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      • KCI등재

        淸末民初 中國知識人의 日本留學과 동아시아 인식 ‒ 戴季陶와 李大釗의 일본유학 경험을 중심으로 ‒

        김형열 한국일본근대학회 2014 일본근대학연구 Vol.0 No.43

        청일전쟁에서 일본에 패한 淸은 변법을 실시하지 않으면 멸망한다는 위기의식 아래 적극적으로 維新의 길을 찾았고, 일본이 강성해진 원인에 대해 탐구하기 시작하였다. 탐구 결과 일본이 강성해 진 것은 유학생을 파견하여 해외에서 문물을 배워오게 한 것이 크게 주효하였다고 생각하게 되었고, 일본 등의 제도적 개혁을 본받기 위해 유학생을 파견하는 정책이 확립되었다. 戴季陶와 李大釗는 각각 淸末과 民初의 일본유학 고조기인 1905년과 1914년에 유학을 시작하여 2년에서 4년 동안 유학생활을 하였다. 戴季陶는 일본유학 시기 일본에 대한 동경을 드러내어日本論을 통해 일본의 특징과 우수성에 대해 논하기도 하였지만 귀국 후 일본의 제국주의 행로를 지켜보며 점차 일본에 비판적으로 변하였다. 李大釗 또한 일본이라는 정치, 문화 환경 속에서 서양의 근대문화를 받아들이며 발전된 민주주의 사상을 받아들일 수 있었지만 이후 일본의 ‘대아시아주의’에 대해 그것이 ‘침략주의’, ‘제국주의’, ‘군국주의’의 다른 이름이라고 비판하면서 이에 대항하는 ‘신아시아주의’를 주창하여 민족해방과 민족공조를 이루고자 하였다. When the Qing dynasty was defeated by Japan in the Sino-Japanese War, Chinese intellectuals started finding out the way that China would be strong and Japan had been strengthened. And They found out the reason of being powerful of Japan, that’s because Japan had been sending the students to west to learn more advanced and modern culture. So Qing dynasty formulated the policy encouraging Chinese intellectuals to study in Japan, and after the Russo-Japanese War, the movement to study in Japan by Chinese intellectuals had been booming in early 20th century. Dai Ji-tao went to Japan to study in 1905 and Li Da-zhao went to Japan to study in 1914, the booming years to study in Japan both in late Qing dynasty and early Republic of China. During studying in Japan, Dai Ji-tao had been attracted in Japanese characteristic and superiority. But after coming back homeland, he changed his attitude to Japan and criticized Japanese imperialism, because Japan had started walking down the road of imperialist. After studying in Japan, Li Da-zhao accepted western style democracy through Japanese modern academic circumstance but strongly opposed ‘Pan-Asianism’ that several intellectuals in Japan insisted at that time. And he advocated ‘New-Asianism’ that insist alliance of weaker nations and resistance to ‘Pan-Asianism’. Eventually he proposed world alliance in that allied weaker nations tried to join. In terms of nation he tried to correct the ways of Japan’s foreign policy, even if he accepted modern political thought during his stay in Japan.

      • 취약점 마켓 도입 영향요인에 대한 탐색적 연구 : 화이트해커 중심으로

        김형열,김태성 한국경영정보학회 2016 한국경영정보학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.2016 No.06

        IT기술의 적용범위가 확대될수록 IT기술을 이용하여 악용할 수 있는 취약점의 수와 영향력이 증가하고 있다. 취약점의 활용범위가 넓어짐에 따라 해킹 능력을 갖춘 전문가들은 기존에 취약점을 이용해 기업의 정보 탈취하거나 취약점 마켓에서 취약점 정보를 거래한다. 그 동안 한국의 취약점 관련 연구는 취약점 발견, 분석과 같은 기술적 측면을 중심으로 이루어져 왔고 많은 성과가 있었지만, 취약점에 관한 수요 조사와 참여자의 행동 연구는 부족하다. 따라서 본 연구는 취약점 마켓의 잠재적 참여자인 화이트해커를 대상으로 설문조사를 통해 취약점 마켓 도입의 필요성에 관하여 분석함으로써 한국에 취약점 마켓 도입 여부에 대한 판단 기준을 만들고자 한다.

      • 中華人民共和國 건립 전 毛澤東의 문화 사상과 정책

        김형열 대한중국학회 2018 대한중국학회 학술대회 발표집 Vol.2018 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

      • 에너지 節約을 爲한 一般體系의 役割

        金炯烈 연세대학교 대학원 1982 延世論叢 Vol.19 No.1

        The world is challenged by the serious shortage of energy resources. As such, this article is concerned with searching for feasible solutions of the crisis. Theoretically, there are two aspects in coping with the energy problem : energy conservation and development. For the scope of this study, however, only the former is dealt with. Specifically the article attempts to analyze general systems in terms of cultural, social, economic and political subsystems which are responsible for energy conservation. The cultural subsystem calls for value change in terms of quality of life, placing less emphasis upon materialism. In the social subsystem, it is suggested that both transportation and communication sectors be realigned for minimization of energy consumption, that buildings, both public and commercial, be regulated in heating and air-conditioning, and that both interest-groups and mass media take the role of disseminating information regarding energy conservation. It is also suggested that the educational sector provide opportunities in terms of learning energy-saying behavior and place emphasis upon research and development of energy conservation. Meanwhile, the economic subsystem calls for development of energy-saving devices, high productivity and improvement of managerial system. Finally, the political subsystem is suggested to provide the following policy alternatives : (a) pricing, (b) taxation, (c) administrative regulations, (d) grants for research and development, (e) dissemination of information concerning energy conservation, and (f) international cooperation. In short, over-all coordinated efforts should be made from the four subsystems with particular emphasis upon the political subsystem in an effort to maintain the optimum level of energy consumption.

      • KCI등재

        근대 山東 도시 교육문화 환경의 변화

        김형열 부산경남사학회 2008 역사와 경계 Vol.67 No.-

        With historical viewpoint, Shandong has unique cultural tradition. "Qi and Lu" were the feudal nations of "Spring and Autumn Period of Zhou dynasty". Because those are located in Shandong province, "Qi-Lu" became the representative of Shandong. Qi-culture based on mercantilism and Lu-culture based on Confucianism fused into one, that was "the culture of Qi-Lu". "The culture of Qi-Lu" was soon developed to special local culture of Shandong. This tradition of "Qi-Lu culture" created the unique cultural characters and contents, made traditional education changed, and also affected commercial development. "The traditional culture of Shandong" were mental, cultural factors for economical and commercial development of Shandong province. On the other hand, this traditional education system actually prevented society from developing toward modernization. In 1901, late period of Qing dynasty, the government of Qing reformed a system of education. This policy was reflected in Jinan, Shandong. Modern education system and curriculum were started in Shandong. The curriculum of school education consisted of something more practical, natural science-centered subjects. So, the role of school got changed not to produce government officials but to train suitable men of ability. In 1904, "Marketplace of a trade port" was built in Jinan. After that, Jinan began to build modern facilities, western style buildings, and new towns. It meaned inflow of Western civilization to Jinan. People in Jinan took interests in civilized facilities, became curious about Western things, and sometimes felt culture shock. It finally made education system advanced. "Marketplace of a trade port" finally functioned as economical and cultural hub. If city is developed externally and materially, people of that city also get changed mentally and culturally. Cultural changes affect city's feature. Therefore, "the changes of educational environment" indicate how fast the city is developed, and it affects the direction of the development.

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