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      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Zoonotic Intestinal Trematodes in Stray Cats (Felis catus) from Riverside Areas of the Republic of Korea

        Shin,,Sung-Shik,Oh,,Dae-Sung,Ahn,,Kyu-Sung,Cho,,Shin-Hyeong,Lee,,Won-Ja,Na,,Byoung-Kuk,Sohn,,Woon-Mok The Korean Society for Parasitology 2015 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.53 No.2

        The present study was performed to survey the infection status of zoonotic intestinal trematode (ZIT) in stray cats from 5 major riverside areas in the Republic of Korea. Total 400 stray cats were captured with live-traps in riverside areas of Seomjingang ('gang' means river) (203 cats) from June to October 2010, and of Yeongsangang (41), Nakdonggang (57), Geumgang (38), and Hangang (61 cats) from June to October 2011, respectively. Small intestines resected from cats were opened with a pair of scissors in a beaker with 0.85% saline and examined with naked eyes and under a stereomicroscope. More than 16 ZIT species were detected in 188 (92.6%) cats from Seomjingang areas, and the number of worms recovered was 111 per cat infected. In cats from riverside areas of Yeongsangang, Nakdonggang, Geumgang, and Hangang, more than 9, 8, 3, and 5 ZIT species were recovered, and the worm burdens were 13, 42, 11, and 56 specimens per infected cat, respectively. As the members of family Heterophyidae, more than 10 species, i.e., Metagonimus spp., Pygidiopsis summa, Heterophyes nocens, Stellantchasmus falcatus, Heterophyopsis continua, Acanthotrema felis, Centrocestus armatus, Procerovum varium, Cryptocotyle concava, and Stictodora lari, were recovered. More than 5 species of echinostomes, i.e., Echinostoma hortense, Echinochasmus japonicus, Echinochasmus sp., Echinoparyphium sp., and unidentified larval echinostomes, were collected. Plagiorchis spp. were detected in cats from areas of Seomjingang and Yeongsangang. From the above results, it has been confirmed that stray cats in 5 major riverside areas of Korea are highly infected with various species of ZITs.

      • KCI등재

        Comparison of Grip and Pinch Strength between Dominant and Nondominant Hand according to Type of Handedness of Female College Students

        JI,Sung,Kim,Sa,Gyeom,Lee,Sung,Kyu,Park,Sang,Min,Lee,Bo,Kyung,Kim,Jung,Hyun,Choi,Soon,Hee,Kim 국제물리치료학회 2011 Journal of International Academy of Physical Ther Vol.2 No.1

        In using both hands, everyone dominantly use one hand and it is called left-handedness or right-handedness person. Measurements of grip and pinch strength provide objective indexes to represent functional integrity of the upper extremity. This study was conducted for thirty female college students(19 right-handedness and 11 lefthandedness). For assessment of the type of handedness, questionnaire was used; for grip strength, Jamar dynamometer was used; for pinch strength, Jamar pinch gauge was used. In right handedness, the grip and pinch strength of the dominant right hand was significantly higher than those of the non-dominant hand. In addition, regular exercises were shown to give influences on reduction of strength gaps between dominant and non-dominant hands. In both groups of left and right handedness, the grip and pinch strength of the dominant hand were significantly higher than those of the non-dominant hand, and regular exercises were shown to give influences on reduction of strength gaps between dominant and non-dominant hand.

      • KCI등재

        鮮初斥佛論에 미친 韓愈의 영향에 대하여

        진성규(Jin, Sung-Kyu) 한국사학사학회 2007 韓國史學史學報 Vol.0 No.16

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This paper aims to examine the influence of Han-you upon anti-Buddhism argument of Confucianists in the early Chosun dynasty. During the establishment of Chosun, Sung Confucianism became dominant ideology to rule the country. The SungyouEokbul(to revere confucianism and reject Buddhism) policy was one of its results. Though Choseon was established, it was hard to remove Buddhism which had been a state religion during former Dynasty. Confucianists especially in the early Choseon Dynasty needed a theory to exclude Buddhism because they had a sense of duty to build political system based on Sung Confucianism. This necessity encourages them to use Han-you's anti-Buddhism argument. Sejo, one of the kings in the early Chosun dynasty, emphasized reading Han-you's articles. He regarded Han-you's writings as important process in order to write Pyojeonmun(an article of suggestion written by subject to the king) or great sentences. Sejo, who was fond of Buddhism, appeared an unconventional attitude which encouraged his subjects to lecture Han-you's <Wondo> with <Lao-tse>, <Zhuangzi>, and <Byeongseo>. The intention of his behavior was probably to reveal some unreasonableness of Han-you's antiBuddhism argument. Seongjong had a lot of interest in Han-you. His inclination was well indicated in that he sat questions about Han-you's banishment as subject of poem in gwageo sihem(civil service examination) and personally draw pictures about it on a folding screen which has twelve panel. I've judged that those attention of kings to Han-you were adequate reasons to attract interest of Confucianists toward Han-you. Han-you unfolds his theory of anti-Buddhism argument mainly in <Ganbulgolpyo> and <Wondo>. The core of his argument is started with the insistence that he cannot basically revere Buddhism because the religion of barbarians doesn't contain precepts from late kings. Using this perspective, it is reasonable that the Confucianists understand Buddhism as something that devastates their traditional grade of ranks of Gunshinbuja(sovereign and subject, father and son), prohibits Sangsaengsangyang(compatibility and encouragement), let people get an idle life, shorten persistence of the country. But there is little logical element to support this argument. Han-you himself also knew that it was hard to fight against Buddhism theoretically. Based on Han-you's opinion, the anti-Buddhism argument of Confucianists in the early Chosun dynasty made no rational progress. The reason why they followed his opinion seems to be their situation which was sympathetically identical with him. Han-you wa s to the man who felt keenly the responsibility to promote revival of Sung Confucianism as the Confucianists in the early Chosun dynasty were to the men who had a duty to protect Sung Confucianism as ruling system. That necessity enabled Han-you to affect them deeply through 600 years of time and space.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Effects of Kimchi Extract and Temperature on Embryostasis of $Ascaris$ $suum$ Eggs

        Kim,,Jin-Sung,Oh,,Dae-Sung,Ahn,,Kyu-Sung,Shin,,Sung-Shik The Korean Society for Parasitology 2012 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.50 No.1

        To determine the effects of kimchi extracts at different temperatures on larval development, $Ascaris$ $suum$ eggs were mixed with soluble part of 7 different brands of commercially available kimchi and preserved at either $5^{\circ}C$ or $25^{\circ}C$ for up to 60 days. $A.$ $suum$ eggs incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ showed marked differences in larval development between kimchi extract and control group. While all eggs in the control group completed embryonation by day 21, only 30% of the eggs in the kimchi extract group became embryonated by day 36 and about 25% never became larvated even at day 60. At $5^{\circ}C$, however, none of the eggs showed larval development regardless of the incubation period or type of mixture group. To determine the survival rate of $A.$ $suum$ eggs that showed no embryonation after being preserved at $5^{\circ}C$, eggs preserved in kimchi extracts for 14, 28, and 60 at $5^{\circ}C$ were re-incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ for 3 weeks in distilled water. While all eggs in the control group became larvated, eggs in the kimchi extract group showed differences in their embryonation rates by the incubation period; 87.4 % and 41.7% of the eggs became embryonated after being refrigerated for 14 days and 28 days, respectively. When refrigerated for 60 days, however, no eggs mixed in kimchi extract showed larval development. Our results indicate that embryogenesis of $A.$ $suum$ eggs in kimchi extract was affected by duration of refrigeration, and that all eggs stopped larval development completely in kimchi kept at $5^{\circ}C$ for up to 60 days.

      • KCI등재후보

        특발성 제2형 막증식성 사구체신염 2예

        성정훈,강미정,황은아,한승엽,박성배,김현철,박관규 대한신장학회 2004 Kidney Research and Clinical Practice Vol.23 No.2

        The term type Ⅱ membranoproliferarive glomerulonephritis (MPGN) refers to the histopathologic entity characterized by dense intramembranous deposits. It have a variable clincal courses, frequently occurs in older children and young adult. In comparison with The western, the idiopathic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) has a lower frequency than secondary MPGN. Especially, of the idiopathic MPGN, the frequency of type 2 MPGN, so called dense deposit disease, is very rare in Korea. We are reporting two cases of type Ⅱ MPGN, which was proven by renal biopsy. The clinical manifestations were recurrent gross hematuria in one patient and persistent nephrotic-ranged proteinuria in the other patient. The biopsy findings are characterized by diffuse wall thickening of capillary walls and focal proliferation of mesangial cell in light microscopy, and by capillary wall and granular basement membrane staining of C3 in immunofluorescence microscopy, and an irregular fusiform swelling of the lamina densa which resulting in a further thickening of basement of basement membrane in electron microscopy. Our two patients were treated conservatively without using steroid or immunosuppressive agents. One patient who had followed-up for 7 years after diagnosis remain stable in renal function, and the other patient who had followed-up for 4 years after diagnosis showed persistent nephrotic-range proteinuria. (Korean J Nephrol 2004;23(2):335-340)

      • COMPARISON OF MOTIVATIONS FOR PARENT CARE BETWEEN KOREANS AND AMERICANS : A CROSS-CULTURAL APPROACH

        SUNG,,KYU-TAIK Institute for Social Development and Policy Resear 1996 Korea Journal of Population and Development Vol.25 No.1

        This study compares filial motivations of Koreans with those of Americans and identifies cross-culturally equivalent, as well as country-specific types of filial motivations. Both groups cited "affection/love," "repayment/reciprocity," and "filial responsibility/obligation" as major forms of motivation. Despite cultural differences, there are similarities between the two groups in the relative emphasis on these qualitative dimensions of parent care. In other kinds of motivation, the two groups are dissimilar. For the Koreans, filial respect, family harmony, and filial sacrifice emerge as outstanding forms of motivation. These forms are not cited by the Americans. The reciprocity of the parent-child relationship, the influence of cultural traditions, and related issues are discussed in relation to filial motivation.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        Long-term results of conjoined unification venoplasty for multiple portal vein branches of the right liver graft in living donor liver transplantations

        Sung-Gyu,Lee,Shin,Hwang,Tae,Yong,Ha,Gi,Won,Song,Dong-Hwan,Jung,Gil-Chun,Park,Chul-Soo,Ahn,Deok-Bog,Moon,Ki,Hun,Kim,Young-In,Yoon,Yo,Han,Park,Hui-Dong,Cho,Yong-Kyu,Chung,Sang-Hyun,Kang,Jin-Uk,Choi,Sung 대한이식학회 2019 Korean Journal of Transplantation Vol.33 No.4

        Background: Autologous portal vein Y-graft (PYG) interposition has been the standard procedure for reconstruction of double portal vein (PV) orifices of right liver grafts during living donor liver transplantations. However, it has the disadvantage of being vulnerable to anastomotic stenosis. A refined technique of conjoined unification venoplasty (CUV) was developed to secure PV reconstruction. Methods: We reviewed the surgical outcomes in PV reconstructions using CUVs in 21 cases which were followed up for >3 years. Results: The mean age of recipients was 51.7±4.9 years. The model for end-stage liver disease score was 15.3±6.4. The graft-recipient weight ratio was 1.12±0.21. Recipient PYGs were harvested in all cases. All living donors were blood relatives or relatives through marriage with type III PV anomalies. The number of right liver graft PV orifices was two in 19 cases and three in two cases. For the central intervening vein patch, a PV segment was used in six cases, and an autologous greater saphenous vein patch was used in the remaining 15 cases. The 21 patient cohort displayed a 100% 4-year patient survival rate. None of them underwent any PV interventions including interventional stenting. Serial follow-up computed tomography scans revealed that the reconstructed PV showed early reshaping with a stable streamlined configuration for over 3 years. Conclusions: PV reconstruction using the CUV technique appears to be significantly more effective in preventing PV complications. We believe that CUV is a useful technique to reconstruct right liver grafts with multiple PV orifices.

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