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      • 만2세 영아의 기질에 따른 또래 간 갈등해결방식

        조영아,이선숙 大邱大學校 師範大學 附設 敎育硏究所 2012 學校敎育硏究 Vol.7 No.2

        This research has analysed temperament patterns through participant observation in conflict situations occurring in the free play time of two year olds between peers at a child care facility. The results showed that infants with a fussy temperament tried to resolve conflicts with strategies of taking, denial, obstinacy, and physical attack, while children with a gentle or middle temperament used more amicable methods of apology, giving the item back, humor, accommodation, and suggesting an alternative. Therefore, conflict situations between fussy temperamented infants and gentle or middle temperamented infants usually ended with neither party having much satisfaction as they were resolved by the gentled or middle temperamented infants either yielding or accommodating the fussy temperament infants. However, although conflict situations occurred between gentle or middle temperamented infants, those ended with both parties being satisfied through a positive resolution strategy. Thus, we were able to find out that aspects of conflict resolution differed according to the temperament pattern involved in the conflict relationship. 본 연구는 보육시설에 다니고 있는 만 2세 영아들의 자유놀이시간에 일어나는 또래와의 갈등 상황을 참여 관찰(participant observation)을 통해 기질 유형별로 분석하였다. 그 결과 까다로운 기질의 영아는 빼앗기, 부정하기, 고집부리기, 신체공격하기 등의 전략으로 갈등을 해결하고자 하였고, 순한 기질과 중간 기질의 영아들은 또래와 갈등이 발생했을 경우 사과하기, 되돌려주기, 유머, 순응하기, 대안제시하기 등의 전략을 통해 원만하게 해결하려는 모습을 보여주었다. 따라서 까다로운 기질의 영아와 순한 기질, 중간 기질의 영아와의 갈등 상황에서는 순한 기질이나 중간 기질의 영아들이 까다로운 기질의 영아에게 양보해주거나, 순응함으로써 갈등이 해결되어 대부분 갈등의 주인공 모두에게 만족을 주지 못하는 방향으로 종결되었으나, 순한 기질과 중간 기질 영아들 간의 갈등 상황에서는 갈등이 일어나긴 했지만 긍정적인 해결전략으로 모두에게 만족을 주는 방향으로 종결되었음을 볼 수 있어 갈등관계에 놓인 기질 유형에 따라 갈등해결결과가 다른 양상임을 알 수 있었다.

      • 2세 영아가 놀이과정에서 경험하는 갈등에 관한 문화기술적 연구

        조영아,김수영 大邱大學校 師範大學 附設 敎育硏究所 2010 學校敎育硏究 Vol.6 No.1

        본 연구는 2세 영아들이 놀이과정에서 경험하는 갈등 양상과 갈등해결전략을 참여관찰(participant observation)을 통해 살펴보았다. 본 연구에 의하면 놀이 과정에서 또래와 경험하는 갈등 요인은 크게 6 가지로 제한된 놀잇감의 수, 완성된 구성물 방해, 놀잇감 뺏기, 놀이 영역, 놀이 탐색 및 놀이 참여 과정, 상징부여과정에서 갈등이 유발되었다. 갈등상황에서 영아들의 갈등해결전략은 친구에게 일러주기, 교사에게 일러주기, 되돌려주기, 거절하기, 망가뜨리기, 언어적 공격하기, 함께하기, 칭찬하기, 교사 부르기, 요구하기, 다른 또래의 도움, 거부하기, 부정하기, 사과하기, 놀리기, 회피하기, 신체적 공격하기, 설명하기, 대안제시하기, 부탁하기, 인정하기, 무시하기, 제안하기, 수용하기 등 총 24가지 유형으로 관찰되었다. This study examines the aspect of conflict that 2 year infants face through playing and strategy of solving the conflict through the participant observation. According to this study, factors of conflict experiencing through playing with the same age group are largely six factors; the limited number of toys, disturbance of finished components, taking toys away, playing area, exploring play and process of participating into the play, process of granting symbols, and from these processes conflicts are occurred. It is examined that in the situation of the conflict, there are 21 types of infant's strategy to solve the conflicts; telling their friends, telling their teacher, returning, rejecting, breaking, verbal attacking, being together, praising, calling the teacher, demanding, help from others who are the same age, denying, apologizing, teasing, avoiding, physical attacking, explaining, proposing alternatives, favouring, admitting, ignoring, suggesting, accepting, etc.

      • KCI등재

        영아의 기질 요인에 따른 영아-교사 간 애착 안정성 및 또래 간 상호작용 차이

        조영아(Cho Young-Ah),김수영(Kim Soo-Young) 한국열린유아교육학회 2009 열린유아교육연구 Vol.14 No.4

        본 연구는 영아 기질의 하위요인에 따라 교사와 형성하는 애착 유형 및 또래 간 상호작용에서의 차이를 검증해 보고자 하였다. 24-32개월 영아 33명과 그들의 보육교사 7명을 연구 대상으로 선정하였고 영아의 기질과 교사와의 애착안정성 및 또래 간 상호작용을 측정하는 도구를 사용하여 자료 수집 하였으며 교차분석 및 다변인변량 분석으로 자료처리 하였다. 연구 결과, 기질하위요인 중에서 규칙성, 반응강도, 기분, 지구성, 적응성 요인이 교사와의 애착유형에 유의한 차이가 있었으며 활동수준, 접근성, 반응역, 주의분산 요인과는 유의한 차이가 없었다. 또한 영아 기질의 하위요인 중에서 반응강도, 기분, 적응성 요인은 또래 간 상호작용과 유의한 차이가 있었으며 활동수준, 규칙성, 접근성, 지구성, 반응역, 주의분산 요인과는 유의한 차이가 없었다. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of subordinate factors of toddler temperament on differences in the peer interaction and the attachment between toddler and teacher. For the evaluation, the toddler temperament questionnaire(TTQ), peer interaction, and attachment Q-set tests were performed on 33 toddlers under 2 years old and 7 teachers in the S child care center located at D city. The test data were analyzed with Crosstabs and MANGVA and the results indicate the followings. First, the subordinate factors of toddler temperament affecting the difference in the toddler-teacher attachment are regularity, intensity of response, positive or negative mood, persistence, and adaptability. Second, the subordinate factors of toddler temperament affecting the difference In the toddler interaction are intensity of response, positive or negative mood, and adaptability.

      • KCI등재후보

        Study for Regional Cooperation on Radioactive Waste Management in Northeast Asia

        조영아,김현제,김윤경 한국자원공학회 2009 Geosystem engineering Vol.12 No.4

        Anti-nuclear sentiment has been dramatically changed in the 2000s, because of energy prices hike and climate change conventions. Some experts assert that this positive and affirmative reaction toward nuclear generation could lead to ‘nuclear renaissance’ in the near future. Korea, Japan, China located in Northeast Asia has not been affected by nuclear evasion policy (keeping away from nuclear policy) from European countries, their energy policies are still kept focused on nuclear energy. Each country faces lack of storage facility for radioactive waste. This paper explores possibility of building an international radioactive waste disposal and storage facility in the Northeast Asian region. It is considered that Northeast Asian region as one of candidates for international radioactive waste disposal and storage facility and investigated each country’s situation and proposed recommendation to make the facility in this region possible. Through this energy cooperation idea, each country in Northeast Asian region can solves radioactive waste disposal and storage problem and strengthens energy security by utilization of more nuclear generation. Northeast Asian countries need to discuss the possibility of the construction of international facilities by increasing mutual understanding among nations. And, in order to prepare for changes of economic and social situation and to promote interests among the international communities, South Korea needs to undertake further researches and develop a cooperative strategy for radioactive waste management in this region. Anti-nuclear sentiment has been dramatically changed in the 2000s, because of energy prices hike and climate change conventions. Some experts assert that this positive and affirmative reaction toward nuclear generation could lead to ‘nuclear renaissance’ in the near future. Korea, Japan, China located in Northeast Asia has not been affected by nuclear evasion policy (keeping away from nuclear policy) from European countries, their energy policies are still kept focused on nuclear energy. Each country faces lack of storage facility for radioactive waste. This paper explores possibility of building an international radioactive waste disposal and storage facility in the Northeast Asian region. It is considered that Northeast Asian region as one of candidates for international radioactive waste disposal and storage facility and investigated each country’s situation and proposed recommendation to make the facility in this region possible. Through this energy cooperation idea, each country in Northeast Asian region can solves radioactive waste disposal and storage problem and strengthens energy security by utilization of more nuclear generation. Northeast Asian countries need to discuss the possibility of the construction of international facilities by increasing mutual understanding among nations. And, in order to prepare for changes of economic and social situation and to promote interests among the international communities, South Korea needs to undertake further researches and develop a cooperative strategy for radioactive waste management in this region.

      • KCI등재

        Comparison of the Different Intervening Test Types with Feedback in L2 English Grammar Acquisition

        조영아 미래영어영문학회 2017 영어영문학 Vol.22 No.4

        The present study explores the influence of different intervening test types and feedback have on English grammar acquisition in the immediate and long-term retention. Seventy-one college students were randomly assigned to a short-answer test group, a multiple-choice test group, and a control group. Three main instruments were utilized in the study: a background questionnaire, pre- and post-Grammar Learning Strategy questionnaires, and pre-, post-, and delayed grammar tests. The outcomes of the study indicate that both experimental groups had significantly higher grammar gains than the control group in terms of immediate retention, while a short-answer test group showed better retention than the control group in terms of long-term retention. In addition to testing effects, the two experimental groups reported a positive attitude with regards to memory-related, cognitive, and metacognitive grammar learning strategies. Based on the results, this study offers suggestions on how tests can be effectively implemented into L2 English grammar instruction.

      • KCI등재

        Determination of Polar Secondary Metabolomes in Arabidopsis thaliana using High Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Tandem Mass Spectrometry

        조영아,박세민,배동원,서온누리,이지은,정성우,권영상,차재율,배한홍,신성철 경상대학교 농업생명과학연구원 2012 농업생명과학연구 Vol.46 No.6

        As a preceding study for investigating the influence of sound wave stimulus on Arabidopsis thaliana metabolomics, the polar secondary metabolomes of the plant were determined using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. A total of 10 polar secondary metabolomes were characterized and quantified. Among them, 4 metabolomes, p-coumaroylagmatine isomer (7 and 8), p-coumaroylagmatine isomer (9 and 10) were identified in the plant for the first time. The validation was conducted in terms of linearity, recovery, precision, limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ). The validated method was applied to the simultaneous quantification of the 10 polar secondary metabolomes.

      • KCI등재

        미성년자와 성인에서의 안드로겐탈모증의 임상적 차이 분석

        조영아,손형석,이지수,김진희,최용범,안규중,이양원 대한피부과학회 2021 大韓皮膚科學會誌 Vol.59 No.9

        Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is characterized by terminal hair miniaturization, which progressively decreases hair density and thickness. Genetic predisposition and the role of androgen in AGA have been widely accepted; however, its definite mechanism has not been clarified. AGA may also occur in adolescents, although its clinical characteristics including the disease prevalence have not yet been fully established. Objective: To analyze the clinical differences of AGA between adolescents and adults. Methods: Six-hundred fourteen patients with AGA were recruited and information about age, sex, and family history, comorbidities were collected. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents and 66.4% of adults had family history of AGA, with “paternal only” as the most common pattern. A total of 27.3% of adolescents and 44.5% of adults had comorbidities, with seborrheic dermatitis being the most common. Other common comorbidities were acne, folliculitis, and atopic dermatitis in adolescents, dyslipidemia, hypertension, mood disorder, and diabetes mellitus in adults. A total of 12.7% and 15.0% of adolescents and adults, respectively, had abnormal serum testosterone levels, and 5.5% of adolescents and 7.5% of adults had abnormal serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) levels. Regardless of age, the proportion of patients with abnormal testosterone levels was higher in the female group than in the male group. Conclusion: AGA showed paternal predominance in family history regardless of sex or age, suggesting paternal history as an important factor of AGA. Testosterone and DHEA-S abnormalities were found in patients with AGA, indicating a need for further studies on therapeutic effects associated with differences in hormonal profiles.

      • KCI등재

        상악동에 발생한 복합된 접합균증과 아스페루길루스증

        조영아,윤혜정,홍성두,이재일,홍삼표 대한구강악안면병리학회 2009 대한구강악안면병리학회지 Vol.33 No.1

        Zygomycosis and aspergillosis are representative filamentous fungal infections in the sinonasal region. However, their combined form seldom occurs. This report describes one case of zygomycosis and aspergillosis occurring in a patient that did not have diabetes or any other immunocompromising conditions. The patient presented with a history of intermittent swelling and pus discharge from the gingiva of the right maxillary posterior teeth. The radiographs demonstrated a periapical radiolucency around the right maxillary first molar, together with mild haziness and mucosal thickening of the right maxillary sinus. Under the clinical impression of odontogenic sinusitis, a Caldwell-Luc operation was performed. However, the final diagnosis based on microscopic examination was combined zygomycosis and aspergillosis. Previous studies of zygomycosis occurring alone describe a very aggressive clinical course, including necrosis of tissue,cranial nerve involvement and death. Our patient did not show any of these symptoms, and recovered after surgical debridement only. It can be concluded from the present case that the prognosis of fungal infections depends on the immune status of the host, rather than behavior of the fungi.

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