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The purpose of this article is to establish an activation plan for the urban Saemaul Movement through the activity of community welfare center. In the first chapter of this article the writer suggests the purpose of study. The second chapter defines the obstruction factors and the development objects for the urban Saemaul Movement. The third chapter describes about the specific characters and major functions of community welfare center. In the forth chapter the writer suggests an activation plan for the urban Saemaul Movement through the activity of community welfare center. For the activation of the urban Saemaul Movement through the activity of community welfare center, the writer suggests four subjects as follows; 1. Developing self-help ability for community residents. 2. Developing an information flow and improving access to services and resources for community residents. 3. Gaining new resources and facilities for the community. 4. Developing and improving services.
To the teenage family heads on which social concerns have recently been focused, the government, the community and the family welfare agencies have extended support in an effort of help them grow healthily in this society. The purpose of this article is to present some resonable directions of support devoted to healthy growth and development of teenage heads in Chongju City by studying their actual conditions and needs. The research consisted of literature review and survey. In order to understand the actual conditions and needs of the members of the teenage head families, a questionaire of 50 items was administered to the all 55 teenage heads in Chongju City. The data were analized based on information gathered through interview and literature review to study distributions and tendencies of responses in each item. According to the result of the analysis of the survey, the support to the teenage head families should be directed as follows : 1. In order to support to them effectively, the actual understanding about their general and current situations and needs should be focused. 2. As the teenage head families live in economic difficulties, government subsidy and social assistance must be granted to them. 3. As most of them receive support from their relatives, the support of government and social welfare agencies should be also directed to encourage. the support given by the relatives. 4. In order to solve the important problems of housing, the support of government and enterprises should be directed to them and group home programs be needed. 5. Professional service such as activity group therapy and family treatment by social worker must be given according to their psychosocial conditions. Also it is recommended that the heads get some training and education to learn how to play parenting role. 6. Sponsor development is needed for the sponsors to act as their brothers, sisters or parent substitutes. 7. The members of them have a strong bond of love, and they love to get togethes as much as possible, and so in child welfave point of view, programs to help them live together should be granted to them.
Role theory is beginning to have more influence on social work practice, particularly as the profession has focussed more on deprived groups and ethnic minorities. The role expectations of these clients, as they emerge in work with families, parent-child,. marital relations, and all of psycho-social funtioning, are used in the diagnosis. Role theory has also been making its contribution in conceptualizing the role repertoire of the practitioner as he provides help to clients...the social-broker role, the advocate role, the mediator role, the parental role, etc. Thus more social work agencies. are beginning to use role theory as they consider the role requirements for clients and workers and attempt to understand how complementarity might be achieved between them. While the role concept embodies psychological, piological, and social consideration, its. major emphasis is on the task-oriented aspects of social funtioning. Consequently, the. weakness of ‘role' for sooial work is that it does not always bring into full focus the. unique inner mental processes in the individual that work for adaptation. Role theory has been used largely in conjunction with social system theory. To. understand how the actors in any system are interacting and transacting, it is incumbent on the system analyst to examine the role prescriptions of the actors, particularly when imbalances and dysfuntions of the system are apparent. Role theory has also been-used by those engaging in behaviour modification therapy, when certain behaviors. are reinforced to help the client achieve a more sucessful enactment of more socially acceptable roles. Role theory will continue to be used in the diagnosis and treatment. It will also be-considered helpful in researching family dysfuntioning, small group processes, educational problems as they emerge in school social work, and elsewhere. As with other-incomplete scientific theories, role theory should be used in conjunction with other orientations and with the practice wisdom that is part of every sooial worker's role repertoire.
The main purpose of this article is to establish an activation plan for the regional development through the Saemaul Undong from a standpoint of social welfare. In the first chapter of this article the writer suggests the purpose of study. The second chapter defines the relationship between the Saemaul Undong and the social welfare activities. In the third chapter the writer suggests an activation plan for the regional development through the Saemaul Undong from a standpoint of social welfare. For the activation of the regional development through the Saemaul Undong from a standpoint of social welfare, the writer suggests three subjects as follows ; 1. Activating the Saemaul Undong through the activity of community welfare center. 2. Developing volunteer activities for community welfare. 3. Improving the community school movement for community residents. As a result, to maximize community welfare is it necessary to integrate the Saemaul Undong with the regional development. Also what is more important, the voluntary participation of local people is urgently needed to activate the regional development through the Saemaul Undong.
The main purpose of this article is to establish an activation plan for income redistribution policy through social security. In the first chapter of this article the write suggests the purpose of study. In the second chapter the write studies the degree and the cause of income inequality and the standard of equal income distribution. In the third chapter the write defines the relationship between income redistribution policy and social security. In the forth chapter the write points out some problems of how to establish the income redistribution policy and suggests an activation plan for income redistribution policy through social security. Some problems of how to establish the income redistribution policy can be listed as follows; 1) the matter of insufficiency and uncertainty of materials for income redistribution policy, 2) the conflict between policy objectives, 3) the matter of effectiveness of policy, 4) the matter of feasibility of policy. For the activation of income redistribution policy through social security, the write suggests four subjects as follows; 1) improving the understanding about the function and the task of social security, 2) integrating the segmented systems of social security, 3) rationalizing the financial affairs of social security, 4) complementing the private security systems for social security.
The broad consensus concerning the mixed economy and the welfare state so characteristic of western societies since the second world war has weakened a good deal in recent years. The welfare state is faced with a crisis of legitimacy. As Keynesianism and other social theories of the Centre, which served either as a practical guide to state intervention or as its intellectual underpinning, have lost credibility, the radical critique of wlfare, from the Right as well as the Left, has gained ascendancy. The arguments advanced from the two ends of the spectrum of social thought have acquired greater plausibility. However, the main purpose of this article is only to comment on the critique of the Right - especially the Neo-conservative - of the welfare state. Neo-conservatism predates the economic crisis of the 1970s. But it is the riddle of stagflation that has provided market theories and many liberals with the opportunity to revive the doctrines of laisser-faire. The economic arguments also represent essentially a return to pre - Keynesian, neo-classical thinking. Now the Neo-conservative critique has escaped some of the difficulties of the concept of the inevitability of ignorance and is able to promote an alternative that maximizes freedom from restraint. These proposals - by substituting cash for public services, the individual for the collectivity, a minimum equality of opportunity for the drive for egalitarianism, the market place for the political arena - pose a major practical challenge to the development of the welfare state. But the author does not permit an elaborate critique of Neo-conservatism. The main themes can be summarized as follows; 1. A tendancy to exaggerate and generalize on the basis of insufficient evidence. 2. The use of highly selective evidence. 3. A one-sided and biased view of goverment functioning. 4. An inadequate conception of the role of democracy and politics in modern societies. 5. A failure to recognize the problem of social integration in a market society, namely how to counter the socially disruptive effects of the market economy and maintain a cohesion of the national community. 6. The absence of any histoical appreciation of capitalist development.
This thesis aims to conceptualize the meaning of industrial welfare in modern industrial society. In order to attain this object, this is studied by human relations approach and industrial relations approach. In fact, when we move to a consideration of workers and managers in their actual work settings, we confront a very large body of relevant studies by investigators whose efforts are more informed by concerns that are ideologically tinged. Most of these investigators would agree, in principle, that social relationships in the work place are influenced by outside forces, but a substantial number emphasize intraorganizational processes, proximal working conditions, and local developments almost to the exclusion of extraorganizational or wider forces. Thus those who stress intraorganizational phenomena tend to borrow more from the first than the second of two main approaches to the study of the workaday world, an approach in which work settings are seen in isolation from the larger society. One of these traditions or schools has evolved around a series of perceptions, findings that have, almost from the school's founding in the 1930 s, been referred to as "human relations". The second approach, which we may call "industrial relations", is a little less a tual origins go back to the period of the French Revolution, to the writings of Henri St. Simon, and to Karl Marxs' and Frederich Engles' critiques of capitalism. Also,the industrial relations approach has roots in the work of institutional economists in the period 1900∼1950. The human relations school, meanwhile, had its origin in collaborative studies of work groups by Harvard Business School professors (Elton Mayo, T.N.Whitehead, F.J.Roethlisberger etc.) and business leaders. Basic to these studies in the late 1930 s and beyond, were a series of experiments and studies at Western Electric's Hawthorne works. With these two approaches, the objective of industrial welfare in the modern industrial society is the achievement of the quality of working life for workers in industry and their families. Thus the workers may achieve their happiness and well-being through the helps of the national industrial welfare policy by government, the company welfare by enterprise, the labor welfare by labor union, the private industrial welfare by private social organization and so forth. In sum the concept of industrial welfare in the modern industrial society should be the organizational, systematic and professional social welfare services or social welfare activities that government, enterprises, labor unions and private social orgarizations carry out, for achievement of the quality of working life to workers in industry and their families.