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I. Introduction Since the 1970's drug abuse among young people has increasingly become a social problem in Korea. In the 1980's, drug abuse, especially glue sniffing, has become the cause of many unfortunated incidents resulting in harm to others as well as the abusers themselves. Taking into consideration of the seriousness of this problem, the Republic of Korea National Red Cross initiated a nation-wide research programme, to understand the present situation and to raise the level of public awareness. The goal of this research was to begin a nation - wide campaign against drug abuse. The research team was composed of the Advisary Committee members and the staff of the Youth Department of the Republic of Korea National Red Cross. The data were collected in February 1988 with the collaboration of the staff and volunteers in the local Chapters. The respondents were allocated nation-wide by the quota sampling method. The questionnaires were distributed to the respondents in three groups :2, 700 to junior and senior high school students, 605 to working youths, and 916 to delinquent youths. A total of 4, 221 questionnaires were collected. II. Characteristics of the Respondents The respondents in each group were selected evenly from rural and urban areas. The general characteristics of the respondents can be described as follow: in case of students, the proportions between male and female respondents, and between senior high school and junior high school students were almost evenly distributed. In case of working youths, the proportion of females (80.5%) was higher than those of the students and the delinquents groups. Delinquent youths were defined as those currently being under custody of the centers for juvenile delinquents. Of this number, 38.8% and 68.2% were junior and senior high school drop-outs respectively. The majority of them (92.6%) were male. As for the family background of the respondents, the proportion of those residing in poverty - stricken areas, and the proportion of those from broken families were higher in case of working youths and delinquent youths than those in case of students. III. Present Patterns of Drug Abuse The following summarizes the presents of drug abuse, as tabulated from the results of the survey. 1. Smoking The percentage of youths who smoke was 36% in the student group, 32% m the working youths group, and 94.4% in the delinquent youths group. 2. Alcohol 50.3% of students, 71.6% of working youths, and 93.3% of delinquent youths has experienced drinking alcohol beverages. 3. Tonic: non - alcoholic, caffeinated beverages popular in Korea and Japan The percentage of those who have used tonic at least once was over 90% in all of the three groups. 4. Sedative About 70% of each group has used sedative with the proportion of working youths use higher than those in other groups. 5. Stimulants Those who have used stimulants comprised around 15% in each group. 6. Tranquilizers Somewhat less than 5% of students and working youths, and 28% of delinquent youths, have used tranquilizers. 7. Hypnotics The users of hypnotics amounted to 0.4% of students, 2.6% of working youths and 7.1% of delinquent youths. 8. Marihuana Those who have used marihuana indicated 0.7% of students, 0.8% of working youths, and 13% of delinquent youths. 9. Glue-sniffing The percentage of glue-sniffing was 3.7%, 5% in the students group and in the youths group respectively, but the proportion was unusually high, at 40.7% in the delinquent youths group. From the results of the survey the present situation of drug abuse in Korea can be summarized as follows: 1. A high percentage of Korean youths have experienced smoking cigarettes and drinking alcoholic beverages. 2. Tonics (non - alcoholic, caffeinated beverages), antipyretic analgesics and stimulants quite regularly used. 3. Tranquilizers, hypnotics, marihuana and glue-sniffing are more widely used among delinquent youths than the other youths. From thi
This study aims to analyze the meaning of the two texts, 1Corinthians 11 and 14. As a result, no gender discrimination grounds can be found in both texts that appears to limit the women's role. In 1Corinthians 11, Paul's universal principle in verses 3-16 is rather the equality of men and women, a new order that is formed "in the Lord." It was not the universal principle but the “tradition” and “practice” that was given to the women of Corinthian church to fo11ow. Also, the phrase "the woman should remain silent in the church" in 1Corinthians 14:34-35 is not a message given only to women. It is the admonition for a quiet, orderly worship as men do. After all, these two texts distinguish men from women, but recommend that they serve the church in the same order and status. 이 연구는 성 차별적 본문으로 보이는 고린도전서 11장과 14장을 분석한 것이다. 분석 결과 두 본문 모두에서 여성의 역할을 제한하는 성 차별적 근거를 찾을수 없다. 고린도전서 11장 3-16절에 나타난 바울의 보편적 원칙은 오히려 "주 안에서" 형성된 새로운 질서인 남녀의 평등이다. 고린도교회의 여성들에게 주어진 권면은 보편적 원칙이 아니라 그 당시 교회를 위한 ‘관습'과 '규례'였다. 고린도전서 14장 34-35절에 언급된 "여자는 교회에서 잠잠해야 한다"는 권면은 여자에게만 전하는메시지가 아니다. 그것은 남녀 모두에게 주는 질서 있는 예배에 대한 권면이다.
The recent growth of self-administration of local governments and civil society has brought rise of many civil organizations, and they are having increased influence in the policy formulation procedures through their political activities. Under such situation, political participation and struggles to seek reformation and improvement of social welfare in Korea have become unavoidable tasks for social workers who are at the front lines, working to promote welfare of people, communities and the overall society. It is imperative to build a state firmly established in achieving the vision and goals of social workers through such efforts. Social workers' political activities can be classified into two different kinds: one being involved in interest groups such as the NASW and other similar groups in the US and the other being involved in political parties such as the Green party of Germany or the Democratic Labor Party of Korea. For social workers in Korea, there lie obstacles that needs to be overcome in order to carry out such political activities: one is whether the social worker is recognized as a laborer so as to take part in the labor union, and the other is the level of political freedom the social worker can possess under the current situation where most of social welfare programs are financially supported by the government. We social workers need to put in efforts to find ways to overcome such obstacles, and at the same time to organize the system that is needed fulfill the task and facilitate active participation of the members so as to harvest the results from such political activities. 최근의 지방자치제와 시민사회의 성장은 많은 시민사회단체들의 활동을 가져왔고 정치활동을 통해서 이들은 정책결정과정에서 그들의 목소리를 높이고 있다. 이러한 상황에서 현장에서 사회복지를 실천하고 있는 사회복지사들에게 있어 이제 우리나라 사회복지의 개혁과 발전을 위해 정치적 참여와 투쟁을 꾀하는 일은 더 이상 피할 수 없는 당면과제가 되었다. 그리고, 이를 통해 우리가 갈망하고 있는 비젼과 목표가 성취되는 진정한 사회복지 국가를 건설하여야 한다. 사회복지사의 정치활동은 크게 NASW를 비롯한 미국의 이익집단과 한국의 시민단체와 여성단체와 같은 형태인 이익단체를 통한 정치참여와 독일의 녹색당과 한국의 민주 노동당과 같은 정당으로서의 정치참여로 나눠볼 수 있다. 우리나라 사회복지사들의 경 우, 이러한 정치 활동을 위해서 극복해야만 하는 과제가 존재한다. 그것은 사회복지사틀 노동자로서 노동조합에 참여를 인정하는 여부와 대부분의 정부 보조로 이루어지는 사회복지 사업에 종사하고 있는 현실에서 정치활동이 얼마나 금전적으로 정부로부터 자유로울 수 있는가 하는 문제이다. 우리 사회복지사들은 이러한 문제의 극복방안을 모색하는 노력을 기울임과 동시에 필요한 조직을 구성하고 구성원의 참여 활성화를 적극 유도하여 정치활동의 효과를 거두도록 해야 한다.