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The main object of this study is to find out how socio-demographic variable and parents participation in sports affect the physical education learning attitude of students. Furthermore, this reports primary purpose is to provide new data and materials for future physical education classes. To achieve such a study aim, the subjects students(518) were chooses in the 2 grader middle schools located on Seoul, classifying in to Gangnam and Gangbuk. The statistics employed this study are the frequent analysis, t-test, One-Way ANOVA and Scheff test. In light of the above research method and process, the following are the analysis results. First, according to the socio-demographic variable(with the exemption of the age of parents) each low primary factors perception, interest, confidence, concentration, and self regulating of physical education learning attitude showed significant difference. Secondly, parents participation in sports greatly influenced the physical education learning attitude(perception, interest, confidence, concentration, and self regulating) of students showed significant difference.
본 연구는 고등학생들이 지각하는 체육교과태도가 체육수업몰입과 수업만족도에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 파악하고 이를 통해 학교현장에서 체육교과에 대한 학생들의 긍정적인 태도의 형성 방안을 제시하고자 하는데 목적이 있다. 이상의 문제를 해결하기 위해 연구자는 경기도에 소재한 고등학생 425명을 편의표본추출법을 통하여 최종 유효 표본으로 선정하였으며, 이 자료를 가지고 목적에 따른 연구문제를 검증하기 위해 PASW Ver. 18.0을 이용하여 빈도분석, 요인분석, 신뢰도분석, t-test 그리고 다중회귀분석을 실시하였으며, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 체육교과태도는 체육수업몰입에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 체육교과태도는 수업만족도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 체육수업몰입은 수업만족도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. The purpose of this research is on understanding how the physical education (P.E.) attitude that the senior school students perceives affects the P.E. class concentration and class satisfaction, and the purpose through this is to suggest a plan to develop positive attitude of students in the school environment of the P.E. subject. For this research 450 students from high schools located in Gyeonggi-Do were selected through the biased sampling method, 425 samples were used as the final valid sample. To investigate the problem of the research following the purpose, PASW Ver. 18.0 was used with this data for frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, t-test and multiple rarity analysis, and the result is as follows. First, it showed that the P.E. class attitude affected P.E. class concentration. Secondly, it showed that the P.E. class attitude affected the class satisfaction. Thirdly, it showed that P.E. class concentration affected class satisfaction.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of core exercise with Aero-equipment on a golfer's posture, balance, core muscle strength and balance, and score. The subject was a 13 year old boy with a height of 170cm, a weight of 69kg, and a 3 month-long career. An ten-week core exercise program using aero-equipment was developed based on the principle of progression of FITT(Frequency, Intensity, Type, and Time). There were three components in the exercise program: basic physical fitness for golfers, integrated physical fitness simulating golf techniques, and special integrated physical fitness involving actual golf motions. The dependent variables were posture, balance, core muscle strength and balance, and score. For the posture analysis, distance and joint angle were measured in the sagittal and coronal planes against a reference board. An MFT board(My Fitness Trainer: MFT Balance Test v1.7) was used for front/back and lateral balance. Core muscle strength and balance was gauged at positions of ±0°, ±45°, ±90°, ±135°, and ±180° via Centaru(CENTARU, 3-D Spatial Rotation Device, Germany). The scores observed were received in 5 national competitions during the exercise treatment period. 1. Between the pre/post test periods, there were significant differences in the posture of the sagittal and coronal planes, front/back and lateral balance, core muscle strength and balance, and score. 2. Core muscle training using aero-equipment can strengthen the core muscles and develop core muscle balance. Core muscle strength and balance are necessary for good posture, so as these improve, golfers can obtain better posture. As a result, they can enhance their front/back and lateral balance, and ultimately lower their score. Golf movements are asymmetric, so golfers commonly suffer from spine problems. The core contains the spine, the abdomen, and the buttocks. Core exercise using aero-equipment can offer movements with multiple directions, velocities, and loads. Consequently, golfers engage more fine and control muscles with aero-equipment than with other equipment. If golfers recruit more muscles, they may be able to engage the neuro-feedback system (muscles, nerves, brain). Via this reducate the neuro-feedback system, finally they can correct their posture and have better balance. 본 연구의 목적은 골프선수를 대상으로 공기가 들어간 기구를 사용한 코어 안정성, 운동성(Core stability and mobility) 운동이 균형(balance), 코어 근력과 균형(core muscle strength), 타수에 효과적인지를 분석하여, 골프 선수들에게 최적의 경기력을 수행 할 수 있는 계획적인 코어 안정성, 운동성 트레이닝 프로그램을 제시하는데 있다. 본 연구의 대상은 신장 170cm, 체중 66kg, 골프경력이 5개월 된 13세 남자 초보 골프선수 1 명에게 코어 안정성, 운동성 훈련 프로그램을 실시하였다. 본 연구기간은 2009년 4월에서 7월까지 총 3개월에 걸쳐 실시되었다. 골프선수에게 코어 안정성 운동성 훈련을 적용한 기간은 2009년 4월 27일부터 7월 3일까지 주 6회, 60분씩 10주 동안이었다. 균형능력을 향상시키기 위해 공기압을 이용한 운동기구는 훈련기간에 따라 점진적으로 기초체력과 골프 기술 체력 훈련 통합기술체력훈련 프로그램을 강도를 높여 주6회 60분씩 10주 동안 실시하여 다음과 같은 결론을 내릴 수 있다. 첫째, 공기압을 이용한 코어 안정성 운동성 훈련 처치 전과 후를 비교하면 오른쪽 · 왼쪽, 그리고 앞 · 뒤 방향 모두에서 점수가 줄어들어 균형 능력이 향상되었음을 알 수 있다. 10주 동안의 공기압을 이용한 코어 안정성, 운동성 훈련을 하기 전에는 중심이동의 감각을 느끼지 못하였으나 훈련 후 감각이 좋아졌고, 코어 안정성, 운동성 훈련 후 발에 지면의 균형을 맞춤으로써 스윙 시 중심이동이 좋아졌다. 둘째, 공기압을 이용한 코어 안정성, 운동성 훈련 처치 전과 후를 비교해 보면 오른쪽, 왼쪽 모두 코어근력이 향상되었음을 알 수 있다. 셋째, 공기압을 이용한 코어 안정성, 운동성 훈련 처치 전과 후를 비교해 보면 코어 45도와 135도에서 좌우근 균형이 좋아졌다. 그러나 90도에서는 오히려 좌우 근 균형이 더 크게 나타나 근력의 향상뿐만 아니라 근육의 균형 또한 훈련 시 고려되어야 할 사항임을 알 수 있다. 또한 코어 근육의 강화와 중심이동 균형 능력이 안정적이게 되었고 골프 선수들에게 있어서 균형 (balance)은 중심이동이 타수와 직접적인 연관이 있으므로 균형 유지에 중요한 근육이 강화 되었다는 것은 경기결과에 긍정적인 효과를 미친다고 할 수 있다. 넷째, 공기압을 이용한 코어 안정성, 운동성 훈련 처치 전과 후를 비교해 보면 3개월 동안 103타에서 85타까지 18타를 줄였다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of participation motivation and exercise adherence factor, depending on whether the subject was addicted to exercise or not, and to provide information that can make people exercise properly and regularly without any exercise addiction by examining participation motivation factor and exercise adherence factor that affect exercise addiction. This study interviewed 450 male and female adults participating in fitness center located in Seoul, and analyzed the total 424 questionnaires in the final analysis. The results of this study were as follows. First, the rate of exercise addiction among weight training participants was 20%. Second, when compared with the people in the other groups who have similar terms of exercise, exercise addiction group showed a significant difference in the result. Except amotivation, the exercise addiction group ranked the highest in the five following items of six: enjoyment, achievement of skill development, health-fitness, external display, sociability. Following exercise addiction group were excessive exercise group and non-exercise addiction group. In other words, the motivation of both excessive exercise group and exercise addiction group was quite clear. Third, exercise adherence factors of the people who have similar participant period were compared, and the results showed a significant difference among groups. Exercise addiction group was influenced the most by exercise habits to continue exercising, and the second most important cause was exercise attention. On the other hand, exercise habits were the most important effect to the excessive exercise group and ability to exercise is the second. Also, for non-exercise addiction group, exercise environments were the biggest impact on continuing exercise, and exercise attention was the second most important effect.
This study was designed to investigate the relative effectiveness of practice schedulings(massed vs. distributed practice) both on performance and learning of a continuous motor skill. Practice schedulings were manipulated by three groups in terms of the length of the inter-trial intervals(10, 20, 30 seconds). Massed practice was experimentally manipulated with 10s inter-trial intervals and distributed practice was with 20s and 30s inter-trial intervals. The subjects were consisted of 30 right-handed female ndergraduate students and were randomly assigned into three different groups. Subjects were instructed to pursue a target on disc with and-held stylus. The time on target(TOT) was measured as the dependent variable. The acquisition phase were consisted of 10 blocks of five trials. After twenty four hours, retention tests were conducted for a block of trials in the condition of the same speed of acquisition phase(40RPM). Two transfer tests were performed in the two different speed conditions. The first was conducted in slower speed(30 RPM) than in acquisition phase, and the second was conducted in faster speed(50 RPM). Analysis revealed that the main effects of group and block were statistically significant in acquisition phase. There was also statistically significant interaction effect between group and block. However, in retention and two transfer tests there were no statistically significant effects. The results showed that performance scores were consistently better for the distributed group(30s inter-trial intervals), though not statistically significant. In sum, the results indicated that the distributed practice was generally more effective in the learning and performance of continuous task as the pursuit rotor than the massed practice.
Exercise is well known as an important way of maintaining and improving both physical and psychological well being. However, we should recognize that exercise induces negative effects as well. Exercise addiction is an area of great speculation with only limited evidence for its existence. Despite growing its body of this view, there have been few empirical reports and research. Thus, this paper tries to provide information on exercise addiction and review the research in this area to clarify what is known about the phenomenon and then finally emphasizes that it is important to determine 'how much is too much' to be established more precisely and suggests that it is timely to consider the role of counselling to encourage involvement in, and adherence to exercise. However, counselling is likely to prove especially useful for those who are perceived to be at risk from an unduly negative self-perception associated with excessive exercise and its associated disorders.