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본 연구는 현재 서울시 역세권을 대상으로 선 도시계획-후 교통계획의 형태로 조성되어 나타나는 역세권의 토지이용과 지하철 이용형태의 실태 및 문제점을 실증적으로 분석하고 도시계획특성인 역세권 개발특성이 교통계획특성인 대중교통 서비스여건에 어떠한 영향을 미치고 있는지를 규명하고자 하였다. 분석결과 및 시사점을 살펴보면 첫째, 역세권 개발특성의 변수 간, 대중교통서비스여건의 변수 간에 상호작용이 존재하였다. 서울시 역세권은 상업업무 중심의 고밀개발로 도시공간구조 재편 효과가 미미하고 대중교통서비스와 주차서비스가 상호보완적으로 조성되어 대중교통이용 활성화가 저해되고 있었다. 둘째, 역세권 개발특성으로서 개발밀도, 인구유발시설은 대중교통서비스 여건에 비슷한 영향을 미치고 있었다. 셋째, 서울시 역세권의 토지이용복합도는 개발밀도와 다르게 지하철 및 버스서비스보다는 도로 및 보도체계, 대중교통 이용에 영향을 미치고 있었다. 특히 서울시 역세권 중 주거시설과 비주거시설의 균형 있는 용도복합계획이 보행 및 자전거 접근을 쉽게 하고 대중교통이용을 증가시키고 있다는 점에 주목할 필요가 있다. This study aims to analyze actual conditions and problems of subway station influence areas (SSIA) in Seoul, which were developed under the system of urban planning first and then transportation planning next. Especially, the study tries to understand how urban development characteristics influence the level of services and activities in public transportation. By utilizing Partial Least Square - Structural Equation Modeling, the results come as the followings. First, there are statistical associations between urban development characteristics and SSIA. Failing consideration of the balance between urban planning and transportation planning would suppress active usage of public transportation. Moreover, the high density commercial development is not associated with the better subway services. Second, generally, dense development and population attractive facilitates influence public transportation usage. Lastly, it depicts that mixed land use of SSIA is associated with the higher activities of subway usage. Especially, the balanced residential and non-residential planning makes better accesses to pedestrian and bicycle to public transportation and eventually, it would help activate public transportation usage. The results may contribute to develop more diverse and effective SSIA plans in Seoul.
While the recent studies on City Brand have been mostly considered on the results-oriented City Image and City Marketing only, it is important to focus the City Identity as a value of city, when evaluating of City Brand as a process. So this study aims to propose the politic implications from a cognitive characteristics on City Identity and City Brand of cities and counties in Gyeonggi-Do as an effect analysis of external cognition(communication). Above all, it reestablished City Brand based on City Identity and considered its formation Process. Then it explored the influence factors of City Identity and City Brand, and analyzed the cognitive characteristics using Portfolio Analysis and Effect Analysis. As a result of the analysis, first, this study shows that City Brand is bound up with City Identity and should be evaluated considering Mind Identity, Behavior Identity and Visual Identity for Royalty of City Brand. Second, politic implications on each type of cognitive characteristics were summarized in the followings : Type1 needed strategic City Branding (4 cities), Type2 required improvement of City Brand (2 cities), Type3 required improvement of City Image (3 cities), Type4 urgently needed development and Improvement of City Brand based on City Identity in priority (10 cities), and Type5 actively required concentration on City Promotion for external cognition(communication) (12 cities).
본 연구는 도시공간을 오래 지속될 수 있는 삶의 토대를 만드는 도시디자인으로서 공공디자인의 의미를 되짚어보고, 이에 따른 올바른 정책방향을 제시하기 위해 공공디자인 정책의 평가체계 개발을 목적으로 하였다. 먼저, 선행연구검토와 이론적 고찰을 통해 도시디자인으로서 공공디자인 정책이 가져야 할 정책기본원칙으로 통합성, 관계성, 장소성, 일상성, 지속가능성을 도출하였다. 또한 공공디자인 정책평가의 틀로서 BSC성과관리시스템의 개발단계의 틀을 적용하였고, 도시(공공)디자인의 특성상 서로 상호의존성이 존재한다는 가정 하에 정책평가요소들 간 상관관계를 규명한 후, ANP 분석을 실시하였다. 분석결과로 정책대상은 공간/환경부문, 정책목표/계획부문이 중요하고, 정책평가요소는 장소/정체성, 통합계획, 지역성, 문화창의성, 친환경성 순으로 중요하게 분석되었다. 이와 같은 결과는 향후 서울시 공공디자인 정책의 방향과 그에 따른 사업추진이 공간/환경부문에서의 시설물중심, 성과중심보다, 장소/정체성, 통합마스터플랜, 지역기반의 생활밀착형 전략, 시민참여와 조직간 유기적 협력, 공공의 역할 재정립 등을 중심으로 이루어져야 함을 보여주고 있다. The goal of this research is to develop the Evaluation System for the public design policy as urban design that may create a foundation for Sustainable Life. The basic principles for the public design policy was drawn to Coordination, Communication, Locality, Everydayness, and Sustainability through the consideration of precedent studies and theories. Then the basic evaluation frame of public design policy was applied to the BSC system as evaluation of public policy. Based on the principles and framework, it explored the relationship between policy evaluation indicators and a priority of indicators through the ANP analysis. The priority of evaluation indicators was summarized in the followings: place making/identity, integrated plan, context, culture/creativity, and environment. The findings showed that public design policy of Seoul should focus on place-making/identity, localized strategy for master plan, citizen participation with organizational cooperation, and redefined public roles, over improving the physical design approach to the built structures.
Frequently, a single muscle flap is not enough to cover a large compound defects after extensive trauma or ablation of tumor. For a extensive defects, several kinds of flaps are available for various needs of reconstruction. The combined latissimus dorsi and serratus anterior flaps provide the largest possible soft tissue coverage. Two flaps composed of latissimus dorsi and serratus anterior muscles are consistently nourished through the subscapular-thoracodorsal vessels and their many branches, and thus the two flaps can be isolated with one vascular pedicled free flap. We experienced 4 cases of reconstruction in closure of extensive compound defects using the combined latissimus dorsi and serratus anterior muscles with one vascular pedicled free flap. The advantages of using these flaps are : 1) its versatlity and excellent malleability 2) easy to dissection 3) long-stalked pedicle 4) the use of a vascularized rib 5) negligible motor dysfunction from the muscle removal.
The rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap is frequently used in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery such as breast reconstruction and as a donor of free tissue transfer. Major problems with this flap is bulkiness, the possibility of postoperative abdominal herniation and muscle weakness following the removal of the rectus abdominis muscle. We used paraumbilical perforator based skin flap fed by a muscle perforator from the deep inferior epigastric artery, with no or little muscle and fatty tissue, in three patients for the resurfacing of relatively wide and thin defects. This technique has all of the advantages of the conventional rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap with decreased possibility of postoperative abdominal herniation or muscle weakness. Another challenging merit is possibility of skin flap thinning.
DMX-512 protocol is a lighting protocol which can control the various lighting fixtures by linking as networks. Recently many lighting fixtures corresponding to DMX-512 have been manufactured. The software which makes LED Control of lighting fixtures easy and simple, is proposed in this paper. The complicated interface and production method were improved and each mode was divided for simple production and reducing confusion of operator. The producing effects were confirmed by simulation results.
현재 디자인 서울거리를 제대로 조성하기 위한 평가관리체계가 미흡한 실정이지만, 디자인 서울거리 조성사업 평가체계의 기본적인 틀을 제시하는 연구로서 가로공간의 획일적 가이드라인 적용평가가 아닌 가로특성에 따라 유형을 객관적으로 분류하고, 유형별 평가항목의 가중치를 반영하여 실증평가를 하였다는 점에서 의미가 있다. 유형별 중요도 분석결과, 평가대상은 모든 유형에서 사업추진체계, 공간환경계획, 지역특성/시민이용 순으로 중요하게 나타났다. 또한 평가항목은 주민참여/협력을 바탕으로 유형1(가로변상업+주변혼합주거)은 지역특성/연계, 사업타당성 순으로, 유형2(가로변상업+주변문화)는 지역특성/연계, 계획/실행 순으로, 유형3(가로변상업+주변업무)은 사업타당성, 지역특성/연계 순으로 중요하게 나타나 유형별로 중요항목의 차이가 있음을 보여주었다. 따라서 물리적, 시각적 형태 중심의 기존 조성사업 추진에서 도시문화정책이 반영된 통합계획, 시민중심의 생활밀착형 계획, 경제 가치창출을 중요하게 다루는 사업추진으로 바뀌어야 하고 나아가 시민들의 필요를 반영하고 관계와 소통 중심의 계획관리가 필요하다는 정책적 시사점을 도출하였다. The goal of this research is to propose outlines of an Evaluation System for Design-Seoul Street Projects, which would improve the previously uniformed street guidelines, by 1) classifying types of streets according to the characteristics of street configurations, and 2) drawing priorities of evaluation criteria. The research findings are as follows: 1) ‘Project Implementation System’, ‘Spatial Planning’, and ‘Locality/Citizen Uses’ appear to be the evaluation subjects in all street types; 2) As for evaluation criteria, acknowledging Coordination/Citizen Participation, Street Type 1 recognizes ‘Locality-Project Feasibility’ in residential-commercial area; Street Type 2 recognizes ‘Identity- Plan/Implementation’ in cultural-commercial area; and Street Type 3 recognizes ‘Project Feasibility-Locality’ in businesses, which are the differentiated aspects of evaluation indicator by types of streets. These imply that Design-Seoul Street Projects should focus on 1) integral plans, considering urban-cultural policies; 2) localized strategies through citizen participation; and 3) organizational cooperations for better communication and caring; and 4) creation of economic values for the local revitalization, which cover beyond the physical design approaches to the built structures in Design-Seoul Street Project.
While the precedent studies on City Brand have been mostly considered on the results-oriented City Image and City Marketing only, it is important to focus the City Identity as a value of city, when evaluating of City Brand. So this study aims to propose the politic implications from an influence relationship analysis on City Identity and City Brand of Seoul as an effect of internal communication. Above all, it reestablished City Brand based on City Identity and considered its formation Process. Then it explored the influence factors of City Identity and City Brand, and analyzed the cognitive characteristics and the importance by each factor. As a result of the analysis, first, while ``Hi-Seoul``, City Branding of Seoul, is achieved good results as an external communication, it would not gain the sympathy with Seoul Citizens internally. Second, this study show that City Brand is bound up with City Identity and should be evaluated considering Mind Identity, Behavior Identity and Visual Identity for Royalty of City Brand. Third, Soft Branding focused on Social Value was thought to be more important than Physical Environment of the built structures on Seoul Citizens. Especially, they have been recognizing Seoul as Traditional Culture City and thinking City Brand need to consider City Vision of what Citizens want.
The Purpose of this study is to consider the improvement issues of urban design policy for creating a sustainable foundation of daily life. Recently, as urban design and public spaces are being more and more recognized as important to people, the concern about urban design policies and projects has also increased, which is why both the national and local government are coming up with plans and support projects concerning urban design. However, the recent urban design policies and projects have been criticizing for focusing physical and visual facilities-oriented design not close to citizen’s daily life. and there is insufficient urban design system possible to manage the urban space because of focusing the project performance. This study investigates trends in urban design policies in London, New York, Bilbao and Yokohama as leading overseas cities. As a result of case study, it showed that urban design policy would be promoted on place/identity, Master Plan, Strategy based on local life and context, citizen participation, organic cooperation network in between organization, and reestablishment of the public roles, not improving environment based on physical facilities and showing the project performance.