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Objective: Two famous medical doctors, Yoo Itae(以泰, 爾泰) and Riu Euitae(義泰), have been well known in academic world and public in Sancheong-gun. Yoo Itae is the progenitor of Majinhak which is the therapy for measles, he wrote a “Majinpyun” as the first book of therapy for measles in Chosun. Riu Euitae, meanwhile, is a fictional medical doctor and a teacher of Heo Jun who became real without confirmation of historical truths by Roh Jeongwoo who heard about a name, Yoo Itae. Roh`s assertion was quoted in the report of literatures, papers, novel, and telecast without verification. His assertion is exposed in novel and media and it has seriously distorted the history. The purpose of this study is to rectify the historical distortion. Methods: Various references study was performed. Confirmed a family tree, birth and death year, birthplace, sepulture, words on a tombstone, writing, collections of works anthology and the existence of keepsake. Investigated records of royal family, Sancheong-gun papers, Sancheong Hyanggyo papers, Dongyuhagan, Chosun Hanryuseungram and the record of Sawoo Munjip(anthology). Analyzed Roh Jungwoo`s conversation that tells Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun and contents of an encyclopedia. Listened to testimony of descendants and assertions of historian in rural area. Verified voice recording on books taken from at birthplace and the space of activity. Results: Yoo Itae is well shown in various records and medical writing books, whereas Riu Euitae does not. Riu Euitae is not a real person in the history. Roh Jeongwoo who asserts Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun admits his mistake. But, the encyclopedia record describing Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun, government official at Sancheong district office, historians in rural area, historians in rural area who made a family shrine, gravestone, a statue, memorial, historic site of Riu Euitae on Jinju Rui could not suggest any evidences for the existence of Riu Euitae and for record Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun. Conclusion : Riu Euitae is neither a real person in the history nor a teacher of Heo Jun. Riu Euitae came from pronunciation confusion between ‘I' and ‘Eui' in Kyungsang province. Riu Euitae is Yoo Itae on Geochang Yoo who was a medical doctor of King, Sukjeong and wrote medical books including <Majinpyun>, <Silheomdanbang>, <Inseomungyunrog>.
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A thesis insisting that Sugjong's medical doctor Yoo Itae(劉以泰) and the author of Marjinpyeon Yoo Itae(劉爾泰) are not a same person and his activities were in Heonjong(현종) period, and his writing Marjinpyeon is in 1846, is published. In this study, I'd like to reveal that Yoo Itae(劉爾泰), the Marjinpyeon's author and Yoo Itae(劉以泰), Sugjong's medical doctor are a same person through analysis of Geochang Yoo's genealogy, articles, The True Record of the Joseon Dynasty, Seungjeonilgi, Taeweonseonsaengan, Sancheong-gun's paper, Sancheong Hyanggyo's paper, Sancheong-gun's paper, The geographic paper, Dongyuhagan, Sawoo Munjib, and analysis of folk story, the wrote year of his Marjinpyeon and Inseomunkyunrok and his birth year. According to my analysis, Yoo Itae(劉爾泰) the Maninpyeon's author and Yoo Itae(劉以泰), Sugjong's medical doctor are a same person. And Marjinpyeon is written in 1696, the year of Byongja, and other his books, InseoMungyonlok at 1709, the year of Gichug. In conclusion, Yoo Itae(劉以泰劉爾泰) was a famous medical doctor at Sancheong, born in 1652 (HyoJong the 3rd year) and passed in 1715 (SugJong the 41th year), left books of Marjinpyeon, Silheomdanbang, and Inseomunkyunrok.
Yoo (2015, Statistics and Probability Letters, 99, 109-113) derives theoretical results in an optimal sufficient dimension reduction with singular inner-product matrix. The results are promising, but Yoo (2015) only presents one simulation study. So, an evaluation of its practical usefulness is necessary based on numerical studies. This paper studies the asymptotic behaviors of Yoo (2015) through various simulation models and presents a real data example that focuses on ordinary least squares. Intensive numerical studies show that the x<sup>2</sup> test by Yoo (2015) outperforms the existing optimal sufficient dimension reduction method. The basis estimation by the former can be theoretically sub-optimal; however, there are no notable differences from that by the latter. This investigation confirms the practical usefulness of Yoo (2015).
1. Career I Kyu-Bo (李奎報) is an eminent writer of Koryo (高麗) dynasty. In the early days of his life, he didn't get a higher political rank for a long time, because his charactor is random freely and more over the attitude of his life is decadant. But at the time when Choi Chung-Hun (崔忠獻), a subject in military services, had full power, he devoted Chun Yeop Ryu Hwa Si (千葉柳花詩) and Mo Jeong Ki(茅亭記) to his ruler for flattery. Due to this spiritual contribution, he was appointed to a minister and so he hold the right of civil administration. 2. His literature No less than 2.000 poetries are in his prose and poery anthology, Dong Kuk I Sang Kuk Jip (東國李相國集) throught which I will show the character of his literature as fallows: ① He is a celecrated poet in a long poetry especially and a pioneer of writing an epic. ② His poetical styleis various but he sant to seek the orginality of these styles ③ He is also proficient in Hoi Moon(回文), Hee si(회詩), Jupil ④ In his works the thoughts of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism are harmonized perfectly. ⑤ In choicing the poetic diction he want to express in the Korean original type. ⑥ poetical themes are various 3. His Companionship In young days, He played with what was called the Seven Sages who were introduced by Oh Sae Jae (全이之) but he kept company Chon I Ji (吳世才), Park Hwan Ko (朴還古), Kim Hoi Young (金懷英), Yoon Sae Yoo (尹世儒), Jin Skik(陳식), Jin Hwa(陳화), An Chi Min (安置民), monk, Hyai Moon(患文), Don Yoo(敦裕), more friendly. In middle aged days, he was on good terms with Choi Chung Hun (崔忠獻) and his son, Choi I (崔怡), Choi Sun(崔선) and his family, Jo Young In (趙永仁) and his son, Jo Chung(趙沖), Min Shik (閔湜), Yoon Wi (尹威), Keum Eui(禁儀), Ki Hong Su (奇공壽), Park In Seok (朴仁碩), Im Yoo(任유) and his family, and in royal family, Kye Yang Hu (珪陽候), Kwang Reung Hu (黃陵伯 ), Shi Heung Baki(權敬中), Yeon Chang Hu (李百順), Young in Baik (寧仁旦), and also, Kweon Kyung Jung (權敬中), Lee Baik Soon (李百順), Kim Yang Kyong(金良鏡), Son Deuk Ji(孫得之), Lee Yoon Bo (李允甫), Hwang Bo Kwan(皇甫棺), Seo Reung(徐 ), Yoo Chung Ki (劉仲棋), Yoo Seung Tan(兪升坦), Yoo Kyong Hyen (유敬 ), and also monks, Kak Wol Sa(覺月師), Kyu Sun Sa(珪禪師), Lyong Su Joa (玲首座), Jung Tong sa(精通師). In last few years, Lee In Sick (李仁植), Lee Soo (李淳牧), Choi ja(崔姿), Lee Baik Chon (李百全), Ha Chun Tan (河千旦), Lee Soon Mok(李淳牧), Park Keo(朴), Park In Jeo (朴仁著), and monks, Kong Kong Sang In (空空上人), Soo Ki(수其), Chun Ki(天其), with whom he had companied.
본 연구는 한국 100대 기업(2009년 말 매출액 기준)이 최근 3년간 경험했던 위기 유형, 기업의 중견간부가 예측하는 잠재적 위기, 위기 유형에 따른 위기 대비 정도, 위기 관리매뉴얼의 존재 여부, 위기 관리 단계별 자원 투여 현황, 위기 관리 계획을 수립하는데 장애요소는 무엇인지를 실증 분석했다. 또한 1999년 말 매출액기준 국내 100대 기업을 연구대상으로 했던 유종숙(2002)의 연구와 비교해 봄으로써 우리나라 100대 기업의 위기 관리 상황이 어떻게 변화되고 발전되었는지를 살펴보았다. 연구 결과를 요약하면, 첫째, 한국 100대 기업에서 가장 많이 경험했던 위기 유형은 정보 관련 위기로 나타났다. 구체적으로는 회사의 이미지 손상, 회사에 대한 악성 유언비어 발생, 회사의 정보유출 등이었다. 10년 전 IMF 외환 위기 시에는 경제적 위기 유형을 가장 많이 경험한 것으로 나타났었다. 둘째, 기업이 예측하는 잠재적 위기는 경제적 위기를 가장 많이 들었다. 다음으로 대형사고를 포함한 안전사고, 제품하자 및 고객 관련 위기, 노동쟁의 발생, 조직 구성원의 위기, 정보유출 위기, 기술관련 위기 등의 순으로 응답하였다. 10년 전에는 예측되지 않았던 이미지와 평판위기, 기업윤리 관련 위기, 자연재해 등을 잠재적 위기로 꼽아 위기의 유형이 더욱 다양화되었음을 알 수 있었다. 셋째, 위기 유형별 위기대비 정도를 살펴보면 가장 많이 경험했던 위기로 응답된 정보관련 위기 유형에 대한 대비 정도가 상대적으로 낮게 나타났다. 넷째, 위기 관리 매뉴얼의 존재유무는 설문에 응답한 94개 기업 중 82개 기업이 위기 관리 매뉴얼이 존재한다고 응답했다. 다섯째, 위기 관리 단계별 자원투여 현황은 10년 전과 마찬가지로 사전관리 단계를 사후 대처 단계보다 더 우선순위에 두고 있었다. 여섯째, 위기 관리 계획 수립 시 장애요소는 부서간의 이기주의, 조직전반의 인식부족을 들고 있었다. 10년 전에는 CEO 의지 및 인식부족을 가장 큰 장애요소로 지적 했었다. This study leads statistical results through the survey of top 100 Korean companies about the status of crisis management. And this paper also studies the changes of the crisis management status in comparison with Yoo(2002). The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1. The most frequent crisis was the information related; such as the damage of the company image, vicious rumor and information drain. On the other hand the economic crisis was the most frequent in Yoo(2002). 2. The economic crisis was ranked the highest in the potential crisis. The next are in the following order; safety accident, defective products and customer related crisis, labor dispute, organization members related, information drain, and technology related crisis. The damage of the company image, company business ethics related and natural disaster were newly answered as the potential crisis in this survey. 3. The crisis preparedness for the information related crisis was relatively low even though the information related crisis was ranked the most frequent crisis. 4. 82 companies of 94 companies responded to the survey have the crisis management manual. This ratio has been greatly improved than Yoo(2001). 5. With regards to the resource plan to crisis management phase companies put more priority to the preventive phase as Yoo(2002). 6. The obstacles for preparing the crisis management plan were selfishness among departments and their ignorance. In Yoo(2002) the unwillingness and ignorance of CEO were answered as the largest obstacle.
This article is a part of the writer's interests on developing a Christian approach on clinical practicum. It is a continuation of his former article on “the principles of counseling supervision” (Yoo, 2007). The current article's purpose is to show how a clinical practicum on self–analysis could go in a Christian context. Yoo describes the process of self–analysis based on the ‘solution–oriented LifeWay therapy' approach that he developed these years. LifeWay self–analysis is composed of self life–stage analysis, family of origin, and social relationship search of the supervisee. It begins by constructing a systemic relationship between supervisor and supervisee. In the open relationship of trust and acceptance based on God's grace, a supervisee may look into his or her own past life stories and shares them carefully in front of supervisor and fellow supervisees. One of the characteristic elements of LifeWay self–analysis is its focus on the redemptive reflection on supervisee's past experiences. Most psychological approach puts its emphasis on finding negative causes of problems and insights on them. LifeWay, however, pays more attention on the positive lessons and supervisee's strengths, which God was the center of those elements. Even on problematic incidents, LifeWay wants to redeem those experiences and turn them into the sources of change and growth. This article is a part of the writer's interests on developing a Christian approach on clinical practicum. It is a continuation of his former article on “the principles of counseling supervision” (Yoo, 2007). The current article's purpose is to show how a clinical practicum on self–analysis could go in a Christian context. Yoo describes the process of self–analysis based on the ‘solution–oriented LifeWay therapy' approach that he developed these years. LifeWay self–analysis is composed of self life–stage analysis, family of origin, and social relationship search of the supervisee. It begins by constructing a systemic relationship between supervisor and supervisee. In the open relationship of trust and acceptance based on God's grace, a supervisee may look into his or her own past life stories and shares them carefully in front of supervisor and fellow supervisees. One of the characteristic elements of LifeWay self–analysis is its focus on the redemptive reflection on supervisee's past experiences. Most psychological approach puts its emphasis on finding negative causes of problems and insights on them. LifeWay, however, pays more attention on the positive lessons and supervisee's strengths, which God was the center of those elements. Even on problematic incidents, LifeWay wants to redeem those experiences and turn them into the sources of change and growth.
Response dimension reduction in a sufficient dimension reduction (SDR) context has been widely ignored until Yoo and Cook (Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, 53, 334-343, 2008) founded theories for it and developed an estimation approach. Recent research in SDR shows that a semi-parametric approach can outperform conventional non-parametric SDR methods. Yoo (Statistics: A Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 52, 409-425, 2018) developed a semi-parametric approach for response reduction in Yoo and Cook (2008) context, and Yoo (Journal of the Korean Statistical Society, 2019) completes the semi-parametric approach by proposing an unstructured method. This paper theoretically discusses and provides insightful remarks on three versions of semi-parametric approaches that can be useful for statistical practitioners. It is also possible to avoid numerical instability by presenting the results for an orthogonal transformation of the response variables.
본 연구는 1997년 7월부터 2000년 7월까지 IMF 외환위기에 놓여 있던 3년 간 한국대기업의 업종별 위기관리에 관해 연구한 종숙(2001)의 연구에 이어 2007년 7월부터 2010년 7월까지의 한국대기업의 업종별 위기관리 실태를 10년 전과 비교한 실증연구이다. 연구결과는 첫째, 한국대기업에서 가장 많이 경험한 위기유형은 모든 업종에서 정보관련 위기로 나타났는데, IMF 경제 위기 시에는 모든 업종 공히 경제적 위기를 가장 많이 경험한 것으로 나타났었다. 정보관련 위기 유형의 경우 제조업은 정보유출과 이미지 손상, 유통·서비스업과 금융·보험업은 악성 유언비어의 발생과 이미지 손상을 가장 많이 경험한 것으로 나타났다. 경제적위기 유형의 경우는 10년 전과 같은 형태를 보였는데 제조업과 유통·서비스업은 경영자금 부족 및 자금순환의 어려움을, 금융·보험업은 직원의 직무관련 부당이득 취득과 임직원의 사기저하로 인한 전반적인 수익 저하를 가장 많이 경험한 것으로 나타났다. 생산 및 판매과정 위기 유형의 경우 제조업은 회사에서 발생한 화재 등 대형사고를, 유통·서비스업은 회사운영체계상의 안전관리 문제발생과 회사에서 발생한 화재 등 대형 사고를, 금융·보험업의 경우는 회사직원의 운영상의 미숙이나 운영상의 실수 발생이 가장 많았던 것으로 나타났다. 정신병리학적 위기유형의 경우 제조업에서는 회사의 생산현장에서 발생한 노동쟁의와 생산방해를, 유통·서비스업은 생산현장 밖에서 발생한 노동쟁의나 생산방해를, 금융·보험업은 회사 내의 성희롱 사건이 가장 많았던 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 업종별 위기유형에 따른 위기대비 정도를 살펴보면, 전반적으로 10년 전에 비해 위기대비 정도가 높아졌음을 알 수 있었다. 10년 전에는 금융·보험업이 전반적으로 위기대비를 가장 잘하고 있는 업종으로 나타났는데 비해 이번 연구에서는 제조업의 위기대비 정도가 가장 높게 나타났다. 10년 전 연구에서 모든 업종 공히 정보관련 위기에 대한 대비가 가장 낮게 나타났었는데 10년이 지난 이번 연구에서 업종 전반에 걸쳐 가장 많이 경험한 위기가 정보관련 위기 유형이었음은 시사하는 바가 크다 하겠다. 셋째, 업종별 위기관리단계별 위기대비 우선순위는 모든 업종 공히 위기에 대한 준비와 예방단계를 가장 중요하게 생각하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. The results of this study (2007-2010) are compared to those of Yoo(2001), in which the survey had been done for 1997-2000. In this study, the manufacturing, the finance and insurance, and the distribution and service industries are defined as three types of business; and the economic, the production and sales, the information related, and psychopathology crises are used as four crisis types. The objectives of this study are (1) to measure the difference of crisis types companies have experienced (2) to measure the difference of the crisis preparedness to crisis types (3) to measure the difference of the crisis preparedness to each crisis phase according to the types of business. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1. The information related crisis is the most frequent crisis in all types of business. In case of the information related crises, the manufacturing industries suffered the information drain and the image damage frequently; the finance-insurance industries and the distribution-service industries suffered the vicious rumor and the image damage frequently. 2. In case of crisis preparedness to crisis types, the overall level of crisis preparedness in all types of business is higher than Yoo(2001). The level of the manufacturing industries is the highest; in Yoo(2001) the finance-insurance industries was the highest. The preparedness level for the information related crisis was lower than the level of other crisis types in all types of business in Yoo(2001). This is full of suggestions in that the information related crisis has been ranked as the most frequent crisis in all types of business in this study. 3. In the priorities of crisis preparedness by types of business, the preparedness and preventative phase was the highest regardless of the type of business.
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방파제 피복석의 중량 산정을 위하여 여러 가지 경험식들이 개발되어져 왔다. Hudson 식은 많은 결함이 있음에도 불구하고, 형태가 간결하기 때문에 가장 널리 사용되고 있다. van der Meer 식은 가끔 크로스체크 용으로 사용되고 있지만, 식의 복잡성과 관련 변수들의 불확실성 때문에 아주 널리 사용되지는 않고 있다. 한편 최근에 유(2003)는 ‘action slope'라는 새로운 무차원수를 사용하여 형태가 간결한 식을(이후 Yoo 식이라고 부름)제안하였다. 본 연구에서는, 해안공학 기술자들에게 이 공식들의 사용에 대한 판단 기준을 제공하기 위하여, van der Meer가 1987년과 1988년에 보고한 실험 자료와 비교하여 이들의 정밀도를 평가하였다. 검토결과, van der Meer식이 가장 높은 정밀도를 보였으며, Hudson 식은 정밀도가 매우 낮아서 사용에 신중을 기해야 하는 것으로 나타났다. 한편, van der Meer 식보다 정밀도가 약간 낮기는 하지만 형태가 간결한 Yoo 식은 안전율을 약간 높게 잡으면 실무에 사용해도 무방한 것으로 판단된다. Various empirical formulas have been developed to describe the stability of breakwater armor stones. The Hudson formula is known to have needs to be refined in many ways, but it is most widely used because of its simplicity. The van der Meer formula is sometimes used for the cross-check, but it is not very popularly used due to its complexity and the uncertainty of the relevant parameters. Recently, on the other hand, Yoo(2003) proposed a formula of a simple form using a new non-dimensional number which is called ‘action slope' (abbreviated as Yoo formula hereinafter). In this study, in order to provide coastal engineers with some idea of the use of these formulas, their accuracies were estimated by comparing with the experimental data reported by van der Meer in 1987 and 1988. It was found that the van der Meer formula showed the highest accuracy, while the Hudson formula of very low accuracy needed considered judgment on its use. On the other hand, the Yoo formula of slightly lower accuracy but simpler expression than the van der Meer formula seems to be able to be used in engineering practice if a slightly higher safety factor is taken.
Yoo,,Seung,Min,Keum,,Ki,Chang,Yoo,,So,Young,Choi,,Jun,Yong,Chang,,Kyung,Hee,Yoo,,Nae,Choon,Yoo,,Won,Min,Kim,,June,Myung,Lee,,Duke,Lee,,Sang,Yup The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengine 2004 Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering Vol.9 No.2
Pathogens pose a significant threat to humans, animals, and plants. Consequently, a considerable effort has been devoted to developing rapid, convenient, and accurate assays for the detection of these unfavorable organisms. Recently, DNA-microarray based technology is receiving much attention as a powerful tool for pathogen detection. After the target gene is first selected for the unique identification of microorganisms, species-specific probes are designed through bioinformatic analysis of the sequences, which uses the info rmation present in the databases. DNA samples, which were obtained from reference and/or clinical isolates, are properly processed and hybridized with species-specific probes that are immobilized on the surface of the microarray for fluorescent detection. In this study, we review the methods and strategies for the development of DNA microarray for pathogen detection, with the focus on probe design.