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        • KCI등재

          An optimality-theoretic account of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones

          Chin-Wan Chung 한국음운론학회 2000 음성·음운·형태론 연구 Vol.6 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Chung, Chin Wan. 2000. An optimality-theoretic account of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 6.2, 431-450. This study provides an account of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones within the theoretical framework of Optimality Theory. We show that vowel harmony process is achieved by employing two high ranked alignment constraints. We address the issue of misalignment at the right edge of the harmonic domain arguing that it is the result of the interaction between the featural identity and Align-Right constraints. The harmonizing behavior of the high back round vowel /u/ and its variation in a same morpheme are analyzed by using a conjunctive constraint and reranking relevant constraints repectively. We also argue that we should make a distinction between two /u/s in nonintial syllable positions. (Hannam University)

        • KCI등재

          The behavior of velar nasal and syllabification

          Chin Wan Chung 한국음운론학회 2001 음성·음운·형태론 연구 Vol.7 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Chung, Chin Wan. 2001. The behavior of velar nasal and syllabification. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 7.1, 177-189. This study provides a Correspondence- Theoretic analysis for the behavior of velar nasal [?], which normally occurs after the alveolar nasal /n/ is inserted, a variant realization in Korean, with respect to syllabification and related phenomena in Korean and Japanese. Normally syllable internal consonants are syllabified as the onset of the following syllable, but the velar nasal does not follow this normal syllabification. We analyze this peculiar behavior by using Onset Condition constraint plus other relevant constraints. The velar nasal also shows other different acts than the other consonants in that it shows intraspeaker variation and interdialectal variation between SD and KD. These are rather readily analyzed by reranking the constraints offered in this analysis. The analysis of Korean case may be extended to Japanese case where it shows variation between young and old Japanese speakers regarding [g] and [?] variation. This paper illuminates the specific behaviors of the velar nasal in syllabification in general.(Hannam University)

        • KCI등재

          The Relationship between Prosodic and Morphological Constituents in Assimilation Processes of English

          Chung,Chin-Wan 한국영어어문교육학회 2010 영어어문교육 Vol.16 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          This study focuses on how prosodically and morphologically based OT constraints are implemented in voicing and place assimilations in English. It is revealed that prosodically based ID-ONS(V) applies to both assimilations except for assimilations occurring with irregular inflection morphemes. Morphologically based meta-constraint ranking, however, plays a role only in progressive voicing assimilation with regular inflection morphemes and regressive place assimilation with complex words. Thus, prosodically and morphologically based constraints are differently implemented in assimilation processes in English. The study shows that general faithfulness constraints should be decomposed into more specified constraints. It is also revealed that the general direction of assimilation is regressive in English and it might be reversed if morphological facts are involved in the process (Lombardi, 2001).

        • KCI등재후보

          A Procedural Analysis of r-Dissimilation in English

          Chin-Wan Chung 현대영미어문학회 2016 현대영미어문학 Vol.34 No.2

          This paper reanalyzes r-dissimilation in English where one of two non-lateral liquids in a word is optionally deleted in pronunciation. The analysis in this study is framed in Harmonic Serialism, which allows derivation. The study is based on the idea that deletion of a segment occurs to a coda segment but not to an onset segment. This idea is supported by coda segment deletion examples in English. Deletion in coda is further supported by metathesis occurring in r-dissimilation examples where a post-consonantal [r] and a following unstressed vowel in /crv/ change their positions to become [cvr] and the coda [r] is deleted when the other [r] occurs in other positions in words such as a singleton onset, a coda of stressed syllable, and a word-final coda. Frequent deletion of a coda segment is discussed in positional faithfulness in which a coda in an unstressed syllable is subject to phonological processes mainly due to its unprivileged status in phonology compared to a segment occurring in a privileged position such as syllable onset. The procedural approach to r-dissimilation in English of this paper can provide a more comprehensive account than one-to-one simple input to output mapping in previous analyses.

        • KCI등재

          A Comprehensive Analysis of Base Truncation in English Word-Formation

          Chin-Wan Chung 한국중원언어학회 2020 언어학연구 Vol.0 No.57

          This study deals with an issue of base-final rime truncation observed in word formation process in English. The base truncation occurs only when a vowel-initial derivational morpheme is affixed to a preceding base. The examples are divided into two major groups: bases ending in a vowel and bases ending in a consonant. The second group of data is also sub-divided into four, depending on the structure and the compositions of the base-final syllable. We argue that the base-final rime deletion is motivated by avoiding a sequence of hetero-syllabic vowels across the morpheme boundary, the final two syllables of a derived word with the identical onsets, the neutralization of a back-formed or prominent vowel, the three or more stressless syllables, and the concatenation of certain derivational suffixes in a derived word. Even though the base-final rime truncation was triggered by various reasons, their goal is to achieve a better syllabic, prosodic, metrical, or morphological structure in newly formed words in English and this study provides a constraint-based analysis which employs constraints, reflecting all those motivations of the base-final rime truncation.

        • KCI등재

          A Constraint-based Account of Variation in Postnasal /t/ Deletion in English

          Chin Wan Chung 현대문법학회 2007 현대문법연구 Vol.49 No.-

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          Aspects of Echo Word Formation in Hindi and Kashmiri

          ( Chung Chin-wan ) 한국현대언어학회 2018 언어연구 Vol.33 No.4

          This study delves into echo word formation in Hindi and Kashmiri which is considered a case of partial reduplication. Even though two languages share the same designated first segment for the echo word, they implement the process differently from each other. This is attributed to different restrictions on the identical leftmost segment /v/ in the base and the echo word. Hindi prefers to delete one of the /v/s while Kashmiri replaces the /v/ with the /p/ in the echo word. Another difference is how the fixed segment in the echo word replaces the onset clusters in the base. Hindi only replaces the first segment in the cluster whereas the whole cluster is replaced by the fixed segment in Kashmiri. The different mode of implementing echo word formation process is reflected in the constraints and their specific ranking for each language can readily explain the relevant examples in both languages. (Chonbuk National University)

        • KCI등재

          Morpho-Phonologically Motivated Vowel Insertion in English

          ( Chung Chin-wan ) 한국현대영어영문학회 2017 현대영어영문학 Vol.61 No.3

          This study focuses on the vowel insertion which is triggered by the interaction between morphology and phonology. This type of vowel epenthesis occurs when two derivational morphemes are concatenated creating the most common environment for a consonant deletion. Interestingly, however, the first derivational morpheme surrounded by consonants still survives in the output even though that morpheme is the least marked coronal place of articulation. Considering that the coronal is the least marked, the first derivational suffix should undergo deletion when flanked by consonants. We, however, argue that the first suffix with the coronal place does not undergo deletion because the derivational morpheme strongly resists deletion while a stem final segment is prone to deletion in English. As to the location of a vowel epenthesis, it is confined only to the right edge of a verb stem and right before the first suffix. This is achieved through the interaction of Contiguity-IO(DM) and Dep-IO. The constraint ranking proposed in the study can succinctly account for the relevant examples without additional conditions which were necessary for the previous rule-based approach. (Chonbuk National University)

        • KCI등재

          An Asymmetrical Realization of Nasal-Obstruent Clusters in English

          Chung, Chin-Wan The English Teachers Association in Korea 2009 영어어문교육 Vol.15 No.2

          This study focuses on the asymmetrical realization of homorganic nasal-obstruent stop clusters in English when they occur word medially and word finally. This uneven realization of NC clusters is not only controlled by the place of articulation of the cluster constituents but also by the agreement of voicing feature specifications of the cluster elements. We propose context-sensitive constraints, which are more specified versions than *NC (Pater, 1996, 1999, 2004). The result of the study reveals that homorganic NC clusters consisting of coronal place feature are faithfully realized word finally while they are constrained word medially. The deletion of voiceless post-nasal coronal stop should be considered a new language specific strategy to avoid *NC.

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