http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Modernity means the system of thought which separates human beings and nature. The masters of modern architecture believed that they could reconstruct human nature by remodeling space and environment people were living in. During the 20th century, the environmental determinism had directed the methodology of our architecture. However, this way of thinking could result in a cultural and political risk of manipulating human living through architecture. We should not forget that power, even the most violent one, had tried to justify its legitimacy and control the world by persuading people by constructing buildings and cities. Every society, especially the pluralistic contemporary society, is. not based on a single and permanent rule but on ever changing and deconstructing process. If we agree that the trivial everyday life becomes the factor of this change, the modernism way of thought should be overcome. The space of the contemporary era should be neutral and light. Architecture could achieve its identity in relation to the environment. Korean traditional architectures and cities are open to nature, which gives a good lesson to us. In this essay, I try to warn to the distorted tendencies to focus just on the symbolic forms of our traditional architecture forgetting the mentality and reality inside of it being blinded by cultural nationalism.
국어교육은 국민의 정체성, 문식성, 인문성, 도덕성의 함양으로 국가발전에 기여하였다. 최근에는 국어과 핵심 역량으로 ‘의사소통능력', ‘문제해결능력', ‘대인관계능력', ‘기초학습능력', ‘비판적 창의적 사고력', ‘정보처리능력', ‘문화예술향유능력'이 거론된다. 이를 위해 국어과는 기능 중심의 도구교과관을 넘어 사고, 지식, 인성, 예술, 인문교과라는 균형적 ‘신교과관'을 정립해야 한다. 구체적으로 ‘신문식성 교육'을 강화해 학교속의 문맹 현상을 예방하고 한자 문식성을 높이며 미디어 시대의 디지털 문식성을 높여야 한다. 언어, 민족, 국민의식, 민속, 종교, 역사, 국가 정체성 외에 다문화 정체성과 통일 정체성 교육으로 ‘신정체성 교육'을 강화해야 한다. 결혼윤리, 학문윤리, 기업윤리 등 고도의 윤리의식을 반영한 ‘신도덕성 교육'을 강화해야 한다. 창의 융합 사고력 증진을 위해 독서교육을 혁신해 ‘신인문성 교육'을 강화해야 한다. 국어교육의 국제화를 위해서는 외국의 좋은 모어교육 사례로 독일의 행복교육, 유대인의 하브루타 토론교육, 일본의 국제 논술(국제 바칼로레아)교육, 중국의 고전 암송교육의 장점을 활용해야 한다. 한국어교육의 국제화를 위해서는 아름다운 한국어 정립, 국어 어문규범의 정비, 세계 표준 한국어의 정립, 한국어 표준문법과 교육문법의 확립, 언어권별 한국어 교수학습의 이론화, 한국어 교원의 전문성 증진을 이루어야 한다. The national language education has contributed to the national development by enhancing public literacy, identity, morality, and humanities. Recently, communication skills, problem-solving skills, ability of interpersonal relation, basic learning ability, critical and creative thinking, ability to process information, and ability to enjoy culture and art are mentioned as core abilities of the Korean language subject. For these abilities, the Korean language subject needs to establish a new curricular perspective which reflects a subject of thinking, knowledge, character, art, and humanities. Specifically, it is necessary to improve the advanced knowledge of Hangeul and Chinese characters to prevent the illiteracy in the school and to intensify new literacy knowledge through fostering digital literacy in the era of media. In addition to language, people, national consciousness, folk, religion, history, and national identity, educating a sense of multicultural identity and a sense of reunification identity must contribute to the formation of a new identity. New moral education that reflects a high level of ethics in marital ethics, academic ethics, and business ethics should be intensified. Innovating reading education to improve creative thinking should contribute to the formation of new humanities. For the internationalization of the national language education, excellent foreign cases of the mother tongue education such as happiness education in Germany, Jewish debate education (chavruta), Japanese international baccalaureate education, Chinese recitation of classics should be introduced and utilized considering their advantages. For the internationalization of the Korean language education, the establishment of the beautiful Korean language, readjustment of the Korean language standards, establishment of the global standard Korean language, establishment of the Korean standard grammar and pedagogic grammar, theorization of teaching and learning of the Korean language across different first language speakers, and improvement of Korean language teachers' professionalism should be implemented.
The national language policy consists of orthography standard supervision, purification of public and media language, the national language ability improvement, and the Korean language education. In the era of multiculture and internationalization, the national language policy of Korea needs to extend its vision toward language policy. The national language policy should abandon the prescriptivism of modern linguistics of which a nation controls language policies and be open by a liberal circulation of language and reduced national interference. The Korean language policy needs tolerant, universal, cultural, and educational openness to become an advanced first-rate nation. In the crises of low birth rate, the environmental degeneration and the degradedness of the national language, and aggravated miscommunication, openness of a population policy, vitalization of culture of discussion with attentive listening and questions to promote the national language ability, and deauthoritative openness should be the basis of language policy based on the native language identity. As individual communicative ability is the most important in language policy, communicative ability should be developed at home and schools based on individual communicative ability. Language policies for the transmission of overseas Koreans" native language and multicultural families should be reinforced. For longitudinal communication, the ability to communicate with history should be reinforced, and policies for the Korean language education that helps eradicate illiteracy of Chinese characters and for promoting modernization of classics should be established.
어문민족주의는 개화기에 우리 말글에 대한 자주의식과 나라의 자주독립운동에서 본격적으로 촉발되었다. 주시경의 정신을 이은 조선어학회가 어문민족주의 운동의 중심에서 어문규범 정비와 사전 편찬의 대업을 이루었다. 그러나 1930년대에는 실용적 학문에 대한 반발로 언어자료에 대한 ‘실증적' 연구를 추구하는 경향도 나타났다. 어문민족주의는 분단 후 남북한에서 체제의 차이로 달리 전개되었다. 북한에서는 한글전용정책과 국어순화운동을 정부가 강제하였다. 남한에서는 정부의 한글전용정책에 대해 민간 일부에서 반발하는 양상이 오래 지속되었으나, 국어순화운동은 민관 합동으로 전개되었다. 외국인이 인구의 5%를 차지하고 세계화, 다문화 시대가 도래하여 어문민족주의는 다언어·다민족사회에 걸맞게 어문국가주의로 승화되어야 한다. 한국언어문화를 위한 7대 정체성의 내용도 재개념화하여야 한다. 탈민족주의, 세계화, 다문화, 국민 통합을 지향하는 국가주의로 전환하여야 한다. 이를 위해 ①건국정신에 따른 자유·민주·공화주의 언어 정체성, ② 통일 대비 남북 통합주의 언어 정체성, ③다문화 통합주의 언어 정체성을 구체적으로 확립하여 어문국가주의에 맞는 정체성 교육을 강화해야 한다. The purpose of this paper is to study the linguistic ethno-nationalism of the Korean language. Linguistic ethno-nationalism was triggered by a sense of autonomy and independence about our language, alphabet, and nation in the time of enlightenment. The Choseon Language Society, which succeeded Ju Sigyung's spirit, achieved the great job of improving orthography and lexicography at the center of the movement. Linguistic ethno-nationalism developed differently in South and North Korea after the division due to differences in regime. In the era of globalization and multiculturalism, linguistic ethno-nationalism must be sublimated into linguistically-integrated-nationalism in a multicultural society with foreigners accounting for 5% of the population. The contents of the seven identities for Korean language culture should also be reconceptualized. In particular, it should be converted to linguistically-integrated- nationalism that aims for post-nationalism, globalization, multiculturalism, and national integration.
There are many traditional and popular expressions in Korean language. They include idioms, cants, proverbs(old sayings), greetings, compliments, abusive language(slanders, curses), riddles and tales, etc. These expressions reflect the spirits of times or popular voices. Korean traditional proverbs also reflect the traditional Korean spirits. Firstly, they are divided into proverbs of teachings, proverbs of parable, and proverbs of fortune. Secondly, the proverbs of fortune are divided into proverbs of taboo, proverbs of solicitation, proverbs of sign, and proverbs of dream reading. Ten thousands of Korean proverbs show the wisdom of life, and reflect the consciousness of Korean people. For example, they show teaching of diligence, conduct of life, promoting virtue and reproving vice, preponderance of official power, male chauvinism, fatalism, superstition, moralism, satire, pragmatism, and criticism to the aristocratic class, etc. Especially Korean people respect and value the humanism influenced by the confucianism. Traditional humanism is constituted of literary arts, history and philosophy. Korean proverbs also show the traditional humanism as follows. Firstly, traditional humanism of literary arts shows pursuing the policy of literary arts, respecting of teachers, dignity, appearance, honour of family and discretion. They demanded the prudent life to Korean people. Secondly, traditional humanism of history shows the consciousness of reward in accordance with a deed and the corollary affirmatively. But negatively that shows the fatalism, acceptance of one's fate, desire for power and bitter feelings. Thirdly, traditional humanism of philosophy shows the three fundamental principles and five moral disciplines in human relations, that is, loyalty, filial piety, and virtuousness of woman.
The 19th century Korean language shows special features of the latter modern times Korean language and shifted to the Enlightenment Period Korean language that covers from the latter period of the 19th century to the early days of the 20th century. The texts of former part of the 19th century language are not many, but the latter part shows a lot of texts. Phonological history has the issues of the disappearance of the spelling of under-a/ㆍ/ and the period of vowel simplification of /ㅚ, ㅟ/. In the orthography history, the 19th century Korean language shows the main development of morphophonemic spelling with phonemic spelling and overl apping spelling. Spelling of fortis tried to change over an initial s(ㅅ) to the same double consonant. There was competition of style among Chinese char acter style, Korean character(Hangeul) style, and Korean-Chinese mixed style that imitates Japanese-Chinese mixed style. In the grammatical history, an honorific was divided into the six level honorific system and the modern tense-aspect system was established, and the use of a quotation marker '-ko' was increased. Lexical history shows rapid increase of borro wing words especially Japanese-Chinese technical terms. Ronggawoll yeongga, Ryuneum and newspaper advertisements show a new style of communication which requires new research approach by textlinguistics and discourse analysis. That time was a special period in terms of awakening of Korean language and orthography.