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      • KCI등재

        접속문의 독립성과 의존성에 대하여 : On the Independency and Dependency in Korean Connective Constructions

        이은경 서울大學校 人文學硏究所 1996 人文論叢 Vol.36 No.-

        <<Abstract>> This paper is an attempt to clarify the interclausal syntactic relation in Korean connective constructions. The distinction between coordination and subordination in Korean is not always clear-cut, but is often a matter of degree. To investigate the degree of the interclausal relation in Korean more closely, the concept of independency and dependency was introduced. The independency means that the preceding clause in connective constructions has it's own subject and prefinal endings. On the other hand the dependency means that the preceding clause shares one subject or prefinal endings with main clause. The independency degree of preceding clause is said to be the highest when the preceding clause and the main clause share only conclusive ending that is representing illocutionary force. The dependency degree of preceding clause is high when it has neither independent subject nor independent prefinal endings. So the general tendency of interclausal relation in connective constructions is represented as following; The more dependent the preceding clause is on the main clause, the less likely are independently-expressed subject and prefinal endings to appear in the preceding clause. We could conclude that the independency of preceding clause is represented as following on the whole; contrastive clauses > enumerative clauses > selective clauses > background clauses > cause clauses > conditional clauses > concessive clauses > resultative clauses > temporal preceding clauses.

      • KCI등재

        CT Findings in People Who Were Environmentally Exposed to Asbestos in Korea

        이은경,김정숙,김유경,박재성 대한의학회 2015 Journal of Korean medical science Vol.30 No.12

        Asbestos related pleuropulmonary disease has been emerging health problem for recent years. It can cause variable clinical symptoms and radiological abnormalities. However, there has been no report for their characteristics in subjects who were environmentally exposed to asbestos. We reviewed the CT images of 35 people who were environmentally exposed to asbestos in Chungnam province, Korea. The study result showed high incidence of pleural plaque and pulmonary fibrosis on chest CT (94% and 77%, respectively). The common CT findings of lung parenchymal lesions were as follows: centrilobular opacities (94%), subpleural dot-like or branching opacities (80%), interlobular septal thickening (57%), intralobular interstitial thickening (46%), parenchymal bands (43%) and subpleural curvilinear line (29%). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of pulmonary fibrosis and pleural plaques according to sex, age and duration of exposure. In conclusion, pleural plaque and pulmonary fibrosis are common asbestos-related CT finding in the exposed people. Asbestos related lung parenchymal CT findings in the participants with environmental exposure show similar to those observed in the occupational exposure.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재후보
      • 지방공기업 개발사업 실태분석과 개선과제

        이은경 국회예산정책처 2013 예산정책연구 Vol.2 No.1

        Most of development programs of local public enterprises such as industrial complex preparation, housing land creation and innovation city development are closely related with those of central government. Poor management performances of local public enterprises may have negative impact on fiscal soundness of central government as well as local government. This study focuses on analyzing current conditions of development programs that are being carried out by 15 urban development public corporations and 9 other public corporations, and suggesting some improvement proposals to enhance financial soundness of those local public enterprises. Local public enterprises rushed to the development programs in the period of overheated real estate business. They are now suffering from various financial difficulties like liquidity shortage and low profitability, which are caused by deeply contracted domestic real estate business after the economic crisis of the United States. 15 urban development public corporations had invested 31,000 billion Korean Won in development programs until 2011, but the profitability rate was so low. The rate of return on investment was only 0-1 percent. In order to improve such problems mention above, strict prior validity study must be applied to each large-scale development programs of local public corporations. It is needed to require local public enterprises to make a mid and long-term financial management plan and to submit implementation reports to the local councils. It is also recommended to lower the ceiling of local public corporation bond to enhance the fiscal soundness of local public corporation. 지방공기업이 추진하는 산업단지 조성사업, 택지개발사업, 혁신도시개발사업 등 각종 개발사업들은 중앙정부의 주요 개발정책과 연계되어 있기 때문에 지방공기업의 부실한 경영결과는 출자자인 지방자치단체는 물론 중앙정부의 잠재적인 재정부실로 이어질 소지가 있다. 본 연구에서는 지방공기업 중 부동산 개발사업을 주요 사업으로 영위하는 14개 도시개발공사와 8개 기타공사를 대상으로 개발사업 추진현황과 재무실태를 분석하고 개선과제를 도출하였다. 지방공기업들은 2000년대 중반 부동산 경기가 활황이던 시기에 각종 개발사업에 무분별하게 참여하였지만, 이후 미국발 경제위기 이후 급락한 부동산 경기의 여파로 인하여 유동성 부족, 수익성 악화 등 다양한 재무적 어려움을 겪고 있다. 지방공기업 중 14개 도시개발공사가 2011년 말까지 개발사업에 투자한 금액은 31조원에 이르지만, 이로 인한 투자수익률은 0~1%에 그치는 등 수익성이 저조하다. 이같은 문제점을 개선하기 위하여 지방공기업이 대규모 신규 투자사업에 대한 엄격한 사전 타당성 조사가 필요하다. 또한 지방공기업들의 취약한 재무건전성을 개선하기 위하여 중장기재무관리계획을 수립하고, 이행보고서를 지방의회에 제출하도록 의무화할 필요가 있다. 마지막으로 지방공기업의 재무적 안정성을 높이기 위한 사전장치로 지방공사채 발행한도를 합리적으로 축소할 필요가 있다.

      • KCI등재후보

        진로결정효능감이 진로 태도 성숙에 미치는 영향

        이은경,이혜성 한국상담심리학회 2002 한국심리학회지 상담 및 심리치료 Vol.14 No.1

        This research is to find out the characteristics of career attitude & maturity on each stage, providing basic concept in building up the career counseling program. Toward this end, 2,007 students in junior and senior high schools, colleges and universities were collected and this survey was carried out at school. The result of the survey showed there are clear differences in career development in accordance with age. The older groups defintely show their confidence and decisiveness in career, and the strong goal-oriented attitude toward job and career is much more clearly shown than from the senior highschool groups. The occupational information has divided the whole into two group; one is junior high schoolers and the other is senior high and university students. The career decision self-efficacy had its strong lead in the older groups, and got stronger since they entered universities. The stepwise multiple regression analysis was taken to measure how far career decision self-efficacy would be involved in career development. The analysis has told us that career decision self-efficacy is turned out to be a more important variable to girls(45-50%) than boys(13-42%), and 55% of them regarded goal selection as the most critical variable of all. According to the analysis, self-regulation is the most significant variable to both boys and girls to measure up career decision self-efficacy. This self-regulation is a kind of efficacy which leads to goal setting and self-response based on self-judgement. Confidence on the career decision is not so much to do with general sense of self-confidence or confidence on his or her academic achievement as self-regulation to control his or her own system, which can be named as 'self-efficacy' in a more positive way. 본 연구는 개인의 진로결정효능감 신념이 진로 태도 성숙에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 분석하고자 하였다. 본 연구의 대상은 서울과 수도권 소재 일반 인문계 중‧고등학생과 대학생 남녀로 남녀 비율과 중‧고등‧대학생이 비교적 고르게 분포하도록 하여 총 2,007명이었다. 그 결과 진로결정효능감은 학년이 올라가면서 증가하였으며, 특히 대학이후 진로결정효능감이 많이 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 진로결정효능감요인 중 목표선택과 관련된 효능감이 진로태도성숙을 예언하는 가장 강력한 변수였으며, 진로결정효능감은 남녀 모두 자기조절효능감과 관련된 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 진로문제에서는 일반적으로 사용하고 있는 ‘자신감’보다는 ‘효능감’이라는 용어의 사용이 보다 적절한 것으로 보인다. 여성의 경우 진로결정효능감 형성에 자기조절효능감 이외에 학업자신감과 학업 자기조절효능감이 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타나 진로결정과 학업성취 수준이 관련되어 있을 가능성을 시사하고 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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