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<Gewusa> is not a Pansori song version but a novel version. Pansori based novels are reading materials transcribed or printed to be read, and include all alternative versions. The title <Gewusa> is also a clue to the fact that the novel originated from <Musuki Taryeong>. The weakening of the function of inserted poetry, which is one of important characteristics of Pansori, suggests that the work was transformed into a novel. Inserted poetry is for drawing the audience's sympathy in the field of performance. Thus, it is considered a natural phenomenon that inserted poetry, which is not so important in a novel version, was omitted or replaced with narrations. With regard to narration techniques as well, the dialogue part of <Gewusa> maintains many of the characteristics of its song version, but the other parts are closer to a novel than to the song version. Assuming that <Gewusa> was transcribed in 1890, we can infer that it was rewritten and its transcribed version was distributed in the trend of transition of Pansori narrations into novels. With regard to its relation with song <Gewusa>, the relation was inferred from hypothesizing transformation not from a song to Pansori or Pansori style novel as in the commonly held opinion but in the opposite direction. However, this part is considered to require further discussion.
한창훈 ( Han Chang Hun ),강석민 ( Kang Seog Min ),문진욱 ( Mun Jin Ug ),조재희 ( Jo Jae Hui ),황상연 ( Hwang Sang Yeon ),이중민 ( Lee Jung Min ),박무석 ( Park Mu Seog ),정재호 ( Jeong Jae Ho ),김영삼 ( Kim Yeong Sam ),김세규 ( Kim 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2004 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.56 No.1
고전문학 교육 연구 논쟁의 가장 큰 문제는, 교육학이라는 문제를 어떻게 풀 것인가에 있다. 이에 따라 인문학적 관점, 사회과학적 관점이 생기게 되고, 필연적으로 방법론의 문제에 부딪히게 된다. 결국 고전문학 연구 방법과 고전문학 교육 연구 방법은 그 본질이 다르다는 점에 도달한다. 이런 인식은 결국 고전문학이 가르칠 만한 대상이 된다는 점을 전제하는 것이다. 그리고 이는 곧 고전문학이 그 자체의 존재론적 가치 이외에도 교육될 만한 교육적 가치나 속성을 가지고 있음을 뜻한다. 결론적으로 고전문학교육 연구가 한 단계 더 진전해야 한다면, 연구방법론의 확장을 신중히 검토해야 한다. 고전문학교육 연구는 인문학이다 사회과학이다 등의 논쟁은 이 과정에서 별로 중요하지 않다. 기존 학문 체계상으로만 한정하여 본다면, 그것이 인문학인지 사회과학인지 심지어는 자연과학인지에 대한 명확한 판별은 힘들거나, 시각에 따라 무의미하다고 본다. The greatest problem of classical literature education research debate lies on how tot solve the problem of pedagogy. As a result, a humanistic viewpoint and a social-scientific viewpoint are created, and inevitably, the problem of methodology is encountered. In the end, the method of studying classical literature education reach the point that their essence is different. This recognition presupposes that classical literature will eventually be an object worthy of teaching. And this means that classical literature has educational value or attribute that it worth being educated other than its ontological value. In conclusion, if the research of classical literature education should go a step further, extension of research methodology should be carefully considered. Controversies such as classical lterature education studies belong to humanities or social scieences are not so important in this process. If we limit this to the existing academic system, it is difficult to distinguish clearly whether it belongs to humanities, social sciences, or even natural sciences, or it doesn’t matter according to perspectives.
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본 논문은 최근 들어 나온 제주도 무가 관련 학위 논문들의 성과와 과제를 검토한 것이다. 이를 중심으로 하여 제주도 무가 연구의 최근 현황을 검토하고, 연구사적 전망을 시도한다. 제주도 무속과 무가의 경우, 자료 자체의 수집 정리는 이미 한계점에 도달하고 있는 것으로 생각된다. 그렇다면 다음의 과제는 이러한 자료의 분석을 통하여 의미 있는 이론적 연구 성과를 내놓아야 하는 문제가 된다. 최근 연구 성과는 본풀이 분석을 위주로 하는 문학 연구의 틀을 넘어서, 신앙의 문제를 집중적으로 다룬 점이 주목된다. 본풀이의 역사적 변이 양상을 치밀하게 다루는 연구도 나왔다. 특히, 제주 신화와 미야코지마 신화를 비교한 연구는 향후 제주도 무가 연구의 방향을 선도적으로 잘 보여준다고 판단된다. 학문의 발전은 단숨에 이루어지지 않는다. 때문에 최근 주목받는 연구 못지않게 기존의 연구 성과에 대한 비평적 성찰의 중요성은 다시금 강조된다. 자료의 수집 정리에서, 공시적 통시적 과정의 연구, 타 문화권과의 비교 연구로 이어지는 제주도 무가 연구의 흐름은 학문의 발전 과정을 잘 대변해 주고 있는 것으로 보인다. This paper examines the achievements arid tasks of recent theses for a degree related to shaman Songs in Jeju Island. It attempts to review recent conditions of research on shaman songs in Jeju island based on them, and to present an outlook from the perspective of the history of the research area. As for the shamanism and shaman songs in Jeju Island, it is believed that the collection and arrangement of the relevant data have already reached the limit. Thus, the next task is to present significant theoretical work through the analysis of these data. Recent work in Jeju Island s shaman songs is remarkable in that it has intensely addressed the problem of faith going beyond the framework of literary study concentrated on the analysis of Bopuri main story. There are studies that elaborate the aspects of historical changes in Bonpuri. In particular, the work comparing Jeju s and Miyakojima myths well leads the future direction of research on shaman songs in Jeju Island. Academic development is not built in a day. For this reason, emphasis should be given to the importance of the critical examination of the existing work as well as the recent attractive studies. The trends of the research on shaman songs in Jeju Island from the collection and arrangement of data, through the study of synchronic and diachronic processes, to the comparative study with other cultural areas seem to well represent the process of the academic development.
한창훈 ( Han Chang Hun ),문진욱 ( Mun Jin Ug ),장제현 ( Jang Je Hyeon ),최병욱 ( Choe Byeong Ug ),신동환 ( Sin Dong Hwan ),김세규 ( Kim Se Gyu ),장준 ( Jang Jun ),김성규 ( Kim Seong Gyu ),김영삼 ( Kim Yeong Sam ) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2003 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.55 No.3
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dentoalveolar dimensional changes following surgically-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). Patients & methods: Thirteen adults who had been treated by SARME for transverse maxillary deficiency from May 2000 to December 2003 were evaluated. The SARME procedure was the subtotal Le Fort I osteotomy combined with pterygomaxillary separation and anterior midpalatal osteotomy. Dental study casts and posteroanterior cephalometric radiographs were taken before operation, after removal of expansion device, and follow up period. Nasal cavity width, skeletal and dentoalveolar parameters were measured pre- and post-operatively. Results: 1. Mean nasal cavity width was increased 12%(0-21%) of total expansion after retention. 2. Mean maxillary interdental width was increased 70%(47-99%), 95%(84-115%), and 77%(57-94%) of total expansion in the canine, the first premolar, and the first molar region, respectively after retention. 3. Mean maxillary alveolar bone width was increased 66%(42-84%), 74%(42-94%), and 57%(31-78%) of total expansion in the canine, the first premolar, and the first molar region, respectively after retention. 4. Mean palatal vault depth was decreased 1.3 mm (0.5-2.0 mm) after retention. 5. Mean interdental and alveolar bone width of the mandibular canine and intermolar width of mandible were slight increased as maxilla was expanded after retention. 6. There were statistical differences between preoperative and postoperative values of nasal cavity, all maxillary interdental and interalveolar widths, palatal vault depth, mandibular interdental and interalveolar width of canine(paired t-test, p<0.05). 7. The maxillary interdental and alveolar bone width were decreased approximately 25% of total expansion by relapse at follow up period. Conclusion: In conclusion, most amounts of maxillary interdental expansions were acquired with the expansion of the maxilla by SARME. For preventing the relapse, approximately 25% of the overexpansion was needed.
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The lipoma is the neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. Although most lipomas occur on the trunk and the proximal portion of the extremities, lipomas of the oral and maxillofacial regions are relatively rare, approximately 13% of all cases. Lipomas have been found in all age, but usually found between 40 and 60 years of age. Clinically the lipoma is a painless, slowly growing, nearly always benign soft mass. The treatment of choice is a surgical excision, and the recurrence is rare. But the infiltrating lipoma originated from muscle has high recurrence rate. It has ill-defined border and little or no evidence of encapsulation. Histologically there is a consistent infiltration with dissociation of the surrounding muscle fiber. The infiltrating lipoma should be excised with surrounding normal muscle and tissue to prevent the recurrence. This case was a 57-year-old female with a painless swelling of the right cervical and parotid areas which was diagnosed as large infiltrating lipoma by clinical examination and radiographic findings. The patient was treated by surgical excision and showed good functional and esthetic results. Histologically the tumor was diagnosed as infiltrating lipoma with no evidence of malignancy.
We can refer to Jeong Yak-yang (1762-1836) and Lee Hak-gyu (1770-1834) as representative figures on the side of practice of realistic poetic recognition in the late Joseon. Jeong Yak-yong has been evaluated as a great scholar who integrated Sil-hak 'practical scholarship' on one hand, and occupies a great position in the history of the late Joseon's ideology on the other. Lee Hak-gyu also underwent life in exile for 34 years, and was influenced considerably on the poetic side by Jeong while exchanging with him. Of his works, those dealing with the miserable aspects of farmers occupy the central positions. He also created <Gigyeong Gisa> as a reply to Jeong's <Jeongan Gisa>. As the two works are composed of narrative contents in a Sanbaipian-style form, they take reality as one of their most prominent characteristics. First of all, they figure aspects of farmers facing penury, and of bureaucrats full of corruption and vanity. In addition, as narrative poems, they are understood as having a structure of confrontation. However, considering them through thematic examination, they have limitations in that they cannot solve all the problems with the reality at that time. The two authors' have many classic Chinese poems. Hence, we cannot account for the entire aspects of their works with only a few fragments. It is another task to review other works by these two authors.
The objectives of this study were to analyze historical records showing the gentry`s experience in exile to Jeju during the 17th century and, by doing so, to reveal the cultural meanings of such experiences. In the 17th century, strife among political factions of literati became serious and, as a result, exiles occurred frequently as a social phenomenon, which in turn exerted considerable influences on the community of the Jeju Island. Exile is a punishment for political felons who escaped death but were sent to a remote place and isolated there for the whole life. Those whose crime was particularly serious were sent to an island like Jeju. Records showing experiences in exile to Jeju are mostly prosaic materials. These materials are ethnographic by nature, describing the general features of Jeju in their own ways, while there are few official records on the island. In addition, they commonly look at Jeju from the viewpoint of aliens, namely, others. This means that their view lacks in identity, which may be expected from Jeju natives. What are considered noteworthy from this aspect are some exiles` devoted activities to educate and enlighten people using their talents despite the hard environment of the place of exile. Although exile deprived them of their political roles, it could not infringe their scholarly roles. Accordingly, those who reestablished their status as a scholar and educator without being daunted by the environment of exile left indescribable intellectual heritages in the place of exile. Of course, these heritages were based on Neo?Confucianism. Thus, Neo? Confucian heritages in Jeju are believed to be the sociological outcomes of Jeju exile culture.