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      • KCI등재

        조기 항생제 치료에도 불구하고 신농양으로 진행한 영아 요로감염 1례

        홍은영,이지현,정아영,이정원,Hong,,Eun-Young,Lee,,Ji-Hyun,Jung,,Ah-Young,Lee,,Jung-Won 대한소아신장학회 2012 Childhood kidney diseases Vol.16 No.1

        방광요관역류(5등급)가 동반된 요로감염영아(4개월)에서 발열 초기(15시간)에 민감한 항생제로 치료하였음에도 불구하고 신농양으로 진행되었고 장기 항생제 치료(6주)와 초음파 감시하 세침 흡인으로 경도의 신반흔을 남기고 호전된 1례를 경험하였기에 보고하는 바이다. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is most commonly diagnosed bacterial infection in febrile infants. Renal abscess is a very rare complication of UTI in children. Early diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics are important because renal scar correlates positively with the time of treatment. Renal ultrasonography and abdominal computerized tomography facilitates an earlier diagnosis and is also useful in establishing percutaneous drainage. Extended broad spectrum antibiotics therapy alone can be effective in most types of renal abscesses in infant, but some antibiotics-resistant cases need surgical drainage or nephrectomy. We report a case of a infant UTI, that progressed to renal abscess despite early antibiotic treatment and was treated with US guided percutaneous needle aspiration.

      • KCI등재

        “안네 프랑크 교육기관” 사례로 본 독일 학교 밖 정치교육의 특징과 과제

        홍은영 인하대학교 교육연구소 2019 교육문화연구 Vol.25 No.2

        Due to the historical background of the national socialist dictatorship and the devastation of World War II, Germany has a social consensus requiring that education— political education in particular—should make a considerable contribution to the formation of a democratic political culture. Since the 1950s, various political educational institutions have been operating cooperatively with organic connections and formed a pluralistic structure in which political education systems are rationally constructed inside and outside of school. On the other hand, Germany's political education is facing new challenges and tasks in a rapidly changing social context. This paper focuses on out-of-school political education in Germany, which is overlooked in Korean studies, and examines its characteristics and the current challenges that it faces through case studies on political education at the Anne Frank Educational Centre. This implies that the understanding of political education should not be limited to its goals, contents, and institutions, but should be conducted in close relation to changing social conditions. In conclusion, out-of-school political educational institutions in Germany are considering various projects and innovative curricula and ways to reinforce the political maturity of citizens and the formation of democratic society. However, political education, which depends on government subsidies and participant demands, is being criticized for its pro-establishment propensity under neoliberalism. Therefore, in the context of neoliberalism and immigration, political education should reflect diversity and new forms of power, as well as one's personal response to the anti-immigrant and anti-refugee phenomena. Furthermore, there is a more pressing need for political education that promotes a new perspective on nation-state thinking, social affiliation, and self-identity, which continue to have significant influences on everyday life. 독일은 국가사회주의 독재와 2차 세계대전의 파탄의 역사적 배경으로 인해 교육, 특히 정치교육이 민주적인 정치문화 형성에 중요한 기여를 해야 한다는 사회적 합의가 존재한다. 1950년대 이래로 다양한 정치교육기관들이 유기적인연계성을 가지고 협력적으로 운영하고 있으며, 학교 안과 밖의 정치교육 체계가 합리적으로 구축되어 있는 다원주의적체제를 가지고 있다. 그러나 다른 한편으로 독일의 정치교육은 빠르게 급변하고 있는 사회적 맥락 속에서 새로운도전과 과제에 직면해 있다. 본 논문은 국내의 연구에서 소홀히 하는 독일의 학교 밖 정치교육에 주목하고, 안네프랑크 교육기관의 정치교육의 사례를 통해 독일의 학교 밖 정치교육의 특징을 살펴보고 현재 어떤 도전에 직면하고있는지를 고찰하였다. 이는 정치교육에 대한 이해가 그 목표와 내용 그리고 제도적 차원에만 국한되어서는 안 되며변화하는 사회적 조건과 밀접하게 연관되어 이루어져야 한다는 것을 의미한다. 결론적으로 독일의 학교 밖 정치교육기관은 시민들의 정치적 성숙과 민주사회의 형성을 강화시키기 위한 다양한 프로젝트와 혁신적인 교육 내용과 방법을고민하고 있다. 그러나 국가보조금과 참여자의 수요에 의존하는 정치교육은 신자유주의 하에서 체제 지향적으로기능하고 있다는 비판적 목소리가 제기되고 있다. 따라서 신자유주의와 이주사회의 맥락에서 정치교육은 다양성과새로운 형태의 권력 그리고 이민·난민 혐오 현상에 대한 자신의 대응방식을 성찰하고, 일상생활에 여전히 큰 영향을미치는 국민 국가적 사고방식과 사회적 소속 그리고 정체성을 새롭게 이해하도록 촉진하는 정치교육이 더욱 절실하다고볼 수 있다.

      • KCI등재

        인공지능시대의 번역: 스티브 잡스의 연설문을 중심으로

        홍은영,탁진영 사단법인 아시아문화학술원 2020 인문사회 21 Vol.11 No.2

        The purpose of this study is to investigate different translation strategies between artificial intelligence and human beings. To pursue this purpose, Steve Job's Stanford commencement address, one of the most quoted contemporary speeches, is examined in this paper. This speech is simple, but persuasive; it adopts effective techniques to structure a message and inspire one who seeks meaning in his/her life and career. In order to maintain the genius of the source text in speeches and to produce a similar effect on target audience, this paper proposes that translators need to employ different strategies from the ones employed when they translate literary works. Furthermore, it is posited that the speech and its translation have to conform to some rules(i.e., equivalence, modulation, and structures) related to stylistic-rhetorical mechanism and characters of speeches. Finally, this paper shows that human translators perform better than AI translators by utilizing these translations rules. 본 연구는 기계와 인간의 서로 다른 번역 전략을 확인하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이러한 연구를 위해 스티브 잡스의 스탠포드 대학교 졸업식 연설을 검토하고자 한다. 잡스의 연설은 가장 인용이 많이 됐을 뿐만 아니라 단순하면서도 설득력 있는 메시지를 가지고 있다. 또한, 잡스의 연설은 메시지 전달을 위한 효과적인 구조를 가지고 자신의 인생과 직업에 의미를 부여하는 많은 사람들에게 영감을 주기도 했다. 이에 본 연구는 번역가들이 문학작품을 번역할 때 적용하는 전략과 일부 다른 전략을 사용해야 한다고 주장하는 바이다. 따라서, 연설문 번역은 연설문의 성격과 관련된 일부 규칙(등가, 변조, 구조)을 적용해야 한다고 본다. 더불어, 이러한 분석을 통해 인간 번역이 기계 번역보다 특정 전략을 사용하는 데에 좀 더 훌륭하다는 점을 확인하였다.

      • 독일 개혁교육학의 비판적 고찰 : 하이돈의 교육이론을 중심으로

        홍은영 한독교육학회 2019 한독교육학회 학술대회 자료집 Vol.2019 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

      • Allium속 채소류의 Bioflavonoids 함량비교에 대한 연구

        홍은영,김건희| 식물자원연구소 덕성여자대학교 2006 植物資源硏究誌 Vol.5 No.-

        Allium vegetables search as, Allium tuberosumare, and Allium sativum are perennial plants. Many studies reported to have the high levels of flavonoids in onion and garlic but little information for Allium victorialis and Allium tuberosumexists on their containing flavonoids. In this study, Allium victorialis, Allium tuberosumare, and Allium sativum analyzed bioflavonoids using HPLC. As a result of this study, Allium tuberosum contained kaempferol and rutin and the leaves had 4 times higher than the stems. However, myricetin (Retention time(RT) 19.30min.) and rutin (RT 14.75min.) were detected in skins of Allium sativum. One of the peaks, quercetin was identified at a RT of 26.52 min. from Allium victorialis and a RT of 26.42 min. from Allium tuberosum. We found that the pattern of peaks on the HPLC chromatograms of Allium victorialis and Allium tuberosum is smillar. In addition to using LC/MS was tentatively identified as quercetin, which gave [M]+ at m/z 303.3, indicating it could be quercetin. As a result, the levels of quercetin in Allium victorialis and Allium tuberosum were measured at concentrations of 0.14 mg/g and 0.07 mg/g, respectively. Therefore, the concentration of the quercetin in Allium victorialis is 2 times higher than its Allium tuberosum.

      • KCI등재

        대학생의 건강 관련 삶의 질 예측모형: 건강관리역량을 중심으로

        홍은영,이은희,김근면,전은주,박빈희 한국재활간호학회 2017 재활간호학회지 Vol.20 No.2

        Purpose: This research was conducted to construct a model explaining the quality of life (QOL) related to undergraduate students' health. Social support, self-efficacy and self-esteem were used as exogenous variables while health promotion lifestyles, personal health care competency were endogenous variables. Methods: A survey was conducted with a structured questionnaire including QOL, health promotion lifestyles, personal health care competency, social support, self-efficacy, and self-esteem. Data were collected from 269 undergraduate students with random sampling and then analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: Personal health care competency, health promotion lifestyles, social support, self-esteem had both direct and indirect effects while self-efficacy had indirect effects on the QOL of undergraduate students. Especially, social support, self-efficacy and self-esteem influenced positively to the QOL while greater health promotion lifestyles and personal health care competency improved QOL. Thus, personal health care competency and health promotion lifestyles were important mediator for positive QOL in undergraduate students. Conclusion: Interventions aiming to enhance health promotion lifestyles and personal health care competency, based on the results of this study, are required to help positive QOL in undergraduate students. Our results can serve as basic data for designing such interventions.

      • 이완요법이 수술환자의 불안과 건강통제위성격에 미치는 영향

        홍은영 中央醫學社 1989 中央醫學 Vol.54 No.7

        The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of relaxation therapy on the . anxiety and health locus of control in 30 surgical patients admitted surgical department of one University. Hospital in Wonju and one University Hospital in Seoul. The samples were assigned to an experimental or a control group. The tools of this study were A-state of Spielberger's STAT, multidimensional health locus of control scale developed by Wallston & Wallston, Jacobson's progressive relaxation therapy and blood pressure measurement. Analysis of data was done using t-test, XZ-test, and pearson correlation coefficient. The results were as follows: Hypothesis 1; "The experimental group with relaxation therapy will have less score of state anaxiety following surgery than the control group without relaxation therapy." was accepted. (t=-2.21, p <.05). Hypothesis 2;"The experimental group with relaxation therapy will have more score of Internal Health Locus of control following surgery than the control group without relaxation therapy" was accepted. (t=4.47, p < .001). Hypothesis 3; "The experimental group with relaxation therapy will have less score of blood pressure following surgery than the control group without relaxation therapy" was rejected. (Systolic pressure: t=0, p >.05, diastolic pressure: t=-0.98, p > .05). In conclusion, the researcher thinks that it is necessary that nurses provide surgucal patients with relaxation therapy to reduce the anxiety leveLand to be internality an Health Locus of control.

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