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본 연구의 목적은 대학생 자녀가 지각하고 있는 부모의 부부관계 질 및 대학생 자녀의 성향적 낙 관성의 일반적 경향과 각각의 차이를 알아보고 두 요인간의 영향관계를 살펴보는데 있다. 연구대상 은 대학생 332명이며 측정도구는 자녀가 지각한 부부의 부부관계 질, 성향적 낙관성이다. 자료분석은 빈도분석, ANOVA 및 사후검증 DUNCAN, 회귀분석을 하였다. 주요 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 대학생 자녀가 지각한 부모의 부부관계 질 및 성향적 낙관성 의 일반적 경향은 비교적 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 인구사회학적 특성에 따라 대학생 자녀가 지각한 부 모의 부부관계 질 및 성향적 낙관성은 차이가 있었다. 셋째, 인구사회학적 특성 및 대학생 자녀가 지 각한 부모의 부부관계 질이 자녀의 성향적 낙관성에 미치는 영향에서 Model 1의 경우 27.4%, Model 2의 경우 32.8% 설명력이 증가하였다. The purpose of this study is to find what kind of relationship does quality of couple relationship of parents cognized by university children have with the dispositional optimism of university children. The data were collected from 332 university children though questionnaire surveys and the scales of quality of couple relationship of parents, influence on dispositional optimism. The data analyzed using frequency, percentile, one-way ANOVA, regression analysis with SPSS 21.0 program. First, in terms of quality of couple relationship of parents, it could be understood that level of couple conflict of parents and their resolutions are done relatively highly. Second, there was difference in quality of couple relationship of parents cognized by university children In terms of dispositional optimism, there was difference in dispositional optimism of university children. Third, as a result analyzing influence of characteristics of demographic sociology and couple relationship quality of parents cognized by university children on their dispositional optimism, both factors had statistically significant influence. In the model with characteristics of demographic sociology to find its influence on dispositional optimism of university children, explanation power was 27.4%. When the factor of couple relationship quality of parents cognized by children was added, the explanation power went up to 32.8%.
Current mode CMOS multiple-valued logic circuits have various applications in digital signal processing and computing. This paper proposes new multiple-valued current mode CMOS integrated circuits for high-density arithmetic systems. The proposed 32×32 modified Booth multiplier using Radix-4 algorithm give the improved operation speed by using the elimination method of sign-bit extension at the most upper bit of each row. This circuit is simulated with HSPICE under 0.35㎛ CMOS standard technology, 10㎂ unit current, and 3.3V VDD voltage. The simulation results shows the satisfying characteristics.
This study reports the effect of portfolio assessment in a Tourism English class at a university in Kyeonggi province. The class was learner-centered and included various CLT/L (Communicative Language Teaching/Learning) activities such as small group discussions, paired conversation activities, and individual and group presentations. The portfolio assessment was part of the class evaluation and 33 portfolios were analyzed. The analysis of students' portfolios shows that many students saw their learning as a process. It also shows the kinds of activities the students considered most valuable and interesting. The students expressed that they were aware of the improvement in their English proficiency, attitude and confidence, and career goals in tourism. Among many of the learner-centered activities, the oral presentations were major activities for the class throughout the semester. The students were asked to include in the portfolio the evaluation forms from two oral presentations that were performed in the class along with their writings of the presentation scripts. The portfolio assessment was beneficial to both the instructor and the students, and it is suggested that Tourism English classes implement portfolio assessment more regularly.
This paper examines study abroad students' emotional issues when they first arrived in the target culture. The participants in this study had problems in communicating with the target language and also confronted personal problems such as loneliness, discrimination, homesickness, as well as feeling powerless. This made them easily emotional and venerable, and this influenced their learning, too. The language learners' emotional problems could be considered as a timely matter that would go away as time passes. However, it was important to look at the problems closely and think about how we could help the learners deal with their emotional breakdowns and concentrate more on learning. This qualitative research aims to explore affective part of language learning process in language learners' particular social and cultural environment. Data was gathered by conducting in-depth interviews and shadowing observations in various settings. Field notes were filled, and the conversations were taped and transcribed. The research suggests that emotional problems students face during study abroad can be an important cue that shows how they manage their language learning. Therefore, the findings of this study will identify emotional elements bothering the language learners and provide the ways the learners got over them and become more confident.