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With the content analysis of Rorschach test it was attempted to investigate he psychological mechanisms of the essential hypertension. The materials were comprised from 40 patients with essential hypertension and as a control group 99 cases of anxiety neurosis with normal blood pressure were selected. The results of this study are as follows; 1. The mean of total responses was lower in essential hypertension(14.6±5.44) than in anxiety neurosis (20.0±8.51). 2. The percentage of responses of ideational drive representation was much higher in essential hypertension (30.1%) than in anxiety neurosis (18.9%) and the ratio of primary and secondary process thinking productions of ideational drive representation was similar in both group. 3. In the ideational drive representations, the productions of aggressive drives were more dominant in essential hypertension (50.6%) than in anxiety neurosis (37.4%). 4. In the drive with libidinal alms the responses of sexual drives by secondary process thinking productions were more dominant in essential hypertension. 5. As to the contents of drives with aggressive aims, the sadistic slant was predominantly revealed in essential hypertension and the masochistic castrative slant was predominantly revealed in anxiety neurosis. 6. The distribution of the types of experience balance was revealed no significant difference between the groups. 7. As to the types of drive slants, the type of aggressive drive slant was more dominant in essential hypertension (65%) than in anxiety neurosis (32.3%). 8. In the correlation between the types of experience balance and the types of drive slant, introversive experience with aggressive drive slant were more dominant in essential hypertension. From these results it is suggested that the intellectual inhibition, the type of introversive experience and the repressed undisguised aggressive drive which is focused on the theme of thought contents in every day life play the characteristic role in the personality of essential hypertension.
The new thermal radical initiators (TRIs) based on derivatives of O-imino-isourea have been designed and synthesized. The radical polymerization property of the synthesized TRI derivatives as a radical initiator in n-butyl acrylate was monitored by DSC analysis. TRI derivatives with linear type groups showed peak temperatures (T<sub>peak</sub>) of 80-84 ℃, whereas those with cyclic type groups exhibited a wide Tpeak distribution in the 74-87 ℃ range. The polymerization efficiency using new TRIs in n-butyl acrylate was elaborately identified from the molecular weights and conversion rate obtained using GPC analysis and NMR spectroscopy. To consider their possible application to automotive clearcoats, the real-time evolution of the rheological properties of clearcoat resins during the crosslinking process with newly synthesized TRI derivatives was measured, confirming the different crosslinking kinetics of TRI derivatives in real thermal curing process.
Hole injection material, namely, 1-PNA-BPBPOX, were adapted to white OLED devices for solution process. White devices were fabricated using a multilayer emission structure, consisting of a single host layer. The red phosphorescent, (Ir(piq)<sub>3</sub>), and the blue phosphorescent, (FIrpic), are doped into separate layers of (mCP) host. The FIrpic and Ir(piq)<sub>3</sub> guest molecules are directly excited by direct recombination on these molecules. When the device with BPBPOX was compared to the device with PEDOT:PSS, a commercialized solution HIL material, the luminance efficiency was 6.37 cd/A for BPBPOX and 0.66 cd/A for PEDOT:PSS for the optimized white device structure, showing 10 times as high efficiency.
Two different emitting compounds, 1-[1,1;3,1]Terphenyl-5-yl-6-(10-[1,1;3,1]terphenyl-5-ylanthracen-9-yl)-pyrene (TP-AP-TP) and Polyphenylene vinylene derivative (PDY 132) were used to white OLED device. By incorporating adjacent blue and yellow emitting layers in a multi-layered structure, highly efficient white emission has been attained. The device was fabricated with a hybrid configuration structure: ITO/PEDOT (40 nm)/PDY-132 (8∼50 nm)/ NPB (10 nm)/TP-AP-TP (30 nm)/Alq3 (20 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (200 nm). After fixing TP-AP-TP thickness of 30 nm by evaporation, PDY-132 thickness varied with 8, 15, 35, and 50 nm by spin coating in device. The luminance efficiency of the white devices at 10 mA/cm2 were 2.93 cd/A∼6.55 cd/A. One of white devices showed 6.55 cd/A and white color of (0.290, 0.331).
본 연구는 스포츠이벤트 참가자의 라이프스타일이 참가만족도에 미치는 요인을 파 악하여 국내 실정에 맞는 마라톤대회의 관광자원화 방안을 모색하고자 하였다. 이러한 연구를 수행하기 위하여 2012년 10월 4일부터 11월 16일까지 마라톤동호회를 중심 으로 설문지를 배포, 수거하여 SPSS 13.0을 통해 빈도분석, 요인분석, 회귀분석 등을 실시하였다. 분석결과 첫째, 참가자의 라이프스타일이 대회 참가 만족도에 미치는 영향에 있어서 자신을 표현하고 개성을 표출하는 수단으로서 대회참가를 결정하는 경우가 많았고, 건 강한 심신의 열망과 건강에 대한 투자가 있을 때 만족도가 높아지는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 대회 참가 만족도는 추후 재참가 의도에 높은 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났는 데, 이는 자신이 참가한 대회에서의 만족을 바탕으로 매년 열리는 대회의 재참가의도 를 결정하는 수단으로 사용하는 것으로 판단된다.