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      • KCI등재후보

        Antioxidant Activity of Aqueous Extract of Coscinium fenestratum in STZ-Nicotinamide Induced Diabetic Rats

        I.S.R.Punitha1,,Nalini Bhat3,,K.Rajendran1,,Arun Shirwaikar2,,Annie Shirwaikar1 한국생약학회 2005 Natural Product Sciences Vol.11 No.3

        The aqueous extract of Coscinium fenestratum was studied for its antioxidant status in STZ-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic rats at two dose levels of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg. At the end of theexperimental period, diabetic rats treated with aqueous extract at both dose levels showed a significant increase insuperoxide dismutase and catalase as compared to the untreated control. Similarly, a significant increase was alsoobserved in the levels of the non enzymatic antioxidants ceruloplasmin, ascorbic acid and tocopherol. The resultssuggest that the aqueous stem extract of C. fenestratum prevents type 2 diabetes mellitus induced oxidative stress.

      • Lack of Association of a Common Polymorphism in the 3'-UTR of Interleukin 8 with Non Small Cell Lung Cancer in Kashmir

        Bhat, Imtiyaz Ahmad,Pandith, Arshid A.,Bhat, Bashir A.,Naykoo, Niyaz A.,Qasim, Iqbal,Rasool, Roohi,Aziz, Sheik Aejaz,Shah, Zafar Amin Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2013 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.14 No.7

        Background: Chronic inflammation is considered as an important factor in the pathogenesis of lung cancer. The presence of inflammatory cells and higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the tumor microenvironment and their surrounding tissues is gaining much importance in research. Materials and Methods: One hundred ninety NSCLC cases and 200 age, smoking and sex matched controls were evaluated for association of IL-8 -251 (rs4073) and IL-8 -845 (rs2227532) in our population. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) was used followed by direct sequencing for the detection of SNPs. Results: The IL-8 -845 polymorphism was not found in our population. No significant association was observed between the IL-8 -251 AT genotypes and IL-8 -25 AA genotypes and NSCLC (p=0.05) in our population. The IL-8 -251 A allele was also non-significant (p=0.05) in NSCLC patients. Conclusions: In conclusion, this report reveals lack of association between IL-8 - 251 A/T polymorphism and NSCLC in our Kashmir Valley population.

      • Polymorphic Variation in Glutathione-S-transferase Genes and Risk of Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia in the Kashmiri Population

        Bhat, Gulzar,Bhat, Ashaqullah,Wani, Aadil,Sadiq, Nida,Jeelani, Samoon,Kaur, Rajinder,Masood, Akbar,Ganai, Bashir Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2012 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.13 No.1

        Cancer is a complex disease and the genetic susceptibility to it could be an outcome of the inherited difference in the capacity of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) are phase II metabolizing enzymes whose various genotypes have been associated with increased risk of different types of cancer. Null mutations caused by the deletion of the entire gene result in the absence of the enzymatic activity and increase in the risk of developing cancer including chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). In the present case-control study we evaluated the effect of null mutations in GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes on the risk of developing CML. The study included 75 CML patients (43 males and 32 females; age (mean ${\pm}$ S.D) $42.3{\pm}13.4$ years) and unrelated non-malignant controls (76 male and 48 females; age (mean ${\pm}$ S.D) $41.5{\pm}12.9$). The distribution of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes in CML patients and controls was assessed by multiplex-PCR method. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes and risk of CML. Chi-square test was used to evaluate the trend in modulating the risk to CML by one or more potential high risk genotype. Although GSTM1 null genotype frequency was higher in CML patients (41%) than in the controls (35%), it did not reached a statistical significance (OD = 1.32, 95% CI: 0.73-2.40; P value = 0.4295). The frequency of GSTT1 null genotypes was higher in the CML patients (36%) than in the controls (21%) and the difference was found to be statistically significant (OD = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.12-4.02; P value = 0.0308). This suggests that the presence of GSTT1genotype may have protective role against the CML. We found a statistically significant (OD = 3.09, 95% CI: 1.122-8.528; P value = 0.0472) interaction between the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes and thus individuals carrying null genotypes of both GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes are at elevated risk of CML.

      • KCI등재

        Implications of Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Product Flows and Forest Dependent Communities in the Western Ghats, India

        Indu K Murthy,Savithri Bhat,Vani Sathyanarayan,Sridhar Patgar,Beerappa M,PR Bhat,DM Bhat,Ranjith Gopalakrishnan,Mathangi Jayaraman,Madhushree Munsi,Ravindranath NH,Khalid MA,Prashant M,Sudha Iyer,Ragh 강원대학교 산림과학연구소 2014 Journal of Forest Science Vol.30 No.2

        The tropical wet evergreen, tropical semi evergreen and moist deciduous forest types are projected to be impacted by climate change. In the Western Ghats region, a biodiversity hotspot, evergreen forests including semi evergreen account for 30% of the forest area and according to climate change impact model projections, nearly a third of these forest types are likely to undergo vegetation type change. Similarly, tropical moist deciduous forests which account for about 28% of the forest area are likely to experience change in about 20% of the area. Thus climate change could adversely impact forest biodiversity and product flow to the forest dependent households and communities in Uttara Kannada district of the Western Ghats. This study analyses the distribution of non- timber forest product yielding tree species through a network of twelve 1-ha permanent plots established in the district. Further, the extent of dependence of communities on forests is ascertained through questionnaire surveys. On an average 21% and 28% of the tree species in evergreen and deciduous forest types, respectively are, non-timber forest product yielding tree species, indicating potential high levels of supply of products to communities. Community dependence on non-timber forest products is significant, and it contributes to Rs. 1199 and Rs. 3561/household in the evergreen and deciduous zones, respectively. Given that the bulk of the forest grids in Uttara Kannada district are projected to undergo change, bulk of the species which provide multiple forest products are projected to experience die back and even mortality. Incorporation of climate change projections and impacts in forest planning and management is necessary to enable forest ecosystems to enhance resilience.

      • KCI등재

        Implications of Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Product Flows and Forest Dependent Communities in the Western Ghats, India

        Murthy, Indu K.,Bhat, Savithri,Sathyanarayan, Vani,Patgar, Sridhar,M., Beerappa,Bhat, P.R.,Bhat, D.M.,Gopalakrishnan, Ranjith,Jayaraman, Mathangi,Munsi, Madhushree,N.H., Ravindranath,M.A., Khalid,M., Institute of Forest Science 2014 Journal of Forest Science Vol.30 No.2

        The tropical wet evergreen, tropical semi evergreen and moist deciduous forest types are projected to be impacted by climate change. In the Western Ghats region, a biodiversity hotspot, evergreen forests including semi evergreen account for 30% of the forest area and according to climate change impact model projections, nearly a third of these forest types are likely to undergo vegetation type change. Similarly, tropical moist deciduous forests which account for about 28% of the forest area are likely to experience change in about 20% of the area. Thus climate change could adversely impact forest biodiversity and product flow to the forest dependent households and communities in Uttara Kannada district of the Western Ghats. This study analyses the distribution of non-timber forest product yielding tree species through a network of twelve 1-ha permanent plots established in the district. Further, the extent of dependence of communities on forests is ascertained through questionnaire surveys. On an average 21% and 28% of the tree species in evergreen and deciduous forest types, respectively are, non-timber forest product yielding tree species, indicating potential high levels of supply of products to communities. Community dependence on non-timber forest products is significant, and it contributes to Rs. 1199 and Rs. 3561/household in the evergreen and deciduous zones, respectively. Given that the bulk of the forest grids in Uttara Kannada district are projected to undergo change, bulk of the species which provide multiple forest products are projected to experience die back and even mortality. Incorporation of climate change projections and impacts in forest planning and management is necessary to enable forest ecosystems to enhance resilience.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Natural Modulators of Estrogen Biosynthesis and Function as Chemopreventive Agents

        Bhat, Krishna P.L.,Pezzuto, John M. The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2001 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.24 No.6

        There is clearly a need for novel breast cancer chemopreventive agents with enhanced potency and specificity with tittle or no side effects. To this end, several new chemical moieties have been synthesized or isolated from natural sources. In this reviewal we have described some agents currently in use or under development for treatment or prevention of breast cancer, as well as our own strategies for the discovery of natural product modulators of estrogen biosynthesis and function. In particulars bioassay-guided fractionation of active plant extracts is a unique method for identifying agents with novel mechanisms of action, some of which should be useful for prevention of human cancer. Further, with the advent of combinatorial chemistry and high throughput screening, even greater progress may now be expected with natural product leads.

      • KCI등재

        ON STRONG METRIC DIMENSION OF ZERO-DIVISOR GRAPHS OF RINGS

        Bhat, M. Imran,Pirzada, Shariefuddin The Kangwon-Kyungki Mathematical Society 2019 한국수학논문집 Vol.27 No.3

        In this paper, we study the strong metric dimension of zero-divisor graph ${\Gamma}(R)$ associated to a ring R. This is done by transforming the problem into a more well-known problem of finding the vertex cover number ${\alpha}(G)$ of a strong resolving graph $G_{sr}$. We find the strong metric dimension of zero-divisor graphs of the ring ${\mathbb{Z}}_n$ of integers modulo n and the ring of Gaussian integers ${\mathbb{Z}}_n$[i] modulo n. We obtain the bounds for strong metric dimension of zero-divisor graphs and we also discuss the strong metric dimension of the Cartesian product of graphs.

      • Nozzle-jet printed flexible field-effect transistor biosensor for high performance glucose detection

        Bhat, Kiesar Sideeq,Ahmad, Rafiq,Yoo, Jin-Young,Hahn, Yoon-Bong Elsevier 2017 JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE - Vol.506 No.-

        <P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>Printable electronics is a subject of great interest for low-cost, facile and environmentally-friendly large scale device production. But, it still remains challenging for printable biosensor development. Herein, we present the fabrication of nozzle-jet printed flexible field-effect transistor (FET) glucose biosensor. The silver source-drain electrodes and ZnO seed layers were printed on flexible substrate by nozzle-jet printer followed by ZnO nanorods (ZnO NRs) synthesis and glucose oxidase (GOx) immobilization. Utilization of nozzle-jet printing methods resulted in highly reproducible electrodes with well-defined vertical grown ZnO NRs for high GOx loading and enhanced glucose sensing performance in a wide glucose detection range. The stability, anti-interference ability, reproducibility, reusability, and applicability in human serum samples were also assessed. Overall, biosensor fabrication using nozzle-jet printer will not only provide large scale production of highly reproducible electrodes but also reduce the fabrication cost. Additionally, printed electrodes can be modified accordingly for different analyte detection.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> Nozzle-jet printing of silver source-drain electrodes and ZnO seed layers on flexible substrate. </LI> <LI> Use of nozzle-jet printer resulted in high reproducible sensing active area. </LI> <LI> Growth of well-defined vertical ZnO NRs for high enzyme loading and enhanced sensing performance. </LI> <LI> Sensor showed wide glucose detection range, long-term stability and excellent reproducibility. </LI> </UL> </P> <P><B>Graphical abstract</B></P> <P>[DISPLAY OMISSION]</P>

      • KCI등재후보

        Preliminary Study on a Microsporidian Isolate Occurring in the Lamerin Breed of the Silkworm Bombyx mori L. in India

        Bhat, Shabir Ahmad,Nataraju, B. Korean Society of Sericultural Science 2004 International Journal of Industrial Entomology Vol.9 No.2

        The silkworm, Bombyx mori L. is prone to infection of various pathogenic organisms. Pebrine, one of the deadliest disease of silkworm caused by highly virulent parasitic microsporidian, Nosema bombycis has been understood since long. Infections of the disease range from chronic to highly virulent and can result in complete lose to the sericulture industry. Several strains and species of microsporidians have since been isolated from the infected silkworms. A new microsporidian spore was isolated from Lamerin breed of the silkworm B. mori have been studied under scanning electron microscope, found to be different in spore size (length 4.36$\pm$0.06 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$, width 2.14$\pm$0.01${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$) and shape (ova cylindrical with slight depression) from standard strain N. bombycis (length 3.08$\pm$0.21 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$, width 2.01$\pm$0.05 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ and ovidal respectively). In immunological test, the silkworm breed Lamerin isolated micrisporidian spore does not react to different antibody (N. bombycis, M$_{11}$ and M$_{12}$) sensitized latex particle and thus appeared to be a different strain of microsporidian parasitic to the Lamerin breed of the silkworm B. mori.i.i.

      • KCI등재후보

        A Report on the Impact of a Microsporidian Parasite on Lamerin Breed of the Silkworm Bombyx mori L.

        Bhat Shabir Ahmad,Nataraju B. Korean Society of Sericultural Science 2005 International Journal of Industrial Entomology Vol.10 No.2

        Lamerin breed of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. for Northeastern India hosts a vertically transmitted microsporidian parasite for generations, which does not harm significantly the cocoon production. The transversally infected progenies do not exhibit marked external sign or symptom. The microspordian causes inapparent infection and over $(80\%)$ of the infected progeny survives and spin cocoons. There is possibility of co-existence between the breed and the associated micosporidian parasite. To evaluate the impact of the microsporidian on breed the present study was conducted in respect of tranovarial transmitted (observed as T1), secondarily infected (observed as T2) and healthy silkworm (observed as T3). The larval and pupal mortality was $12\%$ and $6\%$ in T1 and $10\%$ and $3\%$ in T2 batch, while in case of T3 batch there was no mortality. Significant changes were also observed in single cocoon weight, single shell weight, denier, reelibility, raw silk recovery $\%$ and neetness. There is no significant impact of the infection on the fecundity and hatchability. The hatchability of the eggs laid by healthy or infected moths are equall as much as control but the progeny had the infection transmitted from the parent.

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