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      • 현대과학기술에 대한 지식수준과 태도 조사를 위한 검사지 개발

        김은진,신은화,김은진 부산교육대학교 과학교육연구소 2006 科學敎育硏究 Vol.31 No.-

        본 연구의 목적은 현대과학기술에 대한 지식수준과 태도를 측정하기 위한 검사지를 개발하는데 있다. 1차적으로 전문가 4명이 참여하여 문항의 적절성 검토 및 예비 검사 문항을 선정하였다. 2차적으로는 ○○교육대학교 ○○과 3학년 대학생 70명을 대상으로 설문지를 배포하여 총62명의 응답자를 표본으로 추출하였다. 평가문항은 태도문항과 지식수준을 알아보는 문항으로 분류하였다. 태도문항은 SPSS 14.0 프로그램을 이용하여 신뢰도를 알아보았고, 지식수준은 TestAn1.0 프로그램으로 고전검사이론에 기초한 문항검사를 실시하여 변별도, 난이도, 신뢰도를 알아보았다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같이 요약할 수 있다. 첫째, .현대과학기술에 대한 태도를 측정하기 위한 평가도구로 리커르트 식 척도로 개발하였다. 타당하고 신뢰로운 문항을 선정하기 위하여 문항 분석을 하고 그 결과 30문항을 선정하였다. 이 평가도구의 신뢰도는 Cronbach's Alpha .710이다. 둘째, 현대과학기술에 대한 지식수준을 측정하기 위한 평가도구로 4지선다형 문제를 개발하였다. 이는 20문항을 선정한 것으로 변별도는 .361, 난이도 .556, 신뢰도는 Cronbach's Alpha .642의 결과를 얻었다. The purpose of this study is to develop the test paper for measuring knowledge level and attitude research on modern scientific technology. For the first of all four participant professionals have examined the fitfulness of the questionaires to inspect and selected preparatory test quetionaires. In the next step we delivered the questionaires to 70 junior objective undergraduates in ○○ dept. of ○○ naitonal university of Education, made a model the answers of the questionaires gathered from 62 among them, and extracted test paper questionaires from on the base of the model. Valuation questionaires are classified into attitude questionaires and the other questionaires to inspect knowledge level. The attitude questionaires are examined to measure reliance degree by using the SPSS 14.0 Program and We inspected the questionaires to measure difference degree, difficulty level, and reliance degree of knowledge level according to the TestAn1.0 Program on the base of classic test theory. The result of this study can be summarized as following. First, we developed the test paper in use of Likert scales as valuation device to measure the attitude on the modern scientific technology. 30 questionaires were selected in the result of analysing them to choose valid and reliable questionaires. The reliance degree of this valuation device is Cronbach's Alpha .710. Second, we developed the test paper with the way to pick up a correct answer from among 4 questions as a valuation device to measure the knowledge level on modern scientific technology. We could choose 20 questionanaires with the results of difference degree .361, difficulty level .556, and reliance degree .642 of Conbach'Alpha .

      • Beethoven Sonata OP. 110 의 Pedalling 에 관한 考察

        金銀鎭 東亞大學校 1984 東亞論叢 Vol.21 No.1

        As mentioned in the main part of this thesis, pianists try to explain the various problems concerning pedalling, throughout their piano performances in concrete ways. The reason is that pedalling always depends on individual musical tastes. The most significant purpose of using the piano pedals is to harmonized enable the performer to make more colorful enriched and tunes. Therefore, the pianists should keep there ideas in mind in several basic situations because to enrich the music, they tend to use the pedals too frequently in such situtions. By using the pedals, they want to create various acoustical sounds, which brighten up the sounds on their own way. As Beethoven said, "I am conscious that God knows my art better than others, so I enjoy keeping company withthe Lord without any fear." We are likely to create melody more beautifully, sacredly, and courteously through the communication with God. It is obious that pianists in those days could not help but display just as much effect on the music as the composers, because the instruments are inadequate to cover all the sounds. After studying the various and delicate pedallings of op.110, one of the most emotional and melodious of all the 32 Beethoven's piano sonatas, I evaluated the general usage of the piano pedals as follows: I. When the chord or harmony remains the same, there may seem a general concept that you should keep your foot on the pedals continuously. This, however, isnot always true. It should be noted that there are some sections where you do not need continuous use of the pedal, even if it is the same chord. Use of the pedal in these cases, should depend on the musical image, rhythm, the musical pattern and the organization of the melody. II. The main advantage of pedalling which I have found in my study is that we are forced to use them to link one tone to another. This enables us to make wonderful sounds which can not be made with the fingers alone. III. The pedal should be used not only to create a colorful and dynamic melody through a scattered chord, but to keep the resonance. IV. Modern workers for piano indicate specific pedalling to achieve rhythmical accent, curt Staccato, and emphasis on a sf or ff. Therefore, Staccato exercises to improve one's pedalling techniques, are required just as much as those of the hands. V. It has been made a rule not to use the pedals in polyphonic music. You can, however, use the pedals to some degree in this music to achieve the required precise Legato, to increase the range of sound, and to liven up the subrogated melody. VI. In reference with the above studied result, the importance of the pedalling in the music is to make clear three elements which the contemporary musical style requires. The three elements are: 1) The Clearness of sound 2) the continuation of melody 3) the frequent and short use of the pedals Finally, the appropriate pedalling application should be improved after studying the general use of the pedals and carefully analyzing the difference between pianists and composors. One should seek for adequate techniques of pedalling and carry out its application to cope with the instruments, environment, and musical situation which are given to him.

      • KCI등재후보

        Customer Relationship Management in a Duopoly

        김은진 연세대학교 경영연구소 2011 연세경영연구 Vol.48 No.2

        Many studies have shown the importance of customer relationship and loyalty in firms’ profit generation. Hence, firms have made efforts to develop customer relationships and increase customer loyalty. However, after recognizing that not every customer relationship is equally profitable, firms have tried to find customers with whom firms can build more profitable relationships. Given limited customer relationship development resources, firms, then, have concentrated their resources to customers with the potential of having more profitability For example, Best Buy, one of major retailers of consumer electronics in the United States, allows customer, who are identified as profitable, to enter a private room where expensive equipment is on display. Other than those customers, customers perceived as less valued are de-emphasized. Researchers also have argued that firms need to reduce resources put into the customers who are expected to be less profitable and instead increase the amount offered to the customers who are expected to be more profitable. In this study, we investigate whether or not it is appropriate for firms in a duopoly to concentrate their resources on their most profitable customer relationships. Our result shows that such resource concentration might not be desirable under certain conditions.

      • KCI등재

        Local protein synthesis in neuronal axons: why and how we study

        김은진,정호성 생화학분자생물학회 2015 BMB Reports Vol.48 No.3

        Adaptive brain function and synaptic plasticity rely on dynamicregulation of local proteome. One way for the neuronto introduce new proteins to the axon terminal is to transportthose from the cell body, which had long been thought as theonly source of axonal proteins. Another way, which is thetopic of this review, is synthesizing proteins on site by localmRNA translation. Recent evidence indicates that the axonstores a reservoir of translationally silent mRNAs and regulatestheir expression solely by translational control. Different stimulito axons, such as guidance cues, growth factors, and nerve injury,promote translation of selective mRNAs, a process requiredfor the axon’s ability to respond to these cues. One of thecritical questions in the field of axonal protein synthesis is howmRNA-specific local translation is regulated by extracellularcues. Here, we review current experimental techniques that canbe used to answer this question. Furthermore, we discuss hownew technologies can help us understand what biological processesare regulated by axonal protein synthesis in vivo.

      • KCI등재

        부모와의 애착과 청소년의 또래관계 : 우울증상 및 갈등해결전략의 매개효과

        김은진,이정윤 한국청소년상담복지개발원 2009 청소년상담연구 Vol.17 No.2

        This study examined the mediating effects of depression and conflict-resolving strategies on the relationship between parent attachment and peer relationship among adolescents. 324 middle school students participated in this study. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale(CES-D), Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment(IPPA-R), The Conflict Resolution Measure: Friends, Parents, Co-workers(CRM:FPC), Index of Peer Relations(IPR) were administered to the participants. The results were as follows: First, the communication and trust subtypes of parent attachment scores were positively correlated with adolescents' peer relationship and the cooperate type of conflict-resolving strategies scores, while they were negatively correlated with depression and the aggressive type of conflict-resolving strategies scores. Second, the avoidant type of conflict-resolving strategies scores was positively correlated with the alienation subtype of parent attachment scores. Third, depression and conflict-resolving strategies partially mediated the relationship between adolescents' parent attachment and their peer relationship. The implications and the limitations of the current study were discussed. 본 연구는 청소년의 부모애착이 또래관계에 영향을 미치는 과정에서 우울증상과 갈등해결전략의 매개효과 를 가정하고 이를 검증해 보고자 하였다. 연구대상은 서울에 위치한 중학교에 재학 중인 청소년 324명이 었으며, 부모애착 척도(Inventory of Parents and Peer Attachment: IPPA-R), 우울증상 척도(The Center for Epidemiological StudIes-Depression Scale: CES-D), 갈등해결전략 척도(The Conflict Resolution Measure: Friends, Parents, Co-workers: CRM;FPC), 또래관계 척도(Index of Peer Relations: IPR)를 사용하여 설문을 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 상관분석 결과, 청소년 애착의 하위 유형 중 의사소통과 신뢰 감은 또래관계 및 협력형 갈등해결전략과 유의미한 정적상관이 있었고, 우울증상 및 공격형 갈등해결전략 과는 유의미한 부적상관이 있었다. 그리고 회피형 갈등해결전략은 부모애착의 하위 유형 중 소외감하고만 유의미한 정적상관이 있었다. 둘째, 청소년의 부모애착이 또래관계에 영향을 미치는 과정에서 우울증상과 갈등해결전략의 매개효과를 알아본 결과, 우울증상과 갈등해결전략은 각각 부분매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 의의와 한계 그리고 후속연구를 위한 제언에 대하여 논의하였다.

      • 참전유공자, 경찰관, 소방관의 외상 후 스트레스 장애 정도와 상담요청 장애요인

        김은진,주희주,이상흔 국가위기관리학회 2015 국가위기관리학회보 Vol.7 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        본 연구는 오래전 외상사건을 경험한 참전유공자와 최근 외상사건을 겪고 있는 PTSD의 위험집단인 경찰관, 소방관을 대상으로 외상 후 스 트레스 장애 및 상담요청 장애 정도를 측정하여 비교하고 외상 후 스 트레스 장애와 상담요청 장애의 관련성 및 상담적 지지 요구를 조사하 여 향후 외상 후 스트레스 장애의 중재 개발과 치료적 접근을 위한 기 초자료로 사용하고자 설계된 서술적 조사연구이다. 참전유공자는 D시 에 위치한 보훈병원을 내원하는 입원 및 외래환자 중 전쟁 참전경험이 있는 대상자 200명, 외상사건 경험이 있는 경찰관 225명, 소방관 125명 을 대상으로 하였다. 참전유공자, 경찰관, 소방관의 외상 후 스트레스 장애를 측정한 결과 참전유공자 200명 중 92명(46%), 경찰관 225명중 90명(40%), 소방관 125명중 42명(33.6%)이 PTSD 위험군으로 조사되었 다. 외상 후 스트레스 장애는 참전유공자(26.4점±20.58)가 경찰관(21.36 점±17.58), 소방관(19.06점±18.82)보다 통계적으로 유의하게 높았다 (F=6.66, p<.01). 상담요청 장애는 집단 간 통계적으로 유의한 차이는 보이지 않았으나, 그 하위요소인 '비밀보장, 낙인'에서 참전유공자보다 경찰관이 통계적으로 유의하게 높게 나타났다(F=3.72, p<0.05). 외상 후 스트레스 장애와 상담요청 장애는 통계적으로 유의한 양적 선형관계 (r=.279, p<.01)가 나타났다. 상담적 지지요구 중 스트레스 및 심리적 고통의 해소 방법에서 참전유공자에서는 ‘표현하지 않음’과 ‘해소방법 없음’이 가장 많은 반면 경찰관․소방관에서는 ‘취미생활에 집중’과 ‘음 주’로 나타나 향후 외상성 스트레스 장애에 대한 추가적인 연구와 관리가 필요하다. This study is to compared and investigate the post-traumatic stress disorder, disabilities of consultation request and needs for consultation supports which appear from a specicis group of people. The group that participated in the study includes war veterans who have experienced traumatic event in the past, policemen and firemen who are exposed to traumatic event lately. This descriptive research study is designed to use as a basic data for development of nursing intervention and better therapeutic approach of PTSD based on research result. We investigated 200 patients in our hospital who were once veterans, 225 police officers and 125 firemen who are working in D city and had the experience in traumatic events in the past. In the comparison of stress disability, it shows that the average score of veterans (26.4±2.58) are remarkably and statistically higher than those of police officers(21.36±17.58) and firemen(19.06±18.82). There is no statistically remarkable difference in the score of consultation request disability(F=6.66, p<.01). However, it shows that the police officers have a remarkably higher score than the veterans in the subcomponents such as ‘confidentialities and stigma’. The stress disability and consultation request disability shows a statistically remarkable static correlation.

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