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The purposes of this study are as follows. First it is to review the features of discount stores that are expected to grew rapidly and continuously due to their low price, new costs bulk purchase, and multiple shops, and to pinpoint problems arising from the establishment and position of the stores. Second, it is to analyze relevant issues in regard to the present status of fashion good distribution in discount stores by studying the situation, structure and problems of domestic fashion distribution long with the present status of the distribution in discount stores, and to suggest directions for the development of fashion distribution and discount stores. A positive study was carried but on the buyers of big domestic discount stores through one-to-one interviews focusing on the distribution of fashion products within Seoul and the Metropolitan area. The following is the directions far the development of clothing distribution and discount stores; 1.The relative importance of fashion goods in a discount store will be increased with the tendency of fashionable and differentiated shops; 2.The GMS or category killers will be established from around 2003 when the market is expected to become saturated wish a great deal of discount stores. 3.The distribution channel of the manufacture-supplier-distributor line will become more definite due to the direct purchase of goods by discount store goods. 4.Discount stores will change and reform without being restricted to a certain existing industry or business condition and distribution channels will diversify over the border. The demand and supply system will be balanced based on a global marketing which will be adjusted on the international level.
"Penelope" comes after the novel's main story of seventeen chapters, in which Molly Bloom has been denied her language that could express her sexuality. As only an object of a male gaze, she has looked the way the men have wanted her to look. Yet in this last chapter she asserts her own desires as an active agent, turns other Irishmen into objects of her gaze, and even argues with her creator in her own language of flow and overflow. Her unpunctuated and unrepressed soliloquy of sexuality functions as a threatening subversive discourse associated with pre-oedipal attachment to the impulsions of an imaginary maternal figure. So her discourse can transgress the fixed boundaries of racial/sexual stereotypes imposed by patriarchy and imperialism. Molly's subversive strength stems from he ambiguous identity. Molly mingles sexual and racial differences within herself. So she can never be said to be 'pure' both sexually and racially in view of Irish nationalism's standard. Yet Joyce gives her the last word of Ulysses, from which we can infer some of Joyce's thought of what a postcolonial subject should be like. Joyce vests Molly, the most abject subaltern subject in the text, with the freedom to express herself. She shows not only the fullest horror of the effects of colonial power but also a sense that out of his abjection might come a consciousness that would lead these colonized people to independent thought and action. For Joyce, "the spiritual liberation" of Ireland and the creation of "the conscience of his race" involved getting out of the 'fictional' binary thought of patriarchy and imperialism, taking the responsibility for the present colonial condition, and from that position beginning a new start towards a new community.
"The Dead" has both connectedness with and difference from the preceding fourteen stories in Dubliners. In other words, this work covers the area of death symbolized by 'paralysis' like the other ones, but it also opens the door to the possibility of regaining a new life. Gabriedl Conroy is a male protagonist who shows both characteristics. Gabriedl Conroy is one of the typical Dubliners who try to dominate others on the ground of minor differences from them. But he is relinquishing his sense of self-importance and all distinctions of which he has prided himself. And this spiritual development is possible thanks to several women who attempt to break down the barriers of differences by the patriarchal ego he is so deeply implicated in. Unlike the preceding stories, there appear many women characters in "The Dead". These women constitute threats to the male protagonist's shaky feelings of superiority by pointing to the fictitiousness of his superiority. Even though women are generally marginalized in this patriarchal society, they still have the power to recognize and criticize this fictitiousness of hierarchical principles of imperialism and patriarchy. The British defined the Irish as a feminine race and applied the regulations of a patriarchal society. The problem, however, is that this binary thought by the empire was internalized by the colonized Irish. So the political independence alson is not enough to release Ireland from "the spiritual paralysis" rooted in the long-standing colonial situation. That's why Joyce wants his works to be "a nicely polished looking glass" for his countrymen and attempts to awaken them to a sense of their own debased condition. For this reason, we should value Gabriel Conroy's spiritual development from egotism to humanitarianism through struggle with women/others. His swoon at the end of the story seems to be a symbolic death from which he can rise revivified. In short, he is the man who seems to be able to change himself and gain "the ture spiritual liberation."
This thesis explores Joyce's critique of colonial domination and seeks for the ways to get out of this miserable condition, focusing on the characteristics of "a new womanly man", Leopold Bloom in Ulysses. The British defined the Irish as a feminine race and applied the rules and regulations which were commonly imposed on them as a norm in the relationship between man and woman in a patriarchal society. They did so because this binarism is the basic principle of imperialism as well as the patriarchal value system. So the terms domination and suppression have been transformed from 'the British empire' and 'the colonial Ireland' in their struggle with the union to 'male' and 'female' without changing the issues of marginality. But the problem is that this binary thought was internalized by the colonized Irish themselves. They equated the feminine with something wrong, negative and powerless, trying to impute historical wrongdoing to women and to exonerate themselves from colonial oppression. women were thus doubly colonized in Ireland by the Irish males as well as by the British empire. But Joyce refutes this reductionism by exposing and subverting the fictitiousness of the colonial and patriarchal discourse. Joyce's writing acknowledges the current potency and miserable legacy of binary thinking in both imperialism and patriarchy, and seeks for the ways of breaching the oppositional logic by which we are all constrained. Joyce systematically subverts the code of imperial sexuality, which contributes to the justification of imperialism and suggests alternative sexual politics for the colonized people. He chooses Bloom, a Jew with feminine characteristic as one of the main characters in his works to overcome this fictitious binary thinking of the empire. Unlike most Irishmen as illustrated in the Citizen in "Cyclops", who impute all the troubles of their country to the feminine weakness and try to fight against the British by recovering their masculinity, Bloom, with his hybrid identity and free of this dichotomized thinking, doesn't solely blame Molly for her adultery with Boylan. In short, he recognizes his responsibility for what it is and tries to improve the present condition. Besides, Bloom intends to emphasize the common history of persecution which the Irish share with the Jews and tries to awaken them from mimicking the empire to a sense of "injustice'" Bloom's assertion of "injustice" surpasses narrow nationalism. For Joyce, 'nationalist' oppressors are in a sense collaborators of imperialism.
Deprivation of means to study the cultures and history of the natilres of Bering Strait in their own lands, gives us and especially U.S. A. and Russia - where the objective regions of this study is pertained to - the great suffering of intellectual and aesthetic losses. Throughout 20th century, as political and economic forces prevailed, it became increasingly difficult for both Natives and outsiders to see this region as having common past. In such difficult circumstances, United Nations Council for Environmental Development held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June, 1992 started out to give obligations to present environmental future. With such trend getting stronger and being in demand, this study is also focussed on harmonizing with the environment. Thus cultures and civilization of Bering Strait region coincides with such environmental matters and differs from man centered western civilization which ruled the environment rather than to harmonize with it. Through the studies of fashions and cultural materials of this region, it was able to identify the great similarities between Northwestern Alaska and Northeastern Siberia. Especially in the clothing materials of this region's toy dolls, it was possible to confirm that both side of Bering Strait possessed similar culture. Although both side had similar environment, in the past its peoples began to be seen as separate and alienated aligned only with their current political state-Russia and U.S.A. Through this study, it was able to see diversity of the peoples and thin languages but also close cultural and historical ties that link them very closely together. This study verified such similarities and common characteristics through close examination of Native clothing and decorations and other traditions o( Siberian Natives such as Yupik. Chukchi, Koryak, Even, Amur River peoples and Nivkh ; and Alaskan Natives such as Inupiag. Yupik, Alutiig, Aleut, Athapaskan, and Tlingit
Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man begins with a father telling his son a story. And it ends with another father the same son leaves his own country to follow. Joyce's narrative about Stephen's formation as a (male) writer represents the silencing of the mother and the erasure of her subjectivity. It also includes the creation of the mother who exists for the discourse of the son who thereby takes his place in the symbolic order of the father. For Stephen, who compares his own country to "the old sow that eats her farrow," his exile at the end of the story may mean a repudiation of the maternal. In other words, Stephen's leaving the mother country may be matricidal in the psychological terms. His glorious flight into the father, however, is necessarily attended with the son's guilty consciousness toward his mother, which comes to constitute the main part of Ulysses. In short, while Stephen Hero and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man treat a masculine appropriation of the maternal necessary for Stephen's identity as a male artist, the story of Stephen in Ulysses is the narrative of the insistent return of the mother to the son's consciousness. The sharp contrast of the same character in these stories may result from the differences of the narrative. Bloom's story may be the serial to Stephen's. As shown in the characteristics of "a new womanly man," Bloom represents 'a perfect human being' for Joyce. That's why the relationship of these two main characters matters. Although Stephen still remains caught in his paralysis in Ulysses, he shows the faintest suggestion that his encounter with Bloom may foreshadow a fertile reconciliation with his mother and a vision of being reborn as a true artist who can balance between father / sun and mother / earth.
The purpose of this study is to understand thr characteristics and concepts behind Design for Environment(DfE) and Environmental Management System(EMS). This study highlights the success of domestics and foreign corporations that have utilized DfE and EMS as well as explored how DfE based EMS in being used in domestic corporations. Although corporations acknowledge that using environmentally conscious designs provide them with a competitive edge, only 53.6% of fashion corporations have established the environmental policies and use such tools. Furthermore, only 41% use DfE strategies for operating their corporations.
The purposes of this study were to identify buyers' need criteria on product/vendor selection criteria of apparel buyers in department store and to investigate the relatonships among buyers' need criteria, information search behavior, types of buying task and influential factors on buying behavior of buyers(individual characteristics, organizational characteristics, and customer perception characteristics). A questionnaire was developed to measure research subjects based on theoretical study empirically. The questionnaire was administered to 159 apparel buyers of 11 department stores in Seoul. The results of empirical studies were summarized as follows. 1. The need criteria of buyers on product/vendor selection criteria were classified into five types : vendor characteristics; quality characteristics; price characteristics; brand characteristics; product characteristics and the need criteria differed significantly by influencing factors on buying behavior of buyers. 2. There were no relationships between information types and amounts of information search but information types differed significantly by need criteria and individual characteristics. 3. Types of buying task were significantly different according to need criteria of buyers and organizational characteristics. 4. Buying policy of department store was significantly different according to organizational characteristics.