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This paper details Hong Dae-yong’s changing perception of the West. Contemporary research on Hong Dae-yong’s perception of the West has caused a certain amount of confusion through indiscriminate use of the texts. After reviewing the order of his texts can it be confirmed that Hong Daeyong’s perception of the West changed objectively and scientifically only in his later days. Around the time of Eulbyeong yeonhaengnok, Hong Dae-yong’s perception of the West assumed a considerable degree of duality. His negative perception of Catholic catechism and his positive perception of the astronomical calendar crossed and his like of Western art techniques collided with his dislike of the content of religious art. His beliefs were based on Sino-centric theory and dogiron. It was not until Uisanmundap that his perception incorporated his new knowledge of natural science. Using the theory that on the spherical Earth an observer can be the center wherever he is, Hong Dae-yong came to recognize the West as equal to myself and described that a combination of Occidental and Oriental elements could secure the prospect for an advanced pursuit of civilization in our daily lives.
이 연구는 1934년 이후 일제가 실행한 세 차례의 김구 암살 공작의 실상을 밝히는데 있다. 윤봉길의거 이후 조선총독부 파견원은 1, 2차 김구 암살 공작을 실행했다. 그리고 이들은 상하이일본총영사관 경찰부와 협력하여 3차 김구 암살 공작을 실행했다. 1차 공작은 1935년 1월 나카노 파견원이 밀정 오대근을 동원하여 실행했으나 실패했다. 2차 공작은 1935년 8월 이후 히토스키 파견원이 밀정 위혜림을 내세워 실행했으나 실패했다. 특히 이중 첩자인 위혜림과 암살자로 믿었던 무정부주의자 정화암이 히토스키의 계획을 역이용하여 공작금 300원을 가로챘다. 3차 공작은 일본총영사관 경찰부와 조선총독부 파견원이 협력하여 추진했다. 이들은 김구의 통일운동에 불만을 가진 박창세를 회유 매수했다. 박창세는 반김구파인 이운환을 사주하여 김구를 암살하게 했다. 1938년 5월 7일 창사에서 일어난 ‘남목청사건’이 곧 3차 공작의 결과이다. 세 차례 암살 공작에는 모두 밀정이 등장한다. 오대근은 국내에서 청년 사회주의운동을 하다가 상하이로 와서 공산주의운동을 벌였고, 위혜림과 박창세는 밀정이 되기 전까지 임시정부등 민족운동에 종사했다. 이들이 밀정이 된 데는 오대근처럼 운동의 기반이 무너지면서 낙오하거나 아니면 위혜림과 박창세처럼 경제적 어려움 또는 개인적 약점 등이 원인이 됐다. 일제 경찰은 이런 개인들의 약한 고리를 파고들어 회유 매수하여 밀정으로 만들었다. 일본 경찰은 이들을 통해 김구 암살은 물론 독립운동에 대한 정보 파악 및 분열 공작 등에 이용했다. 결국 일제의 김구 암살 공작은 모두 실패로 끝났다. 하지만 이 사건은 일제가 밀정을 통해 중국 관내 독립운동에 관한 중요한 정보를 입수하고 또한 독립운동 내부의 분열과 내홍을 획책하는 일면을 잘 보여준다. This study reveals the reality of the three Kim Gu assassination plots carried out by Japanese imperialism since 1934. After ‘Yoon Bong-gil uigeo’(尹奉吉義擧), the dispatcher of the Government -General of Korea executed the first and second Kim Gu assassination plot. They worked with the Police Department of the Japanese Consulate General in Shanghai to carry out the third assassination. In January 1935, Nakano(中野) dispatcher carried out the first assassination plot with a spy Oh Dae-guen(吳大根), but failed. Since August 1935, Hitosugi(一杉) dispatcher carried out the second assassination plot with a spy Wi hye-lim(韋惠林), but also failed. In particular, a dual spy Wi Hye-lim and an anarchist Jung Hwa-am(鄭華岩) who believed to be an assassin reversed Hitosugi’s plan and intercepted the 300won(圓). The third assassination plot was cooperated by the Police Department of the Japanese Consulate General and the dispatcher of the Government-General of Korea. They bought Park Cheong-se(朴昌世) who was dissatisfied with Kim Gu’s unification movement. Park Chang-se let Lee Un-hwan(李雲煥) who was a anti-Kim Gu assassinate Kim Gu. ‘The Nammogcheon Incident’(楠木廳事件) that occurred on May 7, 1938 in Changsha(長沙) is the result of the third assassination plot. There are always spies in three assassination plots. Oh Dae-geun came to Shanghai after a youth socialist movement in Korea and took a communist movement. and Wi Hye-lim and Park Chang-se worked on national movements in the provisional government until they became spies. The reason to become a spy was the foundation of the movement has collapsed like Oh Dae-geun, or the economic difficulties or personal weaknesses such as Lee Hye-lim and Park Chang-se. The Japanese police broke the weak link of these individuals and bought them, and made them spies. In the end, Japanese imperialism’s Kim Gu assassination plots were ended in failure. However, this case shows one side that Japanese imperialism has gotten important information about the independence movements and also has plotted the division and contempt of the independence movement through a spy.
본 논문은 신체유물론적 시각에서 심대윤(沈大允, 1806-1872)의 복리사상(福利思想)을 탐색한다. ‘신체유물론’은 말 그대로 인간의 ‘몸’, 인간의 동물성과 신체 활동에 주안점을 둔 것이다. 흔히 심대윤의 복리사상은 이익 추구를 인간의 자연스러운 본성으로 긍정한 것으로 알려져 있다. 그런데 이익을 산출하는 것은 노동 행위이고 노동은 곧 육체 행위이다. 따라서 ‘이익 추구’보다 선차적 중요성을 갖는 것은 ‘몸’과 ‘노동’이다. 본고는 인간의 ‘몸’과 ‘노동’에 대한 심대윤의 사유에 주목하여, 일단 심대윤 자신의 노동 체험을 다각도로 분석한 다음, 심대윤의 ‘육체 긍정 사상’ 및 ‘노동 옹호 사상’을 살펴보고, 심대윤 사상의 서민적 지향을 두루 조망한다. 이런 사상적 면모는 제작자의 유물론적 감수성 및 생활 감각을 투영한 것으로 판단되는바, 인간의 육체성 및 신체활동에 대한 풍부한 사유를 내장하고 있다는 점에서 주목된다. This paper explores the welfare ideas of Shim Dae-yun (沈大允, 1806-1872) from the perspective of soma-materialism. Soma-materialism focuses on the human body, animality and physical activity. It is frequently mentioned that Shim regarded the pursuit of profit as a human nature. But it is labor that produces profits and labor is a physical act. Therefore it is body and labor that have preponderance importance over profit-seeking. Focusing on Shim’s ideas about human body and labor, this paper first analyzes Shim’s own labor experience from various perspectives, then examines Shim’s thought of body and labor, and investigates traces of mentality of ordinary people and working-class projected in Shim’s thought. Through these discussions, it is judged that Shim’s thought has various ideas about human body and show materialistic consciousness well.
Baek San An Hee-Je(자산 安熙濟)is activator of nation independence who was active in extendly national crisis environments under imperialism of japan. His 1910's independence movement was done through Dae-Dong(大東) Young Man Group. Since Dae-Dong Young Man Group is organzed at Octorber 1909's, it was organization of secret independence movement that was not break out maintained to obtain liberation until 1945'.
대북정책과 남북관계는 상호 밀접한 연관을 갖는다. 이 글은 김대중, 노무현 정부의 대북정책 추진과정에서 국내정치 요인이 어떻게 작용하고 영향을 미쳤는가를 분석하는 시도이다. 이 글이 김대중·노무현 정부를 분석 대상으로 하는 이유는 두 정부 시기 동안 이전 정부와는 달리 가장 적극적인 대북관여정책이 추진되었으며, 이에 따라 대북정책을 둘러싼 국내적 논란도 그만큼 고조된 시기였다는 점이다. 따라서 대북관여와 국내정치의 관계, 즉 대북정책 추진과 국내 지지기반 간의 연관과 의미를 잘 포착할 수 있는 시기라고 보았기 때문이다. 이를 위해 김대중, 노무현 정부 시기 동안 대북정책 전개과정상의 균열과 갈등을 국내정치 요인에 초점을 맞추어 분석하고 평가해보았다. 그 결과 김대중, 노무현 정부의 대북정책추진에서 반성하고 비판해야 할 초점은 정치사회와 시민사회에서 대북정책에 대한 합의기반을 구축하는 데 소홀했다는 점이다. 즉 대북관여에 치중한 나머지, 정작 대북정책 추진동력의 원천인 국내관여를 등한시했다는 점이다. 따라서 대북정책을 추진함에 있어서 제일 중요한 문제는 국내정치 기반, 곧“문제는‘안’이야”라고 말할 수 있다. North Korea policy and inter-Korean relations are closely associated with each other. This paper analyzes the role of domestic politics and its effects on North Korea policy process under the Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun administrations. This paper took the two administrations as object of analysis because they promoted the most proactive engagement policy toward North Korea unlike their predecessors, resulting in tensed domestic discussion concerning North Korea policy. In that regard, this paper set such a time frame to capture the relations between engagement with North Korea and engagement of domestic constituents most properly, which will facilitate understanding of links between promoting North Korea policy and domestic supports for it. With that in mind, this paper analyzed and assessed divisions and frictions in domestic politics in the course of the two administrations` developing North Korea policy. It found that one of the biggest problems with North Korea policy during the two administrations was that they overlooked the importance of building domestic consensus for North Korea policy in both political arena and the civil society. That is, they were so preoccupied with engagement toward North Korea that they underestimated the need to undertake domestic engagement which is the source of gaining a right momentum to execute the policy. Therefore, the most important question concerning execution of North Korea policy is base for domestic support; we can say that “It”s the “inside”!
The purpose of this study is to examine the facts, problems and to recommend a new strategic direction for the management at Dae-Sung Ri public tourism resort. To perform this research, I discuss the theoretical investigation of public tourism resort. and do statistical analysis. The data was collected from university students and local residents through a questionnaire. The statistical analysis of data was made using the factor analysis and the multiple regression. The results of factor analysis was the followings: 1) the institution kindness intention, 2) the activity intention. 3) the rest intention, 4) the knowledge intention, 5) the price intention, 6) the sensitivity intention. The multiple regression analysis was performed in this study based on the six factors. The end result of the analysis proved that the top three factors that had the most significant impact on tourist's satisfaction are in the following order: 1) the activity intention, 2) the sensitivity intention and 3) the institution kindness intention. This study suggests that, in order to provide high quality service to the tourist and promote the customer satisfaction, the management at Dae-Sung Ri public tourism resort should realign its strategy to put more emphasis and resources on those factors.
Cancer metastasis involves diverse cellular functionsvia bidirectional communications between intracellularand extracellular spaces. To achieve development of theanti-metastatic drugs, one needs to consider the efficacy andmode of action (MOA) of the drug candidates to block themetastatic potentials of cancerous cells. Rather than undertwo-dimensional environment, investigation of the metastaticpotentials under three-dimensional environment wouldbe much pharmaceutically beneficent, since it can mimic thein vivo tumor lesions in cancer patients, leading to allowanceof drug candidates analyzed in the 3D culture systems tolower failure rates during the anti-metastatic drug development. Here we have reviewed on the analyses of metastaticpotentials of certain cancer models in 3D culture systemssurrounded with extracellular matrix proteins, which couldbe supported by TM4SF5- and/or EMT-mediated actions. We particularly focused the initial events of the cancermetastasis, such as invasive outgrowth and disseminationfrom the cancer cell masses, spheroids, embedded in the 3Dgel culture systems. This review summarizes the significanceof tetraspanin TM4SF5 and Snail1 that are related to EMTin the metastatic potentials explored in the 3D gel systems.
Kim, Dae-Young. 2014. Communication, Argumentation and Relevance. Korean Journal of Linguistics, 39-4, 719-748. The purpose of this paper is to argue that a theory of argumentation can be incorporated into a theory of communication (i.e. Relevance Theory). Whereas argumentation is the process of justifying something in an organized or a logical way, which is composed of one or more claims and shows one or more grounds for maintaining them, communication is sharing communicators’ intentions. A speaker’s conveying of his intention to hearer is to create an effect in the hearer’s mind. Two pragmatic theories, Relevance Theory (henceforth RT) and argumentation theory (henceforth AT) are involved in this approach, which is based on the position that communication is always accompanied with argumentation. However, RT has been more focused on explaining how the utterance is interpreted by the hearer, not how argumentation is performed. For this reason, this approach presented here argues for the needs to extend the scope of RT’s application. This integrated approach within a single principle of relevance ultimately contributes to pursuing a more economic and coherent explanation of argumentation. (Jeonju University)
The purpose of this study was to prepare microcapsules encapsulating vitamin U (VU, S-methylmethionine) by complex coacervation. Multiple emulsion method was applied for encapsulating highly water-soluble VU. The composition of microcapsules was optimized using central composite design (CCD). The weight ratio of gelatin to gum arabic (X1) and the volume of oil phase (X2) were set as two independent variables to obtain the maximum weight of microcapsules (Y1) and the content of VU (Y2) in microcapsules higher than 2.5%. When the microcapsules were prepared based on the optimized composition, its actual Y1 and Y2 values were 95% of the predicted values. Morphology of microcapsules observed by the optical and the fluorescence microscopes was round shape. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of internal particles also confirmed that the multiple emulsions were encapsulated in the microcapules. Mean particle size of microcapsules measured by the laser diffraction particle size analyzer was 79.17 μm. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that VU exists in an amorphous state in the coacervate microcapsules. Thus, it can be concluded that hydrophilic VU was successfully encapsulated in the coacervate microcapsules using the multiple emulsion method, and the design of experiment (DoE) technique was useful to optimize the formulation.
This paper proposes a method for estimating the initial rotor position for an interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) using subdivided voltage vectors based on inductance variation. Since the stator inductance of an IPMSM varies depending on the rotor position, the current that flows through the entire IPMSM drive system can be different depending on the rotor position when a voltage vector is applied to the stator winding of the IPMSM. Therefore, the rotor position can be estimated using the differences in the currents. In the conventional method, which uses six voltage vectors to estimate the initial rotor position, the estimated position error is increased in specific regions where the phase angle of the applied voltage vector is remarkably different from that of the N pole of the rotor. This paper presents an advanced method using subdivided voltage vectors to estimate the initial rotor position more precisely in a specific region. The effectiveness of the advanced estimation method is verified by simulation and experimental results.