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        • 암석 재질에 따른 보존처리제의 현장 적용성 평가

          김재환,한민수,이장존,송치영,이재만,김민지,이명성,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Han, Min-Su,Lee, Jang-Jon,Song, Chi-Young,Lee, Jae-Man,Kim, Min-Ji,Lee, Myeong-Sung 국립문화재연구소 2009 保存科學硏究 Vol.30 No.-

          Stone cultural heritages are mostly situated in field, so they are damaged from mechanical, chemical and biological weathering, and their degree of strength is also weaken. Therefore, the scientific conservation of the stone cultural heritages are necessary in order to the long-term maintenance and safety conservation. In this study, we attempt to estimate on the field application of consolidants which are Wacker OH 100, Remmers KSE 300 and 1T1G according to the quality of the rocks. Based on the ultrasonic velocity, conditions of weathering damage before treatment are mainly ranked completely weathering condition (CW) or partly highly weathering condition (HW). After the first treatment, weathering damage conditions are changed by the high weathering condition (HW). These results shows that the internal pores of stone are filled with consolidant materials, so average ultrasonic velocities increases after treatment. And Remmers KSE 300 which is consolidant material is highest rate of increase of average ultrasonic velocities.

        • KCI등재

          유전자변형식물의 검정기술 개발 현황

          김재환,김영록,김해영,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Kim, Young-Rok,Kim, Hae-Yeong 한국식물생명공학회 2011 식물생명공학회지 Vol.38 No.2

          1994년 처음으로 GM 토마토인 Flavr Savr가 시장에 나온 이후, 2010년 현재 140여 품목의 GM식물이 전 세계적으로 상업화되었다. GM식물들에 대한 안전성 승인여부의 확인 및 표시제관리를 위하여 이들 GM식물내로 도입된 삽입유전자의 정보를 이용한 검정방법이 도입되었으며, 또한 도입유전자의 발현된 단백질을 분석하기 위하여 정성 및 정량을 위한 면역학적 방법이 도입되었다. 본 총설에서는 국내 외적으로 개발된 콩, 옥수수, 카놀라, 면화 등의 GM식물에 적용된 multiplex PCR, real-time PCR 방법과 최신 개발 중인 microarray, 나노기술 등을 활용한 방법들을 조사하였다. Since the first commercial GM plant, the FlavrSavr tomato, authorized in 1994, more than 140 GM plants were authorized for marketing globally. For the authorization and labelling of GM plants, the detection methods for genes introduced and proteins expressed in GM plants were developed qualitatively and quantitatively. This review presented the detection methods, conventional PCR, multiplex PCR and real-time PCR, for soybean, maize, canola and cotton as the dominant GM plants. Also, microarray assay and nanotechnology as new approaches for detection methods for GM plants were investigated.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          다한증(多汗症) 환자(患者)의 양도락(良導絡)측정 영역별 교감신경(交感神經)활성 상태에 대한 연구

          김재환,정승기,정희재,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Jung, Sung-Ki,Jung, Hee-Jae 대한한방내과학회 2010 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.31 No.1

          Objective : Hyperhidrosis is the secretion of sweat in amounts greater than physiologically needed for thermoregulation. Ryodoraku is a physiological function test using electric current, and is closely related to skin sympathetic tone. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of Ryodoraku and association of Ryodoraku with hyperhidrosis. Methods : For this study, we conducted Ryodoraku on 56 people, comprising 33 with palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis and 23 with head-face hyperhidrosis, who visited the 5th Internal Department of the Oriental Medicine Hospital of Kyung Hee University during the period from March 1, 2008 to May 31, 2009. Ryodoraku scores were evaluated and compared by 7 indices(upper, lower, left, right, yin, yang, total score). Results : Ryodoraku scores were significantly higher in hyperhidrosis patients than the normal group. Ryodoraku scores of palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis patients were significantly higher than of head-face hyperhidrosis patients and the normal group. The difference of Ryodoraku indices among palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis patients were insignificant. In head-face hyperhidrosis patients, the upper index was significant higher than the lower index. Conclusions : In hyperhidrosis patients, all indices were significant higher than lower. The upper/lower ratio was significant higher in head-face hyperhidrosis patients.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          소형 재생 가스터빈의 동적 작동특성 해석

          김재환,전용준,김동섭,노승탁,Kim, Jae Hwan,Jeon, Yong Joon,Kim, Tong Seop,Ro, Sung Tack 대한기계학회 1999 大韓機械學會論文集B Vol.23 No.6

          This paper presents models for the dynamic simulation of a regenerative gas turbine and describes dynamic behaviors of a small regenerative engine. A quasi-steady model is introduced where the inertia of the working fluid is assumed to be negligible compared with the mechanical inertia of the rotating shaft. Based on this quasi-steady model, the transient model for the heat exchanger is employed to simulate the unsteady heat exchange in the recuperator. The effect of the thermal inertia of the recuperator metal on transient behaviors is analyzed by comparing the predicted results of the transient and steady state heat exchanger models. For several load change modes such as sudden increase, decrease and periodic variation, engine dynamic characteristics are investigated by applying a fuel control logic for the constant shaft speed. It is found that the thermal inertia of the recuperator metal has a dominant effect on the whole engine dynamic behavior.

        • KCI등재

          무기체계 임베디드 소프트웨어에 대한 TFM 기반 시스템 테스트 모델 설계 및 적용

          김재환,윤희병,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Yoon, Hee-Byung 한국정보처리학회 2006 정보처리학회논문지D Vol.13 No.7

          In this paper we design the system test model for the weapon system embedded software based on the Time Factor Method(TFM) considering time factors and suggest the results through the case study. For doing this, we discuss the features, system tests and the object-oriented model based UML notations of the weapon system embedded software. And we give a test method considering time factors, a measuring method to time factors, and a test case selection algorithm as an approach to the TFM for designing the system test model. The TFM based system test model consists of three factors (X, Y, Z) in the weapon system embedded software. With this model, we can extract test cases through the selection algorithm for a maximum time path in 'X', identify the objects related to the Sequence Diagram in 'Y' and measure the execution time of each objects which is identified by the Timing Diagram in 'Z' Also, we present the method of extracting the system test cases by applying the proposed system test model to the 'Multi-function missile defense system'. 본 논문에서는 무기체계 임베디드 소프트웨어의 시간 요소를 고려한 TFM(Time Factor Method) 기반의 시스템 테스트 모델을 설계하고, 적용사례를 통하여 결과를 제시한다. 이를 위해 무기체계 임베디드 소프트웨어의 특징과 시스템 테스트 그리고 객체지향 모델의 표현방법인 UML 표기법에 대하여 알아보고, 시스템 테스트 모델 설계를 위한 TFM 접근 방법으로 시간 요소를 고려한 테스트 방법과 시간 요소 측정 방법 그리고 테스트 케이스 선정 알고리즘을 제시한다. 무기체계 임베디드 소프트웨어의 TFM 기반 시스템 테스트 모델은 세 가지 요소 (X,Y,Z) 로 구성되며, 'X' 에서는 최대시간경로를 선정하는 알고리즘을 통해 테스트 케이스가 도출되고, 'Y' 에서는 Sequence Diagram과 관련된 객체를 식별하고, 'Z'에서는 Timing Diagram을 통하여 식별된 각 객체들의 실행시간을 측정한다. 또한 제안한 W:M 기반 시스템 테스트 모델을 '다기능 미사일 방어시스템'에 적용하여 테스트 케이스를 추출하는 방법을 제시한다.

        • KCI등재

          결함위치추정 기법을 이용한 공대지 항공무장의 오류 요인 분석

          김재환,최경희,정기현,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Choi, Kyung-Hee,Chung, Gi-Hyun 한국군사과학기술학회 2010 한국군사과학기술학회지 Vol.13 No.4

          In this paper, we suggest a localization method of factors affecting the accuracy of Air-to-Ground weapon delivery. The proposed method, called FBEL(Factor-Based Error Localization), is based on the fault localization technique widely utilized in the realm of software engineering field. FBEL localizes the major factors affecting the performance of weapon delivery. To analyze the effectiveness and the applicability of FBEL, we applied FBEL to real firing data and got the major factors caused the errors. We expect that the method could contribute to improve the quality of weapon delivery system. We also expect that it may aid improvement of pilot capability greatly, if it is applied to pilot firing training.

        • KCI등재

          한국재래염소의 mtDNA 다양성 및 계통유전학적 분석

          김재환,조창연,최성복,조영무,연성흠,양보석,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Cho, Chang-Yeon,Choi, Seong-Bok,Cho, Young-Moo,Yeon, Seung-Hum,Yang, Boh-Suk 한국생명과학회 2011 생명과학회지 Vol.21 No.9

          Korean native goats, which are characterized by black coat color, have existed on the Korean peninsula for a long time. Until now, there has been no comprehensive investigation concerning their genetic diversity, phylogenetic analysis or origin. In this study, we investigated the genetic diversity and verified phylogenetic status of the Korean native goat using the 453-bp fragment of the hypervariable fragment I (HVI) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop region from 60 individuals among 5 populations. The Korean native goat showed less haplotype diversity when compared with goats from other countries. In addition, 6 haplotypes that had not been previously reported were verified in this study. In phylogenetic analyses with other country's goats, 10 haplotypes from Korean native goats were classified into mtDNA lineage A. Moreover, in a phylogenetic tree for goats which contained mtDNA lineage A, 8 of 10 haplotypes could be included in a subgroup with goats from Vietnam and an area of China. However, none of the remaining haplotypes belonged to a major group of Korean native goats and were located on different independent positions. These results suggest that almost Korean native goats aligned more closely to China and Vietnam breeds in mtDNA lineage A and there was no gene flow from other mtDNA lineages. Our results will contribute to conservation strategies and genetic breeding of Korean native goats. 한국재래염소는 흑모색의 특징을 나타내며, 유일한 염소 품종으로서 오랫동안 한반도에서 사육되어 왔다. 하지만 이들에 대한 유전적 다양성, 계통유전학적 분석 등을 통한 기원 추정 등에 대한 연구는 미비한 실정이다. 본 연구에서 한국재래염소 5개 집단, 60두를 대상으로 mtDNA D-loop 영역 중 HVI 영역의 서열을 이용하여 유전적 다양성 및 계통유전학적 분석을 실시하였다. 한국재래염소는 다른 나라 염소들에 비해서 haplotype 다양성 지수가 낮게 나타났다. 또한 본 연구에서 분류된 한국재래염소 10개 haplotype 중 현재까지 보고되지 않은 6개의 새로운 haplotype이 확인되었다. 계통유전학적 분석 결과, 분석에 사용된 모든 한국재래염소는 mtDNA 모계혈통 A에 속하였다. 10개의 haplotype 중 8개는 베트남, 일부 중국 염소와 함께 subgroup을 형성하였다. 그러나 나머지 2개 haplotype은 각각 서로 독립적인 계통유전학적 위치를 보였다. 이런 결과들을 토대로 한국재래염소는 상대적으로 높은 근친상황으로 외부 유전자 유입이 적었을 것이라고 추정된다. 한국재래염소의 새로운 mtDNA haplotype의 발견 및 유전자원 보존 및 평가를 위해서 더 많은 분석집단 및 개체를 수집하고, MS 마커를 이용한 추가분석이 필요하다고 사료된다.

        • KCI등재
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