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      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        Disruption of ecdysis in Leptinotarsa decemlineata by knockdown of chitin deacetylase 1

        Jian-Jian,Wu,Li-Li,Mu,Zhong-Chao,Chen,Kai-Yun,Fu,Wen-Chao,Guo,Chao,Li,Guo-Qing,Li 한국응용곤충학회 2019 Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology Vol.22 No.2

        Chitin deacetylases (CDAs) catalyze N-deacetylation of chitin, a crucial process for chitin modification. In the present paper, LdCDA1 was identified in Leptinotarsa decemlineata. It was copiously expressed in larval foregut, hindgut and epidermis. Just before the molt in the first, second and third larval instars, the mRNA levels of LdCDA1 were high. In the fourth (final)-instar larvae, a peak occurred 4 days after ecdysis. In vivo results revealed that LdCDA1 transcriptionally responded, positively and negatively respectively, to 20-hydroxyecdysone and juvenile hormone titers. Moreover, knockdown of LdCDA1 significantly reduced foliage consumption, lengthened developing period and prevented growth in the final instar larvae. Three distinct lethal phenotypes were noted in the LdCDA1 RNAi larvae. About 30% of the RNAi larvae became moribund and finally died; approximately 50% of deformed pupae died as pharate adults; and around 20% of LdCDA1 depleted pupae finally emerged as abnormal adults and eventually died within 1 week after emergence. Furthermore, chitin content was low and the mRNA levels of five chitin biosynthesis transcripts (LdUAP1, LdUAP2, LdChSAa, LdChSAb and LdChSB) were significantly declined in the LdCDA1 RNAi larvae. In addition, glucose, trehalose and glycogen contents were increased in the LdCDA1 depleted hypomorphs, along with highly expressed genes coding for trehalose and glycogen synthesis enzymes. The findings provide a compelling piece of evidence that CDA1 is critical for chitin deposition in L. decemlineata. Moreover, LdCDA1 may be a potential target for control of the larvae.

      • Long Term Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of N<sub>0</sub> Stage Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: a Single Institutional Experience with 610 Patients

        Sun,,Jian-Da,Chen,,Chuang-Zhen,Chen,,Jian-Zhou,Li,,Dong-Sheng,Chen,,Zhi-Jian,Zhou,,Ming-Zhen,Li,,De-Rui Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2012 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.13 No.5

        Treatment responses of $N_0$ stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma were firstly analyzed comprehensively to evaluate long term outcomes of patients and identify prognostic factors. A total of 610 patients with $N_0$ NPC, undergoing definitive radiotherapy to their primary lesion and prophylactic radiation to upper neck, were reviewed retrospectively. Concomitant chemotherapy was administrated to 65 out of the 610. Survival rates of the patients were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Prognostic factors were identified by the Cox regression model. The study revealed the 5-year and 10-year overall, disease-free, disease-specific, local failure-free, regional failure-free, locoregional failure-free and distant metastasis-free survival rates to be 78.7% and 66.8%, 68.8% and 55.8%, 79.9% and 70.4%, 81.2% and 72.5%, 95.8% and 91.8%, 78.3% and 68.5%, 88.5% and 85.5%, respectively. There were 192 patients experiencing failure (31.5%) after radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. Of these, local recurrence, regional relapse and distant metastases as the first event of failure occurred in 100 (100/610, 16.4%), 15(15/610, 2.5%) and 52 (52/610, 8.5%), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that T stage was the only independent prognostic factor for patients with $N_0$ NPC (P=0.000). Late T stage (P=0.000), male (P=0.039) and anemia (P=0.007) were independently unfavorable factors predicting disease-free survival. After treatment, satisfactory outcome wasgenerally achieved in patients with $N_0$ NPC. Local recurrence represented the predominant mode of treatment failure, while T stage was the only independent prognostic factor for overall survival. Late T stage, male gender, and anemia independently predicted lower possibility of the disease-free survival.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        Metastasis associated genomic aberrations in stage II rectal cancer

        Hong,Zhao,Zhi-Zhou,Shi,Rui,Jiang,Dong-Bing,Zhao,Hai-Tao,Zhou,Jian-Wei,Liang,Xin-Yu,Bi,Jian-Jun,Zhao,Zhi-Yu,Li,Jian-Guo,Zhou,Zhen,Huang,Ye-Fan,Zhang,Jian,Wang,Xin,Xu,Yan,Cai,Ming-Rong,Wang,Yu,Zhang 한국유전학회 2016 Genes & Genomics Vol.38 No.11

        Genomic aberrations of rectal carcinoma, especially DNA copy number changes associated with metastasis were largely unclear. We aim to identify the metastasis associated biomarkers in stage II rectal cancer. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary tumor tissues of stage II rectal carcinoma were analyzed by array-based comparative genomic hybridization, and genomic aberrations were identified by Genomic Workbench and SAM software. Copy number changes and mRNA expressions were validated by Real-time PCR in an independent rectal cancer samples. The results showed that the most frequent gains in stage II rectal cancer were at 1q21.2-q23.1, 3p21.31, 11q12.2-q23.3, 12q24.11-q24.31, 12q13.11-q14.1 and losses in 18q11.2-q23, 17q21.33-q22, 13q31.1-q31.3, 21q21.1-q21.3, 8p23.3-p23.1 and 4q22.1-q23. Twenty-two amplifications and five homozygous deletions were also identified. We further found that S100A1 (1q21.3-q23.1), MCM7 (7q22.1) and JUND (19p13.11) were amplified and overexpressed in stage II rectal cancer. Interestingly, the genomic aberrations affected 14 signaling pathways including VEGF signaling pathway and fatty acid metabolism. Most importantly, loss of 13q31.1-q34 and gain of 1q44 were associated with distant metastasis. Our results indicated that these metastasis associated genomic changes may be useful to reveal the pathogenesis of rectal cancer metastasis and identify candidate biomarkers.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        Bayesian FEM Updating of a Long-Span Suspension Bridge Utilizing Hybrid Monte Carlo Simulation and Kriging Predictor

        Jian-Xiao,Mao,Hao,Wang,Jian,Li 대한토목학회 2020 KSCE JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING Vol.24 No.2

        Bayesian model updating technique has been widely investigated and utilized in the field of finite element model (FEM) updating for its advantages in system uncertainty quantification. Most existing studies focus on numerical and experimental models. More studies on large-scale civil infrastructures based on field monitoring are still required. A case study on Bayesian FEM updating of the Runyang Suspension Bridge (RSB), a long-span suspension bridge with a main span of 1,490 m, is carried out in this paper. The Bayesian updating method is utilized to update the initial FEM of RSB, aiming to make the numerical modal properties match the field monitoring results. Two stochastic sampling algorithms, i.e., the Metropolis-Hastings (MH) algorithm and the Hybrid Monte Carlo (HMC) algorithm, are respectively investigated to show their advantages and limitations in Bayesian updating. Subsequently, based on the experimentalsamples generated by the Latin hypercube sampling algorithm, a Kriging predictor is established as a surrogate model to reduce the computational burden of model updating. Results show that the HMC algorithm could guarantee much higher acceptance rate of the sampled chain than the MH algorithm especially when the updating step size is large. In addition, combined with the Kriging predictor, Bayesian model updating method could serve as an effective and efficient tool to calibrate the FEM of large-scale civil infrastructures.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Ab Initio and Experimental Studies on Dibenzothiazyl-Disulfide

        Jian,,Fang-Fang,Zhang,,Ke-Jie,Zhao,,Pu-Su,Zheng,,Jian Korean Chemical Society 2006 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.27 No.7

        Ab initio calculations of the structure, atomic charges and natural bond orbital (NBO) have been performed at HF/6-311G** and B3LYP/6-311G** levels for the title compound of dibenzothiazyl-disulfide. The calculated results show that the two nitrogen atoms have the biggest negative charges and they are the potential sites to react with the metallic ions, which make the title compound become a di-dentate ligand. Vibrational frequencies of the title compound have been obtained and compared with the experimental value and the comparison indicates that B3LYP/6-311G** level is better than HF/6-311G** level to predict the vibrational frequencies for the system studied here. For the title compound, electronic absorption spectra calculated by time?ependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) are more accurate than Hartree-Focksingle-excitation CI (CI-Singles) method. NBO analyses show that the electronic transitions are mainly derived from the contribution of bands $\pi\rightarrow\pi^{*}$. Thermodynamic calculated results show that the formation of the title compound from 2-mercaptobenzothiazole is a spontaneous process at room temperature with the change of free Gibbs being negative value.

      • KCI등재

        Sizing Efficiency of AKD in Causticizing Calcium Carbonate Filled Paper

        Jian,Wang,Ling,Liu,Yong-jian,Xu 한국펄프·종이공학회 2014 펄프.종이技術 Vol.46 No.2

        Causticizing calcium carbonate (CCC) is produced as a by-product in the causticization step of the kraft pulping process. It is often calcined in a rotary lime kiln after being dewatered and reused in the causticizing process. But for the China mill, the conventional recycled way is difficult because the CCC is mainly obtained from non-wood pulping materials, which higher silicon content led to serious silicon obstacle. So it is often discarded as solid waste or used in landfill after dewatering and secondary pollution is brought. In order to prevent its secondary pollution, recent years, the CCC is used as a filler in China papermaking industry. In mill trials, the CCC can be used to replace an amount of precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC). Unfortunately, the application scope and dosage of CCC have been limited due to its lower sizing efficiency than PCC. In this study, the reason for the lower sizing efficiency of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) when CCC was used as a filler was investigated. The results showed that the materials in green liquid, such as insoluble matter in green liquid, silicon and metal ions, were a little influence on the sizing efficiency of AKD. The higher BET and BJH pore volume of the CCC were the main reason for lower sizing efficiency of AKD when it was used as filler.

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