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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        익산시 마동 근린공원 삼림의 식생학적 진단

        김문숙,안득수,김창환 전북대학교 부설 휴양및경관계획연구소 2007 휴양및경관연구 (J East Asian Landscape Studies) Vol.1 No.1

        This study is to offer the basic information and materials for the restoration of the urban forest and the ecologically healthy and continuous green belt through the investigation and the analysis on the vegetation in Madong Park, Iksan-City. The flora of Madong Neighborhood park was composed of 65 families, 153 genera, 169 species, 19 varieties, 2 formae or 196 taxa. Some characteristics of the plants in this area have represented such as Th-D4- Rs type in biological type, erect form (35.71%), in growth type, 21 taxa in naturalized plants. The life form spectra investigated from Iksan neighborhood park was recognized as the following Th :21. 9%, H:17.4%, Th(w):11.7%, G:9.7%, M:6.6%, Ch:5.1%, HH(Th):4.1%, HH: 1. 5%. By the Z-M method 2 plant communities was recognized PÍnus thunbergii community and PÍnus rigida community. The pattern of successional trend of tree species might be suggested : p. rigida and P. th unberglÏ·Q uercus variabjJis and Q acutissima·Q serrata community. Finally, The vegetation of the Madong neighborhood park must not allowed any more. Nothing can be better than native states in preserving the ecosystems.

      • KCI등재

        할인점의 패션제품 유통현황과 발전방향

        金文淑,金炫我 服飾文化學會 2000 服飾文化硏究 Vol.8 No.4

        The purposes of this study are as follows. First it is to review the features of discount stores that are expected to grew rapidly and continuously due to their low price, new costs bulk purchase, and multiple shops, and to pinpoint problems arising from the establishment and position of the stores. Second, it is to analyze relevant issues in regard to the present status of fashion good distribution in discount stores by studying the situation, structure and problems of domestic fashion distribution long with the present status of the distribution in discount stores, and to suggest directions for the development of fashion distribution and discount stores. A positive study was carried but on the buyers of big domestic discount stores through one-to-one interviews focusing on the distribution of fashion products within Seoul and the Metropolitan area. The following is the directions far the development of clothing distribution and discount stores; 1.The relative importance of fashion goods in a discount store will be increased with the tendency of fashionable and differentiated shops; 2.The GMS or category killers will be established from around 2003 when the market is expected to become saturated wish a great deal of discount stores. 3.The distribution channel of the manufacture-supplier-distributor line will become more definite due to the direct purchase of goods by discount store goods. 4.Discount stores will change and reform without being restricted to a certain existing industry or business condition and distribution channels will diversify over the border. The demand and supply system will be balanced based on a global marketing which will be adjusted on the international level.

      • KCI등재후보

        패션기업의 환경친화적 제품설계(DfE) 기법에 관한 연구

        김문숙 服飾文化學會 2003 服飾文化硏究 Vol.11 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to understand thr characteristics and concepts behind Design for Environment(DfE) and Environmental Management System(EMS). This study highlights the success of domestics and foreign corporations that have utilized DfE and EMS as well as explored how DfE based EMS in being used in domestic corporations. Although corporations acknowledge that using environmentally conscious designs provide them with a competitive edge, only 53.6% of fashion corporations have established the environmental policies and use such tools. Furthermore, only 41% use DfE strategies for operating their corporations.

      • KCI등재

        패션에 표현된 환경친화적 디자인의 특성 -1990년대 이후의 국내 디자이너 작품을 중심으로-

        김문숙,최나영 복식문화학회 1998 服飾文化硏究 Vol.6 No.2

        The purpose of this study is to investigate the main characteristics of the environment-friendly design expressed in Koran fashion. Environment-friendly design can be categorized into choice of material, extension of products life cycle, and recycling design. In this study, Korean fashion designers can be found having the conciousness of environment for fashion design since 1990. First, in choice of material, the designers used Natural fibers which are cotton, linen, wool, and etc, and used natural dyes. Some of the designers have moved from using real fur to using fake fur for animal welfare. But fake furs produced from synthetic or regenerated fibers have the environmental problems during textile production processes. Some of the designers used fake leather made from the skins of an edible fish which are otherwise going to waste. Secondly, Design for extension of products life cycle can economize the resources and energy. Design for extension of products life cycle are classified into reversible clothing, many function clothing, modular style, patina clothing, simple style, and layered look. Finally, recycling design are classified into recycling of daily necessaries and expression techniques of recycling design which are designer's works used patchwork, mash techniques, and handmade of knits or buttonhole stitch.

      • 리오폴드 블룸의 인간형 연구

        김문숙 한국제임스조이스학회 2002 제임스조이스저널 Vol.8 No.2

        This thesis explores Joyce's critique of colonial domination and seeks for the ways to get out of this miserable condition, focusing on the characteristics of "a new womanly man", Leopold Bloom in Ulysses. The British defined the Irish as a feminine race and applied the rules and regulations which were commonly imposed on them as a norm in the relationship between man and woman in a patriarchal society. They did so because this binarism is the basic principle of imperialism as well as the patriarchal value system. So the terms domination and suppression have been transformed from 'the British empire' and 'the colonial Ireland' in their struggle with the union to 'male' and 'female' without changing the issues of marginality. But the problem is that this binary thought was internalized by the colonized Irish themselves. They equated the feminine with something wrong, negative and powerless, trying to impute historical wrongdoing to women and to exonerate themselves from colonial oppression. women were thus doubly colonized in Ireland by the Irish males as well as by the British empire. But Joyce refutes this reductionism by exposing and subverting the fictitiousness of the colonial and patriarchal discourse. Joyce's writing acknowledges the current potency and miserable legacy of binary thinking in both imperialism and patriarchy, and seeks for the ways of breaching the oppositional logic by which we are all constrained. Joyce systematically subverts the code of imperial sexuality, which contributes to the justification of imperialism and suggests alternative sexual politics for the colonized people. He chooses Bloom, a Jew with feminine characteristic as one of the main characters in his works to overcome this fictitious binary thinking of the empire. Unlike most Irishmen as illustrated in the Citizen in "Cyclops", who impute all the troubles of their country to the feminine weakness and try to fight against the British by recovering their masculinity, Bloom, with his hybrid identity and free of this dichotomized thinking, doesn't solely blame Molly for her adultery with Boylan. In short, he recognizes his responsibility for what it is and tries to improve the present condition. Besides, Bloom intends to emphasize the common history of persecution which the Irish share with the Jews and tries to awaken them from mimicking the empire to a sense of "injustice'" Bloom's assertion of "injustice" surpasses narrow nationalism. For Joyce, 'nationalist' oppressors are in a sense collaborators of imperialism.

      • KCI등재후보

        죽은 사람들 : 죽음, 재생, 그리고 여성 Death, Rebirth, and Women

        김문숙 한국제임스조이스학회 2003 제임스조이스저널 Vol.9 No.1

        "The Dead" has both connectedness with and difference from the preceding fourteen stories in Dubliners. In other words, this work covers the area of death symbolized by 'paralysis' like the other ones, but it also opens the door to the possibility of regaining a new life. Gabriedl Conroy is a male protagonist who shows both characteristics. Gabriedl Conroy is one of the typical Dubliners who try to dominate others on the ground of minor differences from them. But he is relinquishing his sense of self-importance and all distinctions of which he has prided himself. And this spiritual development is possible thanks to several women who attempt to break down the barriers of differences by the patriarchal ego he is so deeply implicated in. Unlike the preceding stories, there appear many women characters in "The Dead". These women constitute threats to the male protagonist's shaky feelings of superiority by pointing to the fictitiousness of his superiority. Even though women are generally marginalized in this patriarchal society, they still have the power to recognize and criticize this fictitiousness of hierarchical principles of imperialism and patriarchy. The British defined the Irish as a feminine race and applied the regulations of a patriarchal society. The problem, however, is that this binary thought by the empire was internalized by the colonized Irish. So the political independence alson is not enough to release Ireland from "the spiritual paralysis" rooted in the long-standing colonial situation. That's why Joyce wants his works to be "a nicely polished looking glass" for his countrymen and attempts to awaken them to a sense of their own debased condition. For this reason, we should value Gabriel Conroy's spiritual development from egotism to humanitarianism through struggle with women/others. His swoon at the end of the story seems to be a symbolic death from which he can rise revivified. In short, he is the man who seems to be able to change himself and gain "the ture spiritual liberation."

      • KCI등재후보

        스티븐과 어머니: "사랑의 쓰라린 신비"

        김문숙 한국제임스조이스학회 2004 제임스조이스저널 Vol.10 No.1

        Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man begins with a father telling his son a story. And it ends with another father the same son leaves his own country to follow. Joyce's narrative about Stephen's formation as a (male) writer represents the silencing of the mother and the erasure of her subjectivity. It also includes the creation of the mother who exists for the discourse of the son who thereby takes his place in the symbolic order of the father. For Stephen, who compares his own country to “the old sow that eats her farrow,” his exile at the end of the story may mean a repudiation of the maternal. In other words, Stephen's leaving the mother country may be matricidal in the psychological terms. His glorious flight into the father, however, is necessarily attended with the son's guilty consciousness toward his mother, which comes to constitute the main part of Ulysses. In short, while Stephen Hero and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man treat a masculine appropriation of the maternal necessary for Stephen's identity as a male artist, the story of Stephen in Ulysses is the narrative of the insistent return of the mother to the son's consciousness. The sharp contrast of the same character in these stories may result from the differences of the narrative. Bloom's story may be the serial to Stephen's. As shown in the characteristics of “a new womanly man,” Bloom represents ‘a perfect human being' for Joyce. That's why the relationship of these two main characters matters. Although Stephen still remains caught in his paralysis in Ulysses, he shows the faintest suggestion that his encounter with Bloom may foreshadow a fertile reconciliation with his mother and a vision of being reborn as a true artist who can balance between father / sun and mother / earth.

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