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An archaeal 16S rRNA gene library was constructed from mangrove soil. Phylogenetic analysis revealed archaea in mangrove soil including the Crenarchaeota (80.4%) and Euryarchaeota (19.6%) phyla. The archaeal community in mangrove soil appears to be a mixture of organisms found in a variety of environments with the majority being of marine origin.
Herein, we report a facile one-pot method for the synthesis of orange/red-emitting fluorescent copper nanoclusters (Cu NCs), in which bovine serum albumin (BSA) served as the capping scaffold (Cu NCs@BSA) and hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OH · HCl) as the reducing agent. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time to adopt this mild reductant to synthesize fluorescent Cu NCs. The as-prepared Cu NCs@BSA exhibits strong orange or red fluorescence at room temperature depending on the synthesis process, and the maximum excitation and emission peaks were at 355 nm and 615 nm, 395 nm and 645 nm, respectively. Synthesis conditions including the amounts of NH2OH · HCl, the selection of reducing agent, the molar ratio of BSA/ Cu(NO3)2, the pH value, the reaction temperature, the reaction time, and various kinds of Cu sources have been systematically studied. Importantly, these Cu NCs exhibit excellent stability for at least 2 months when stored at 4℃ in the dark, and they also show strong oxidation resistance toward H2O2. Moreover, the prepared Cu NCs have been successfully applied to sensitively and selectively sensing Hg2+ without suffering any interference from other metal ions and anions.
The power conversion e±ciency of p-type dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) is determined by thekinetics of hole injection and dye-regeneration reaction at the dye/electrolyte interface. In thiswork, the photochemical regeneration kinetics of dye adsorbed on CuCrO 2 mesoporous ¯lm wasinvestigated by using scanning electrochemical microscopy with feedback mode. Organic P1 andC343 sensitizers in combination with iodide-based and thiolate-based electrolytes were selected tounderstand the e®ect of sensitizers and redox shuttles on dye-regeneration process. A fast re-generation kinetic rate constant was con¯rmed in thiolate-based sample compared with iodide-based electrolyte, indicating that the organic redox shuttle was an e±cient mediator to optimizethe performance of p-type DSSC.
WRKY proteins are a superfamily of transcription factors involved in many plant processes including plant defense responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. We isolated a WRKY gene from pepper during the incompatible interaction between the pepper cultivar HDA149 and Meloidogyne incognita. The full-length gene, named as CaWRKY30, has a 1,533-bp cDNA sequence and contains an open reading frame of 1,095 bp, encodes a putative polypeptide of 364 amino acids with a theoretical protein size of 41.2 kDa, and contains one WRKY domain followed by a zinc-finger motif. The genomic sequence of CaWRKY30 contains three exons and two introns. Southern blot analysis confirmed that CaWRKY30 exists as a single copy in the pepper cultivar HDA149 genome. Quantitative RT-PCR showed that CaWRKY30 is up-regulated by application of various pathogens including avirulent M. incognita, Tobacco mosaic virus, Ralstonia solanacerum,and Phytophthora capsici Leonian. Furthermore, the transcripts of CaWRKY30 were rapidly induced after treatment with phytohormones salicylic acid (SA). However, the expression of CaWRKY30 was down-regulated by virulent M. incognita and phytohormones methyl jasmonic acid (MeJA). In addition, the nuclear localization of CaWRKY30 was determined when a CaMV35s::CaWRKY30-eGFP fusion construct was expressed in onion epidermal cells. These results suggested that CaWRKY30might be involved in plant defense mechanisms against the diverse pathogen infection.
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This study aims to investigate whether Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) performance can help companies gain more bank unsecured loans. Additionally, this study analyzes the moderating effect of firm size and industry characteristics. Data was collected through the case of companies listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange or the Shenzhen Stock Exchange in China between 2009 and 2018 with 5373 firmyear observations. The results of multivariable regression analysis show that good CSR performance exhibits a strong positive impact on unsecured debt, including short-term, long-term, and total unsecured debt, which indicates that corporate with good CSR performance can borrow more unsecured debt. further research shows that this effect is more pronounced for small enterprises and firms operating in heavy-polluting industries. Additionally, research on the impact mechanism finds that good CSR performance can help mitigate information asymmetry between borrower and lender, reduce moral hazard of borrower, and obtain support from key stakeholders, and therefore reduces the risk of default. The findings of this study suggest that firms with good CSR performance exhibit a preference for unsecured debt, but decline to provide collateral for debt. Overall, we emphasize and illustrate the important role of corporate CSR in bank credit financing.
Monsanto,,Megan,M.,White,,Kevin,S.,Kim,,Taeyong,Wang,,Bingyan,J.,Fisher,,Kristina,Ilves,,Kelli,Khalafalla,,Farid,G.,Casillas,,Alexandria,Broughton,,Kathleen,Mohsin,,Sadia,Dembitsky,,Walter,P.,Sussman, Grune & Stratton 2017 Circulation research Vol.121 No.2
<P><B><U>Rationale:</U></B></P><P>The relative actions and synergism between distinct myocardial-derived stem cell populations remain obscure. Ongoing debates on optimal cell population(s) for treatment of heart failure prompted implementation of a protocol for isolation of multiple stem cell populations from a single myocardial tissue sample to develop new insights for achieving myocardial regeneration.</P><P><B><U>Objective:</U></B></P><P>Establish a robust cardiac stem cell isolation and culture protocol to consistently generate 3 distinct stem cell populations from a single human heart biopsy.</P><P><B><U>Methods and Results:</U></B></P><P>Isolation of 3 endogenous cardiac stem cell populations was performed from human heart samples routinely discarded during implantation of a left ventricular assist device. Tissue explants were mechanically minced into 1 mm<SUP>3</SUP> pieces to minimize time exposure to collagenase digestion and preserve cell viability. Centrifugation removes large cardiomyocytes and tissue debris producing a single cell suspension that is sorted using magnetic-activated cell sorting technology. Initial sorting is based on tyrosine-protein kinase Kit (c-Kit) expression that enriches for 2 c-Kit<SUP>+</SUP> cell populations yielding a mixture of cardiac progenitor cells and endothelial progenitor cells. Flowthrough c-Kit<SUP>−</SUP> mesenchymal stem cells are positively selected by surface expression of markers CD90 and CD105. After 1 week of culture, the c-Kit<SUP>+</SUP> population is further enriched by selection for a CD133<SUP>+</SUP> endothelial progenitor cell population. Persistence of respective cell surface markers in vitro is confirmed both by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry.</P><P><B><U>Conclusions:</U></B></P><P>Three distinct cardiac cell populations with individualized phenotypic properties consistent with cardiac progenitor cells, endothelial progenitor cells, and mesenchymal stem cells can be successfully concurrently isolated and expanded from a single tissue sample derived from human heart failure patients.</P>
Huang,,Sanwen,Li,,Ruiqiang,Zhang,,Zhonghua,Li,,Li,Gu,,Xingfang,Fan,,Wei,Lucas,,William,J,Wang,,Xiaowu,Xie,,Bingyan,Ni,,Peixiang,Ren,,Yuanyuan,Zhu,,Hongmei,Li,,Jun,Lin,,Kui,Jin,,Weiwei,Fei,,Zhangjun,Li Nature Publishing Group 2009 Nature genetics Vol.41 No.12
Cucumber is an economically important crop as well as a model system for sex determination studies and plant vascular biology. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Cucumis sativus var. sativus L., assembled using a novel combination of traditional Sanger and next-generation Illumina GA sequencing technologies to obtain 72.2-fold genome coverage. The absence of recent whole-genome duplication, along with the presence of few tandem duplications, explains the small number of genes in the cucumber. Our study establishes that five of the cucumber's seven chromosomes arose from fusions of ten ancestral chromosomes after divergence from Cucumis melo. The sequenced cucumber genome affords insight into traits such as its sex expression, disease resistance, biosynthesis of cucurbitacin and 'fresh green' odor. We also identify 686 gene clusters related to phloem function. The cucumber genome provides a valuable resource for developing elite cultivars and for studying the evolution and function of the plant vascular system.