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본 연구에서는 NIE에 애니메이션 및 동화를 도입하여, 시넥틱스 기법으로 초등학생들이 창의적인 이야기를 만들어가는 프로그램을 개발하여 적용하였다. 2020년 2학기에 온라인으로 23명의 초등학생들에게 프로그램을 실시한 후, 학생들의 작품을 질적으로 분석하여 이야기 만들기의 형태와 특징을 도출하였다. 연구를 통해 얻은 결론은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 학생들은 애니메이션과 동화의 구성요소와, 신문의 이미지와 글자를 연결하여 새로운 이야기를 창출한다. 둘째, 애니메이션, 신문, 동화의 구성요소들 중에서 학생들은 주로 신문과 애니메이션 혹은 동화의 구성요소들을 연결시키는 형태를 취했다. 셋째, 이야기 만들기에서 애니메이션이나 동화의 이미지를 많이 활용할수록 원작품에 기반하여 이를 수정한 형태가 되고, 신문의 구성요소를 많이 활용할수록 원작품의 형태를 벗어나 새로운 이야기가 된다. In this study, animation and fairy tales were introduced to NIE, and a program for elementary school students to create creative stories using Synectics was developed and applied. After the program was conducted online to 23 elementary school students in the second semester of 2020, the qualitative analysis of the students' work was conducted to derive the form and characteristics of creating story. The conclusions obtained through the study are as follows. First, students create a new story by connecting elements of animation and fairy tales, images and letters in newspapers. Second, among the elements of animation, newspaper, and fairy tales, students mainly took the form of grafting elements of animation and newspaper, or fairy tales and newspaper. Second, students mainly took the form of connecting elements of animation or fairy tale to newspaper. Third, the more the elements of newspapers are used than those of animations and fairy tales in story making, the more completely different stories become.
The Automatic unmanned target object carrying system (AUTOCS) is developed for testing road vehicle radar and vision sensor. It is important for the target to reflect the realistic target characteristics when developing ASV or ADAS products. The AUTOCS is developed to move the pedestrian or motorcycle target for desired speed and position. The AUTOCS is designed that only payload target which is a manikin or a motorcycle is detected by the sensor not the AUTOCS itself. In order for the AUTOCS to have low exposure to radar, the AUTOCS is stealthy shaped to have low RCS(Radar Cross Section). For deceiving vision sensor, the AUTOCS has a specially designed pattern on outside skin which resembles the asphalt pattern. The AUTOCS has three driving modes which are remote control, path following and replay. The AUTOCS V.1 is tested to verify the radar detect characteristics, and the AUTOCS successfully demonstrated that it is not detected by a car radar. The result is presented in this paper.
김은정(Eunjeong Kim),이재우(Jae-woo Lee),조은혜(Eunhye Jo),성화경(Hwa Kyung Sung),유선경(Sun Kyoung Yoo),김경태(Kyung-tae Kim),신유진(Yu-jin Shin),김지은(Ji-eun Kim),박선영(Sun-Young Park),엄익춘(Ig-chun Eom),김필제(Pilje Kim) 한국환경보건학회 2017 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.43 No.3
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
Objectives: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are widely used in various commercial products, but they are exposed to the environment and can induce toxicity. In this study, we investigated the environmental fate and bioaccumulation of ZnO NPs in a microcosm. Methods: The microcosm was composed of water, soil (Lufa Soil 2.2) and organisms (Oryzias latipes, Neocaridina denticulata, Semisulcospira libertina). Point five and 5 mg/L of ZnO NPs were exposed in the microcosm for 14 days. Total Zn concentrations were measured using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) and intracellular NPs were observed using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Results: In the initial stages of exposure, the Zn concentrations in water increased in all exposure groups and then decreased, while the Zn concentration in soil increased after three hours for the 5 mg/L solution. Zn concentrations also showed increasing trends in N. denticulata and S. libertina at 0.5 and 5 mg/L, and in O. latipes at 5 mg/L. Accumulation of NPs was found in the livers of O. latipes and hepatopancreas of N. denticulata and S. libertina. Conclusions: In the early stages of exposure, ZnO NPs remained in the water, and then were transported to the soil and test species. Unlike other species, total Zn concentrations in N. denticulata and S. libertina increased for both 0.5 mg/L and 5 mg/L. Therefore, ZnO NPs were more easily accumulated in zoobenthos than in fish.
Eunjeong Kim(김은정),HyeSook Park(박혜숙),Yun-Chul Hong(홍윤철),Mina Ha(하미나),Yangho Kim(김양호),Boong-Nnyun Kim(김붕년),Byung-Mi Kim(김병미),Eun-Kyo Park(박은교),Eun-Hee Ha(하은희) 환경독성보건학회 2013 한국독성학회 심포지움 및 학술발표회 Vol.2013 No.10
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
본 연구에서는 김일엽 수필의 담론을 작품을 통해 살펴보았다. 김일엽은 여성 문제에 대해 가족의 변화와 여성개개인의 실천을 강조했다. 그리고 교육의 필요성과 성평등의 정당성을 주장했다. 또 사회구조의 모순을 지적함으로써 여성의 권리증진을 위한 사회제도의 변화를 모색하였다. 가족 회고과 생활 문제에 대한 수필에서는 본인의경험과 생각을 끊임없이 글을 통해 풀어내려 했다. 이처럼 김일엽은 자신의 삶과 수필을 통해 여성 중심의 입장에서 시대를 앞서가는 모습을 보였다. 이때 당시 여성의 문제를 극복하는 과정에서 실용주의적인 태도를 보였다. 특히 그녀는 자신이 삶의 주인이자 주체가 되기 위해 끊임없이 본인의 문제를 들여다보고 관습에 저항했으며, 이를 수필을 통해 해답을 찾고자 했다. In this study, the discourse of Kim Il-yeop’s essay was examined through his work. Kim Ilyeop emphasized changes in the family and the practice of individual women on women’s issues. He also argued for the necessity of education and the legitimacy of gender equality. Also, by pointing out the contradictions in the social structure, changes in the social system were sought to promote women’s rights. In his family reminiscences and essays on life problems, he constantly tried to unravel his experiences and thoughts through writing. In this way, Kim Il-yeop was ahead of the times from a woman-centered standpoint through his life and essays. At this time, she showed a pragmatic attitude in the process of overcoming the problems of women at the time. In particular, in order to become the master and subject of her life, she constantly looked into her problems and resisted customs, and tried to solve them through essays.
김은정(Eunjeong Kim),박혜숙(HyeSook Park),홍윤철(Yun-Chul Hong),하미나(Mina Ha),김양호(Yangho Kim),김붕년(Boong-Nnyun Kim),김병미(Byung-Mi Kim),장문희(Moon-Hee Chang),이철우(Chul-Woo Lee),하은희(Eun-Hee Ha) 한국환경독성학회 2012 한국독성학회 심포지움 및 학술발표회 Vol.2012 No.5
The purpose of this study is to find important factors affecting child-care problems caused by inflexible work schedule among low-income unmarried mothers who are under the mandatory work rule of TANF program enforced by 1996 US Welfare Reform. This study analyzes the associations between the probability to experience excessive child-care problems caused by inflexible work schedule and following factors: work schedule regularity, family background factors, and maternal characteristics. This study utilizes data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, which follows a birth cohort of approximately 4,800 children of both unmarried and married parents, with births to unmarried parents substantially over-sampled. Study findings show that working at night and weekend substantially decreases the probability to experience excessive child-care problems caused by work schedule inflexibility among working low-income unmarried mothers. Among family background factors, the number of hours using child-care services (negative relationship), the number of alternative plans needed (positive relationship) and the level of expected social support (negative relationship) have significant associations with the probability to experience excessive child-care problems caused by work schedule inflexibility. Among the characteristics of low-income unmarried mothers, education has a statistically significant relationship with the probability to experience excessive child-care problems caused by work schedule inflexibility (negative relationship).
The purpose of this study is to explore the associations between welfare-to-work policies and social citizenship among welfare recipients focusing on US 1996 Welfare Reform. In order to achieve this purpose, this study examines current re-calibration of welfare states fueled by the ideologies of new right and investigates the importance and roles of welfare-to-work policies in the course of restructuring welfare states. Then, this study reviews the main contents of US Welfare Reform and analyzes the concrete rules of welfare-to-work in terms of its compulsiveness, to understand whether and how welfare-to-work policies erode the social citizenship of welfare recipients who should follow the strict rules of work participations. Findings show that the social citizenship of the most disadvantaged in US in term of earning power is severely eroded by US welfare reform which enacts very punitive welfare-to-work policies. For them, welfare entitlements is not associated with their citizenship status, but with the outcome of contract that they cannot refuse to sign for their economic survival.
In many countries, social investment viewpoints are very much emphasized in diverse areas of social policies. This trends are related with many factors, such as high unemployment rates, growing numbers of the old population, and inefficiencies of the old social welfare systems. Even though Korea is at the stage where the net level of welfare expenditure should be increased, Korean society is also facing the above mentioned social problems which should be solved by new social policies. Thus, it is helpful for Korean society to review the realities, problems, and featuring characteristics of social investment policies among major countries where those policies were already implemented, in order to get useful framework to evaluate many policy alternatives Korean society might adopt. This study reviews social investment policies among western welfare countries according to the three major welfare regimes-liberal, conservative, and social democratic. The findings show that countries in liberal welfare regime, such as Canada, England, and the US, increase the level of total expenditures spending social investment policies and emphasize the role of private sectors providing welfare services. Conservative welfare regime also strongly underscores the policies focusing on social investment viewpoints. Sweden and Denmark, the countries representing social democratic welfare regime do not show the dramatic change in old welfare systems, but try to increase the efficiencies of welfare systems and the number of service providers. The study also analyses social investment policies among major western countries according to the policy objectives-children, women, and the elderly. Children are the most important welfare beneficiaries in the social investment policies. Care services and educational services for younger children are very much emphasized in most countries. For women, many institutional changes and new services increasing the possibilities managing "work and family" are found in many countries. Actually the services for children and for women are interwound with each other. The polices for the elderly include job training services and social care services. In most countries these policies for the elderly are considered as highly urgent policies.