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      • KCI등재

        특집 : 평화와 통일의 사건사; 북핵문제와 남북관계, 갈등과 협력의 이중주 -앙상블을 위하여

        양무진 ( Moo Jin Yang ) 고려대학교 민족문화연구원 2013 民族文化硏究 Vol.59 No.-

        이 글의 목적은 북핵문제 해결을 위한 노력과 좌절들을 고찰하면서 현실적인함의를 찾는 것이다. 고찰의 주요 대상은 노무현 정부와 이명박 정부이지만 북핵20년의 역사적 인문학적 고찰이라는 점에서 김영삼 정부와 박근혜 정부도 포함시켰다. 김영삼 정부는 피는 물보다 진하다는 감성에서 출발하였지만 핵을 가진자와 악수할 수 없다는 강경노선으로 변화함으로서 통미봉남을 자초하였다. 노무현정부는 북핵불용이라는 원칙하에 북핵문제를 남북관계 차원에서 풀려고 노력했지만 ‘핵은 남쪽을 겨냥한 것이 아니다'라는 북한의 대미협상 선호논리에 막혀 가다 서다를 반복하였다. 이명박 정부는 ‘비핵·개방·3000' 구상을 내세웠지만 모든 대화와 교류협력의 단절로 비핵화도 이루지 못하고 남북관계도 진전시키지 못한 최악의 한반도 상황을 이끌었다. 박근혜 정부는 핵을 머리에 이고 살 순 없다는 강력한 비핵화 의지를 보여주고는 있지만, 정치적 상황과 관계없이 인도적 지원은 하겠다는 유연한 입장도 견지하고 있기 때문에 앞으로의 정책이행이 주목된다. 북핵20년사는 한반도문제가 남북한의 문제이면서 국제적인 성격을 지닌다는 이중성을 그대로 보여주었다. 이러한 이중성을 극복하기 위해서는 관련국들의 공동노력을 통한 조화로운 앙상블이 요구된다. 북핵문제와 남북문제 해결의 선순환관계, 한미공조와 한중협력의 균형적 발전, 평화통일을 위한 내외의 합의기반조성이 시급한 과제이다. 갈등과 협력의 이중주 속에서도 한반도문제와 관련된 모든 연주자들이 조화롭고 협력적인 앙상블을 가하는 순간 한반도 통일은 우리가 원하는 방향으로 우리 곁에 다가올 것이다. The purpose of this article is to find practical implications to resolve the North Korean nuclear issue through discussing the efforts and frustrations behind this subject. The main target of the study is the historical consideration of 20 years of the nuclear issue from the Kim Young-sam to the incumbent Park Geun-hye administrations, although the main focus is on Lee Myung-bak and the Roh Moo-hyun administrations. Kim Young-sam government departed from the sentiment of “Blood is thicker than water,“ but it ended up as a hardliner policy from its firm position that it will not hold hands with a nuclear state. This eventually led to North Korea`s policy of “Talk to the US, Isolate the South.” Roh Moo-hyun government took the approach to resolve the nuclear issue in the context of inter-Korean relations under the principle of intolerance for nuclear weapons, but North Korea retorted with the argument that ``nuclear arsenals`` were not aimed for the South and North-South relations repeated the stop-and-go from North`s preference to talk with the US. Lee Myung-bak administration`s Vision 3000 or “denuclearization, openness, and 3000” policy resulted in all dialogues, exchanges and cooperation with the North to come to a complete halt, unsuccessful in achieving denuclearization or improving relations resulting in the worst inter-Korean relations in history. The Park Geun-hye government also is endorsing a strong ambition of denuclearization and at the same time showing a rather flexible attitude to continue humanitarian assistance regardless of political situation. The 20 years of the nuclear history of the Korean Peninsula indicates such duality- one that it is both inter-Korean and international concern. In order to overcome the duality, it requires harmonious ensemble with the major actors in the region to join in efforts and overcome challenges. The main tasks at hand is to turn the current inter-Korean relations to a virtuous cycle, balanced development of US-Korea and South Korea-China cooperation, and seek consensus-based resolution toward the peaceful reunification of the Korean Peninsula. Under the duet of conflict and cooperation, all the players involved with the Korean Peninsula should attempt to form harmonious and cooperative ensemble in order to head toward the direction we want in reunification.

      • KCI등재

        A study on the network of disabled person rehabilitation using social network analysis : focus on the comparison between two governments

        Jae-Moo,Lee,Sook-Ja,Hong 한국운동재활학회 2013 JER Vol.9 No.6

        This study compared the network of rehabilitation for the disabled during the Roh, Moo-hyun administration and the Lee, Myung-bak ad-ministration. Through such effort, how the public social activity related to rehabilitation for the disabled has changed through time was ob-served and the future network level of rehabilitation for the disabled was considered. The analysis was conducted using the social network analysis method and it was found that the Roh, Moo-hyun administra-tion's network showed better network density and centrality level com-pared to the Lee, Myung-bak administration, and also showed better balance between the government and the private sectors. Based on such results, this study was concluded by suggesting a community where the government and private sectors can regulate the network level together on the same grounds.

      • KCI등재

        KOREC 제품원형개발을 위한 ED/ID 통합디자인 프로세스 모형에 관한 연구

        문무경 ( Moo Kyeong Moo ) 디자인융복합학회 2011 디자인융복합연구 Vol.10 No.2

        재활공학연구소(KOREC)은 국내 장애인의 복지 수준을 향상시키고 관련 산업을 육성할 목적으로 설립된 재활의료공학 중심의 정부출연기관이다. 최근 KOREC에서는 엔지니어링 디자인(ED)과 인더스트리얼디자인(ID)을 하나의 통합디자인으로 활용하고자 하는 움직임이 일고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 KOREC의 재활의료용 시제품 개념개발에 적합한 통합디자인으로서 운용 가능할, 병행적-대화방식의 통합디자인 프로세스의 모형을 개발할 목적으로 진행되었다. 연구의 핵심 내용은 두(2) 디자인분야에서 수용이 가능한 두(2) 디자인프로세스의 주안점과 그 특성들을 비교 고찰하는 것과, 이를 하나(1)의 통합적 틀로서 운영 가능한 디자인프로세스의 모형을 개발하는 것이었다. 양 디자인의 이율배반적 특성은 디자인활동의 3차원들인 디자이너, 디자인과업, 디자인프로세스를 실증주의 및 구성주의 패러다임의 비교 인식을 통하여 규명하고자 하였으며, 통합적 모형으로서 가능성은 P5에서 제안한 핑퐁(Ping-Pong)모델을 근간으로 모색해 보았다. 결과적으로 제시된 KOREC 맞춤형 통합디자인 프로세스의 모형에서는 성능 우선의 합목적성을 지향하는 엔지니어링디자인(ED)과 창의성 우선의 신개념 창출을 지향하는 인더스트리얼디자인(ID)이 하나의 개념이나 행위로 구성되어 각각 5 단계들로 이루어진 병행적 구조를 이루게 되었고, 명사형인 개념으로서의 디자인과 동사형인 행위로서의 디자인들로 구성된 10 단계들은 마치 탁구공이 핑퐁하는 것처럼 상호작용할 수 있는 대화 방식의 구조를 이루게 되었다. The role of KOREC(Korea Orthopedics and Rehabilitation Engineering Center) is to enhance the Korean orthopedics & rehabilitation technology and to promote the relevant domestic industry. The core activity of KOREC has been focused on developing the methodology related to orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering. However, including the development of industrial products and systems for the people with disabilities, the range of KOREC`s activity is much wider than ever. KOREC should work together the industrial design nowadays. The exclusive technology of KOREC is not familiar to the industrial design in fact. The meaning in Design is much important than the ways in Engineering Design(ED) and Industrial Design(ID). The difference between ED and ID must be interpreted by not longitudinally but laterally. That is just a reason why every design is one of integrated activities by human-beings. Both should tune each jargon to common sense and develop together the model of dual-way design process for one design (an integrated design). Finally, 'the Ping-Pong model of integrated design process' is proposed for the integrated realization of KOREC`s prototyping.

      • KCI등재

        문재인 정부 부동산정책의 비판적 평가

        이창무 ( Lee Chang-moo ) 한국행정연구원 2020 韓國行政硏究 Vol.29 No.4

        문재인 정부에서 주택시장 안정을 목표로 수 십 차례 대책을 발표했음에도 수도권 아파트 매매시장은 급등추세를 피하지 못하고 있다. 정책의 주요 타깃은 서울, 특히 강남권의 재건축이라는 면에서 노무현 정부의 정책을 답습하고 있다. 주택시장 또한 노무현 정부 시기 반응했던 방식을 반복하고 있다. 한 가지 차이점은 참여정부 시기에는 서울의 가격 급등세가 수도권 전역으로 파급되는 동조화 현상이 강했지만 문재인 정부에서는 상당한 기간 동안 경기도 아파트 시장과 서울 아파트 시장이 탈동조화 현상을 보였다는 점이다. 많은 비판을 받는 문재인 정부의 주택정책에는 그 기본적인 시각에 적지 않은 문제점이 있다. 국내 주택시장의 독특한 기제인 유기적인 매매시장과 전월세시장의 관계에 대한 이해 부족, 본질적으로 모호할 수밖에 없고 원인이라기보다는 시장상황에 대한 반응으로 발생하는 투기적인 행태에 매몰된 과도한 규제, 1가구 1주택 소유주의란 구호성 목표와 다주택자의 긍정적 측면을 무시한 징벌적인 조세정책 등 여러 가지 문제점을 안고 있다. 이렇게 반복된 규제정책의 발표와 적절한 공급 확대를 만들어내는 데 실패한 결과는 대부분의 국민들이 체감하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 과거 노무현 정부 시기부터 현 문재인 정부까지의 정책 추이를 분석하는 것으로 시작하여 문재인 정부의 주택시장 상황을 종합적으로 진단하고자 한다. 이어서 1가구 1주택 소유주의에 기반한 다주택자 정책, 도심에 주택공급 위축을 초래한 정비사업 정책, 그리고 최근 논란이 되고 있는 임대차3법 정책의 실효성을 분석 및 평가함으로써 정부정책의 바람직한 방향성을 제시하고자 한다. Even though Moon Jae-in govenrment introduced dozens of policies to control the housing market, housing price in the Seoul Metropolitan Area has kept increasing rapidly. The housing policy framework of the Moon's government resembles that of Roh Moo-Hyun govenrment, which was focused on the strong regulations to restrict redevelopments in the Gangnam area and multi-house ownership. The Moon's government has shared the failures with the Roh's governemnt, too. One noticeable difference between two governments is that during the Roh's administration period, the price surge in Seoul was spread into wider Gyunggi province promptly. while it was retained in Seoul during the first half of the Moon's. For now, Gyeonggi province is however suffering from soaring housing price following Seoul. This difference in trends provides important clues to understand the housing market conditions during the Moon's government. This study attempts to assess the housing policies of Moon Jae-In govenrment in the comparative framework with those of other governments, espeically focused on Roh Moo- hyun government. The final results indicate that unitended side effects have been stronger than the designated effects.

      • KCI등재

        The Effect of Sa-am acupuncture on Knee Osteoarthritis

        ( Moo Hong Min ), ( Yeong Gon Choi ), ( Yun Ju Kim ), ( Hi Joon Park ), ( Sam Chool Lee ), ( Ho No Joo ), ( Seung Moo Han ), ( Sa Bi Na Lim ) 대한경락경혈학회 2009 Korean Journal of Acupuncture Vol.26 No.4

        Objective: Acupuncture has been widely used throughout the world for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (knee OA). This study investigated whether acupuncture, particularly Sa-am acupuncture, could be effective in relieving pain and improving the symptoms of knee OA. Method: This study was conducted as a prospective, randomized, controlled, and patient- and investigator- blinded clinical trial. Forty volunteers with knee OA participated in the study. All participants were screened through an inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty four participants completed the clinical trial. In total, forty subjects were randomly selected to receive Sa-am acupuncture. Eight sessions of acupuncture were given at the contralateral side of the problematic knee for 4 weeks. Korean translation of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (KWOMAC) scores were measured twice: at the beginning and end of the clinical trial period. Both the Patient Global Assessment and physical health scores based on the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey were also used to measure the results. Results: Compared to the pre-trial scores, the Sa-am acupuncture group (n=34) showed a significant decrease in KWOMAC total scores according to a paired t -test. The Sa-am acupuncture group also showed significant improvement in the Patient Global Assessment when compared to the pre-trial. Conclusions: Sa-am acupuncture for knee OA resulted in an improved KWOMAC total score. This was mostly driven by the function component score that was greatly affected by acupuncture. However, further studies with expanded designs are needed to solidify this finding with scientific rigor.

      • KCI등재

        재한줌머공동체의 ‘실금'과 한국사회의 다문화 수용력

        유승무(Ryu, Seung-Moo), 신종화(Shin, Jong-Hwa), 박종일(Park Jong-il), 이태정(Lee, Tae-Jeong), 박수호(Park, Su-Ho) 고려대학교 아세아문제연구소 2013 亞細亞硏究 Vol.56 No.1

        The purpose of this paper is to highlight, with the help of the Jumma community, a refugee community in Korea, the way in which the immigrant community is affected by the combination of the two factors, the adaptibility of the immigrants and the receptibility of Korean society. The main argument is to identify the fact that the components of the pre-state identities, which detonates the refugeefication, lead the internal differentiation of the refugee community due to the refugee's strategy of adaptation, on the one hadn, and the characteristics of supporting organizations of the protection states, on the other. In this paper, first, the special aspects of refugees in their development are investigated, and, second, the Jumma community's effort to keep their pre-state identities and the formative process of the Jumma community in Korea are evaluated. Thu authors identify the phenomenon of differentiation among refugees through the relationship with the supporting organizations in Korea. This division process of the refugee community possibly accelerates the dissolution and break-up of immigrant community. For this reason, the systematic management of refugees is also required. The outcome of this research includes: first, the immigrant community, which has been assumed as the united and homogeneous community, is internally evolved to different directions; second, the evolution of the immigrant community is led or strengthened by the supporting organizations in Korea which is relate to their own interests; third, the research on refugees, which has been alienated in the immigration and multiculturalsim studies for a long time, is evoked loudly; the importance of religion for the refugees' adaptation process to the protecting country; last but not least, the Korean society is asked for its multicultural receptive policies to respect the tradition of the immigrant community and to manage their internal differentiation.

      • CHARACTERISTIC POLYNOMIALS OF SOME WEIGHTED GRAPH BUNDLES AND ITS APPLICATION TO LINKS

        Sohn,,Moo-Young,Lee,,Ja-Eun 國立 昌原大學校 基礎科學硏究所 1994 基礎科學硏究所論文集 Vol.6 No.-

        In this paper, we introduce weighted graph bundles and study their characteristic polynomial. In particular, we show that the characteristic polynomial of a weighted K_(2) (??_(2)) bundles over a weighted graph Γ_(ω) can be expressed as a product of characteristic polynomials two weighted graphs whose underlying graphs are Γ As an application, we compute the signature of a link whose corresponding weighted graph is a double covering of that of a given link.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        The Effect of Sa-am acupuncture on Knee Osteoarthritis

        Min,,Moo-Hong,Choi,,Yeong-Gon,Kim,,Yun-Ju,Park,,Hi-Joon,Lee,,Sam-Chool,Joo,,Ho-No,Han,,Seung-Moo,Lim,,Sa-Bi-Na Society for Meridian and Acupoint 2009 Korean Journal of Acupuncture Vol.22 No.1

        Objective : Acupuncture has been widely used throughout the world for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (knee OA). This study investigated whether acupuncture, particularly Sa-am acupuncture, could be effective in relieving pain and improving the symptoms of knee OA. Method : This study was conducted as a prospective, randomized, controlled, and patient- and investigator-blinded clinical trial. Forty volunteers with knee OA participated in the study. All participants were screened through an inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty four participants completed the clinical trial. In total, forty subjects were randomly selected to receive Sa-am acupuncture. Eight sessions of acupuncture were given at the contralateral side of the problematic knee for 4 weeks. Korean translation of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (KWOMAC) scores were measured twice: at the beginning and end of the clinical trial period. Both the Patient Global Assessment and physical health scores based on the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey were also used to measure the results. Results : Compared to the pre-trial scores, the Sa-am acupuncture group (n=34) showed a significant decrease in KWOMAC total scores according to a paired t-test. The Sa-am acupuncture group also showed significant improvement in the Patient Global Assessment when compared to the pre-trial. Conclusions : Sa-am acupuncture for knee OA resulted in an improved KWOMAC total score. This was mostly driven by the function component score that was greatly affected by acupuncture. However, further studies with expanded designs are needed to solidify this finding with scientific rigor.

      • KCI등재

        홍삼 가공중 azoxystrobin fenhexamid 및 cyprodinil 농약의 감소율

        임무혁(Moo Hyeog Im), 권광일(Kwang Il Kwon), 박건상(Kun Sang Park), 이경진(Kyung Jin Lee), 장문익(Moon Ik Chang), 윤원갑(Won Kap Yun), 최우종(Woo Jong Choi), 유광수(Kwang Soo Yoo), 홍무기(Moo Ki Hong) 한국식품과학회 2007 한국식품과학회지 Vol.39 No.5

        This study was performed to acquire scientific data for establishing the maximum residue limits (MRLs) of pesticides in Korean red ginseng and its extract. Pesticides (azoxystrobin fenhexamid cyprodinil) were applied to a cultivated field of ginseng and the fresh ginseng was harvested and processed to make Korean red ginseng and its extract. The reduction rates of the residue pesticides were calculated by determining the pesticide contents in each stage of ginseng processing. The residue levels in fresh ginseng were 0.12 ppm for azoxystrobin 0.19 ppm for fenhexamid and 1.78 ppm for cyprodinil. The residue levels in Korean red ginseng were 0.24 0.54 and 1.49 ppm and in the extract 0.81 1.93 and 3.66 ppm for azoxystrobin fenhexamid and cyprodinil respectively. The steaming and processing of fresh ginseng increased azoxystrobin and fenhexamid residues but cyprodinil was reduced. The reduction rates (dry basis) of azoxystrobin fenhexamid and cyprodinil were 0.66 0.94 and 0.28 for Korean red ginseng and 3.25 4.94 and 1.01 for the extract respectively. 본 연구는 홍삼 및 농축액의 합리적인 농약잔류허용기준 개정을 위한 과학적인 자료를 얻고자 수행하였다. 인삼 재배 시에 사용 등록된 농약 3종(azoxystrobin fenhexamid cyprodinil)을 인삼포에 직접 살포하여 수확한 수삼을 홍삼과 농축액으로 직접 제조하였다. 수확한 수삼에 azoxystrobin 0.12 ppm fenhexamid 0.19 ppm cyprodinil 1.78 ppm이 잔류하였으며 농약이 잔류된 수삼을 원료로 홍삼 및 농축액으로 가공하여 각 제품의 농약 잔류량을 조사한 결과 fenhexamid의 경우 홍삼에 0.54 ppm 홍삼농축액에서 1.93 ppm이 잔류하였다. Azoxystrobin은 홍삼에서 0.24 ppm 홍삼농축액에서 0.81 ppm이 잔류하여 가공단계를 거치면서 증가하였다. 그러나 cyprodinil의 경우 1.78 ppm이 잔류된 수삼이 홍삼으로 가공되면서 1.49 ppm으로 감소하였으나 홍삼농축액에서는 3.66 ppm으로 증가하였다. 농약이 잔류된 수삼을 이용하여 홍삼과 농축액 제조시 azoxystrobin fenhexamid cyprodinil의 감소계수(dry base)는 홍삼에서 0.66 0.94 0.28 홍삼농축액에서 3.25 4.94 1.01이였다.

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