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Objective: This study explores the level of knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS and the relationship between knowledge and attitude among social workers and nurses working in the public sector in Gwangju, S. Korea. Methods: The sample was composed of 121 nurse and 124 social workers. For the purpose of this research participants completed a questionnaire designed to assess their knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. The data was collected between December 2008 and January 2009. All data was analyzed using SPSS WIN version 12.0 for technical statistics. t-Test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis was employed. Results: First, the result of this research showed that the level of participants knowledge on HIV/AIDS was 85.9%. The nurses score was significantly higher than social workers on knowledge. Second, the outcome also showed that nurses generally had a more positive attitude about HIV/AIDS patients than social workers but it was not significant. Third, participant's attitudes towards HIV/AIDS was significantly influenced by the level of knowledge and previous education about HIV/AIDS. Fourth, the results also showed that knowledge on HIV/AIDS is the most important influencing factor towards the participants attitude. Conclusions: This result has important implications for future education programs designed for health care professionals including nurses and social workers. Given the importances of the role of public officers as practitioners and policy makers on HIV/AIDS, the education program should not only focus on lectures but also include a sharing of practical experience and knowledge.
Acupuncture treatment is generally regarded as a relatively safe procedure. However, most procedures have some complications and acupuncture treatment is no exception. Reported complications of acupuncture treatment were mostly mild or temporary symptoms, but certain severe adverse effects were also observed. We report here for the first time a case of liver abscess following acupuncture and moxibustion treatment.
The purpose of this study was to examine a meaning of “making a relationship” in children appeared in free play through the body phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty. For this, participant observation for the free play time of 4 and 5 year-old class in a daycare center was performed for 5 months. Observation, interview, and document analysis was done to collect the data. Moreover an analysis method of phenomenological study(van Manen, 1990/ 1994) was used to interpret the collected data. The results of this study were as follows. First, making a relationship in children revealed the meaning by changing mutually and dynamically rather than being static. Second, when children tried to make a relationship, they were accepted or sometimes denied but they were willing to overcome the situation actively. Third, children built an inviable power relation caused by to their own historicity. Lastly, when making a relationship, children grasped how to lead the conflict to the coexistence transcendentally or differently depending on their level of experience. Likewise, this study has a significant meaning since it revealed that children incessantly try to make a relationship in their own way and they are a strong existence to lead the conflict to the coexistence actively. 본 연구의 목적은 자유놀이에서 나타난 유아의 ‘관계맺음’의 의미를 Merleau-Ponty의 몸 현상학을 통해 살펴보는 것이다. 이를 위해 어린이집 만 4, 5세 혼합반의 자유놀이시간을 5개월간 참여 관찰하였다. 자료 수집은 관찰, 면담, 문서분석을 통해 이루어졌으며, 이를 Van Manen(1990/ 1994)의 현상학적 연구의 해석 절차에 따라 해석하였다. 본 연구결과는 첫째, 유아의 관계맺음은 고정적이기 보다 상호 역동적으로 변화하면서 그 의미를 드러내었다. 둘째, 유아는 ‘관계맺음’을 시도하는 상황에서 때로는 수용되기도 하고 때로는 거부되기도 하지만 그 상황을 능동적으로 이겨내고자 하였다. 셋째, 유아는 그들만의 역사성으로 인해 보이지 않는 권력관계를 형성하고 있었다. 마지막으로 유아는 또래와의 관계맺음에서 갈등을 공존으로 이끌기 위한 방법을 선험적으로, 혹은 경험의 층위에 따라 각기 다르게 터득하고 있었다. 이처럼 유아는 자신이 처한 상황에서 나름대로 끊임없이 관계맺음을 시도하는 존재이며, 갈등을 공존으로 이끄는 능동적이고, 강인한 존재임을 드러낸 데 본 연구의 의의가 있다.
CADASIL(cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy) is a hereditary disorder leading to recurrent strokes and dementia. We report a case with CADASIL. The proband is a 40-year-old man with 2-year history of gait difficulty associated with multiple white matter abnormalities on brain MRI. His father and one of the four siblings also had histories of stroke. In two of three asymptomatic siblings, brain MRIs showed multiple subcortical infarcts. Genetic tests revealed R133C mutation of Notch3 gene. Korean Journal of Stroke 2001;3(1): 164~167
Background: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between the extent of bladder distention and the rise of blood pressure in middle aged women. Methods: In a cross-sectional, descriptive observational study, we obtained data from 172 middle aged women at a health promotion center of Pusan National University Hospital. We measured duration of urine-holding as the degree of the extension of bladder distention. Blood pressure was measured twice while holding urine and immediately after urination. Urine holding with full bladder was confi rmed by abdominal ultrasound. Results: Difference in systolic blood pressure was 4.2 ± 10.7 (P < 0.001), and that in diastolic blood pressure was 2.8 ± 7.7mm Hg (P < 0.001) between holding urine and immediately after urination. There was no signifi cant correlation between the urine-holding duration and differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: Our fi ndings suggest that systolic and diastolic blood pressure is increased by urine-holding at least 3 hours after the last urination in middle aged women. Thus in practice, blood pressure should be measured after the bladder is emptied.
Objectives: The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of interpersonal caringprogram on mental health among some university students. Methods: For this research, a non-synchronized quasi-experimental model including nonequivalentexperimental and control group was used. Interpersonal caring program for the university studentswas composed of intensive program (8 hours). The experimental group was made up of 18 studentsand the control group was made up of 23 students. The data were collected from November 25to December 17, 2010 and the collected data were analysed by the SPSS/Win 18.0 program. Results: Interpersonal caring program was effective for depression, anxiety, hostility and phobicanxiety. The results of this study indicate interpersonal caring program was effective in mentalhealth among some university students. Conclusion: Therefore, interpersonal caring program can be actively utilized as a useful interventionprogram for university students.
This Study is intended to take a look at the failures of new families and a wife with the female gender by taking a look at each wife described in the works by ‘Ling Shu Hua’ and ‘Chen Ying’ that had attracted the people’s attentions after the free love & marriage era during 1920s. The narrations on wives in those works have two features as follows. One work re-describes a symbol of love while taking a look at a new family which was formed based on love. The love re-written by the wife as a new woman becomes a clue for threatening the new family as the illusion on the modern egos- the wife as a new woman and the husband as a new man- is revealed while there disappears the light of love as the absolute and noble value. The other work re-describes the sexual desire of a new wife by describing the wife’s awareness of her own desires. ‘Ling Shu Hua’ and ‘Chen Ying’ tell the self-seeking and the sexual desire by each wife. When it is considered that the married women have another kind of gender whose sexual desires or self-seeking desires are suppressed, it can be said that ‘Ling Shu Hua’ and ‘Chen Ying’ try to appeal for a departure from the traditional concept on ‘wives’ to the people by describing each wife who expresses each self-desires in their novels. However, ‘wives’ described in their novels are the symbols that show the gap between ideals and realities very sadly. Each wife of each new family who is understood by ‘Ling Shu Hua’ and ‘Chen Ying’ represents the spaces of each family where the absoluteness of love is damaged, the fantasy on free love is destroyed, the inferiorities of a new mail or woman are revealed explicitly and show the illusion on new families that have been created ideally as sweet homes as they are in reality. It can be said that the wives of new families as the common denominator of the plan of ‘Becoming a woman’ by a woman and ‘Becoming a new Person’ by a man in the discussions on free love are actually the symbols of the impossibility of becoming a certain kind of being. As the results, ‘Ling Shu Hua’ and ‘Chen Ying’ is requesting the people to rethink of love & marriage and a new woman or man as a modern ego by using each wife as a symbol. It can be said that the narrations on wives by ‘Ling Shu Hua’ and ‘Chen Ying’ are meaningful from the aspect of the very sentence mentioned above. 본고는 1920년대 링수화와 천잉의 작품 가운데, 특별히 신여성 ‘아내’의 이야기를 서사 중심으로 삼은 작품을 연구대상으로 하여, 신가정의 균열과 ‘아내’라는 젠더를 살펴보았다. 이들의 ‘아내’ 서사는 다음과 같은 두 가지 특징을 갖는다. 하나는 사랑을 바탕으로 이루어진 신가정의 위기를 통해 사랑이라는 기표를 다시 쓰고 있다는 것이다. 신여성인 아내에 의해 다시 쓰인 사랑은 절대적이고 숭고한 가치로서 그 빛을 상실한 채, 근대적인 자아 – 신여성인 아내와 신남성인 남편 - 의 허상을 드러내고 신가정을 위협하는 단초가 된다. 다른 하나는 신여성인 아내의 자기욕망 발견을 통해 ‘아내’라는 젠더를 다시 쓰고 있다는 것이다. 링수화와 천잉은 아내의 자기추구를 ‘얘기’하고, 아내의 성을 ‘얘기’한다. 기혼여성이 성적욕망이나 자기추구욕망이 거세된 또 다른 성임을 떠올려 보면, 링수화와 천잉은 자기욕망을 ‘말하는’ 아내를 통해 전통적인 관념 속 ‘아내’라는 젠더에서 일탈을 시도하는 것이라 할 수 있다. 그런데, 여기에서 나타난 ‘아내’는 이상과 현실의 간극을 매우 아프게 보여주는 기표이다. 링수화와 천잉이 포착한 신가정 속 ‘아내’는 사랑의 절대성과 숭고성이 훼손되는 공간이고, 자유연애의 환상성이 해체되는 공간이며, 신남성과 신여성이라는 당대 이상적인 자아의 열등성이 적나라하게 드러나는 공간이자, 스위트홈으로서 이상적으로 유포된 신가정의 허상을 날것으로 보여주는 공간이다. 자유연애담론 속에서 여성의 ‘여성-되기’와 남성의 ‘신인(新人)-되기’ 기획의 공통분모였던 신가정 속 ‘아내’가 기실은 ‘–되기’의 불가능성을 보여주는 기표였던 셈이다. 이로 보자면, 링수화와 천잉은 ‘아내’라는 기표를 통해 사랑과 결혼, 근대적 자아로서 신여성과 신남성에 대한 재사유를 요청하고 있다. 바로 여기에 링수화와 천잉의 아내서사가 갖는 의미가 있다고 하겠다.