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The Chunaengjeon was performed in 28th year of Sunjo's reign in Joseon Dynasty, which is a major performance that presently appear in reappearance performance regularly. Chunaengjeon remains in existence due to constant efforts of dance academy for restoration, which is a flower of Jeongjae that is well preserved with its original form the best until now. This study examines the transformations of the Chunaengjeon Mudong costumes from its beginning until now. It envisions to help restore and better represent the costumes for Mudong(boys who danced for the royal court) in Chunaengjeon by suggesting new costume items which haven't been restored for the current representation performances. This study identified and analyzed the types, shapes, and colors of the Chunaengjeon Mudong costumes through the Annals of Joseon Dynasty, Akhakgwebeom, as well as other old documents, previous studies, and books with a focus on Ceremony Manuals. The results allude that Noksagweja, Honghansam, Osadae, and Hohwa are not represented accurately in the current representation performances. The new findings are as follows: First, it seems more convincing that Noksagweja had Jigbaerae(rather narrow sleeves with a distinct design) and that its back was open. Second, Honghansam weren't worn on wrists, but were attached to the Sugu. Third, Osadae should be black, and Hohwa should be black as well with a stand up collar. As such, it is critical to review the restoration of the current Chunaengjeon Mudong costumes, followed by efforts to restore the costumes, in addition to Jeongjae.
The heterotrophic dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina is known to produce high levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) when fed on diverse algal prey. However, large-scale culturing of algal prey species is not easy and requires a large amount of budget, and thus more easily cultivable and low-cost prey is required. Dried yeast was selected as a strong candidate for an alternative prey in our preliminary tests. Thus, we explored the fatty acid composition and DHA production of O. marina fed on dried yeast and compared these results to those of O. marina fed on two algal prey species: the phototrophic dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae and chlorophyte Chlorella sp. powder. O. marina fed on dried yeast, which does not contain DHA, produced the same high level of DHA as those fed on DHA-containing A. carterae. This indicates that O. marina is likely to produce DHA by itself regardless of prey items. Furthermore, the DHA content (and portion of total fatty acid methyl esters) of O. marina satiated with dried yeast, 52.40 pg per cell (and 25.9%), was considerably greater than that of O. marina fed on A. carterae (26.91 pg per cell; 15.7%) or powder of Chlorella sp. powder (21.24 pg per cell; 16.7%). The cost of dried yeast (approximately 10 US dollars for 1 kg dried yeast) was much lower than that of obtaining the algal prey (approximately 160 US dollars for 1 kg A. carterae). Therefore, compared to conventional algal prey, dried yeast is a more easily obtainable and lower-cost prey for use in the production of DHA by O. marina.
In this paper we propose a logistic regression method to estimate the survival function and the median survival time in interval-censored data. The proposed method is motivated by the data augmentation technique with no sacrifice in augmenting data. In addition, we develop a cross validation criterion to determine the size of data augmentation. We compare the proposed estimator with other existing methods such as the parametric method, the single point imputation method, and the nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator through extensive numerical studies to show that the proposed estimator performs better than others in the sense of the mean squared error. An illustrative example based on a real data set is given.
In order to understand molecular events during silk synthesis and provide genetic resources for molecular breeding, we had analyzed the cDNA library constructed from the posterior silkgland of Antheraea yamamai and partially sequenced 276 randomly selected genes from the cDNA library. Database comparisons of the expressed sequence tags (ESTs) revealed that 26 non-redundant clones showed a high similarity with previously identified genes. Among them, 17 clones exhibited a homology with previously identified insect genes and 9 clones were identical to genes that were previously identified from other organisms. A functional categorization showed that silk synthesis-defense- or stress-related genes, as well as genes involved in the metabolic pathways and in the transcriptional or translational apparatus are represented. In this report, the clone (AY479) which had high similarity with fibroin from A. pernyi was particularly analyzed in detail. The AY479 clone was carboxyl terminal region of fibroin. The 472 bp cDNA has 123 amino acids that shared 85% homology with the fibroin from A. pernyi and its deduced peptide had unique feature, that is, sites of alanine rich residues.
The purpose of this study was to inves tiga te the customer pur chase behavior and perception of home shopping in Daejeon. This survey was conducted during December, 2003. The result of this study was summarized as follows: 29.6% of subjects were men and 70.4% of subjects were women. They were all adult aged 20's above. The medium of home shopping that the subjects were met frequently were TV. The next were intern et , and then catalogue. The subjects who had some experience of purchase foods through home shopping were 44.8%. In most case , the frequency of purchase foods were once/month. The major foods purchased through home s hopping were pr oces sed foods and healthy foods. Abou t the degr ee of confidence on foods that purchased through home shopping, 3.4% of subjects answered "trust" and 37.9% of subjects answered "not trust" , the rest said "just so so". About the degree of satis faction on taste , 30.8% of subjects answered "good" and 23.1% of subj ects answered "bad", the rest said "just so so". About the degree of satisfaction on food amount, delivery time and circulation dur ation, 46.2% of subjects answered "satisfied". The most important factor that affected purchase foods were price .