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        • KCI우수등재

          환경 대기질 측정현황 및 과제

          김민영 한국환경보건학회 1993 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.19 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          I. 서론 : 공해방지법이 1963년 11월 15일에 최초로 제장 공포된 이후 14년이 지난 1977년 환경보전법으로 개정되어 다음해 7월부터 본법을 시행하게 되었는바 이때 환경기준에 관한 규정이 최초로 설정되었다. 환경기준의 설정목적은 쾌적한 환경을 보전하고 환경오염으로부터 사람의 건강을 보호하기 위한 것으로서, 최초설정 당시에는 아황산가스, 일산화가스, 질소산화물, 부유분진, 옥시단트 등 5개 항목이었으나, 시행령에서 구체적 기준을 규정한 것은 아황산가스의 1개 항목으로서 장기기준(0.05ppm이하), 단기기준(0.15ppm이하)의 2가지로 구분설정하였다. 동시에 보사부장관과 시.도지사는 전국 혹은 관할 행정구역내에 측정망을 설치하여 환경오염도를 상시 측정토록 규정하고 있다. (생략)

        • 북한 환경보건 실태와 남북 협력방향

          황나미 한국환경보건학회 2018 한국환경보건학회 학술대회 자료집 Vol.2018 No.2

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • KCI우수등재

          Immobilized Biocatalysts를 이용한 환경성 폐기물질 억제에 관한 연구 (제3보) 알코올 발효를 위한 Immobilized Biocatalysts 제조

          김성기 한국환경보건학회 1991 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.17 No.1

          Saccharomyces cerevisiae was immobilized by incubating iron oxides with calcium alginate, and by polyacrylamide entrapment to use repeatedly for the conversion of glucose to ethanol. Magnetic and non-magnetic immobilized yeast and polyacrylamide immobilized yeast were compared with the native yeast a batch-fermentation of ethanol from glucose. Three kinds of immobilized yeast tended almost identically, having ethanol productivity as well as the final yield about the same to what was found for the native yeast. The long-term operational stability of three kinds of immobilized yeast were significant difference according as immobilized yeast activation or non-activation before ethanol fermentation. In the non-activation they lost their activity of fermentation rapidly in the beginning stage an slower at a later stage. On the other hand, in the activation with nutrient media, their activities were increased to some extent and stable in the later stage. The cell count of three kinds of immobilized yeast after activiation by incubating nutrient media, increased by a factor of about 45 to 48, whereas the fermenting capacity increased by a factor of 174 to 178. In the prearation of immobilized biocatalysts, magnetic matter does not seem to have any adverse affect on the properties of the microorganism. The immobilized biocatalysts by utilizing magnetic matter have some advantages, especially in application of viscous media or insoluble particle-containing media, for this work was linked with microbial utilization of environmental wastes and elimination of envirnmental pollutant.

        • KCI등재

          한국 전통 간장의 숙성중 관능적 품질에 미치는 성분의 변화 -아미노산성질소, 아미노산 및 색도를 중심으로

          김종규 한국환경보건학회 2004 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.30 No.1

          This study was performed to investigate the changes of amino nitrogen, total amino acids, free amino acids, and color of Korean traditional soy sauce (kan-jang) during the ripening and storage for 12 months and the characteristics of the changes. All of the preparation methods for soy sauce followed the recommendations of the Korea Food Research Institute. The components of soy sauce were analyzed at 0,6, and 12 months. The contents of amino nitrogen of soy sauce were significantly higher than that of soybeans or meju (soybean cakes) at the initial stage of storage (p<0.05), and decreased during the storage. The content of total amino acids of soybean sauce was significantly lower than that of soybeans, and the content of free amino acids was higher than that of soybeans (p<0.05). The contents of total and free amino acids decreased in soy sauce after 12 months of storage (p<0.05). The composition of total and free amino acids and their ratios of soy sauce were changed during the storage. The ratios of free to total amino acids of soybeans, meju, and soy sauce were 0.8%, 17.3%, and 53.1-59.8%, respectively. Glutamic acid, which represents the savory taste, was detected the most abundantly in soy sauce during the storage. The ratios of free to total amino acids of glutamic acid were 42.9-59.5% in soy sauce. Lightness of Hunter color of soy sauce decreased over time (p<0.05). This study indicates that the ratios of free to total amino acids of soy sauce were much higher than those of soybeans, although its contents of total amino acids were much lower than those of soybeans. This study also indicates that this comes from the preparation and fermentation of meju. It was suspected that the organoleptic characteristics of soy sauce derived from the amino nitrogen, amino acids, and color might be inferior over 1 year of storage time. However, more detailed research should be conducted to interpretate this characteristics more accurately.

        • KCI우수등재

          수질측정분석의 정도관리

          이인선 한국환경보건학회 1993 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.19 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          I. 서론 : 생활수준의 향상과 더불어 삶의 질을 향상시키고 사람을 포함한 생태계에 미치는 오염물질을 관리하기 위하여는 정확한 오염현황 자료가 필요하다. 환경에 영향을 미치는 오염물질 농도는 매우 낮기 때문에 이들 물질을 측정분리하기 위하여는 측정분석 요원의 측정기술 능력, 측정장비, 측정분석에 소요되는 시약 및 초자, 기타 실험실 분위기와 측정요원의 근무여건 등이 최적의 상태로 상호 조화를 이루어야 정확한 측정자료를 얻을 수 있다. 정확한 측정자료를 얻기 위하여는 모든 측정과정이 포함된 측정분석 정도관리가 필요하며 측정결과에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 시료채취, 운송 및 보관, 측정분석 그리고 측정결과의 정리단계에서 오차요인을 제거하는 노력이 필요하다. 본 고에서는 측정분석 과정 중 오차요인을 많이 포함하고 있는 환경시료 채취방법, 환경시료 전처리방법 그리고 측정분석 정도관리 방법에 대한 고찰을 통하여 수질측정분석 정도를 향상시킬 수 있는 방안을 강구하고자 한다.

        • KCI등재

          서울시내 PC방에서의 환경성담배연기(ETS) 농도에 관한 연구

          황규석,백남원,하권철 한국환경보건학회 2003 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.29 No.3

          ETS concentrations in the PC game rooms and factors affecting ETS concentrations were measured. Nicotine, 3-EP, respirable dust and UVPM were used as tracers for ETS. ETS concentrations are 2-3 times higher than those of other results. The concentration of ETS at the commercial district was higher than that of the residential district. The correlations between these tracers and SD/ ACH, a factor affecting to ETS concentration, were calculated. The correlation between 3-ethenylpyridine among tracers and SD/ACH was highest. The correlation between respirable dust and SD/ ACH was lowest. It was difficult to recommend respirable dust as a tracer of ETS.

        • KCI등재

          푸른길 공원의 대기 환경 특성에 관한 연구

          민경우,이경석,박옥현,윤관주,김도술,박세일,정원삼,이대행,조영관,Min,,Kyoung-Woo,Lee,,Kyoung-Soek,Park,,Ok-Hyun,Yoon,,Kwan-Ju,Kim,,Do-Sool,Park,,Se-Il,Jeung,,Won-Sam,Lee,,Dae-Hang,Cho,,Young-Gwan 한국환경보건학회 2015 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.41 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Objectives: This study aimed to survey the characteristics of air quality and meteorological conditions in a greenway park. Methods: We measured meteorological and health related factors, including noise, particulate matter ($PM_{10}$) and selected gaseous air pollutants at three locations in a greenway park and on a general roadside as comparison. The measurements were repeated four times from April to October 2014. Results: The average air temperature in the greenway park was $20.7^{\circ}C$ which was $1-2^{\circ}C$ lower than on the general roadside. The average $PM_{10}$ concentration in the greenway park was $85.0{\mu}g/m^3$, a level 2-3 times lower than that at the roadside. The noise level at the greenway site was 4.4 dB(A)- 23.0 dB(A) lower than at the roadside. The average CO, $CO_2$, $SO_2$ and NOx concentrations in the greenway park were lower than at the roadside. The average phytoncide and anions concentrations in the greenway park were higher than at the roadside. Conclusions: The urban forest of the greenway park may have some impact on air quality and meteorological conditions.

        • KCI등재후보

          지리정보시스템을 이용한 소유역의 환경정보체계 구축

          정효준,황대호,방승석,박수연,이홍근,Jeong,Hyo-June,Hwang,Dae-Ho,Bang,Seung-Seok,Park,Sue-Yeon,Lee,Hong-Keun 한국환경보건학회 2002 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.28 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          This study was carried out to provide environmental information using geographic information system for the environmental manager engaged in governmental office. Point and nonpoint sources were classified by each small watershed and an administrative district. ArcView and ERDAS software were used to develop environmental information system. Small watershed was extracted into the DTEM using HEC-geoHMS which is ArcView extension. Study area was divided into 7 small watershed. Point sources were constituted as cattle, milk cattle, swine, and poultry. Land use was divided into forests, rice paddies, residential sites et al. User interface was designed to search information easily for the nonprofessional GIS users.

        • KCI등재

          한국 전통 된장의 구강미생물에 대한 항균효과

          이성림,김종규,Lee,,Sung-Lim,Kim,,Jong-Gyu 한국환경보건학회 2008 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.34 No.3

          This study was performed to investigate the anti-microbial activity of extract from Korean fermented soybean paste (doen-jang) against 16 types of oral microbes, and to determine the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of the extract for three major microbes causing human oral diseases (Streptococcus mutans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Candida albicans). The extract was prepared using ethyl acetate and it was treated with the oral microbes at a concentration of 5.00 mg/ml (0.5%). The anti-microbial activity and MIC were measured using broth dilution method. Significant reduction of microbial activities of 16 types of oral microbes occurred when the soybean paste extract was added to the broth compared to the control (p<0.01), and striking inhibition (more than 99%) was observed in ten types. S. mutans, which causes dental caries, showed MIC at a concentration of 1.25 mg/ml for the extract. P. gingivalis, which causes adult periodontal disease, showed MIC at a concentration of 2.50 mg/ml for the extract. C. albicans, which causes denture stomatitis and angular stomatitis, showed MIC at a concentration of 20 mg/ml for the extract. These results indicate that ethyl acetate extract of doen-jang showed strong anti-microbial effect against 16 types of oral microbes, and the anti-microbial effect of the extract against oral microbes was stronger against bacteria than against fungi. The anti-microbial effect might be possibly enhanced by the fermentation of soybeans.

        • KCI등재

          환경 중의 엔도톡신 노출 및 건강에 미치는 영향

          박주형,Park,,Ju-Hyeong 한국환경보건학회 2014 한국환경보건학회지 Vol.40 No.4

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Microbes such as bacteria, fungi, archaea, protists, and viruses are ubiquitous and people are exposed to them continuously. Endotoxin is a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and a potent proinflammaotry substance. When a person is exposed to environmental endotoxin, an innate immune response is initiated upon the initial recognition and this response produces various inflammatory mediators and recruits inflammatory cells to the exposed tissues. A purified chemical form of endotoxin is called lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the lipid A portion of the molecule is a biologically active moiety. Exposure to endotoxin may result in various complex health effects depending on time, route, and dose of exposure, as well as host susceptibility. Gene-environment interactions play important roles in health effects of endotoxin exposure, e.g. development or aggravation of asthma. To accurately assess exposure to endotoxin in environmental or epidemiologic studies, methods of sampling, extraction, and analysis must be carefully selected since the selected methods may substantially affect analytical results and there is no internationally-agreed standard method to date. The lack of a standardized method hampers the establishment of exposure-response relationships. While an internationally-agreed health-based exposure limit does not exist, the Dutch Expert Committee on Occupational Safety recently recommended $90EU/m^3$ as a health-based occupational exposure limit. The current article reviews various scientific issues on how we measure environmental endotoxin and the health effects of endotoxin exposure.

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