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世阿彌の修羅から軍體へとぃう藝の變化は 幽玄美によるものである. ところが, これは, 世阿彌の 言葉を??りると 「離見の 見」の理念として解. すなわち, 世阿彌の 藝の主體は いつも當時の支配階級を始めとする見物人で, この見物人の要求に應じて變化せざる得なかつた. 軍體においの本說たる『平家物語』 の多用も例外ではない. 修羅から軍體へとの變化の理由として世阿??な修羅のないことを擧げている. これを克服するための方法論として幽玄化が提示されるわけだ. ところが, 世阿彌はこの幽玄化を亡父觀阿彌からの敎えであると言う. しかしながら, 實際には, 少なくとも作書面においては世阿彌の獨創的なものである考えられる. その過程においては, 言うまでもなく, 亡父がらの敎えを始め, 當時連歌界の巨頭二條良基との交流, そして歌でありながら庇護者でもあつた三代將軍義萬の期待や好みなどによる結果なのかも知れない. 一方, 世阿彌の軍體物に引用された引歌は, もちろん能樂一般においての幽玄化志向の結果であちうが, 夢幻能としての軍體物の引歌には一定の樣式が認められる. 特に化身である前ジテの登場周邊には必ずと言つていいほが引歌が置かれる. が, これは能樂の????的性格を考える際, 他界から現世をつなぐ役割を果たしているとも言えるであろう. そして, その內容においそも心淸表現として表される. 他界人である前ジテが現世に登場するにの何かの理由があって, 一曲の內容によってやや變動は認められるが, 結局の今の心情を表白することど, ここには暗示から具體化という 上昇氣流がうかがえる. また, 後前ジテの登場の場合はシテとワの身分の具體化からくる直接的な疏通のせいか引歌は 多くはない. 主に夢幻能一般において見られるその登場の理由を語るだけてある. このような現象は能作者の無意識の所産である可能性も考れられようが, 今後はその範圍をもう少し廣めそ民俗學的ま方面まで合わせて考えてみる必要があろう.
In this thesis, we propose the high efficiency data compression schemes. The sequence of sample data is coded using VF(variable to fixed) arithmetic code which can be limited the error propagation in one block. The key point of VF arithmetic coding is how to split the fixed length codeword in proportion to symbol probabilities in VF arithmetic code. We develop the new VF arithmetic coding that split the codeword set completely for arbitrary source alphabet. In addition to, an extended representation of symbol probability is designed by using recursive Gray conversion. The performance of proposed method is compared with other well-known source coding methods with respect to compression ratio and coding times.
Requirement for security of inference quiries from Knowledge based expert system is increased. In this paper, it is aimed principally at presenting formal theory for inference control and on the basis of this theory, the correcting algorithm of inference channel is presented. Also, the formal theory in this paper will be used efficiently as the basis theory of inference control technique and detection of inference control and classification methodology of security level in data objects.
Amniocentesis has become a valuable means to evaluate fetal conditions and treat fetal illness or complication of pregnancy. This procedure is seldom complicated by amniotic and fetal infection, a phenomenon believed to be due to antimicrobial effects of amniotic fluid. Since Cattaneo (1949) first reported that amniotic fluid possessed antibacterial action, various confirmatory studies have been published. Although the mechanism by which amniotic fluid inhibits growth of bacteria and fungus is still obscure, Cattaneo (1949), Galask and Snyder (1970), Larsen et al. (1974), and Schlievert et al. (1975) variously hypothesized that the antimicrobial effects might be due to lysozyme, transferrin, immunoglobulin, peroxidase, steroids or nutritional defects. The purpose of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of amniotic fluid-mixed media, and to observe the morphological changes and vitality of microorganism treated with amniotic fluid. Aseptic and atraumatic amniocentesis was performed in 30 cases of normal term pregnant women. Cultures of bacteria and fungus were made in amniotic fluid containing media in order to determine the vitality of the organisms and the inhibitory effect of the amniotic fluid. Bacteria cultures(Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Proteus vulgaris) were made using brain heart infusion media mixed with 0, 10, 50,. 75, and 100% distilled water for the control and 0, 50, 75, and 100% amniotic fluid for the study group. Cultures of fungus(Candida albicans) were made with sabouraud media in the same manner. Growth of bacteria and fungus was measured by means of optical transmission density. After immersion in amniotic fluid for 24 hours, the morphologic changes of bacteria and fungus were observed, under an electron microscope. The result obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The growth of Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris, and Candida albicans in the media containing amniotic fluid and the inhibitory effects were directly proportional to the concentrations of amniotic fluid in the media. 2. Growth of bacteria and fungus was inhibited in amniotic fluid-mixed media to a significantly greater degree than in distilled water-mixed media. This result indicates that amniotic fluid itself had an inhibitory effect rather than nutritional deficiency. 3. Bacteria treated with pure amniotic fluid for 24 hours demonstrated a cytolytic appearance and fungus was intact under an electron microscope. 4. Bacteria treated with pure amniotic fluid for 24 hours did not grow in the fresh media while fungus did grow.
In order to economize resources and cut down expenses, we have recently used the method of key entry in compensation for the method of card reading in computer. Accordingly, in minimum system of popular microcomputer the method of key entry is used to reduce expenses. As one means to this end, and additional circuitry including latches, clocks and monostables can filter out contact bounce of key switch but it complicates the system. In the case of Hex keys in keyboard interface, if using encoder chip, they are simply constructed but expensive. In this paper the matter of contact-bounce can work out a solution for software and the function of encoder chip is replaced with the program in software, so it is experimented an inexpensiveness. In my own making microcomputer, having been made firmware in fixed ROM and PROM, they have been confirmed in sufficient operations as a result of experiment in reality.
This paper provides a design representation technique of complex reactive system. such as realtime embedded systems, control and communication systems and interactive software or hardware. It enables a user to design of two points of view, capturing functionality and behavior. These views are represented by activity chart and state chart and state chart of visual formalisms. In this paper using activity chart, the possibility of design repersentation revealed in complex reactive system in application to structuring representation technique, it was solved various shortcomings of statetransition diagram in the representation of system behavior.