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          수상관저의 관료 통제와 관저주도 정치의 확립

          이주경 서울대학교 일본연구소 2021 일본비평 Vol.13 No.2

          수상관저의 관료 통제와 관저주도 정치의 확립 | 이주경 이 연구는 아베 정권에서 관저주도 정치가 발현된 원인, 구조화 과정, 그 파급 효과를 검토한 것이다. 분석 결과는 다음의 세 가지로 집약된다. 첫째, 관저주도 정치는 내각 리더십을 지향해 온 정치개혁의 연속성과 집정부의 전략적 대응이라는 두 가지 요소가 맞물려 나타난 결과다. 둘째, 정책 과정에서는정책회의 중심의 하향식 정책 결정이 안착하는 한편, 조직 운영에서는 내각관방을 활용한 수상관저주도의 집단 지도체제가 구조화되었다. 이 과정에서 관방형 관료 육성과 내각인사국을 활용하여 관료의 자발적 협조와 기능 제공을 유도하는 사전-사후 통제 전략을 적용하였다. 셋째, 아베 정권 동안 관저주도의 선거 전략적 정책 변경이 이어지면서 정치 시스템에 왜곡이 발생하였다. 그 결과 자민당 일당 우위 체제의 설명책임 문제가 일본정치의 중요한 과제로 재부상하고 있다. Political Control over Bureaucrats and Prime Ministerial Executive-Led Politics | LEE Jukyung This study examines the causes, structuring processes, and effects of the prime ministerial executive(Kantei)-led politics in the Abe regime. The results are as follows: First, the Kanteiled politics emerged through two factors: continuity of political reform aimed at political leadership, and the coping strategies of core executives. Second, top-down policy making, centered on Policy Councils, were settled in the policy process, and the collective leadership centered on the core executive was structured using the Cabinet Secretariat(Kanbō) in the organizational management. In this process, pre and post-control strategies were applied to induce the provision of expertise and cooperation of the bureaucrats, which was a way to expand the Cabinet Secretariat-type bureaucracy and utilize the Cabinet Personnel Bureau. Third, there was a change in the political system, which was the effect of the continued policy changes in the electoral strategy under the Abe regime. As a result, the LDP’s predominance and political accountability are re-emerging as issues of Japanese politics.

        • KCI등재

          Garden Orach 조직배양에서 적색 캘러스의 증식에 미치는 배지, 호르몬 및 PFP의 영향

          이주경 한국자원식물학회 1994 한국자원식물학회지 Vol.7 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The effects of medium, hormones, and PFP on the proliferation of red callus in leaf tissue cultures of Garden orach(Atriplex hortensis L.) was investigated. As a result,88% of leaf tissues formed eallus on MS nledium containing 2mg/$\ell$ 2,4-D. Fresh weight of callus was higher on MS medium than on Bsand NN media. It was also found that 2, 4-D was more effective than Dicamba and Picloram. The op-timum concentrations of hormones for callus proliferation depended on culture media. Isolated red cal-lus grew markedly both on MS medium supplemented with 1-2mg/$\ell$ 2, 4-D and Bs medium contain-ing 2-4111g/$\ell$ 2,4D. Callus proliferated on B5 and NN media containing Dicabma Img/$\ell$ as well as onthe same media containing 2mg/$\ell$ Picioram. The addition of PFP concentrations of 2, 5, and 40mg/ $\ell$rcspectiely to culture medium caused increase of callus fresh weight, especially under light condition.

        • KCI등재
        • 동아시아에 분포하고 있는 들깨와 차조기의 유전적 분화

          이주경 한국자원식물학회 2002 한국자원식물학회 학술심포지엄 Vol.2002 No.-

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • KCI등재후보

          Capacitive Immunoaffinity Biosensor by Using Diamond-like Carbon (DLC) Electrode

          이주경,노건호,변재철 한국바이오칩학회 2009 BioChip Journal Vol.3 No.4

          A new capacitive biosensor based on chronoamperometry was developed by using diamond-like carbon (DLC) film as an electric isolating layer. The electrochemical properties of the DLC layered electrode were analyzed by using a cyclic voltammetry. The immunoaffinity layer was prepared by physically adsorbing the anti-horseradish peroxidase (HRP) antibodies on the DLC electrode, and the feasibility of this capacitive biosensor was tested by using HRP as a model analyte. The limit of detection (LOD) was measured to be 0.01 pg/mL, and the detection range was determined to range from less than 0.1 pg/mL to more than 1 ng/mL. The applicability of the new capacitive biosensor was demonstrated by detecting C-reactive protein (CRP) which is known as a biomarker for the inflammatory diseases.

        • KCI등재

          Rapid HPLC determination of gastrodin in Gastrodiae Rhizoma

          이주경,문성옥,김세용,양은주,민주식,안주희,최은아,유광현,박은지,이화동,송경식 한국응용생명화학회 2015 Applied Biological Chemistry (Appl Biol Chem) Vol.58 No.3

          Gastrodin is a major biologically active ingredient in members of the genus Gastrodia. For this reason, there are many reports on the quantification of gastrodin in Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR) and in GR-containing herbal preparations. HPLC, HPLC–MS, and TLC are the major approaches for gastrodin quantification; however, they usually require complicated pre-treatment, lengthy analysis, and expensive instruments. Therefore, a rapid and reliable method for determining gastrodin in GR is necessary. Optimal HPLC separation was achieved using a Chromolith Performance RP-18e (4.8 9 100 mm, 5 lm) stationary phase. The optimal mobile phase was a mixture of water (A) and acetonitrile (B) with a gradient of 1 % B at 0–8 min, 20 % B at 8–10 min, 80–100 % B at 10–12 min, and 100 % B at 12–13 min, followed by equilibration with 1 % B for 2 min at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min. The detection wavelength was UV220 nm. Gastrodin appeared within 4 min under the above conditions. The calibration curve of gastrodin showed good linearity in the 0.25–10.0 range (r2 = 0.9998). The limit of detection (0.13 lg), limit of quantification (0.25 lg), and reproducibilities of area and retention time (0.04 and 3.24 %, respectively) were within acceptable ranges. In addition, the intra-day precision and accuracy of gastrodin were 0.74 and 100.63 ± 0.04 %, respectively, while the inter-day precision and accuracy were 0.06 and 99.25 ± 0.05 %, respectively. The range of mean gastrodin content in six GR samples, which were cultivated at different sites, was 0.37–0.79 %. This result may be a guideline for the quality control of GR and GR-containing medicinal preparations.

        • 한국인 학습자의 영어 접속사 발화에 나타난 가장자리성조 패턴

          이주경,Lee, Joo-Kyeong 한국음성학회 2005 음성과학 Vol.12 No.4

          This paper shows the tonal patterns of English conjunctive utterances produced by Korean speakers of English, presenting that Korean speakers realize either the H - phrase tone or the H% boundary tone at the phrase-final part of the conjunctive utterances. Based on Pierrehumbert & Hirschberg's (1990) claim that either H- or H% tone indicates that a phrase is related to the following one, Korean speakers seem to produce the satisfactory patterns of edge tones in conjunctive sentences. In the experiment, we made up conjunctive sentences including both coordinate conjunctions such as and, but, or, and so and subordinate conjunctions like if, when and though. We varied the stimuli according to the existence of a comma and the lengths of connecting words and phrases. We also divided the subjects into two levels of English proficiency based on their English written test scores to see if Korean speakers' performance ability of edge tones is related with their general competence of English. Results show that Korean speakers produced 84% of the H- phrase tone in intermediate phrases and H-L% and L-H% boundary tones in intonational phrases. Also, coordinate and subordinate conjunctions show little difference in their tonal contours, and the existence of a comma or the lengths of connecting words and phrases do not affect Korean speakers' production of the H- phrasal tone and the H% boundary tone. This may suggest that pitch accents, rather than edge tones, should be put more focus on in teaching English intonation in Korea as much work has already shown that Korean speakers have serious problem with producing pitch accents in speaking English.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재후보

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