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This study was conducted to understand the relationship among self-efficacy, career identity and professional self-concept of nursing students. Data were collected from 175 nursing students in the 3rd and 4th grades of the nursing students by questionnaire method. The analysis method was stepwise multiple regression. It revealed professional self-concept was statistically significant according to gender, health status, interpersonal relationships, satisfaction on university life, satisfaction on major and perceptive academic achievements and self-efficacy, career identity and satisfaction on major to be significant predictors of professional self-concept. These variables accounted for 56.4% of professional self-concept. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the professional self-concept of nursing students by implementing a gradual intervention program that can improve the self-efficacy, career identity and satisfaction on major from the freshman period. 본 연구는 간호대학생의 자기효능감, 진로정체감, 전문직자아개념의 관계를 파악하기 위해 실시되었다. 간호대학생 3, 4학년 175명에게 설문조사 방법으로 자료 수집을 진행하였고, 분석방법은 stepwise multiple regression을 사용하였다. 분석 결과, 일반적 특성에 따른 전문직자아개념은 성별, 건강상태, 대인관계, 대학생활 만족도, 전공에 대한 만족도, 학업성적에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 것으로 확인되었다. 전문직자아개념에 대한 영향요인은 자기효능감, 진로정체감, 전공에 대한 만족도로 나타났고, 56.4%의 설명력을 나타냈다. 그러므로 신입생 때부터 자기효능감, 진로정체감, 전공에 대한 만족도를 향상시킬 수 있는 단계적인 중재 프로그램을 실시하여 간호대학생의 전문직자아개념을 강화시켜 나가야 할 것이다.
The purpose of this study was to examine impact of multi-cultural family on subjective health status, mental health and internet addiction tendency compared to general family in Korean adolescent. The data were derived from the 13th Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey 2017 in Korea and analyzed considering complex samples analysis. The subjects were general families 61,320(98.5%) and multi-cultural families 956(1.5%). Multi-cultural youth had higher rates of unhealthy and unhappy and the percentage of depression, suicidal ideation, weekday and weekend smartphone overdependence, experience problems with using smartphone in friend than general youth. In addition, suicidal ideation 1.270 times, weekday and weekend smartphone overdependence 1.359 times and 1.297 times respectively and experience problems with using smartphone in friend 1.603 times was increased in multi-cultural youth compared to general youth. Therefore, it is very meaningful that this study provided basic data of intervention program to improve mental health and internet addiction tendency of multi-cultural youth. 본 연구의 목적은 일반가정과 비교하여 다문화가정이 청소년의 주관적 건강상태, 정신건강 및 인터넷 중독 성향에 미치는 영향력 정도를 확인하는 것이다. 2017년 제 13차 청소년건강행태온라인조사의 원시자료를 이용해 복합표본분석을 하였다. 대상자는 일반가정 61,320명(98.5%), 다문화가정 956명(1.5%)이었다. 연구결과, 다문화가정 청소년은 일반가정 청소년보다 건강하지 못한 편, 불행한 편, 우울 경험, 자살생각, 주중과 주말 스마트폰 과의존, 친구나 선후배 관계에서 스마트폰 관련 문제적 경험 비율이 유의하게 높았다. 또한, 다문화가정 청소년은 일반가정 청소년에 비해 자살생각 1.270배, 주중과 주말 스마트폰 과의존 각각 1.359배, 1.297배, 친구나 선후배 관계에서 스마트폰 관련 문제 경험이 1.603배 높은 것으로 나타났다. 그러므로, 본 연구결과는 다문화가정 청소년의 정신건강 및 인터넷 중독 성향을 개선할 수 있는 중재 프로그램의 기초자료를 제공하였다는 것에 매우 큰 의미가 있다고 생각된다.
The purpose of this study was to review the literature and examine the effects on school adaptation program in mental health of Korean multicultural children. This study analyzed the literature until April 11, 2018. The existing literatures were searched in the electronic databases in RISS, KISS and National Assembly Digital Library using the following key words: multicultural children and school adaptation program. One hundred ninety-six studies were found through the database. Finally, seven studies were included for analysis. Five studies were non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Self-esteem program, supporting program, character development program, positive psychology coaching program, Korean traditional dance routine therapy, group art therapy and creative musical-based music therapy were performed as school adaptation program for Korean multicultural children. The length of each session ranged from 40 to 120 minutes. The intervention period varied from 5 to 16 weeks, and the total number of the interventions ranged from 8 to 20 times. They influenced not only school adaptation level but also mental health aspects such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, sociality.
Purpose: The aims of this study were to construct a hypothetical structural model which explains premenstrual coping in university students andto test the fitness with collected data. Methods: Participants were 206 unmarried women university students from 3 universities in A and B cities. Data were collected from March 29 until April 30, 2016 using self-report structured questionnaires and were analyzed using IBM SPSS 23.0 andAMOS 18.0. Results: Physiological factor was identified as a significant predictor of premenstrual syndrome (t=6.45, p<.001). This model explained22.1% of the variance in premenstrual syndrome. Psychological factors (t=-2.49, p=.013) and premenstrual syndrome (t=8.17, p<.001) were identifiedas significant predictors of premenstrual coping. Also this model explained 30.9% of the variance in premenstrual coping in university students. A physiological factors directly influenced premenstrual syndrome (b=.41, p=.012). Premenstrual syndrome (b=.55, p=.005) and physiologicalfactor (b=.23, p=.015) had significant total effects on premenstrual coping. Physiological factor did not have a direct influence on premenstrualcoping, but indirectly affected it (b=.22, p=.007). Psychological factors did not have an indirect or total effect on premenstrual coping, butdirectly affected it (b=-.17, p=.036). Conclusion: These findings suggest that strategies to control physiological factors such as menstrual painshould be helpful to improve premenstrual syndrome symptoms. When developing a program to improve premenstrual coping ability and qualityof menstrual related health, it is important to consider psychological factors including perceived stress and menstrual attitude and premenstrualsyndrome.
The purpose of this study was to review the literature and examine the effects on art therapy in Korean ADHD children. This study analyzed the literatures between 2007 and 2016. The literatures were in the electronic databases in RISS and KISS using the following key words: ADHD and art, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and art. One hundred ninety six studies were found through the database. Finally, nine studies were included for analysis. Among the nine studies, four studies were conducted in art therapy field. Seven studies were non equivalent control group pretest posttest design. Group, social skills training group, cognitive behavioral group, mandala, clinical, anthroposophy group art therapy type were performed as art therapy for ADHD children in Korea. The length of each session ranged from 40 to 90 minutes. The intervention period varied from 6 to 20 weeks, and the total number of the interventions ranged from 12 to 20 times. They influenced not only physical or behavioral, but also psychosocial aspects.
본 연구는 미혼여성을 대상으로 영유아 발달단계에 초점을 둔 권미경·방경숙·김남선 외(2006)의 부모역할 인지 도구의 신뢰도 및 타당도를 검증하고, 미혼여성의 일반적 특성 및 부모역할 관련 특성에 따른 부모역할 인지 차이를 파악하고자 하였다. 연구대상자인 미혼여성은 서울시에 소재한 4년제 대학과 수원시 소재한 3년제 대학에 재학 중인 여대생과 직장인 여성을 대상으로 모집하였다. 부모역할 인지 도구는 매우 높은 신뢰도를 보였으며, 타당도의 경우 선행연구와 같이 일곱 개의 요인이(발달을 위한 환경조직, 돌보기 지식, 반응성, 돌보기 수행능력, 자극제공과 참여, 민감성, 수용성) 추출되었고 요인에 의해 설명된 총 누적변량 또한 유사한 결과를 나타내었으나, 요인 적재량에 따른 요인별 문항 구성에서 선행연구와 많은 차이가 있었다. 본 연구대상인 미혼여성의 부모역할 인지는 아동기 주양육자, 부모와 대상자의 관계, 부모교육 경험 유무, 출산의도에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다. The purpose of this study is to evaluate psychometric properties of the Perception of Parental Role Inventory developed for use by nursing professions (Kwon et al., 2006), and to examine differences in perception by sociodemographic and parenting-related characteristics among non-parent women. Data were from 204 unmarried women with no children in Seoul (Age M=25.1, SD=4.47). Reliability and construct validity were examined using exploratory factor analysis. Means of factor scores of the original and the present scales were compared with t.tests. Differences in perception were examined using t-tests and ANOVA.The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the Inventory (33 items) was .92 in this study. Factor analysis yielded seven factors (caring performance ability, responsibility, knowledge related to caring, sensitivity, environmental organization for development, acceptance, provision of stimulation and involvement), explaining 62.3% of the total variance. Perceptions of parental roles were different according to primary caregiver in childhood, relationship quality with parents, experiences in parent education, and intention to give birth. The current analysis identified the same factor structure as the original Inventory, but with different items for each factor. Further tests for the validity of the Perception of Parental Role Inventory along with efforts to explore factors affecting appraisal of the importance of parental roles are needed.
The purpose of this study was to review the literature and examine the effects of mindfulness-based intervention program on depression of Korean college students. This study analyzed the literature until May 27, 2020. The existing literatures were searched in the electronic databases in RISS, KISS and DBpia using the following key words: mindfulness, depression and college students. One hundred five studies were found through the database. Finally, eight studies were included for analysis. Six studies were non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The length of each session ranged from 60 to 120 minutes. The intervention period was 8 weeks, and the total number of the interventions was 8 times. They influenced not only depression level but also mental health aspects such as mindfulness, emotion, etc. However, since the standard for calculating the number of samples, the ethical consideration for the university student as a research subject, and the IRB approval are insufficient, the researcher's improvement efforts are needed.
This study examined the relationships among ego resilience, career decision-making self-efficacy and job-seeking stress of senior nursing students. Data was collected through self-reporting questionnaire to 175 nursing students 3rd and 4th grade. Stepwise multiple regression revealed grade, career decision-making self-efficacy, satisfaction on university life to be significant predictors of job-seeking stress. These variables accounted for 13.5% of job-seeking stress. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the job-seeking stress of senior nursing students through multidisciplinary intervention which strengthens career decision-making self-efficacy considering grade, satisfaction on university life. 본 연구는 간호대학생 고학년을 대상으로 자아탄력성, 진로결정자기효능감, 취업스트레스의 관계를 규명하고자 수행되었다. 간호대학생 3, 4학년 175명을 대상으로 자가보고식 설문조사를 실시하였고, stepwise multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 연구결과, 일반적 특성에 따른 자아탄력성은 대학생활 만족도에 따라, 진로결정자기효능감은 건강상태, 대학생활 만족도, 전공에 대한 만족도, 학업성적에 따라, 취업스트레스는 학년, 대학생활 만족도, 전공에 대한 만족도, 학업성적에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 있었다. 취업스트레스의 영향요인은 학년, 진로결정자기효능감, 대학생활 만족도로 나타났고, 설명력은 13.5%였다. 그러므로 학년, 대학생활 만족도룰 고려하여 진로결정자기효능감을 강화시키는 융복합적인 중재를 통해 간호대학생 고학년의 취업스트레스를 감소시켜나가야 할 것이다.
This study was performed to identify the current status and needs in simulation based program on pediatric nursing for nursing students in Korea. Data were collected from 82 nursing students and 5 nursing educators who had specialized in pediatric nursing during November, 2014. Most nursing students (63.4%) claimed ‘asthma' of ‘respiratory disorder' and most nursing educators (80.0%) claimed ‘dehydration' of ‘water and electrolyte disorder' as simulation based program on pediatric nursing for nursing students. A significant need for simulation based program on pediatric nursing was found. More efforts should be made to provide nursing students with knowledge and skills for working with pediatric nursing. The findings of this survey will ultimately provide a basis for developing a simulation based educational program on pediatric nursing for nursing students.