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      • KCI등재

        유치원 교사의 직무만족도에 관한 조사연구

        최은희 한국아동교육학회 1997 아동교육 Vol.6 No.2

        The following study inspected and analyzed the amount of satisfaction kindergarten teachers received with their works concerning these above facts. Questions were established as follows to accomplish the aim of this study. 1. How contented are the present kindergarten teachers are with their careers? 2. What difference is made in the satisfaction by various kinds of kindergartens they belong to, their ages, their job careers, their school careers, their marital state, the size of a kindergarten, and the number of students that they are in charge of? The subject of investigation includes 280 teachers of 165kindergartens in private and public kindergartens in Ulsan city and 233 questionnaires were collected from them, which is 84% of all questionnaires. The questionnaire used for the purpose of measuring the level of official satisfaction only applied a constituent factor of official satisfaction among ECJSS developed by Paula Jorde - Bloom. The constiuent factor consists of five subsidiaries : the relationship with co - workers and a director, official relations, work circumstances, the amount of pay, and opportunities of promotion. The questionnaire has fifty questions and each question is one the five points. As the analysis of materials, collected data was computerized, the frequencies and tl~e percentages of them were calculated statistically, and the analyzing method using SPSS Package were applied through ANOVA. The results of the study are following 1. It is shown that the average of official satisfaction is 171.6points(total 250points), that is more than 50% and implies that teachers have satisfaction in general. 2. Teachers in public kindergartens seem to be more contented than those in private ones in terms of the kinds of kindergartens. 3. The older the teachers are, the better they seem to feel in the relationship with co - workers and a director, official affairs, the amount of pay, and a opportunities of promotion. 4. With regard to job careers, the more experienced the teachers are, the more they seem to be satisfied in the relationship with co - workers and a director, official affairs, the amount of pay, and opprortunities of promotion. 5. School careers are shown to make no difference in the level of official satisfaction. 6. In connection with a teacher's marital state, if one is married, he or she seems to be more contented on the whole. It might be the reason that they can continue their career after marriage in the job. 7. In relation to the number of classes, teachers who have 1`3 classes seem to be more satisfied than others in the relationship with co - workers, the amount of pay, and opportunities of promotion, but unexpectedly, teachers who have 4"'6 classes seem to be less contented than those who have more than 7classes. 8. The number of students of each class is not shown to make any difference.

      • KCI등재

        명리학의 적성론(適性論)에서 왕(旺)한 십성(十星)과 격국(格局)의 비교 연구

        최은희 인문사회 21 2020 인문사회 21 Vol.11 No.3

        The purpose of this study is to grasp imperfections of the type which examines job aptitude according to the Gyeokguk theory and study alternatives to them. First, capabilities of the ten stars which were positioned according to locations by stem and branch of four pillars of destiny were quantified and added up, each star was classified into prosperity and declination (旺衰), a diagram of job aptitude of the ten stars which were prosperous was made based on the precedent studies which grasped that of the parties to four pillars of destiny, and job aptitude was classified according to the Gyeokguk theory. Gyeokguk by Wolji has its limit to unable to explain aptitude and character of complex and multilayered men because one thing is just recognized. So the study of the deductive method was adopted and related Sajumyeongjo was exemplified based on the recognition that a comprehensive analysis on the prosperous ten stars is needed. The result has found that it is proper that all types of Gyeokguk which follow Jeonggi, Yeogi, or Junggi of Wolji are incorporated into the aptitude theory to analyze them with the ten stars which are prosperous or extremely prosperous. As this thesis has its limit to be unable to conduct a study on an effect of five elements or applicable spirit (用神) on aptitude with the ten stars together, next studies are needed. 본 연구의 목적은 격국론(格局論)에 따라 직업적성을 살피는 유형의 미비점을 파악하고 이에 대한 대안을 연구하는 것이다. 먼저 사주 간지별 위치에 따라 자리 잡은 십성의 역량을 수량화한 후 합산하고 각 십성별 왕쇠(旺衰)를 구분하였으며 사주 당사자의 직업적성을 파악하는 선행연구를 토대로 왕한 십성별 직업적성을 도표화하고 이어서 격국론(格局論)에 따라 직업적성을 분류하였다. 월지에 의한 격국은 한 가지만 인정되므로 복합적이고 다중적인 인간의 적성 및 인성을 설명할 수 없는 한계가 있으므로 왕한 십성들에 대한 종합적 분석이 필요하다는 인식에 기초하여 연역적 방법의 연구를 채택하였고 관련된 사주 명조들을 예시하였다. 그 결과, 월지의 정기나 여기・중기를 따르는 격국 모두 왕・극왕하는 십성으로 분석하는 적성론에 편입시키는 것이 타당하다는 결론을 확인하였다. 이 논문은 오행・용신(用神)이 십성과 함께 적성에 미치는 연구를 병행하지 못한 한계가 있으니 후속 연구가 필요하다.

      • KCI등재

        동성애 관계의 파트너 폭력 피해에 영향을 미치는 요인

        최은희 한국정신건강사회복지학회 2010 정신보건과 사회사업 Vol. No.

        The present study investigated victimization rates of partner violence and explored factors influencing partner violence in same-sex relationships to suggest intervention programs and to extend the current understanding of partner violence issues among homosexuals who are under the dual stigma associated with sexual orientation and partner violence. 101 gay men and 98 lesbian women chosen from a convenience sample, using the snowball method, completed questionnaires. Data were analyzed with SPSS 14.0. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, the level of psychological violence was the highest among them and victimization rates was more prevalent among lesbians than gay men. Second, in gay men's relationships, CSA experiences, support from significant others, relationship duration, coming out, and residential type made significant contribution to victimization of psychological violence. Factors which were significantly associated with physical violence were relationship duration, support from significant others, and disclosure of sexual orientation. CSA experiences and relationship duration made unique contributions to sexual violence. Third, in lesbian case, type of residence, relationship equality, relationship duration, internalized homophobia, and disclosure of sexual orientation were found as significant factors of psychological violence. Relationship duration and disclosure of sexual orientation were proved to have significant effects on physical violence. Relationship duration, CSA experiences, and support from friends were found to exert significant impacts on sexual violence. In conclusion, the findings from this study confirmed partner violence among homosexuals and impact factors differ from gay men and lesbians. 본 연구는 우리나라 동성애자들의 파트너 폭력 피해실태 및 파트너 폭력에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하여 사회적 편견과 파트너 폭력이라는 부정적 경험으로 이중적인 낙인감 속에 있는 동성애자들을 위한 사회복지적 개입방안 마련을 위한 기초자료를 제공하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 연구대상은 20세 이상 42세 이하 게이와 레즈비언 199명으로 구조화된 설문지를 통하여 조사하였으며 SPSS 14.0을 이용하여 분석하였다. 자료분석 결과, 첫째, 동성애 관계의 파트너 폭력의 피해율은 심리적 폭력의 발생률이 가장 높았으며, 성적 폭력을 제외하고는 게이보다 레즈비언의 피해율이 더 높았다. 둘째, 게이의 심리적 폭력은 성폭력 경험, 중요한 타인의 지지, 교제기간, 커밍아웃 및 거주형태가, 신체적 폭력은 교제기간, 중요한 타인의 지지와 커밍아웃이, 성적 폭력은 성폭력 경험과 교제기간이 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 레즈비언의 경우 심리적 폭력은 거주형태, 관계평등, 교제기간, 내면화된 동성애혐오증 및 커밍아웃이, 신체적 폭력은 교제기간과 커밍아웃이, 성적 폭력은 교제기간, 성폭력 경험, 친구지지가 영향을 미쳤다. 신체적 폭력과 심리적 폭력에 영향을 미치는 요인 중 게이와 레즈비언 모두에게서 공통적으로 나타난 교제기간, 커밍아웃은 교제기간의 확대가 폭력발생을 가져오는 역학관계와 커밍아웃이 폭력 피해와 어떤 인과관계가 있는지 대한 보다 심도 있는 후속연구의 필요성을 보여주었다. 아동기 성폭력 피해경험 또한 두 동성애 집단의 성적 폭력 피해와 일관된 관계를 보여주어 아동 성학대 예방을 위한 일반적인 노력은 물론, 동성애 관계의 성적 폭력에 개입할 때 외상적 경험으로서의 아동기 성폭력 경험에 대한 접근의 중요성을 시사하고 있다. 끝으로 본 연구결과 나타난 공통적인 요인과 함께 게이와 레즈비언의 파트너 폭력 피해를 설명하는 상이한 요인들은 동성애자 파트너 폭력 개입 시, 게이와 레즈비언 집단별로 차별화된 접근이 필요함을 시사하고 있으며 더 크게는 파트너 폭력에 대한 이성애자 중심의 선입견을 탈피할 것을 제안하고 있다.

      • KCI등재

        텍스트의 시각화를 위한 수업 지도방안

        최은희,이진호 한국상품문화디자인학회 2019 상품문화디자인학연구 Vol.57 No.-

        The purpose of this study is primarily to consider education for design thinking provided by the university this researcher is affiliated to regarding the cases of ‘Design and Creative Ideas' class opened in other departments. About the method of this study, it is conducted in the order of literature review, class design, class provision, and arrangement of class results. The class was provided to freshmen in D University from 2015 until 2016. When the class was planned, the model to learn visualization designed by this researcher was applied to education for design thinking. According to the results of class provision, when visualization is applied to education for design thinking, it is possible to be free from stereotyped thinking and approach problems in a new way; therefore, it is found to be effective in education for original and creative thinking. Also, students accustomed to language-based thinking due to school education will have to practice visual thinking, too. Education for design thinking is the core of education for creativity since it is the process of solving programs in a systematical and integrative way. This researcher aims to prove that design thinking will form thinking skills that can lay the grounds for solving problems and finding answers regardless of one’s major afterwards. 문제 해결을 위한 사고는 여전히 논리와 신뢰성을 으로 하는 사고이지만, 최근엔 창의성을 동시에 수용할 수 있는 새로운 가능성과 문제해결의 도구로써 디자인 사고가 제안되고 있다. 본 연구의 목표는 일차적으로 연구자가 속한 대학에서 디자 인 사고 교육을 타 학부에서 진행한 '디자인과 창의적 발상' 수업의 사례에 대한 고찰연구이다. 연구의 방법은 선행연구와 문헌 조사 이후 진행되었다. 2015년도부터 2017년도까지 3년간 D대학교 인문계열 1학년 대상의 수업에서 본 연구자가 설계한 시각화 학습 모형을 디자인사고 교육에 적용하여 수업을 진행한다. 그 이후 도출된 결과물을 디자인 사고 수업의 지도 방안을 중 하나의 결과물로 기록하고 공유하는데 그 목적이 있다. 수업을 진행한 결과, 디자인 사고 교육에서 시각화 교육을 적용 할 경우 틀에 박힌 사고를 뛰어넘어 문제를 새로운 방식으로 접근하기 때문에 독창적이 고 창의적인 사고 교육에 효과적이라는 것을 확인 할 수 있었다. 또한 주입식 학교 교육의 영향으로 언어적 사고로 길들여 진 학생들에게 시각적 사고의 연습이 필요하다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이는 학생 간에 커뮤니케이션에 있어서도 이미지를 활용하고 이를 통해 정보나 데이터를 효과적으로 명확하게 전달할 수 있었다. 디자인적 사고는 창의력 교육에 있어 타 전공 학생들에게 융합적 사고를 향상시켜 새로운 시대의 경쟁력을 가질 수 있도록 도와줄 것으로 생각한다. 디자인을 전공하지 않는 비전공 학생들이 시각적 사고를 계속적으로 학습한다면 창의적으로 문제를 해결 할 수 있을 것이다. 연구자는 향후 디자인적 사고가 전공을 초월하여 사회의 문제를 해결하는 가장 창의적인 도구가 되는 사고능력임을 증명하고자 한다.

      • KCI등재후보

        만성 질환 관리를 위한 유헬스 - 신체 활동과 운동 치료-

        최은희,서정열 대한의사협회 2009 대한의사협회지 Vol.52 No.12

        Recently, the aging society is facing with the rapid increase of chronic diseases. Despite the advanced medical technology, chronic diseases have not comprehensively managed yet. In the modern society, many people have to spend their extended life span suffering from chronic diseases and disabilities, and also a huge medical cost has emerged as a serious social problem. With IT improvement, u-health system has been developed to link home and medical service systems by arranging medical data, decision making and medical guidelines for various situations. It can promote the therapeutic compliance for the patients with chronic diseases. And also for the medical service providers, it can provide useful data to make an accurate medical decision. As we know, the chronic disease is caused by inactivity and the management of chronic disease requires the modification of inactive life style. U-health medical fitness system can not only prescribe proper activity to control the chronic disease but also it can monitor the patients’ physical activity in everyday life. By the successful management of chronic diseases based on u-health system, we want to achieve the expansion of disease-free and disability-free life expectancy and a solution to reduce the burden of medical expenses in modern society eventually.

      • KCI등재

        기관튜브 고정방법에 따른 비계획적 발관율 비교

        최은희,김진희,박미희,이주연 병원간호사회 2006 임상간호연구 Vol.12 No.2

        Purpose: This study was executed to grasp the frequence of unplanned extubation of intubated patients in MICU and develop a new nursing intervention for preventing the unplanned extubation. Method: The subject of this study was 136 patients with intubation totally in MICU of C university hospital in Seoul. The collection period of the relative data were from 1st April to end of November in 2005. In the period, we had analyzed 50 patients in total including 43 patients of planned extubation and 7 patients of unplanned extubation. The computational analysis of all data was performed by SPSS 12.0 program. Result: In the view of the unplanned extubation rate of intubated patients, 7.1% of patients fixed by the old method were extubated. But in the new method, only 1.9% of patients are extubated. Improvement of the unplanned extubation rate was verified in a new fix method. Conclusion: In this study it is verified that a nursing intervention applying the new fix method can decrease the occurrence of unplanned extubation. Additional studies need to be performed to evaluate the new nursing intervention.

      • KCI등재

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