sialography and the scintigraphy. 3. In tumorous lesion of the salivary gland, the sialography is superior to the scintigraphy. But both methods are less valuable in diagnosing the extraglandular tumors.
최근에 사회 여러 분야에 걸쳐서 지리정보를 효과적으로 저장하여 검색할 수 있도록 하는 지리정보시스템에 대한 관심이 고조되고 있다. 이를 구축하는데 가장 많은 시간과 비용이 소요되는 부분은 지리정보의 입력 부분으로 효율적인 입력 방법을 선택하는 것이 매우 중요하다. 여기에서 입력 영상으로부터 한 화소 두께의 골격선을 추출하는 영상 세선화 알고리즘은 전처리 단계로서 필수적이라 할 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 그동안 주로 문 자 인식 등의 영상처리를 위해 발표된 영상 세선화 알고리즘들 중에서 대표적인 알고리즘을 등고선도와 지적도 및 상하수도 등의 지리도면에 적용하여 비교 분석함으로써 각각의 지리도면의 자동 벡터화에 적합한 알고리즘을 제시하고자 한다. 여러가지 평가 기준에 의해 실험한 결과, 등고선도의 경우에는 Arcelli의 방법, 지적도는 Holt의 방법, 그리고 상하수도는 Chen의 방법이 각각 적합하다는 것을 알 수 있었다. In a variety of fields, recently, there is a growing interest in Geographic Information System which facilitates efficient storage and retrieval of geographic information. It is of extreme importance to make a good choice of efficient input method, because it takes the most of the lime and cost in constructing a GIS. Among several steps, thinning input image to produce skeleton of unit width is prerequisite to the automatic input or geographic maps. In this paper, we systematically evaluate the performance of representative thinning algorithms in geographic maps such as contour, cadastral, and water and sewer maps, and suggest appropriate algorithms for the maps, respectively. A thorough experiment indicates that Arcelli's method is best for contour maps, Holt's method for cadastral maps, and Chen's method for water and sewer maps.
IT기술의 발전에 따른 각종 산업에서의 유비쿼터스 도입이 이루어지고 있다 특히 자동차 산업에서 유비쿼터스 환경 도입을 위한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있으며, BMW의 경우 유비쿼터스 환경 기반의 운전자지원시스템을 연구한바 있다. 조선산업에서 유비쿼터스 환경을 구축하고자 유비쿼터스 기반의 혼합현실을 제시한다. 혼합현실은 현실과 가상이 융합된 환경으로 현실에 기반을 두었을 때 증강현실이라고 하며, 이것은 현실세계에 가상의 물체를 오버랩하여 보여줌으로써 보다 현실감을 높여주는 기술이다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 해양구조물에서의 효과적인 검자 지원을 위하여 증강현실 기술을 활용하였으며 프로토 타입을 구축해 봄으로 그 활용 가능성을 판단해 보고자 한다. Ubiquitous has spotlighted in the industry in these days, and automotive industry has tried to build ubiquitous environment like as 'intelligent driver assistance system' in BMW Inc. even though in shipbuilding industry. As the part of Ubiquitous Technology for visualization, Mixed Reality has been adopted in this paper. Augmented reality, a part of mixed reality, could show the mixed real world, overlapping virtual objects. Therefore, it is more realistic than virtual reality that all generated by computer and it is very useful for displaying information. For this reason, we tried to apply augmented reality to inspect marine structure and we developed the inspection assistance system based on mixed reality
선박 건조 시장의 요구를 맞추기 위하여 신속한 건조의 목표로 노력하고 있는 조선소가 선박 정도관리에 대한 요구가 갈수록 높아지고 있다. 선박 건조 공정에서 생산성의 향상과 생산 주기의 단축을 위하여 선박 부재의 정도평가를 전 주기에서 수행해야 하는 것은 중요하다. 선박의 품질을 높이기 위하여 조선소에서 블록의 정도제어를 수행하는 것은 선박의 건조 주기를 단축할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 건조 비용도 줄일 수 있다. 선박 블록의 정도를 제어하는 중심은 선박 블록 통합 정도관리 시스템을 만들어야 한다. 이 시스템은 "Non-allowance Shipbuilding"의 목표로 정도관리의 총괄성, 블록 정도의 향상, 정도 관리 과정의 표준화 등이 이루어져야 한다. 일반적으로 정도관리를 수행하는 관리자가 광파측정기를 이용하여 선박 블록의 접합면에 있는 주요 포인트(vital point)를 측정하고 수집하지만 무거운 계측장비를 가지고 블록의 정도관리를 수행하는 것은 불편할 뿐만 아니라 시간도 오래 걸린다. 본 논문에서는 선박 블록의 정도관리 시간을 단축할 수 있는 포인트 클라우드 기반으로 3차원 레이저 스캐너를 이용한 선박 블록 탑재 전에 오차예측 방법을 제안하였다. 이 방법은 ICP(iterative closest point) 알고리즘으로 측정된 포인트 클라우드와 설계된 점들의 비교 작업을 수행한 다음에 허용범위 내의 오차를 만족하는 지를 판단한다. With the development of fast construction mode in shipbuilding market, the demand on accuracy management of hull is becoming higher and higher in shipbuilding industry. In order to enhance production efficiency and reduce manufacturing cycle time in shipbuilding industry, it is important for shipyards to have the accuracy of ship components evaluated efficiently during the whole manufacturing cycle time. In accurate shipbuilding process, block accuracy is the key part, which has significant meaning in shortening the period of shipbuilding process, decreasing cost and improving the quality of ship. The key of block accuracy control is to create a integrate block accuracy controlling system, which makes great sense in implementing comprehensive accuracy controlling, increasing block accuracy, standardization of proceeding of accuracy controlling, realizing "zero-defect transferring" and advancing non-allowance shipbuilding. Generally, managers of accuracy control measure the vital points at section surface of block by using the heavy total station, which is inconvenient and time-consuming for measurement of vital points. In this paper, a new measurement method based on point clouds technique has been proposed. This method is to measure the 3D coordinates values of vital points at section surface of block by using 3D scanner, and then compare the measured point with design point based on ICP algorithm which has an allowable error check process that makes sure that whether or not the error between design point and measured point is within the margin of error.
선박의 사고는 인명과 재산의 손실뿐만 아니라 사고 선박으로부터 유출되는 기름과 유해한 산적 화물에 의한 환경 오염을 초래하기 때문에 사고를 미연에 방지하는 것 뿐 만 아니라, 사고가 발생하였을 때 이에 신속히 대처함으로써 오명을 최소화하고 2차 사고의 위험을 줄이는 것이 매우 중요한 문제이다. 그러나 지금까지의 기술적 지원이 결여된 경험위주의 대처 방법으로는 사고선박에 대한 구난을 안전하고 신속하게 처리하기가 쉽지 않다. 본 연구에서는 체계적이고 과학적인 구난지원 도구를 개발하여 이를 사고 현장의 구난지원 작업에 투입하고자 한다. 이를 위하여 구난지원 체계를 구축하고, 프로토타입 시스템을 개발하여 사고선박에 대한 안전하고 신속한 구난지원 가능성을 검토하였다. Marine casualties of dangerous cargo carriers lead to not only the loss of human life and properties, but also marine pollution caused by spilled oil and hazardous cargo. So the prevention of marine casualties and emergence response to minimize pollution are very important problems to be settled. But until now, most of salvage assistance jobs have been done based on rule of thumb without any technical support. It is not easy to cope with the incidents safely and rapidly under the current situation. The purpose of this paper is to develop a systematic and engineering salvage assistance tool available in the casualty sites. This paper contains the construction of salvage system, classification of technical items, and prototype system for the safety assessment. The developed system enable a salvage engineer in his/her salvaging jobs to perform safely and promptly.