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      • KCI등재

        영아의 예술경험과 의사소통기술과의 관련성 연구 - 만 2세용 제3차 표준보육과정을 중심으로 -

        박현정,정선영 한국생태유아교육학회 2017 생태유아교육연구 Vol.16 No.1

        본 연구의 목적은 영아의 예술경험 활동과 의사소통활동의 관련성을 검증하여 영아를 위한 보육활동 프로그램에 유의한 시사점을 제공하기 위한 것이다. 연구대상은 서울 및 경기 지역 어린이집 51곳의 만 2세 영아반에 재원 중인 604명이며, 관찰자는 담당 보육교사 100명이었다. 연구 도구는 예술경험영역 평가도구(박현정, 정현숙, 정선영, 2014)와 의사소통 척도(신근영, 정선영, 2014)를 사용하였다. 자료분석은 구조방정식 모형을 경로 분석하였으며 AMOS 20.0을 활용하였다. 본 연구의 최종모형 및 통합모형에서 변인 간의 인과관계 및 영향력을 분석한 주요 결론으로는 표준보육과정의 예술탐색, 예술표현, 예술감상이 영아의 의사소통능력(듣기, 읽기, 말하기, 쓰기)에 통계적으로 유의미한 영향을 미쳤다. 또한 통합모형에서 예술표현이 이해언어와 표현언어에 이르는 표준경로 계수만 통계적으로 유의미하지 않고, 나머지 모든 경로는 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 영아의 예술체험과 의사소통기술의 유의한 관계와 영아의 의사소통기술 발달을 위한 다양한 예술체험의 중요함을 입증했다는데 의의가 있다. The purpose of this study is to determine relationships and influences affecting infants' artistic experience and communication skills. 604 infants attending day care centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province and 100 teachers who were in charge of the infants observing the infants. Artistic experience evaluation tool (Park, Jeong, Joung, 2014) and communication scale (Shin, Joung, 2014) were employed. A model was made based on theories undergoing exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis and correlation analysis on the basis of observations. The structural equation model was analyzed to find the effects among variables by using AMOS 20.0 program. The findings of this study which analyzed causal relationships between variables and effects were as follows. Artistic exploration, artistic expression, and artistic appreciation in standard nurture all had statistically significant effects on infants’ communicative competence(listening, reading, speaking, and writing). In addition, in the integrated model, standard path coefficient is not statistically significant, all other paths have significant effects. This study verified significant relationships between artistic experience and communication and drew a conclusion that various artistic activities are important for infants’ development of communication skills.

      • KCI등재후보

        Neuroprotective Effect of Lucium chinense Fruit on Trimethyltin-Induced Learning and Memory Deficits in the Rats

        박현정,최웅기,김경수,심인섭,배현수,심현수 한국뇌신경과학회 2011 Experimental Neurobiology Vol.20 No.4

        We would like to add an author and an acknowledgement as shown below. The added author’s name and affiliation are marked by underlines. Hyun-Jung Park1#, Hyun Soo Shim2#, Woong Ki Choi1, Kyung Soo Kim1, Hyunsu Bae3 and Insop Shim2#*1Basic Oriental Medical Science and Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, 2Department of Integrative Medicine and Research Center of Behavioral Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701, 3Department of Physiology, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research was supported by Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (110126-03-2-HD120), Republic of Korea.

      • KCI등재

        프랑스 民法上의 約定 共同財産制

        박현정 한국민사법학회 2011 民事法學 Vol.54 No.2

        In French civil law through the ante-nuptial agreement spouses can modify statutory community by any kinds of agreement not contrary to French civil code. They may especially agree that the community shall include movables and acquisitions, that it will be derogated to the rules relating to administration, that one of the spouse will have the power to appropriate certain property on condition of indemnity, that one of the spouses will have an appropriation clause, that the spouses will have unequal shares of property, or that there will be a universal community between them. The rules on statutory community shall remain applicable on all questions which have not been the subject of the agreement of the parties. Where spouses agree that there will be between them a community of movables and acquisitions, the common assets comprise, in addition to property which would form part of it under the regime of statutory community, the movable property of which the spouses had ownership or possession on the day of the marriage or which has fallen to them afterwards through succession or gratuitous transfer, unless the donor or testator has stipulated to the contrary. Spouses may stipulate that the survivor, or one of them in all the cases of dissolution of the community,will have the power to appropriate certain common property, with the responsibility of accounting for the community according to the value it has on the day of partition, unless otherwise agreed. It may be agreed in an ante-nuptial agreement that the survivor of the spouses will be authorized to appropriate from the common stock, before any partition,either a specified sum, or a specified property in kind, or a specified quantity of a determined kind of property. Spouses may derogate from the partition established by law. Alternatively spouses may by their antenuptial agreement establish a universal community of their property,movable and immovable, present and future.

      • KCI등재

        파티 케이터링에서 테이블 화훼장식에 대한 인지적 반응과 감성적 영향

        박현정,장유진,김종윤 한국인간·식물·환경학회 2017 인간식물환경학회지 Vol.20 No.1

        The objective of this research was to understand the role of table floral decorations through the examination of the relationships that exist between satisfaction level and reuse intention which both result from one’s cognitive reactions and emotional effects from encountering table floral decorations in party catering. The survey was conducted to gather data from respondents about their cognitive reactions, emotional effects, satisfaction level, and reuse intention on table floral decorations being used as a part of party catering. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analysis between the cognitive factor and satisfaction level showed that ‘mood’ (β=0.404, p<0.001) and ‘artistry’ (β=0.288, p<0.001), among cognitive sub-factors of ‘artistry’, ‘mood’, and ‘harmony’, had large portions of positive effect on the satisfaction level, while harmony (p=0.494) did not show a significant effect on the satisfaction level. Examining the sub-factors of the emotional factor, ‘dignified’ (β=0.420, p<0.001) was shown to have a larger effect on the satisfaction level than ‘unique’ (β=0.263, p<0.001). From the Pearson correlation coefficient (r=0.827), high satisfaction level had a causal link to high reuse intention. Party catering will inevitably grow with the growth of Korea’s national income and as the leisure industry further develops, the main contribution of this research is that it provides various approaches to conducting segmented research on table floral decorations in party catering.

      • KCI등재후보

        Neuroprotective Effect of Lucium chinense Fruit on Trimethyltin-Induced Learning and Memory Deficits in the Rats

        박현정,심현수,김경수,심인섭,최웅기 한국뇌신경과학회 2011 Experimental Neurobiology Vol.20 No.3

        In order to the neuroprotective effect of Lycium chinense fruit (LCF), the present study examined the effects of Lycium chinense fruit on learning and memory in Morris water maze task and the choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) of rats with trimethyltin (TMT)-induced neuronal and cognitive impairments. The rats were randomly divided into the following groups: naïve rat (Normal), TMT injection+saline administered rat (control) and TMT injection+LCF administered rat (LCF). Rats were administered with saline or LCF (100 mg/kg, p.o.) daily for 2 weeks, followed by their training to the tasks. In the water maze test, the animals were trained to find a platform in a fixed position during 6d and then received 60s probe trial on the 7th day following removal of platform from the pool. Rats with TMT injection showed impaired learning and memory of the tasks and treatment with LCF (p<0.01) produced a significant improvement in escape latency to find the platform in the Morris water maze at the 2nd day. Consistent with behavioral data, treatment with LCF also slightly reduced the loss of ChAT and cAMP in the hippocampus compared to the control group. These results demonstrated that LCF has a protective effect against TMT-induced neuronal and cognitive impairments. The present study suggests that LCF might be useful in the treatment of TMT-induced learning and memory deficit.

      • KCI등재

        A Folksonomy Ranking Framework: A Semantic Graph-based Approach

        박현정,노상규 한국경영정보학회 2011 Asia Pacific Journal of Information Systems Vol.21 No.2

        In collaborative tagging systems such as Delicious.com and Flickr.com, users assign keywords or tags to their uploaded resources, such as bookmarks and pictures, for their future use or sharing purposes. The collection of resources and tags generated by a user is called a personomy, and the collection of all personomies constitutes the folksonomy. The most significant need of the folksonomy users is to efficiently find useful resources or experts on specific topics. An excellent ranking algorithm would assign higher ranking to more useful resources or experts. What resources are considered useful in a folksonomic system? Does a standard superior to frequency or freshness exist? The resource recommended by more users with more expertise should be worthy of attention. This ranking paradigm can be implemented through a graph-based ranking algorithm. Two well-known representatives of such a paradigm are PageRank by Google and HITS(Hypertext Induced Topic Selection) by Kleinberg. Both PageRank and HITS assign a higher evaluation score to pages linked to more higher-scored pages. HITS differs from PageRank in that it utilizes two kinds of scores: authority and hub scores. The ranking objects of these pages are limited to Web pages, whereas the ranking objects of a folksonomic system are somewhat heterogeneous(i.e., users, resources, and tags). Therefore, uniform application of the voting notion of PageRank and HITS based on the links to a folksonomy would be unreasonable. In a folksonomic system, each link corresponding to a property can have an opposite direction, depending on whether the property is an active or a passive voice. The current research stems from the idea that a graph-based ranking algorithm could be applied to the folksonomic system using the concept of mutual interactions between entities, rather than the voting notion of PageRank or HITS. The concept of mutual interactions, proposed for ranking the Semantic Web resources, enables the calculation of importance scores of various resources unaffected by link directions. The weights of a property representing the mutual interaction between classes are assigned depending on the relative significance of the property to the resource importance of each class. This class-oriented approach is based on the fact that, in the Semantic Web, there are many heterogeneous classes; thus, applying a different appraisal standard for each class is more reasonable. This is similar to the evaluation method of humans, where different items are assigned specific weights, which are then summed up to determine the weighted average. We can check for missing properties more easily with this approach than with other predicate-oriented approaches. A user of a tagging system usually assigns more than one tags to the same resource, and there can be more than one tags with the same subjectivity and objectivity. In the case that many users assign similar tags to the same resource, grading the users differently depending on the assignment order becomes necessary. This idea comes from the studies in psychology wherein expertise involves the ability to select the most relevant information for achieving a goal. An expert should be someone who not only has a large collection of documents annotated with a particular tag, but also tends to add documents of high quality to his/her collections. Such documents are identified by the number, as well as the expertise, of users who have the same documents in their collections. In other words, there is a relationship of mutual reinforcement between the expertise of a user and the quality of a document. In addition, there is a need to rank entities related more closely to a certain entity. Considering the property of social media that ensures the popularity of a topic is temporary, recent data should have more weight than old data. We propose a comprehensive folksonomy ranking framework in which all these considerations are dealt with and that can be easily... In collaborative tagging systems such as Delicious.com and Flickr.com, users assign keywords or tags to their uploaded resources, such as bookmarks and pictures, for their future use or sharing purposes. The collection of resources and tags generated by a user is called a personomy, and the collection of all personomies constitutes the folksonomy. The most significant need of the folksonomy users is to efficiently find useful resources or experts on specific topics. An excellent ranking algorithm would assign higher ranking to more useful resources or experts. What resources are considered useful in a folksonomic system? Does a standard superior to frequency or freshness exist? The resource recommended by more users with more expertise should be worthy of attention. This ranking paradigm can be implemented through a graph-based ranking algorithm. Two well-known representatives of such a paradigm are PageRank by Google and HITS(Hypertext Induced Topic Selection) by Kleinberg. Both PageRank and HITS assign a higher evaluation score to pages linked to more higher-scored pages. HITS differs from PageRank in that it utilizes two kinds of scores: authority and hub scores. The ranking objects of these pages are limited to Web pages, whereas the ranking objects of a folksonomic system are somewhat heterogeneous(i.e., users, resources, and tags). Therefore, uniform application of the voting notion of PageRank and HITS based on the links to a folksonomy would be unreasonable. In a folksonomic system, each link corresponding to a property can have an opposite direction, depending on whether the property is an active or a passive voice. The current research stems from the idea that a graph-based ranking algorithm could be applied to the folksonomic system using the concept of mutual interactions between entities, rather than the voting notion of PageRank or HITS. The concept of mutual interactions, proposed for ranking the Semantic Web resources, enables the calculation of importance scores of various resources unaffected by link directions. The weights of a property representing the mutual interaction between classes are assigned depending on the relative significance of the property to the resource importance of each class. This class-oriented approach is based on the fact that, in the Semantic Web, there are many heterogeneous classes; thus, applying a different appraisal standard for each class is more reasonable. This is similar to the evaluation method of humans, where different items are assigned specific weights, which are then summed up to determine the weighted average. We can check for missing properties more easily with this approach than with other predicate-oriented approaches. A user of a tagging system usually assigns more than one tags to the same resource, and there can be more than one tags with the same subjectivity and objectivity. In the case that many users assign similar tags to the same resource, grading the users differently depending on the assignment order becomes necessary. This idea comes from the studies in psychology wherein expertise involves the ability to select the most relevant information for achieving a goal. An expert should be someone who not only has a large collection of documents annotated with a particular tag, but also tends to add documents of high quality to his/her collections. Such documents are identified by the number, as well as the expertise, of users who have the same documents in their collections. In other words, there is a relationship of mutual reinforcement between the expertise of a user and the quality of a document. In addition, there is a need to rank entities related more closely to a certain entity. Considering the property of social media that ensures the popularity of a topic is temporary, recent data should have more weight than old data. We propose a comprehensive folksonomy ranking framework in which all these considerations are dealt with and that can be easily cu...

      • KCI등재

        이혼·별거 전후의 소득변화와 영향요인

        박현정,정익중 梨花女子大學校 社會科學大學 社會科學硏究所 2012 사회과학연구논총 Vol.28 No.-

        이혼·별거 가구의 빈곤문제가 심각함에도 불구하고 이에 대한 종단적 연구는 부족한 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구는 이혼·별거 전후의 소득변화와 그에 영향 미치는 요인을 살펴보고자 한다. 한국노동연구원이 1998년부터 2008년까지 조사한 한국노동패널 1~11차년도 자료를 사용하였고 분석대상은 총 244명이었다. 잠재성장모형의 분석결과, 소득은 남녀 모두 이혼·별거 전후에 걸쳐 계속 감소하는 변화궤적을 보여주었다. 소득의 초기치에 영향을 미치는 요인은 연령, 주거이동 유무, 성인과의 동거여부, 취업유무로 나타났다. 연령이 높을수록, 주거이동 경험이 없는 경우, 혼자 사는 경우, 취업자의 경우 소득의 초기치가 높은 것으로 나타났다. 소득의 변화율에 영향을 미치는 요인은 학력, 주거이동 유무, 자녀와의 동거여부로 나타났다. 학력이 높을수록 소득이 급속히 감소하는 것으로 나타난 반면 주거이동 경험이 없거나 자녀와 동거할 경우 소득이 완만히 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구결과는 이혼·별거 전후 소득변화를 이해하고 사회복지 개입방안 모색에 필요한 기초자료를 제공하였다. In spite of serious poverty of divorced·separated families, studies on them are insufficient. Therefore, this study is to examine the change of income before and after divorce·separation and factors having an effect on it. It used Korean Labor & Income Panel Study data from the first year(1998) to the eleventh year(2008), administered by Korea Labor Institute and study sample was total 244 people. The income of men and women was continuously decreased throughout the last year, the year and the next year of divorce·separation. Based upon results of latent growth models, the factors having an effect on the intercept were age, residental moving, living with adults, and whether working or not. The intercept was high as age is old, and case with no residental moving showed higher intercept than case with residental moving. Both cases who lived alone and worked at that time showed higher intercept. The factors having an effect on slope were academic background, residental moving and living with children. Income was rapidly reduced as education level is high. And case with no residental moving and living with children showed smoothly reduced income than case with residental moving and living alone. The results of this study can provide the fundamental background which is necessary to understand the change before and after divorce·separation. Finally, implications for family welfare practice were discussed.

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