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Dynamics in the workplace and in society have contributed to the paradigm shift to outcome-based education. This study was performed to develop the curriculum based on assessment of existing program for the baccalaureate nursing program at Cheongju University. We used three steps-Analysis, Design, and Development-in ADDIE model for developing curriculum. The subjects were 18 graduate nurses, 41 nursing students, 38 parents, and 2 nursing team leaders for analysis of core competence. In conclusion, developing an outcome-based curriculum might be used to facilitate the students' development and evaluate the competence of the student during and on completion of the nursing baccalaureate program at Cheongju University.
The purpose of research is to provide basic data of installing PACS(picture archiving and communication system) of educational institution in Korea and to propose how to manage the system through researching installation condition of PACS of educational institutions in Korea and case study of developing PACS in Cheongju University. For the research, we surveyed 45 universities which offers radiology in Korea and got 20 respondence (3 year-course : 10, 4 year-course : 10) out of them; 15 universities (75.0%) installed PACS out of 20; averagely installed around 2006 since 2003 introduction and 2009 lately. Cheongju University installed full functioned PACS and it has image acquisition devices such as CR(computed radiology), DR(digital radiology), 4-channel MDCT(multi-detector computed tomography) and ultrasound device. It also has 2 TB storage capacity and uses Disk Array Raid Level 1 as storage method. Especially, each computer terminals in 3-dimension image lab enable to get raw data because the computers set up as bi-directional communication client with main storage device. For the networking, Modalities,workstations and server connected with 1 Gbps Fast Ethernet level of intranet and 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet. We expect improved environment that assessing practical image without PC with developing mobile PACS.
The study was performed to review using fluoride for the prevention of dental caries. The most commonly used products is fluoride-containing toothpaste and fluoride varnish. The toothpaste is easily used at home and fluoride varnish for professional applications. Targeting a large number of communities, water fluoridation program is contributed for caries prevention at a low cost. Even though, the effect sizes of fluoride containing products on caries prevention was verified, a clinical guideline for using fluoride which considers personal oral conditions has not been suggest. Moreover, previous studies reported effects on caries prevention among children and adolescents, it could be necessary to present a clinical guideline which introduces methods or frequency of fluoride for older people to prevent root caries.
Over the past decades, the development and application of molecular diagnostics has been made in all fields of laboratory medicine as in vitro diagnostics. Although conventional methods are mainly used, there is an increasing trend towards molecular diagnostics. These techniques are superior to conventional ones in rapid detection, higher sensitivity and specificity. Polymerase chain reaction(PCR)-based systems has dominated in various nucleic acid-based techniques, such as PCR, sequencing, DNA microarray, lab-on-a-chip(LOC) and etc. PCR-based systems can detect the etiologic agents through the amplification of disease-related gene directly from clinical samples and have been undergone various modification for more rapid, accurate and applicable to diagnostic tests. Sequencing analysis ensures exact identification and better characterization of the etiologic agents. Some like array-based systems offer the multiparameter results where many pathogen-related markers and gene mutations can be analysed simultaneously. The development of LOC chip should allow point-of-care testing for the revolutionary improvement of healthcare. Along with the development of proteomic or metabolomic-based tests, More advanced diagnostic tools will expand the applications of molecular diagnostic testing. The user-friendly automation about both the high throughput and the use of minimal quantity of sample makes these technologies more widely available.
Since it has been changed to elderly society, with aged person increased, it has shown the cancer patients, specially gastric cancer patients, were gradually increased. This study is about the starting time of the diet after the gastrectomy of the stomach cancer patients was done and their medical records were analyzed retrospectively for the baseline data. In case of no leakage on gastroenterostomy, the subtotal gastrectomy shows no timing difference. When the total gastrectomy was performed, it has shown that the jejunal interposition is faster than Roux-en-y type in the start of soft diet. A upper gastrointestinal series with contrast was performed when the status of patient was uncertain and it also shows faster start of diet. There was no significant difference between the subtotal and total gastrectomy. The healing period of alimentary canal anastomosis is faster compare to skin. For the diet after stomach operation, it should be POD 5 for drinking water, POD 6 for liquid diet, and POD 8 for soft diet, respectively. Since this research was conducted based on relatively small samples, it should give better results if bigger samples are provided.
Purposes: The purpose of this study was to compare the level of physical activity among the adults in urban and rural areas, and to investigate the correlation between physical activity and health status in each physical activity domains. Methods: A cross—sectional study was performed using data collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys VI—2. Study participants were 5,817 adults aged 19 years or over. T—test, chi—square—test, and spearman correlation were analyzed using PASW 25.0. Results: The amount of work physical activity was higher in rural areas than in urban areas while the amount of transport and leisure—time physical activity were higher in urban area. Work, transport, and leisure—time physical activity and health indicators were similarly correlated in both urban and rural adults. Conclusion: In order to develop intervention strategies to promote physical activity, it is necessary to consider the differences of physical activity domains in urban and rural adults.
In this paper, the scintillation properties of diphenyl mercury doped polystylene based plastic scintillator were presented. In this scintillator, p-therphenyl was used primary solute as scintillator, POPOP was used secondary solute as wavelength shifter. And diphenyl mercury was used to improve radiation detection efficiency. The Optimum concentration of p-terphenyl, POPOP and diphenyl mercury were 1.5 wt%, 0.01 wt% and 3.0 wt%, respectively. Emission spectrum of the 3.0 wt% Hg doped plastic scintillator is located in the range of 400~450 nm, peaking at 415 nm. And effective atomic number of the 3 wt% Hg doped plastic scintillatoe was 7.0, approximately.
This study was performed to review intervention study on simulation debriefing for undergraduate nursing students in Korea. In this study, an integrative review method was used. The existing literature was searched in electronic database in RISS, KISS, DBpia, and NSDL using key words of ‘simulation' and ‘debriefing'. 91 studies were identified through searching. 13 studies, which were related to the purpose of this study, were included for analysis. Among 13 studies, 11 were two groups, nonrandomized studies. All of the studies were conducted since 2012. The main themes of debriefing intervention were type of debriefer, structured debriefing based on theoretical model, and video debriefing. Debriefing duration ranged from 15 to 60 minutes. Debriefing was conducted by the instructor, peer group, and oneself. In most studies, debriefing had effects on knowledge, clinical judgment, and problem solving in cognitive domain, and clinical performance competency in psychomotor domain. But, the effects on affective domain were controversial.
The purpose of the study is to find the most efficient branding strategies through sports marketing for local private universities, which have encountered a number of external crises. Various successful sports marketing strategies from a number of universities in the U.K. and the U.S. as well as the successful cases of NCAA and two universities in Korea were examined. Some cases of the universities that use marketing strategies actively were examined as well. Seven branding strategies through sports marketing for local private universities were found as below. First, choose and nurture the sports which have high possibilities to be successful by using sports marketing strategies. Second, plan and promote the sports events that can strengthen local community network. Third, organize active supporting groups with local communities and alumni association. Forth, strengthen the identity of the university sports teams which symbolize the university it belongs to and can be strongly connected by the local community. Fifth, understand the relationship between mass media and sports and form a strategic partnership with mass media. Sixth, open the university's sports facilities to the public and offer various sports programs for local community and for the local youth athletes. Finally, activate sports programs for university students to promote students' well-being.
Antimicrobial resistance has increased remarkably over the decades and is a challenge that has been associated with high mortality and medical costs. Antibiotic resistant pathogens that can be difficult to treat are currently responsible for approximately 90% of infection related deaths. Multidrug resistance has become a main concern about how to identify and treat infection of pathogenic organism. For the persistent outbreak of new types of virulence and resistant bacteria, diverse patterns on multidrug resistance is becoming more common and make it more difficult to treat or may be untreatable with conventional antimicrobial therapies. But we are living in the era of a shortage of effective prevention, suitable therapies and a few new antibiotics. There are urgent demands on the development of novel treatment strategies and an effective alternative antibiotics. Understanding molecular mechanisms of anitbiotic resistance is necessary to look for ways to develop new substantial approaches to manage and prevent occcurrence of antibiotic resistance. These mechanisms allow pathgenic bacteria to survive or to grow well in the administration of antibiotics. Various genetic and phenotypic mechanisms that include antibiotic degradation, target modification and change of permeability through the bacterial membrane have been described. Technologies for Antibiotic susceptibility testing(AST) are constantly evolved to enhance rapid turn around time with the ultimate goal of targeted antibiotic therapy and increasing recovery rates. It would be continued to perform Clinical applications of advanced AST applying the new technologies to identify antimicrobial resistance pathogens more accurately. The latest advances of diagnostic technologies on antimicrobial resistance and their applications in clinical microbiology laboratories are discussed in this review.