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        • KCI등재

          문학적 현상으로서의 증오와 ‘변형된’ 공격

          김영목 한국독일언어문학회 2008 독일언어문학 Vol.0 No.41

          In meiner Arbeit wird eine Antwort auf die Frage versucht, in welcher Weise die Funktion und Art der Aggression in den dichterischen Formen in Erscheinung tritt. In diesem Kontext soll unter anderem die Frage beantwortet werden, ob es nicht eine bestimmte Art von Aggresion in den literarischen Werken, und zwar in den Dramen Fr. Hebbels gibt. Hass und Frustration lassen sich hier als (Mit-)Ursache der Aggression bestimmen. Diese Arbeit beschränkt sich auf eine Aggressionsform, die sich unter bestimmten Voraussetzungen als transformierbar erweist. Die direkte Aggression ist dann zu transformieren, wenn sie gehemmt wird. Es ermöglicht eine Transformation der Aggression. Im Fall von Ephraim in 『Judith』 tritt an die Stelle der physischen Aggression eine nicht-physische Aggression, die die physische Aggression bei weitem an Grausamkeit und Heimtücke übertritt. Diese transformierte Aggression zielt nicht auf die physische Vernichtung des Aggressionsobjektes, sondern dessen lebenslange Verdinglichung durch das Aggressionssubjekt. An Holofernes’ Verhalten in der Ephraim-Szene lässt sich eine produktive Art der transformierten Aggression erkennen, die sich im Entwurf grausamer Phantasie zeigt. Diese Phantasie kompensiert Holofernes’ Hass und erlittene Frustration. So inszeniert Holofernes die Metamorphose eines Menschen. Hier geht es nicht nur um den Vorgang der Verwandlung der Aggression, sondern auch um deren Genese. Der verhinderte Attentäter, der zum Abbild eines Affen herabgewürdigt und in einen Käfig bei Hofe gesperrt wird, ist ein Monument für Holofernes’ erstaunliche Fähigkeit, eine Neigung zur Gewalttätigkeit in eine ästhetische und theatralische Aktion zu verwandeln. In 『Herodes und Mariamne』 werden bei Mariamne die Energien, die vom gehemmten Selbstzerstörungstrieb freigesetzt worden sind, transformiert und tragen aggressive Züge. Vor allem ihr inszenierter ‘Freudentanz über einem Grabe’ des Ehemanns ist das Produkt transformierter Aggression. Mariamnes Manipulation ist so hinterlistig. Indem ihr Todesverlangen und ihr Aggressionstrieb nebeneinander bestehen, wird Mariamne die Ambivalenz erkennbar. Sie bestätigt das falsche Bild von ihr, das Herodes sich von ihr gemacht hat, in einer Weise, dass er gezwungen ist, sie zu töten. Damit sorgt er, wie Ephraim in 『Judith』, selber für die Voraussetzungen für seine psychische Vernichtung. Mariamnes Verfahren entspricht dem des Holofernes, der seinen Attentäter psychisch mit dessen eigenen Waffen schlägt. So ist eine strukturelle Gemeinsamkeit zwischen Mariamnes und Holofernes’ Vorgehen festzustellen. Da dieses spezifische Verfahren der Aggression in der Textwelt Hebbels wiederkehrt, erweist sich es als Konstante wie die Transformationsarbeit in Bezug auf Hass und Aggression. So kann gewaltlose Aggression Äquivalent zu differenzierteren Formen der gewalttätigen Aggression sein. Und diese Raffinesse der transformierten Aggressionsform als literarisches Phänomen ist gleichsam das Kryptogramm nicht nur der Dramen, d.h. der in ihnen dargestellten Aggressionsproblematik, sondern auch der dramatischen Phantasie Hebbels.

        • KCI등재
        • 시계열자료 분석을 통해 살펴본 수출금융의 유효성

          김영목 한국경상학회 2001 韓國經商論叢 Vol.19 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • KCI등재후보

          갯벌에서 분리한 3,4-Dichloroaniline 분해 미생물의 특성

          김영목,Kim, Young-Mog 한국해양바이오학회 2006 한국해양바이오학회지 Vol.1 No.4

          3.4-dichloroaniline (DCA)를 함유한 최소배지에서의 집식배양과 배양 후 HPLC에 의한 잔류분석을 통해 3,4-DCA의 분해 능력이 우수한 균주 Arthrobacter sp. YM-14를 여천석유화학공단 인근의 갯벌에서 분리하였다. 분리균 YM-14는 1/10 LB 배지에 함유된 50 ppm의 3,4-DCA를 12 시간 만에 완전히 제거하였다. 이외에도 분리균 YM-14는 3-chloroaniline(CA), 2,5-DCA 및 3,5-DCA의 분해 활성을 나타내었으나 2-CA, 4-CA와 2,4-DCA에 대한 분해활성을 가지고 있지는 않았다. 또한, 분리균 YM-14에서 3,4-DCA의 유도에 의한 catechol 1,2-dioxygenase 활성의 증가가 관찰되었다. 이러한 결과는 catechol 1,2-dioxygenase이 3,4-DCA 분해에 관여하는 중요한 효소군중의 하나로 생각된다. The compound 3,4-dichloroaniline (DCA) is an aromatic amine used as an intermediate product in the synthesis of herbicides, azo-dyes and harmaceuticals. It is also a degradation product of some herbicides (diuron, propanil, and linuron) and of trichlorocarbanilide, a chemical used as active agent in the cosmetic industry. 3,4-DCA, however, is considered potential pollutants due to their toxic and recalcitrant properties to humans and other species. A bacterium capable of growth on 3,4-DCA was isolated by dilution method from 3,4-DCA-containing enrichment culture. Finally, a strain, YM-14, capable of degrading efficiently 3,4-DCA was isolated from a sandbank. The isolated strain, YM-14 was identified to be Arthrobacter sp.. Fifty ppm 3,4-DCA in 1/10 LB media was completely degraded by the growth of Arthrobacter sp. YM-14 for 12 h at $30^{\circ}C$. The isolated strain is capable of growth on 3,4-DCA as sole carbon source and also able to degrade other chloroaniline compounds. Also, the isolated strain showed high level of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase activity by 3,4-DCA exposure. The catechol 1,2-dioxygenase was supposed to be ones of the important factors for 3,4-DCA degradation.

        • KCI등재

          Cloning and Characterization of a Cyclohexanone Monooxygenase Gene from Arthrobacter sp. L661

          김영목,정용현,Soon-Hyun Jung,Choon-Bal Yu,이인구 한국생물공학회 2008 Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering Vol.13 No.1

          Cyclohexanone monooxygenase (CHMO), a type of Baeyer-Villiger oxidation, catalyzes the oxidation of cyclohexanone into ε-caprolactone, which has been utilized as a building block in organic synthesis. A bacterium that is capable of growth on cyclohexanone as a sole carbon source was recently isolated and was identified as Arthrobacter sp. L661. The strain is believed to harbor a CHMO gene (chnB), considering the high degradablity of cyclohexanone. In order to characterize the CHMO, a chnB gene was cloned from Arthrobacter sp. L661. The deduced amino acids of the chnB gene evidenced the highest degree of homology (90% identity) with the CHMO of Arthrobacter sp. BP2 (accession no. AY123972). The CHMO of L661 was shown to be functionally expressed in Escherichia coli cells, purified via affinity chromatography, and characterized. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 24.75 μmol/min/mg protein. The optimum pH was 7.0 and the enzyme maintained over 70% of its activity for up to 24 h in a pH range of 6.0 to 8.0 at 4℃. The CHMO of L661 readily oxidized cyclobutanone and cyclopentanone whereas less activity was detected with those of Arthrobacter sp. BP2, Rhodococcus sp. Phi1, and Rhodococcus sp. Phi2, thereby suggesting that the CHMO of L661 evidenced the different substrate specificities compared with other CHMOs. These results can provide us with useful information for the development of biocatalysts applicable to commercial organic syntheses, especially because only a few CHMO genes have been identified thus far.

        • KCI등재

          목제 조각품의 수피부에 대한 충전제 적용 연구

          김영목,권희홍,김수철 한국문화재보존과학회 2021 보존과학회지 Vol.37 No.2

          Conservation treatment that involved filling the lifting parts of wooden cultural heritageis carried out by obtaining wood or wood powder of the same species and mixing it with synthetic resinor natural glue to charge the blank area. Various concentrations and mixing ratios of adhesives andadditives are used, depending on the type and condition of the target. Accordingly, in this study, wedetermined the conditions of the filler suitable for conservation treatment of wooden sculptures with liftedor separated bark in the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art. The optimal filler conditionsfor each adhesive were selected based on drying speed, shrinkage and expansion rates, and physicaldeformation degree. Then, to verify their actual applicability, these fillers were applied to wood andexposed to high-humidity environment and their cross-sections were observed. The fillers showed stableapplication in the following order: animal glue, PVAc adhesive, acrylic adhesive. In conclusion, a 1:2mixture of animal glue and wood powder is a suitable filler for conservation treatment of wooden sculpturewith lifted bark. The results of this study suggest appropriate ways to stabilize the bark that was liftedor separated from a wooden sculpture, thus enabling the future conservation treatment of the artworksunder similar conditions. 목재 문화재의 결손부 보존처리는 동일 수종의 목분, 목재를 성형 후, 천연 접착제 또는 합성수지와 혼합하여 결실 부위를 충전하는 방식으로 접착한다. 그러나 대상의 종류와 상태에 따라 사용하는 접착제 및 첨가제의 농도, 혼합비율이 다양하게 나타난다. 이에 본 연구에서는 수피가 들뜨고 분리된 상태의 국립현대미술관 소장품을 대상으로 보존처리에 적합한 충전제 조건을 알아보기 위한 평가를 진행하였다. 건조속도, 수축⋅팽창률, 물리적 변형 정도를 기준으 로 접착제별 최적 충전 조건을 선정하고, 실제 적용성을 확인하기 위해 해당 충전제들을 목재에 적용한 후 고습 환경에 노출하여 단면을 관찰하였다. 충전제는 아교, PVAc 접착제, Acryl 접착제 순으로 안정적인 적용 결과를 보였다. 결론적으로 수피가 들뜬 목제 조각품을 보존처리 시, 적합 한 충전제는 아교와 목분 1 : 2 비율의 혼합물로 확인되었다. 이번 연구 결과를 통하여 목제 조각품의 들뜨고 분리된 수피를 안정화하는 적절한 방법을 제시하고, 향후 유사한 상태의 수피 부 보존처리에 도움이 될 것으로 기대한다.

        • 북.KEDO간 의정서 서명의 의의

          김영목 북한연구소 1997 北韓 Vol.- No.302

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          다중블럭계산에 의한 분사기 오리피스 유동특성 해석

          김영목,Kim, Yeong-Mok 대한기계학회 1997 大韓機械學會論文集B Vol.21 No.3

          Numerical computations were conducted to characterize the three-dimensional laminar flow through an injector orifice having an inclined angle of 30 .deg.. For this study, the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in generalized curvilinear coordinates, using a pseudocompressibility approach for continuity equation, were solved. The computations were performed using the finite difference implicit, approximately factored scheme of Beam and Warming and multi-block grids of complete continuity at block interfaces. The multi-block computations were validated for the steady state using direct comparison of multi-block solutions with equivalent single-block ones, including 2-D 180.deg. TAD and 3-D 90.deg. pipe bend. The comparisons between the numerical solutions and the flow field measurements for a tube with sudden contraction were presented in this work for solution validation. Computational results showed the nature of complex flow fields within the inclined injector orifice, including strong pressure-driven secondary flows in the cross stream induced by the effect of streamline curvature. In addition, asymmetric secondary flows were induced in the Reynolds number range above assumed laminar flow regime considered. However, turbulence calculations and grid dependency studies are needed for more accurate computations.

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