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Statements of problem: Zirconia core is used for posterior fixed partial dentures because it's good mechanical properties. Stress is concentrated on connectors in fixed partial dentures, so the proper design of connector areas is needed for adequate mechanical long-term properties of any prosthesis. The area of connector is critical, but tooth size and surrounding soft tissue limit the connector design. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare fracture strengths between different connector designs of zirconia core for posterior fixed partial dentures manufactured with CAD/CAM system and determining the optimal connector design satisfying strength and hygiene. Material and method: The following four groups of 40 posterior fixed partial denture specimens(each group 10) were fabricated as followed; group 1 vertical height of connector is 3mm (control group, all groups have the same condition); group 2, lingual vertical 1mm reinforcement on connector; group 3, lingual vertical 2mm reinforcing on connector and group 4, lingual vertical 3mm reinforcing on connector. Specimens were subjected to compressive loading on the central fossa of pontic by instron. SEM was used to identify the initial crack and characterize the fracture mode. Results: The results were as follows: 1. The mean fracture load of the non-lingual reinforcing group was 1212N and the lingual vertical 1mm reinforcing group was 1510N, the lingual vertical 2mm reinforcing group was 1882N, the lingual vertical 3mm reinforcing group was 1980N. 2. The reinforcing groups were statistically significant compared to non-reinforcing groups(P<0.001). 3. There were 2, 3mm reinforcing groups that were statistically significant compared to 1mm reinforcing groups(P<0.001), and the 3mm reinforcing group was not statistically significant compared to 2mm reinforcing groups(P>0.05) 4. Fractures were initiated in gingival embrasures of connectors and processed to the loading site. Conclusion: In this study, lingual reinforcement of connector for improved strength of zirconia based fixed partial denture is nessasary. And long-term study for clinical application is required
E-commerce has not only brought about a great change in the way we exchange goods and services but also revolutionized the way we handle business transactions. In addition, it has a significant influence upon the present business structure, and most of firms in service industry as well as manufacturing are considering adopting E-commerce in a serious manner. Most vessels purchase merchandises through a number of shipping agents. As the amount of harbor materials increase, the number of vessels and their navigation frequency also increase. As a result, the amount of procurement for ships has increased. Traditional means such as telephone and fax to handle ever-increasing harbor transaction, however, has proved to be very time-consuming and cost ineffective. Therefore, people are starting to look for more effective ways. In this paper, an internet-based scheme of 13213 transaction is proposed to handle procurement problem between shipping agency and shipping company, and between vessel and suppliers as a more effective approach to streamline such problems. We extract problems of shipping agency through task-analysis and present a scheme that performs decision making and procurement as a system agent with brokering structure. Purchaser and supplier are offered material information rapidly and task loads are minimized by the scheme. Also, the system can support decision making of purchasing goods, and information is shared among purchaser, supplier and system through the system interface.
최근 공급사슬관리(SCM)는 인터넷을 기반으로 하는 e-SCM 환경으로 발달하고 있다. e-SCM은 웹을 통한 기업의 원자재 조달에서부터 최종제품이 고객에 이르는 전 과정에 관련된 많은 업무를 효율적으로 관리하는 것으로, 공급사슬에 있는 많은 기업의 참여가 요구된다. 본 연구에서는 수주생산기업의 e-SCM 구매시스템에서 구매의도를 지닌 참여기업의 웹 로그 데이터를 분석 및 활용하는 방안을 제시하여 참여기업의 충성도와 수주전략 수립을 위한 방안을 제시하고자 한다.
This paper deals with the design of the manufacturing information system which is able to respond rapidly to various requirements of customers in make-to-order environment. The system is required to maintain a consistent flow of information from the start to the end. For this, we adopt an approach based on Information Engineering (IE) methodology, which consists of four stages: planning, analysis, basic design, and detail design. The first is a planing stage which establishes a project goal and organizes a project team. In the second stage, current activities are analyzed and problems are defined. The basic design is accomplished in the third stage, where a project scope is defined and an overall feature of the new system is presented. And then, in the last stage, the operation plan of each subsystem is drawn up in detail and all subsystems are integrated. This study applies the methodology to the case of H company and focuses on designing forms which are easy-to-write, easy-to-understand, and field-oriented. These forms are interrelated and can be used for systematic analysis and design. By applying them to the system design, we have obtained effect of reducing cost and time.