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The aim of the corroborative rule of the confession abate the dangerousness of judgement error securing the reality of confession, and is prevent human right from hurting owing to overemphasizing confession. As these reason, they are ruled that the provition of the latter part of clause 12, Art 7, of the constitution and the criminal procedure code, Art. 310. Generally speaking, the confession of the accused on crime has more confidence in fact that, knowing to the inexpedient result, he confess as his option. In this point, the judge agree with the superiority of confession. But although it has the superiority, they are ruled about corroboratory evidence in order not to judge error securing the reality of the confession and not to force accompanying with over-emphasizing confession, because it is not the case that the reality of the confessive content is no doudt even if the confession at will. So the corroborative rule of the confession is the important exceptional principle of the free conviction rule, and it can be so called the restriction of proof evidence that is dening the value of independant evidence. Therefore the corroborative rule must be applied all of the criminals without restriction because it is to abate the falsehood from confession and to establish the reality. It can be said that the corroborative rule must be applied in the case of the accused confession both a criminal offense and a special criminal offense. The existing law(the provision of the latter part of clause 12, Art.7, of the constitution, the criminal procedure code Art.310.) means the important restriction of free conviction rule, it is so called the corroborative rule of the confession which is legal restriction about proof evidence.
본 논문은 축적된 획득사업 타당성조사 연구자료를 토대로 현행 국방연구개발 제도의 적용실태를 파악하고 이를 평가·진단하고자 작성되었다. 연구를 통해 국방연구개발 제도의 적용이 고려된 32건의 무기체계 획득사업에서 공통적으로 제기된 쟁점사항을 식별하였고, 이를 연구개발 의사결정 절차별로 분류하여 현 제도를 적용하는데 있어서의 위협요소를 분석하였다. 아울러 정확한 진단을 위해 실태분석 결과 통계적으로 유의한 것으로 파악된 사항에 대해서는 관련 정책요소와 연계하여 논의를 진행함으로써 시사점을 도출하였다. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and diagnose current defense R&D systems based on cumulative acquisition feasibility studies. To define a standard methodological approach, the stipulated rules and regulations were categorized to enhance the significance of the results and to rule out interventions of related factors. After 32 weapon system R&D plan analyses data were examined, common issues and bottlenecks were ascertained in different R&D decision stages. The results showed that the current R&D systems for private investment inducement and for plural competition are not working properly. Moreover, schedule-oriented project management behavior is still consistently observed, which tends to overrule other considerations in most of the decision stages. Finally, the actual aspects of the lack of integration and connectivity of the acquisition processes were uncovered. The incongruity of the factors showed that current policies and systems for the comprehensive development of national R&D capabilities are still being discretely operated.
This study introduces a computer-aided simulation automation and optimization approach using ISIGHT and MADYMO simultaneously. A MADYMO model that reconstructed a specific car-to- pedestrian accident case was chosen. At first, the impact velocity of car was calculated from the principle of the conservation of energy. MADYMO simulation was also performed to verify the final position of the pedestrian. Simulation automation process was constructed using ISIGHT and 6-input variables and 2 -output variables(objectives) were also parsed. Car impact velocity was found as the most effective factor from DOE(Design of Experiment). Finally the optimal position of the pedestrian could be achieved from optimization. ISIGHT is expected as a useful solution to save much time and to obtain more compatible outputs in the forensic engineering field.