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        • KCI등재

          The behavior of velar nasal and syllabification

          Chin Wan Chung 한국음운론학회 2001 음성·음운·형태론 연구 Vol.7 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Chung, Chin Wan. 2001. The behavior of velar nasal and syllabification. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 7.1, 177-189. This study provides a Correspondence- Theoretic analysis for the behavior of velar nasal [?], which normally occurs after the alveolar nasal /n/ is inserted, a variant realization in Korean, with respect to syllabification and related phenomena in Korean and Japanese. Normally syllable internal consonants are syllabified as the onset of the following syllable, but the velar nasal does not follow this normal syllabification. We analyze this peculiar behavior by using Onset Condition constraint plus other relevant constraints. The velar nasal also shows other different acts than the other consonants in that it shows intraspeaker variation and interdialectal variation between SD and KD. These are rather readily analyzed by reranking the constraints offered in this analysis. The analysis of Korean case may be extended to Japanese case where it shows variation between young and old Japanese speakers regarding [g] and [?] variation. This paper illuminates the specific behaviors of the velar nasal in syllabification in general.(Hannam University)

        • KCI등재

          An optimality-theoretic account of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones

          Chin-Wan Chung 한국음운론학회 2000 음성·음운·형태론 연구 Vol.6 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Chung, Chin Wan. 2000. An optimality-theoretic account of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 6.2, 431-450. This study provides an account of vowel harmony in Korean ideophones within the theoretical framework of Optimality Theory. We show that vowel harmony process is achieved by employing two high ranked alignment constraints. We address the issue of misalignment at the right edge of the harmonic domain arguing that it is the result of the interaction between the featural identity and Align-Right constraints. The harmonizing behavior of the high back round vowel /u/ and its variation in a same morpheme are analyzed by using a conjunctive constraint and reranking relevant constraints repectively. We also argue that we should make a distinction between two /u/s in nonintial syllable positions. (Hannam University)

        • KCI등재

          The Relationship between Prosodic and Morphological Constituents in Assimilation Processes of English

          Chung,Chin-Wan 한국영어어문교육학회 2010 영어어문교육 Vol.16 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          This study focuses on how prosodically and morphologically based OT constraints are implemented in voicing and place assimilations in English. It is revealed that prosodically based ID-ONS(V) applies to both assimilations except for assimilations occurring with irregular inflection morphemes. Morphologically based meta-constraint ranking, however, plays a role only in progressive voicing assimilation with regular inflection morphemes and regressive place assimilation with complex words. Thus, prosodically and morphologically based constraints are differently implemented in assimilation processes in English. The study shows that general faithfulness constraints should be decomposed into more specified constraints. It is also revealed that the general direction of assimilation is regressive in English and it might be reversed if morphological facts are involved in the process (Lombardi, 2001).

        • KCI등재

          An Alternative Approach to Realizations of the Medial [nt] Cluster in English

          ( Chin-wan Chung ) 대한언어학회 2016 언어학 Vol.24 No.4

          This study focuses on the realizations of medial [nt] cluster and provides a foot-based account of it. The analysis argues that the deletion of the [t] occurs only within a foot when the [t] of the [nt] is the onset of a non-head syllable of a trochaic, a dactylic, and a superfoot. This optional deletion in English targets a segment occurring in a prosodically non-prominent syllable. By employing foot-based analytic assumption, we are able to explain extensive realizations of the medial [nt] cluster which includes the examples of aspiration and glottalization of the [t] instead of deletion to avoid the medial [nt] sequence. The aspiration and glottalization examples are problematic to a syllable-based analysis due to its restricted domain. The analysis reveals that English seems to use deletion, glottalization, and foot-structure to avoid the medial [nt] cluster, which is typologically interesting.

        • KCI등재후보

          A Procedural Analysis of r-Dissimilation in English

          Chin-Wan Chung 현대영미어문학회 2016 현대영미어문학 Vol.34 No.2

          This paper reanalyzes r-dissimilation in English where one of two non-lateral liquids in a word is optionally deleted in pronunciation. The analysis in this study is framed in Harmonic Serialism, which allows derivation. The study is based on the idea that deletion of a segment occurs to a coda segment but not to an onset segment. This idea is supported by coda segment deletion examples in English. Deletion in coda is further supported by metathesis occurring in r-dissimilation examples where a post-consonantal [r] and a following unstressed vowel in /crv/ change their positions to become [cvr] and the coda [r] is deleted when the other [r] occurs in other positions in words such as a singleton onset, a coda of stressed syllable, and a word-final coda. Frequent deletion of a coda segment is discussed in positional faithfulness in which a coda in an unstressed syllable is subject to phonological processes mainly due to its unprivileged status in phonology compared to a segment occurring in a privileged position such as syllable onset. The procedural approach to r-dissimilation in English of this paper can provide a more comprehensive account than one-to-one simple input to output mapping in previous analyses.

        • KCI등재

          A Constraint-based Analysis of Feature Change in Dissimilation

          ( Chin Wan Chung ) 한국외국어대학교 언어연구소 2013 언어와 언어학 Vol.0 No.58

          This paper focuses on dissimilation1) of structure preservation case from the perspective of Optimality Theory. It is argued that dissimilation is triggered by a self-conjunctive constraint *Feature2, which does not specify the actual target of feature changes between the involved segments. The selection of a target segment is controlled by two important constraint rankings: Faith-Root/Stem ≫ Faith-Affix and Ident-Onset(Feature) ≫ Ident-Coda(Feature). The first type of dissimilation involves asymmetrical realization of stem and affix elements in the output. This type is generally explained by the former constraint ranking. The second type, which does not show clear stem and affix distinction, can be accounted for by the latter constraint ranking, which is motivated by the concepts of positional faithfulness. The representative constraints are general and the features involved in the second constraint ranking might be substituted for each language depending on the feature relevant for dissimilation. An analysis of dissimilation based on constraints and their ranking can provide a transparent rationale of the process as compared to a rule-based analysis.

        • KCI등재

          An Alternative Account of Coronal-y Sequence Realizations in English

          Chung, Chin-Wan 한국중앙영어영문학회 2017 영어영문학연구 Vol.59 No.4

          The goal of this study is to provide a feature-centered analysis of the Cor-y sequence realizations framed in constraint-based theoretical model. It is argued in this study that a coronal consonant occurring in privileged positions strongly resists weakening processes while it gets strengthened by aspirated in the case of a coronal obstruent stop. The immunity of a coronal appearing in privileged position is ascribed to the effects of positional faithfulness. When a coronal consonant occurs in non-privileged positions, it is subject to phonological processes: a coronal consonant is co-articulated with the following palatal glide undergoing a slight change in its [+ant] feature. This natural weakening of the coronal onset is due to lack of positional faithfulness effect projected from the non-privileged positions such as unstressed medial syllable or coda position. The constraints in the account reflecting such positional faithfulness are highly ranked to secure the faithful featural realization of consonants in privileged positions. Based on a feature-centered account, the palatalization-like process occurring in a word and palatalization over a morpheme boundary might be distinguished by differentiating the degree of feature changes between them.

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