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      • KCI등재

        Syntactic priming in the L2 neural language model

        최선주,박명관 언어과학회 2022 언어과학연구 Vol.- No.103

        In recent years, the increasing abilities of neural (-network) language models (NLMs) have led to examining their representation of syntactic structures. To assess the linguistic knowledge that NLMs acquire, researchers have leveraged the traditional syntactic priming paradigm to investigate the potentials of NLMs in learning abstract structural information. In this study, we concentrated on investigating the extent to which the L2 NLM is sensitive to syntactic priming in psycholinguistic. Following Sinclair et al. (2022), we adopted a novel metric with which we controled various linguistic factors. Based on this adoption, we implemented the L2 NLM trained on the L2 corpus and explored which factors influence the strength of priming effects. In so doing, we discovered that the L2 NLM is also sensitive to various linguistic factors but displays irregular syntactic priming performances depending on experiments with different types of controlled materials.

      • KCI등재

        일본, 프랑스, 독일의 평생교육 전문가 자격관리 방식 비교 분석

        최선주,박지숙,김현경,강현민 인하대학교 교육연구소 2023 교육문화연구 Vol.29 No.4

        This study aims to identify the unique characteristics of the Korean lifelong educator system in terms of how the state manages lifelong education professional qualifications through a comparative analysis of overseas cases and suggest directions for developing the lifelong educator qualification system. To achieve this, three countries that manage the qualification of lifelong education professionals at the national level are selected. Specifically, Japan’s social educator (社會敎育士), France’s adult professional educator (Formateur Professionnel d’Adultes), and Germany’s social educator (Sozialpädagoge/ Sozialpädagogin) qualifications are selected as comparison targets, and up-to-date legislation, statistics, and reference materials in the original languages are collected and analyzed. The analysis reveals that Japan is characterized by universalizing the social education specialist qualification from social education officers, France focuses on a competency-based curriculum and validation of prior experiential learning (VAE), and Germany emphasizes 16 state laws and a social pedagogy degree. In the case of the Korean lifelong educator, the characteristics include the ease of qualification acquisition through the completion of specific subjects and “post-training” national management for mandatory placement. In conclusion, directions for improving the governance of Korean lifelong educator qualifications that reflect the results of comparative analysis are presented.

      • KCI등재

        Can an L2-neural LM Generalize Filler-gap Dependency?

        최선주,박명관,윤영도 한국현대언어학회 2022 언어연구 Vol.38 No.3

        Recent studies have shown that recurrent neural language models (LMs) can understand sentences involving filler-gap dependency (Chowdhury & Zamparelli, 2018; Wilcox et al., 2018, 2019). However, their behavior does not encode the underlying constraints that govern filler-gap acceptability. In this vein, significant issues remain about the extent to which LMs acquire specific linguistic constructions and whether these models recognize an abstract property of syntax in their representations. In this paper, following the lead of Bhattacharya and van Schijndel (2020), we further test whether the L2 neural LM can learn abstract syntactic constraints that have been claimed to govern the behavior of filler-gap constructions. To see this, we implement the L2 neural LM trained on the L2 corpus of English textbooks published in Korea for the last two decades, and then we test the representational overlap between disparate filler-gap constructions based on the syntactic priming paradigm. Unlike the previous studies of L1-neural LMs, we could not find sufficient evidence showing that the L2 neural LM learns a general representation of the existence of filler-gap dependency and the shared underlying constraints.

      • KCI등재

        An L2 Neural Language Model of Adaptation to Dative Alternation in English

        최선주,박명관 현대영미어문학회 2022 현대영미어문학 Vol.40 No.1

        Neural(-network) language models (NLMs) have recently been shown to adapt not only to lexical items but also to abstract syntactic structures. In this study, we provide further evidence for this thesis by showing that the syntactic priming paradigm on an L2 LSTM (Long Short-Term Memory) language model (LM) enhances the ability for it to track abstract properties of sentences compared to the non-cumulative priming paradigm. Furthermore, we investigate the effect of the learning rate on adaptation. In so doing, we probe how much enhancement is due to adapting such an L2 NLM’s syntactic representations. We report the performances of the L2 LSTM LM in the adaptation experiment focusing on dative alternation in English and confirm that they adapt both lexical items and syntactic structures, just as L1 NLMs do.

      • 특집 - 역사적 문화환경의 보존과 재생 : 일본의 역사환경 보존재생을 위한 제도 ( On the Japanese Legal System for Conservation and Restoration of Historical Environment )

        최선주 대한건축학회 1996 建築 Vol.40 No.7

        일본의 역사환경 보존재생과 관련된 주요법률로는 [문화재보호법], [고도의 역사적 풍토 보존에 관한 특별조치법(통칭 고도보존법)], [도시계획법]과 [건축기준법]이 있다. 문화재보호법은 1950년 담징의 변화로 유명한 법륭사 금당의 화재를 계기로 제정되었다. 그후 문화재적인 가치가 높은 건축물은 문화재보호법에 의하여 보존되어 왔으나, 역사지구와 같은 면적인 역사환경을 보존하기 위한 제도는 [전통적건조물군보존지구제도]가 도입될 때까지 마련되지 못했다.

      • KCI등재

        코카시안과 한국인의 Phenytoin임상 약동학적 변수 비교

        최선주,신완균,이명걸,이민화,이상복,Cloyd, James 한국병원약사회 1992 병원약사회지 Vol.9 No.3

        The effective and safe use of phenytoin in epileptic patients is complicated by its nonlinear pharmacokinetic characteristic, Michaelis-Menten type which is reported by numerous investigator. Currently, Bayesian method which estimates the most probable parameters of V max and Km of the drug for each patient from population parameters data is very useful approach for adjusting phenytoin dosage. The pharmacokinetic parameters of phenytoin are affected by physiological factor, disease state, compliance, bioavailability and ethnic origin. To increase the accuracy of Bayesian method, it is desirable to use population parameters of Korean. Therefore, in the present study, pharmacokinetic parameters of phenytoin have been compared between Caucasian and Korean. Data from 20 adult neurology outpatients having normal liver and renal function from Seoul National University Hospital and University of Minnesota Hospital respectively were evaluated. Phenytoin pharmacokinetic parameters, Vmax & Km, were obtained from these two dose-concentration data at each steady-state by using Michaelis-Menten equation. Estimated mean values of Vmax and Km were 6.72㎎/㎏/day(SD 1.34 : CV 20%) and 4.77mcg/㎖(SD 2.39 : CV 50%), respectively in Korean. The corresponding values were 8.39㎎/㎏/day(SD 2.29 : CV 27%) and 6.67mcg/㎖(SD 6.04 : CV 90%) from Caucasian. Vmax were significantly different between two groups(p<0.05)

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        추간공 경유 경막외 차단술 환자의 합병증에 대한 조사 연구

        최선주,배성열,서성화,김상대,김세훈,박정율 대한척추신경외과학회 2004 Neurospine Vol.1 No.1

        Objective: To study on the incidence of complications from C-arm guided lumbar transforarninal epidural injections in patients with radiculopathy caused by either lumbar spinal stenosis or herniated intervertebral disc. Materials & Methods: A total of 1200 patients with back/leg pain for more 3 months and received therapeutic injections in recent 1-year period was evaluated. All procedures were performed by one neurosurgeon with careful monitoring by nursing staffs during and after the procedures. Two party observers reviewed medical charts including immediate postprocedure complications using standardized questionnaire. Results: Average 1.9 injections per patient were done. Complications per injection seen included 12 transient headaches (0.9%), 5 increased back pain(0.4%), 4 increased leg pain(0.3%), 4 facial flushing(0.3%), 2 increased blood sugar in an insulin-dependent diabetic(0.2%), I vasovagal reaction(0.08%), and I hypertension(0.08%). All of these complications resolved within several hours to 2 weeks and there were no need for further specific management. There were no major or permanent complications. The incidence of minor complications was 2.3% per injection. All reactions resolved without morbidity. Conclusion: Although effectiveness varies with different pathologies, the C-arm guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injection seems to be a safe and effective procedure for these patients when carefully performed and closely observed with appropriate nursing care.

      • KCI등재

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