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The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the love stories of <Jeol-hwa-gi-dam>(折花奇談)> and <Po-ui-gyo-gip(布衣交集)> to consider the genre of two works. and were created in 19th century and written in Chinese letters. But the authors are unknown. described the love affair between Yi-seng(李生) and Sun-mae(舜梅). Then his behaviors remind us of playboys in the late Chosun dynasty, han-ryang. Sun-mae was a pretty woman but she was married. And she belonged to the lower class. also described the love affair between Yi-seng(李生) and Cho-ok(楚玉). By chance two heros had same family name, Yi. The hero of was a yang-ban and Cho-ok was a person of low birth. Like Sun-mae, Cho-ok was beautiful and married, too. But she had an another virtue. It was that she had an opportunity to be educated. Especially she was very talented in the literature. As you know, it was not until the modern age came that the free love affairs were described in the novel. If so, don't we have any work to treat free love affairs at all among the old novels? Of course love stories were given much weight in the old novels. Then the two works, <Jeol-hwa-gi-dam> and <Po-ui-gyo-gip> and were remarkably different from the other old novels in view of treating love affairs. Analyzing the love stories of two works, a few common elements could be found. The first, two works described the manners of that times in details. The second, the desires of women came to be acknowledged in the old novels. Especially Cho-ok was highly self-conscious woman character. The last, the love stories of two works are closer to the novels written in the modern age rather than the those of the old novels. These two works have been studied in the context of the genre, Jeon-gi-so-seol(傳奇小說) by now. But those elements mentioned above were not common to Jeon-gi-so-seol at all. Therefore, the characteristics of these two works could be clear if we approached another prospect of genres.
Uijeon Yuk Yong-jeong is known for his Uijeon Gisul, the collection of writings in which he systematically developed his thoughts on enlightenment. But his literary works nowadays have also attracted notice from academics. This study is an attempt to examine his five biographical writings. The reason that I decided to focus attention on these works is that they are noticeable in being distinctively different from other biographical writings of Chinese classics and that their aesthetic sensibility is unfamiliar and impressively strong. This study tries to find the meaning of Yuk Yong-jeong’s biographical works in the context of narratives in his era through analyzing those five works and deriving the crucial characteristics from them. His five biographical works -- The Life of Mo So-sa, a Soldier’s Wife, The Life of Song So-hab, The Life of Gaeja, Lee Suk-ju, The Life of Doja, Kim Dong-gan, and The Life of Lee Sung-sun -- are all about low-class people, among whom some had experienced social and economic failure. These works show a transformation of existing forms of biographical writings because they tend to only very briefly give a person’s genealogy and generally not offer any conclusive judgment about the person. Moreover, many of the episodes recounted in them presented dead drunkenness, money-oriented attitudes, homosexuality, and violence, all of which were far from Confucian virtues. Due to these elements, Yuk Yong-jeong’s biographical works offer characteristics of raw rhetoric and a coarse aesthetic sensibility in an atmosphere of vulgarity. These characteristics found in his biographical works demonstrate a tendency different from his other genres, such as epitaphs and records of a deceased person’s life, in which he told normative narratives conforming to Confucian values. In his biographical writings, his views on perverse and minor people whose lives did not conform to Confucian values are neither negative nor judgmental, but accepting. Yuk Yong-jeong’s biographical works are found to have much in common with contemporary narrative, such as the new novel, in that there appeared a lot of low-class people and sensational episodes about sex and violence. This kind of aesthetically coarse sensibility of his works can be interpreted as follows: first, it may express pessimistic views on an uncertain and unpredictable future depicted as distorted desire; second, it might result from the attempt to find an alternative way of life in society on the part of Yuk Yong-jeong, a frustrated intellectual who believed in enlightenment thinking.
=Clinical Experience of Pain Management for PostlaminectomySyndrome due to PseudomeningoceleA case report Hye Ran Cho, M.D., Sang Ji Han, M.D., Sang Chul Park, M.D.,Young Eun Kwon, M.D., and Jun Hak Lee, M.D.
이 논문은 자신의 문집을 남긴 여성만이 아니라 자신의 글을 남기지 않은 다수의 조선 여성들의 독서 문화에 대한 관심에서 출발한다. 독서가 가능한 사람들은 일단 글을 읽을 줄 알고, 동시에 글을 읽을 수 있는 여가가 있는 사람들이다. 조선시대의 문맹률 및 대다수 여성들의 생활 환경을 고려해 볼 때, 대다수의 조선시대 여성들은 구비 전승을 통해 여성적 경험, 여성적 지식을 전수 하였다. 이렇듯 조선시대 여성들의 삶에서 독서라는 취미는 본디부터 일부 여성들에게만 허락된 것이었다. 보편적으로 조선시대 양반 여성들은 양반 남성들이 받았던 적극적인 교육을 받지 못하였다. 왜냐하면 조선시대에는 여성들이 시집가서 자기 역할에 충실하게 사는 데 필요한 이상 너무 많이 배우는 것은 오히려 부덕(婦德)에 어긋나는 것으로 여겼기 때문이다. 그러나 개인 문집 및 양반 여성들의 삶을 추적할 만한 자료들을 보면 그녀들이 독서 경력과 지적인 자질을 기리는 언급들을 자주 만날 수 있다. 양반 여성들도 지적 자질이 뛰어날 경우, 비공식적이기는 하나 친정에서 고급한 중세 교육의 혜택을 받은 경우들을 확인할 수 있었다. 그리고 자료를 달리하면 조선시대 여성들의 소설에 대한 경사를 확인해 볼 수도 있다. 특히 소설에 대한 애호는 평민부터 궁중의 비빈들에 이르기까지 신분의 고하를 막론하고 공동적으로 나타난 현상이다. 뿐만 아니라 자신이 쓴 책을 남길 정도로 전문적인 수준의 독서 경력을 가진 여성들도 다수 있었다. 기존 논의에서는 당시 여성들의 「내훈(內訓)」,「계녀서(戒女書)」,「여사서(女四書)」 등의 여성 교훈서와 소설을 주로 읽었다고 했는데, 막상 그녀들의 독서목록은 훨씬 다양하였을 뿐 아니라 유교경전 및 역사서에 대한 독서를 한 경우도 많았다. 이 글은 이러한 조선시대 여성들의 독서목록 및 관심 영역에 대해 구체적으로 논의하였다. 또한 그 동안 여성은 유교적 이데올로기의 피교육자, 공적 담론의 수용자, 비가시화된 존재로서만 부각되어 왔는데, 1900년대 초기 신문의 보급과 더불어 여성의 역할에도 변화가 있었다. 당시 여성 중에는 신문의 독자로 있다가 독자 투고란을 통해 공적인 매체에 자신의 의견을 싣기 시작한 여성들이 있었다. 즉 이때에 이르면 여성들도 대중 매체를 통해 공적인 담론의 주체로 그 모습을 드러내기 시작했던 것이다. 이 글은 기존논의에서는 주로 피교육자의 입장으로만 조명 되었던 당대 여성들의 지적인 수준 및 취향에 대해, 또 독서의 주체로서의 여성에 대해 논의하였다는 데 그 의의가 있다. This attempt to examine the general reading culture of women in Chosun dynasty has began with my interest on not only women writers but also women readers who had not written any literary works. Generally women who can read are people who have time to read. so the study on women's reading culture is likely to focus on reading materials and women in aristocracy, so called Yangban. But given the rate of illiterate people and the conditions of most women in Chosun dynasty, women's experiences and knowledge are considered to be transmitted to women to women by oral tradition. The taste of reading was allowed only to few privileged women in that period. However, even those few privileged women in the aristocratic class were not permitted to be well educated like men in the same class. That's because it was thought that women just should be educated in order to do their duties as a good housewife and a good mother and women who learned more considered to be improper to women's virtues. But individual literary works and documents showing some traces of women's lives of those days are found to mention and praise women's reading experiences and women's high intelligence. The existence of highly intelligent women proves that some women were well educated in their private home before marriage. Some documents show us the favor of novels by women in Chosun dynasty. The enjoyment of novels is a phenomenon found in every classes from common people to the queen and royal concubines. Even some women were found to have professional reading experiences so that they could write literary works by themselves. Although existing studies told us that women in Chosun dynasty usually read exemplary books like Naihun(內訓), Gyenaysuh(戒女書), Yuhsasuh(女四書) and novels, women were found to read more various books including history books and Confucian canons. This study particularly discussed the reading lists and main concerns of women in Chosun dynasty. For a long time women had been regarded as people to be educated Confucian ideology, the recipient of public discourse, and invisible people. But with the widespread of newspaper in the early 1900s, there was a change of women's role. some women were found to write their opinion in the readers column in the newspaper. That proves that women began to be subjects of public discourse using mass media. This study is significant in that it focuses on women as subjects unlike existing studies which regarded women as people to be educated.